August 21, 2017

Launch Log

This listing shows the completed space launches from spaceports around the globe in 2015, 2016 and 2017. Dates and times are given in Greenwich Mean Time. For earlier missions, see pages listing launches from 2004 through 2008, from 2009 through 2011, and from 2012 through 2014.

2017

Aug. 19, 2017H-2A • Michibiki 3
Launch window: 0529 GMT (1:29 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Tanegashima Space Center, Japan
A Japanese H-2A rocket, designated H-2A F35, launched the Michibiki 3 navigation spacecraft, the third member of Japan’s Quasi-Zenith Satellite System. Japan plans to initially deploy four QZSS satellites to augment regional navigation services over Japan and neighboring countries provided by the U.S. Global Positioning System. Delayed from Aug. 11 by poor weather forecast. Scrubbed on Aug. 12 by helium leak. Read our full story. [Aug. 19]
Aug. 18, 2017Atlas 5 • TDRS M
Launch time: 1229 GMT (8:29 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-074, launched the TDRS M communications and data relay satellite for NASA. The Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS) connects mission control with the International Space Station and other orbiting satellites. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Moved forward from Aug. 4. Delayed from Aug. 3. Moved forward from Aug. 20. Read our full story. [Aug. 18]
Aug. 16, 2017Proton • Blagovest No. 11L
Launch time: 2207 GMT (6:07 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton rocket and Breeze M upper stage launched the Blagovest No. 11L communications satellite to cover Russian territory and provide high-speed Internet, television and radio broadcast, and voice and video conferencing services for Russian domestic and military users. Read our full story. [Aug. 16]
Aug. 14, 2017Falcon 9 • SpaceX CRS 12
Launch time: 1631:37 GMT (12:31:37 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the 14th Dragon spacecraft on the 12th operational cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station. The flight is being conducted under the Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA. The Falcon 9 rocket’s first stage returned to landing at Cape Canaveral a few minutes after liftoff. Delayed from Dec. 15, 1st Quarter, April 8, June 1 and Aug. 10. Moved up from Aug. 14. Delayed from Aug. 13. Read our full story. [Aug. 14]
Aug. 1/2, 2017Vega • Optsat 3000 & Venus
Launch time: 0158:33 GMT on 2nd (9:58:33 p.m. EDT on 1st)
Launch site:
ZLV, Kourou, French Guiana
An Arianespace Vega rocket, designated VV10, launched with the Optsat 3000 high-resolution reconnaissance satellite for the Italian military and the French-Israeli Venus environmental satellite to monitor the health of vegetation and test an experimental plasma thruster system in orbit. Read our full story. [Aug. 1]
July 28, 2017Soyuz • ISS 51S
Launch time: 1541:12 GMT (11:41:12 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the crewed Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the residents. Delayed from May 29. Read our full story. [July 28]
July 14, 2017Soyuz • Kanopus-V-IK
Launch time: 0636:49 GMT (2:36:49 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the Kanopus-V-IK infrared Earth observation satellite for Roscosmos. Several other payloads, including multiple small spacecraft from U.S. companies, were also be aboard the launch. The rocket flew in the Soyuz-2.1a configuration with a Fregat upper stage. Delayed from Dec. 22 and Jan. 28. Read our full story. [July 14]
July 5, 2017Falcon 9 • Intelsat 35e
Launch time: 2338 GMT (7:38 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the Intelsat 35e communications satellite. The high-throughput Intelsat 35e satellite is part of Intelsat’s “Epic” fleet, providing broadband, video and mobile communications services over eastern North America, the Caribbean, South America, Europe and Africa. Delayed from April and July 1. Scrubbed on July 2 and July 3. Read our full story. [July 5]
July 2, 2017Long March 5 • Shijian 18
Launch time: 1123:23 GMT (7:23:23 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Wenchang, China
A Chinese Long March 5 rocket failed in the launch of the Shijian 18 communications satellite. Shijian 18 was the first spacecraft based on the new DFH-5 communications satellite platform, a heavier, higher-power next-generation design. Delayed from June. Read our full story. [July 2]
June 28, 2017Ariane 5 • Hellas-Sat 3/Inmarsat S EAN & GSAT 17
Launch time: 2115 GMT (5:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-4E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA238, to launch the Hellas-Sat 3/Inmarsat S EAN and GSAT 17 communications satellites. The Hellas-Sat 3/Inmarsat S EAN “condosat” spacecraft will support the European Aviation Network, delivering high-capacity Wi-Fi connectivity to airline passengers throughout Europe, on behalf of Inmarsat of London and provide direct television broadcast services over Europe and Africa for the Greek operator Hellas-Sat. GSAT 17 will support national communications services over India for the Indian Space Research Organization. Read our full story. [June 28]
June 25, 2017Falcon 9 • Iridium Next 11-20
Launch time: 2025:14 GMT (4:25:14 p.m. EDT; 1:25:14 p.m. PDT)
Launch site:
SLC-4E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched 10 satellites for the Iridium next mobile communications fleet. Delayed from October, December and April. Moved forward from June 29. Read our full story. [June 25]
June 23, 2017Falcon 9 • BulgariaSat 1
Launch time: 1910 GMT (3:10 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the BulgariaSat 1 communications satellite. BulgariaSat 1 will provide direct-to-home television broadcast and data communications services over southeast Europe for Bulsatcom. The payload is the first geostationary communications satellite owned by a Bulgarian company. The Falcon 9 rocket’s first stage was a re-flown booster. Read our full story. [June 23]
June 23, 2017Soyuz 2-1v • Kosmos 2519
Launch time: 1804 GMT (2:04 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian Soyuz 2-1v rocket launched a payload designated Kosmos 2519. Details on the payload were unconfirmed, but some reports suggest the satellite will make geodetic measurements of Earth for Russian military applications. Read our full story. [June 23]
June 22/23, 2017PSLV • Cartosat 2E
Launch time: 0359 GMT on 23rd (11:59 p.m. EDT on 22nd)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, flying on the PSLV-C38 mission, launched India’s Cartosat 2E high-resolution Earth observation satellite and a collection of smaller secondary payloads from international customers. The PSLV flew in the PSLV XL configuration with enlarged solid rocket boosters. Delayed from April 15 and May 25. Read our full story. [June 23]
June 18, 2017Long March 3B • Chinasat 9A
Launch time: 1611 GMT (12:11 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Chinasat 9A communications satellite, but failed to place the payload into the proper orbit. Chinasat 9A is designed to provide direct-to-home television broadcast services over China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. Read our full story. [June 18]
June 14/15, 2017Long March 4B • HXMT
Launch time: 0300 GMT on 15th (11:00 p.m. EDT on 14th)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched the Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope. The HXMT mission will conduct an all-sky survey with a suite of instruments designed to image the universe in the highest-energy X-rays, and study the formation and behavior of black holes and active galactic nuclei. Read our full story. [June 15]
June 14, 2017Soyuz • Progress 67P
Launch time: 0920:13 GMT (5:20:13 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz-2.1a rocket launched the 67th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our full story. [June 14]
June 7/8, 2017Proton • EchoStar 21
Launch time: 0345:47 GMT on 8th (11:45:47 p.m. EDT on 7th)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the EchoStar 21 communications satellite, formerly known as TerreStar 2. EchoStar 21 will provide mobile broadband services over Europe with an S-band payload for EchoStar Mobile Ltd. Delayed from June 25, Aug. 29, Oct. 10, Nov. 23, Dec. 22, Dec. 28, Jan. 31, February, April 29 and May 29. Read our full story. [June 8]
June 5, 2017GSLV Mk.3 • GSAT 19
Launch time: 1158 GMT (7:58 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk. 3 (GSLV Mk.3) launched on its first orbital test flight with the GSAT 19 experimental communications satellite. Delayed from December, Jan. 18, Jan. 20, March, April and May. Read our full story. [June 3]
June 3, 2017Falcon 9 • SpaceX CRS 11
Launch time: 2107:38 GMT (5:07:38 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the 13th Dragon spacecraft on the 11th operational cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station. The flight is being conducted under the Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA. Delayed from June 2, Aug. 15, Jan. 13, Feb. 1, April 9 and May 14. Scrubbed on June 1. Read our full story. [June 3]
June 1, 2017Ariane 5 • ViaSat 2 & Eutelsat 172B
Launch time: 2345 GMT (7:45 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA237, to launch the ViaSat 2 and Eutelsat 172B communications satellites. The ViaSat 2 satellite will provide Ka-band services supporting high-speed Internet connectivity across North America, Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America on airplanes, ships and on land. Eutelsat 172B will provide multi-band communications services, including video broadcasts and data network support from the West Coast of North America to Southeast Asia, and in-flight Internet and television for travelers crossing the Pacific Ocean. Delayed from April 25. Read our full story. [June 1]
May 31/June 1, 2017H-2A • Michibiki 2
Launch time: 0017:46 GMT on June 1 (8:17:46 p.m. EDT on May 31)
Launch site:
Tanegashima Space Center, Japan
A Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Michibiki 2 navigation spacecraft, the second member of Japan’s Quasi-Zenith Satellite System. Japan plans to initially deploy four QZSS satellites to augment regional navigation services over Japan and neighboring countries provided by the U.S. Global Positioning System. Read our full story. [May 31]
May 25, 2017Soyuz • EKS 2
Launch time: 0634 GMT (2:34 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the EKS 2 early warning satellite for the Russian military. The EKS, or Tundra, satellites fly in highly elliptical tundra orbits. The rocket flew in the Soyuz-2.1b configuration with a Fregat upper stage. Read our full story. [May 25]
May 25, 2017Electron • It’s a Test
Launch time: 0420 GMT (12:20 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Launch Complex 1, Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand
A Rocket Lab Electron rocket launched on its maiden orbital test flight from a new facility on the Mahia Peninsula on New Zealand’s North Island, but failed to reach orbit. The commercial rocket is designed to carry small spacecraft into orbit, but the inaugural launch did not have any satellites on-board. Rocket Lab dubbed the maiden flight “It’s a Test.” Delayed from May 21. Scrubbed on May 22 and May 23. Read our full story. [May 25]
May 18, 2017Soyuz • SES 15
Launch time: 1154:53 GMT (7:54:53 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELS, Sinnamary, French Guiana
An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS17, launched on a mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz carried the SES 15 communications satellite for SES of Luxembourg. Built by Boeing with an all-electric propulsion system, SES 15 will provide in-flight Internet connectivity for airline passengers, and support government, networking and maritime customers across North America. SES 15 also hosts a payload for the FAA’s Wide Area Augmentation System to enhance airline navigation and safety. The Soyuz 2-1a (Soyuz ST-A) rocket used a Fregat-M upper stage. Read our full story. [May 18]
May 15, 2017Falcon 9 • Inmarsat 5 F4
Launch time: 2321 GMT (7:21 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the Inmarsat 5 F4 communications satellite for Inmarsat of London. Inmarsat 5 F4 will be the fourth satellite in Inmarsat’s Global Xpress network. The spacecraft was originally supposed to launch on a Falcon Heavy rocket. Delayed from April 30. Read our full story. [May 15]
May 5, 2017GSLV Mk.2 • GSAT 9
Launch time: 1127 GMT (7:27 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk. 2 (GSLV Mk.2), flying on the GSLV-F09 mission, launched the GSAT 9 satellite to provide communications services over India and neighboring countries. Delayed from March and April 4. Read our full story. [May 5]
May 4, 2017Ariane 5 • SGDC & Koreasat 7
Launch time: 2150 GMT (5:50 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA236, to launch the SGDC and Koreasat 7 communications satellites. The Geostationary Defense and Strategic Communications, or SGDC, satellite will provide X-band and Ka-band military and civil communications services for the Brazilian government and Visiona Tecnologia Espacial, a joint venture between Embraer and Telebras. Koreasat 7 will provide broadcasting and telecommunications services over Korea, the Philippines, Indonesia and India for KTsat of South Korea. Delayed from March 21, March 22 and March 23. Read our full story. [May 4]
May 1, 2017Falcon 9 • NROL-76
Launch time: 1115 GMT (7:15 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. This was SpaceX’s first launch for the NRO. Delayed from April 16. Scrubbed on April 30. Read our full story. [May 1]
April 20, 2017Long March 7 • Tianzhou 1
Launch time: 1141:35 GMT (7:41:35 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Wenchang, China
A Chinese Long March 7 rocket launched the Tianzhou 1 cargo freighter to demonstrate China’s capability to resupply and refuel the Tiangong 2 space lab and future space station. Read our full story. [April 20]
April 20, 2017Soyuz • ISS 50S
Launch time: 0713:44 GMT (3:13:44 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a crewed Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the residents. Delayed from March 11. Read our full story. [April 20]
April 18, 2017Atlas 5 • OA-7
Launch time: 1511:26 GMT (11:11:26 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-070, launched the eighth Cygnus cargo freighter on the seventh operational cargo delivery flight to the International Space Station. The mission is known as OA-7. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from March 9, March 21 and March 27. Read our full story. [April 18]
April 12, 2017Long March 3B • Shijian 13/Chinasat 16
Launch time: 1104 GMT (7:04 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the experimental Shijian 13 communications satellite. Shijian 13, also known as Chinasat 16, will demonstrate electric propulsion systems and test a high-throughput communications payload to provide Internet connectivity on airliners and high-speed trains. Read our full story. [April 12]
March 30, 2017Falcon 9 • SES 10
Launch time: 2227 GMT (6:27 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the SES 10 communications satellite. Owned by SES of Luxembourg, the spacecraft will provide direct-to-home TV broadcasting and other telecommunication services for Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America and South America. It will also cover Brazil and support offshore oil and gas exploration. Delayed from 3rd Quarter, October, February March 27 and March 29. Read our full story. [March 30]
March 17/18, 2017Delta 4 • WGS 9
Launch time: 0018 GMT on 18th (8:18 p.m. EDT on 17th)
Launch site:
SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched the ninth Wideband Global SATCOM spacecraft, formerly known as the Wideband Gapfiller Satellite. Built by Boeing, this geostationary communications spacecraft will serve U.S. military forces. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (5,4) configuration with four solid rocket boosters. Delayed from Feb. 2, March 2, March 8 and March 17. Read our full story. [March 17]
March 16/17, 2017H-2A • IGS Radar 5
Launch time: 0120 GMT on 17th (9:20 p.m. EDT on 16th)
Launch site:
Tanegashima Space Center, Japan
A Japanese H-2A rocket launched an Information Gathering Satellite with a radar reconnaissance payload for the Japanese government. Delayed from March 16. Read our full story. [March 17]
March 16, 2017Falcon 9 • EchoStar 23
Launch time: 0600 GMT (2 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the EchoStar 23 communications satellite for EchoStar Corp. EchoStar 23, based on a spare platform from the canceled CMBStar 1 satellite program, will provide direct-to-home television broadcast services over Brazil. Delayed from 3rd quarter, 4th quarter, Jan. 8, Jan. 26, Jan. 30, Feb. 3 and Feb. 28. Scrubbed on March 12. Read our full story. [March 16]
March 6/7, 2017Vega • Sentinel 2B
Launch time: 0149:24 GMT on 7th (8:49:24 p.m. EST on 6th)
Launch site:
ZLV, Kourou, French Guiana
An Arianespace Vega rocket, designated VV09, launched with the Sentinel 2B Earth observation satellite for the European Space Agency and the European Commission. Sentinel 2A carries an optical imaging payload for land observation. Read our full story. [March 6]
March 2, 2017KT-2 • TK-1
Launch time: 2353 GMT (6:53 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese KT-2 rocket launched on its first mission with the TK-1 satellite, an experimental payload designed to test remote sensing and small spacecraft technologies. Read our full story. [March 2]
March 1, 2017Atlas 5 • NROL-79
Launch time: 1749:51 GMT (12:49:51 p.m. EST; 9:49:51 a.m. PST)
Launch site:
SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-068, launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Dec. 1, Jan. 26 and Feb. 9. Read our full story. [March 1]
Feb. 22, 2017Soyuz • Progress 66P
Launch time: 0558:33 GMT (12:58:33 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 66th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Feb. 1, Feb. 2 and Feb. 21. Read our full story. [Feb. 22]
Feb. 19, 2017Falcon 9 • SpaceX CRS 10
Launch time: 1439 GMT (9:39 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the 12th Dragon spacecraft on the 10th operational cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station. The flight is being conducted under the Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA. Delayed from Feb. 13, June 10 and Aug. 1. Moved up from Nov. 21. Delayed from Nov. 11, Jan. 22 and Feb. 8. Moved up from Feb. 15. Delayed from Feb. 14. Scrubbed on Feb. 18. Read our full story. [Feb. 19]
Feb. 14/15, 2017PSLV • Cartosat 2D
Launch time: 0358 GMT on 15th (10:58 p.m. EST on 14th)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, flying on the PSLV-C37 mission, launched India’s Cartosat 2D high-resolution Earth observation satellite and a collection of 103 smaller secondary payloads from international customers. Delayed from Jan. 27. Read our full story. [Feb. 14]
Feb. 14, 2017Ariane 5 • Sky Brasil 1 & Telkom 3S
Launch time: 2139 GMT (4:39 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA235, to launch the Intelsat 32e/Sky Brasil 1 and Telkom 3S communications satellites. The Intelsat 32e/Sky Brasil 1 satellite will provide direct-to-home television programming for DirecTV Latin America customers in Brazil. Telkom 3S will support high-definition television broadcasts, Internet traffic and mobile networks over Indonesia, Malaysia and other parts of Southeast Asia for PT Telkom. Read our full story. [Feb. 14]
Jan. 27/28, 2017Soyuz • Hispasat 36W-1
Launch time: 0103:34 GMT on 28th (8:03:34 p.m. EST on 27th)
Launch site:
ELS, Sinnamary, French Guiana
An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS16, launched on a mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz carried the Hispasat 36W-1 communications satellite. Also known as Hispasat AG1, the satellite is based on the Small GEO platform developed by OHB and the European Space Agency and is owned by Madrid-based Hispasat to provide communications services over Spain, Portugal and the Americas. The Soyuz 2-1b (Soyuz ST-B) rocket used a Fregat-MT upper stage. Read our full story. [Jan. 27]
Jan. 24, 2017H-2A • DSN 2
Launch time: 0744 GMT (2:44 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Tanegashima Space Center, Japan
A Japanese H-2A rocket launched the DSN 2 military communications satellite for the Japanese Ministry of Defense. Owned by DSN Corp., a joint venture between SKY Perfect JSAT, NEC Corp., and NTT Communications, the DSN 2 satellite will provide X-band communications services for Japanese military units. Read our full story. [Jan. 24]
Jan. 20/21, 2017Atlas 5 • SBIRS GEO Flight 3
Launch time: 0042 GMT on 21st (7:42 p.m. EST on 20th)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-066, launched the U.S. military’s third Space Based Infrared System Geosynchronous satellite, or SBIRS GEO 3, for missile early-warning detection. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from May 26, July 27 and Oct. 3. Scrubbed on Jan. 19. Read our full story. [Jan. 20]
Jan. 14, 2017SS-520-4 • TRICOM 1
Launch time: 2333 GMT (6:33 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Uchinoura Space Center, Japan
Japan’s SS-520-4 rocket, a modified sounding rocket with an added third stage, failed during launch on an experimental demonstration flight with the TRICOM 1 spacecraft, a 3U CubeSat with a store and forward communications system and an imaging camera. Scrubbed on Jan. 10. Read our full story. [Jan. 14]
Jan. 14, 2017Falcon 9 • Iridium Next 1-10
Launch time: 1754:39 GMT (12:54:39 p.m. EST; 9:54:39 a.m. PST)
Launch site:
SLC-4E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched 10 satellites for the Iridium next mobile communications fleet. Delayed from 1st Quarter. Moved up from August. Delayed from July, Sept. 12, Sept. 19, Dec. 16 and Jan. 9. Read our full story. [Jan. 14]
Jan. 8/9, 2017Kuaizhou 1A • Multi-payload
Launch time: 0411 GMT on 9th (11:11 p.m. EST on 8th)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Kuaizhou 1A rocket launched with several Chinese spacecraft, including a Lingqiao Earth observation satellite to collect commercial high-resolution video imagery and two experimental CubeSats. Read our full story. [Jan. 9]
Jan. 5, 2017Long March 3B • TJS 2
Launch time: 1518 GMT (10:18 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the TJS 2 satellite, the second spacecraft in a series of Chinese demonstration missions to test broadcast communications technologies. Delayed from Dec. 30. Read our full story. [Jan. 5]

2016

Dec. 27/28, 2016Long March 2D • SuperView 1
Launch time: 0323 GMT on 28th (10:23 p.m. EST on 27th)
Launch site:
Taiyuan, China
A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched two SuperView 1 Earth observation satellites for Beijing Space View Technology Co. Also named GaoJing, the satellites will provide sub-meter high-resolution images for civilian and commercial customers in China and internationally. Delayed from Dec. 26. Read our full story. [Dec. 28]
Dec. 21, 2016Ariane 5 • Star One D1 & JCSAT 15
Launch time: 2030 GMT (3:30 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA234, to launch the Star One D1 and JCSAT 15 communications satellites. The Star One D1 satellite will provide television, Internet, corporate network and cellular backhaul services over Latin America for Embratel Star One of Brazil. JCSAT 15 will broadcast pay television programming over Japan for SKY Perfect JSAT Corp. Delayed from Dec. 20. Read our full story. [Dec. 21]
Dec. 21, 2016Long March 2D • TanSat
Launch time: 1922 GMT (2:22 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the TanSat spacecraft to map the global distribution of carbon dioxide in Earth’s atmosphere and support efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Delayed from Dec. 19. Read our full story. [Dec. 21]
Dec. 20, 2016Epsilon • ERG
Launch time: 1100 GMT (6:00 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Uchinoura Space Center, Japan
Japan’s Epsilon rocket launched JAXA’s Exploration of Energization and Radiation in Geospace (ERG) satellite to investigate the Van Allen radiation belts and study the origins of geomagnetic storms. This launch was the second flight of Japan’s small Epsilon launch vehicle. Read our full story. [Dec. 20]
Dec. 18, 2016Atlas 5 • EchoStar 19
Launch time: 1913 GMT (2:13 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-071, launched the EchoStar 19 communications satellite to provide high-speed Internet services for HughesNet in North America. The satellite is also known as Jupiter 2. The rocket flew in the 431 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, three solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Nov. 10, Dec. 8 and Dec. 16. Read our full story. [Dec. 18]
Dec. 15, 2016Pegasus XL • CYGNSS
Launch time: 1337:21 GMT (8:37:21 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
L-1011, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
An air-launched Orbital ATK Pegasus XL rocket deployed NASA’s Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System (CYGNSS) mission in orbit. The CYGNSS mission’s eight satellites will use GPS signals to study how tropical cyclones grow stronger over warm ocean waters. Delayed from Oct. 17 and Nov. 21. Scrubbed on Dec. 12. Delayed from Dec. 14. Read our full story. [Dec. 15]
Dec. 10, 2016Long March 3B • Fengyun 4A
Launch time: 1611 GMT (11:11 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Fengyun 4A geostationary weather satellite for the China Meteorological Administration. Fengyun 4A is the first satellite a new series of Chinese geostationary weather platforms designed to collect imagery of storm systems, atmospheric sounding measurements, lightning maps and observations of space weather phenomena. Read our full story. [Dec. 10]
Dec. 9, 2016H-2B • HTV 6
Launch time: 1326:47 GMT (8:26:47 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Tanegashima Space Center, Japan
A Japanese H-2B rocket launched the sixth H-2 Transfer Vehicle. The HTV serves as an unmanned cargo vehicle to deliver equipment and supplies to the International Space Station. Delayed from Sept. 30. Read our full story. [Dec. 9]
Dec. 7, 2016Delta 4 • WGS 8
Launch time: 2353 GMT (6:53 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched the eighth Wideband Global SATCOM spacecraft, formerly known as the Wideband Gapfiller Satellite. Built by Boeing, this geostationary communications spacecraft will serve U.S. military forces. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (5,4) configuration with four solid rocket boosters. Delayed from Sept. 22, Sept. 28, Oct. 20 and Nov. 17. Moved forward from Dec. 15. Read our full story. [Dec. 7]
Dec. 6/7, 2016PSLV • Resourcesat 2A
Launch time: 0455 GMT on 7th (11:55 p.m. EST on 6th)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C36 mission, launched India’s Resourcesat 2A Earth observation satellite designed to support agriculture and urban planning, monitor water resources and land use, and help officials respond to natural disasters. Delayed from Nov. 23. Read our full story. [Dec. 7]
Dec. 5, 2016Vega • Gokturk 1
Launch time: 1351:44 GMT (8:51:44 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
ZLV, Kourou, French Guiana
A European Vega rocket, designated VV08, launched with the Gokturk 1 reconnaissance satellite for the Turkish military. Read our full story. [Dec. 5]
Dec. 1, 2016Soyuz • Progress 65P
Launch time: 1451:52 GMT (9:51:52 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket failed during launch of the 65th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from April 22 and Oct. 20. Read our full story. [Dec. 1]
Nov. 22, 2016Long March 3C • Tianlian 1-04
Launch time: 1524 GMT (10:24 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3C rocket launched China’s fourth Tianlian 1 data relay satellite. Read our full story. [Nov. 22]
Nov. 19, 2016Atlas 5 • GOES-R
Launch time: 2342 GMT (6:42 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-069, launched GOES-R, the first next-generation geostationary weather satellite for NASA and NOAA. GOES-R will orbit 22,300 miles above the equator to monitor weather conditions across the United States. The rocket flew in the 541 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, four solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from March 11. Moved forward from Oct. 14. Delayed from Oct. 13, Nov. 4 and Nov. 16. Read our full story. [Nov. 19]
Nov. 17, 2016Soyuz • ISS 49S
Launch time: 2020 GMT (3:20 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the crewed Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the residents. Moved forward from Nov. 16. Delayed from Nov. 15. Read our full story. [Nov. 17]
Nov. 17, 2016Ariane 5 • Galileo 15-18
Launch time: 1306:48 GMT (8:06:48 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ES rocket, designed VA233, to launch four Galileo full operational capability satellites for Europe’s Galileo navigation constellation. Read our full story. [Nov. 17]
Nov. 11, 2016Long March 2D • Yunhai 1
Launch time: 2314 GMT (6:14 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Yunhai 1 weather satellite into polar orbit. Read our full story. [Nov. 11]
Nov. 11, 2016Atlas 5 • WorldView 4
Launch time: 1830:33 GMT (1:33:30 p.m. EST; 10:30:33 a.m. PST)
Launch site:
SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-062, launched the WorldView 4 Earth observation satellite for DigitalGlobe. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from June 29 and Sept. 15. Scrubbed on Sept. 16. Delayed from Sept. 26 and Nov. 6. Read our full story. [Nov. 11]
Nov. 9, 2016Long March 11 • XPNAV 1
Launch time: 2342 GMT (6:42 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 11 rocket launched the X-ray Pulsar Navigation (XPNAV 1) satellite to test spacecraft navigation techniques using periodic X-ray emissions from pulsars. Read our full story. [Nov. 9]
Nov. 3, 2016Long March 5 • Shijian 17
Launch time: 1243 GMT (8:43 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Wenchang, China
A Chinese Long March 5 rocket launched on its inaugural flight from a new launch pad on Hainan Island. The heavy-lift rocket is among the world’s most powerful boosters, and it will be used to launch components of China’s planned space station and interplanetary missions. The maiden flight carried the experimental Shijian 17 satellite to geostationary orbit. Read our full story. [Nov. 3]
Nov. 2, 2016H-2A • Himawari 9
Launch time: 0620 GMT (2:20 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Tanegashima Space Center, Japan
A Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Himawari 9 weather satellite for the Japan Meteorological Agency. Himawari 9 will collect weather imagery over the East Asia and Western Pacific regions. Delayed from 3rd Quarter and Nov. 1. Read our full story. [Nov. 2]
Oct. 19, 2016Soyuz • ISS 48S
Launch time: 0805 GMT (4:05 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the crewed Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the residents. Delayed from Sept. 22. Read our full story. [Oct. 19]
Oct. 17, 2016Antares • OA-5
Launch time: 2345 GMT (7:45 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Pad 0A, Wallops Island, Virginia
An Orbital ATK Antares rocket launched the seventh Cygnus cargo freighter on the sixth operational cargo delivery flight to the International Space Station. The mission is known as OA-5. The rocket flew in the Antares 230 configuration, with two RD-181 first stage engines and a Castor 30XL second stage. Delayed from May 31, June 24, July 6, Aug. 22, September, Oct. 13, Oct. 14 and Oct. 16. Read our full story. [Oct. 17]
Oct. 16, 2016Long March 2F • Shenzhou 11
Launch time: 2330:31 GMT (7:30:31 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 2F rocket launched the Shenzhou 11 spacecraft, a crewed mission to dock with the orbiting Tiangong 2 laboratory module. The flight is China’s sixth human space mission. Delayed from mid-2016. Read our full story. [Oct. 16]
Oct. 5, 2016Ariane 5 • Sky Muster 2 & GSAT 18
Launch time: 2030 GMT (4:30 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA231, to launch the Sky Muster 2 (NBN Co 1B) and GSAT 18 communications satellites. The Sky Muster 2 satellite will provide high-speed Internet services for Australia’s National Broadband Network. GSAT 18 is a multipurpose communications satellite for the Indian Space Research Organization. Sky Muster 2 replaced Japan’s Superbird 8 satellite on the mission after it was damaged during transport to the launch site. Delayed from July 12 and July 26. Scrubbed on Oct. 4. Read our full story. [Oct. 5]
Sept. 25/26, 2016PSLV • ScatSat 1
Launch time: 0342 GMT on 26th (11:42 p.m. EDT on 25th)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C35 mission, launched India’s ScatSat 1 spacecraft designed to aid tropical cyclone forecasting. A collection of smaller secondary payloads from India, the United States and Algeria were also be aboard the launch. Delayed from July, early August and late August. Read our full story. [Sept. 26]
Sept. 15/16, 2016Vega • PeruSat 1 & SkySats 4-7
Launch time: 0143:35 GMT on 16th (9:43:35 p.m. EDT on 15th)
Launch site:
ZLV, Kourou, French Guiana
A European Vega rocket, designated VV07, launched with the PeruSat 1 reconnaissance satellite for the Peruvian government and four SkySat Earth observation satellites for Google/Terra Bella. Delayed from July. Read our full story. [Sept. 15]
Sept. 15, 2016Long March 2F • Tiangong 2
Launch time: 1404 GMT (10:04 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 2F rocket launched the Tiangong 2 mini-space station laboratory module designed for docking tests and crewed visits. Delayed from early 2016. Read our full story. [Sept. 15]
Sept. 13, 2016Shavit 2 • Ofew 11
Launch time: 1430 GMT (10:30 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Palmachim Air Force Base, Israel
An Israeli Shavit 2 rocket launched the Ofeq 11 electro-optical reconnaissance satellite for the Israeli Defense Ministry. Read our full story. [Sept. 13]
Sept. 8, 2016Atlas 5 • OSIRIS-REx
Launch time: 2305 GMT (7:05 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-067, launched NASA’s OSIRIS-REx asteroid sample return mission. The Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) will reach asteroid Bennu in 2018 to collect surface samples for return to Earth in 2023. The rocket flew in the 411 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, one solid rocket booster and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Aug. 28. Read our full story. [Sept. 8]
Sept. 8, 2016GSLV Mk.2 • Insat 3DR
Launch time: 1120 GMT (7:20 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV), flying on the GSLV-F05 mission, launched the Insat 3DR geostationary weather satellite. The rocket flew in the GSLV Mk.2 configuration with an Indian-built cryogenic third stage. Delayed from Aug. 28. Read our full story. [Sept. 8]
Aug. 31, 2016Long March 4C • Gaofen 10
Launch time: 1855 GMT (2:55 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Taiyuan, China
A Chinese Long March 4C rocket failed during the launch of the Gaofen 10 Earth observation satellite. Read our full story. [Aug. 31]
Aug. 24, 2016Ariane 5 • Intelsat 33e & Intelsat 36
Launch time: 2216:01 GMT (6:16:01 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA232, to launch the Intelsat 33e and Intelsat 36 communications satellites. Intelsat 33e is the second Intelsat Epic high throughput satellite, hosting a next-generation all-digital payload that can be reconfigured in orbit and is resilient to interference and jamming. Intelsat 33e offers coverage in Europe, Africa, the Middle East and Asia. Intelsat 36 will provide television broadcast and other communications services over Africa and South Asia. Read our full story. [Aug. 24]
Aug. 19, 2016Delta 4 • AFSPC 6
Launch time: 0452 GMT (12:52 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched the AFSPC 6 mission for the U.S. Air Force carrying the third and fourth satellites for the Geosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Program, or GSSAP. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. Delayed from July 21 and Aug. 4. Read our full story. [Aug. 19]
Aug. 15, 2016Long March 2D • Quantum Science Satellite
Launch time: 1740 GMT (1:40 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched with the Quantum Science Satellite, the world’s first mission to test ultra-secure quantum communications in orbit. Delayed from July. Read our full story. [Aug. 15]
Aug. 14, 2016Falcon 9 • JCSAT 16
Launch time: 0526 GMT (1:26 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the JCSAT 16 communications satellite for Tokyo-based SKY Perfect JSAT Corp. JCSAT 16 will be a backup satellite for Ku-band and Ka-band communications services over the Japanese market. Read our full story. [Aug. 14]
Aug. 9, 2016Long March 4C • Gaofen 3
Launch time: 2255 GMT (6:55 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Taiyuan, China
A Chinese Long March 4C rocket launched the Gaofen 3 Earth observation satellite to collect all-weather high-resolution radar imagery for resource monitoring, environmental surveys and disaster response. Read our full story. [Aug. 9]
Aug. 5, 2016Long March 3B • Tiantong 1
Launch time: 1622 GMT (12:22 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Tiantong 1 mobile communications satellite. Read our full story. [Aug. 5]
July 28, 2016Atlas 5 • NROL-61
Launch time: 1237 GMT (8:37 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-065, launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 421 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, two solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from April 21, June 14 and June 24. Moved forward from July 29. Read our full story. [July 28]
July 18, 2016Falcon 9 • SpaceX CRS 9
Launch time: 0445:29 GMT (12:45:29 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the 11th Dragon spacecraft on the ninth operational cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station. The flight is being conducted under the Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA. Delayed from Dec. 9, June 24, June 27 and July 16. Read our full story. [July 18]
July 16, 2016Soyuz • Progress 64P
Launch time: 2141:45 GMT (5:41:45 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 64th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from April 22, July 4 and July 7. Read our full story. [July 16]
July 6/7, 2016Soyuz • ISS 47S
Launch time: 0136 GMT on 7th (9:36 p.m. EDT on 6th)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from May 20, June 21 and June 24. Read our full story. [July 7]
June 28/29, 2016Long March 4B • Shijian 16
Launch time: 0321 GMT on 29th (11:21 p.m. EDT on 28th)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched a Shijian 16 electronic surveillance satellite for the Chinese government. Read our full story. [June 29]
June 25, 2016Long March 7 • Maiden Flight
Launch time: 1200 GMT (8 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Wenchang, China
A Chinese Long March 7 rocket launched on its first flight with a re-entry capsule to demonstrate technologies for China’s next-generation human-rated spacecraft. The launch also marked the first mission from China’s new Wenchang Satellite Launch Center on Hainan Island. Moved forward from June 26. Read our full story. [June 25]
June 24, 2016Atlas 5 • MUOS 5
Launch time: 1430 GMT (10:30 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-063, launched the fifth Mobile User Objective System (MUOS) satellite for the U.S. Navy. Built by Lockheed Martin, this U.S. military spacecraft will provide narrowband tactical communications designed to significantly improve ground communications for U.S. forces on the move. The rocket flew in the 551 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, five solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from May 5 and May 27. Read our full story. [June 24]
June 21/22, 2016PSLV • Cartosat 2C
Launch time: 0356 GMT on 22nd (11:56 p.m. EDT on 21st)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C34 mission in the PSLV-XL configuration, launched the Cartosat 2C high-resolution Earth observation satellite and a collection of smaller secondary payloads from international customers. Delayed from May, June 10 and June 20. Read our full story. [June 22]
June 18, 2016Ariane 5 • EchoStar 18 & BRIsat
Launch time: 2138:32 GMT (5:38:32 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA230, to launch the EchoStar 18 and BRIsat communications satellites. EchoStar 18 will provide direct-to-home television broadcast services over North America for EchoStar and Dish Network. BRIsat will support banking services provided by BRI, a large Indonesian bank. Delayed from May, June 7, June 8 and June 16. Scrubbed on June 17. Read our full story. [June 18]
June 15, 2016Falcon 9 • ABS 2A & Eutelsat 117 West B
Launch time: 1429 GMT (10:29 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the ABS 2A and Eutelsat 117 West B communications satellites. ABS 2A will distribute direct-to-home television, mobile and maritime communications services across Russia, India, the Middle East, Africa, Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean region for Asia Broadcast Satellite of Bermuda and Hong Kong. Eutelsat 117 West B will provide Latin America with video, data, government, and mobile services for Paris-based Eutelsat. Built by Boeing, the satellites launched in a conjoined configuration and will use all-electric propulsion for orbit-raising. Delayed from 4th quarter 2015, March, April, May 3 and late May. Moved forward from June 16. Delayed from June 14. Read our full story. [June 15]
June 12, 2016Long March 3C • Beidou
Launch time: 1530 GMT (11:30 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3C rocket will launch a Beidou navigation satellite into orbit for the Chinese government. Read our full story. [June 12]
June 11, 2016Delta 4-Heavy • NROL-37
Launch time: 1751 GMT (1:51 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Delta 4-Heavy rocket launched a classified spy satellite cargo for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The largest of the Delta 4 family, the Heavy version features three Common Booster Cores mounted together to form a triple-body rocket. Delayed from April 27, May 12, June 3 and June 4. Scrubbed on June 9. Read our full story. [June 11]
June 9, 2016Proton • Intelsat 31/DLA-2
Launch time: 0710 GMT (3:10 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Intelsat 31/DLA-2 communications satellite owned by Intelsat. A majority of Intelsat 31’s capacity will be leased to DirecTV Latin America to provide direct-to-home television broadcasts to Central America, South America and the Caribbean. Delayed from April 23, May 17, May 28 and June 8. Read our full story. [June 9]
June 4, 2016Rockot • GEO-IK 2
Launch time: 1400 GMT (10:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian government Rockot launch vehicle and Breeze KM upper stage launched the GEO-IK 2 spacecraft. The satellite is designed to survey Earth to measure variations in the gravitational field and study other geodetic features of the planet. Delayed from May. Read our full story. [June 4]
May 29/30, 2016Long March 4B • Ziyuan 3-2
Launch time: 0317 GMT on 30th (11:17 p.m. EDT on 29th)
Launch site:
Taiyuan, China
A Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched the second Ziyuan 3 land survey satellite and the ÑuSat 1 and ÑuSat 2 commercial high-resolution Earth observation microsatellites for Satellogic of Argentina. Read our full story. [May 30]
May 29, 2016Soyuz • Glonass M
Launch time: 0844:37 GMT (4:44:37 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a Glonass M navigation satellite. The rocket flew in the Soyuz 2-1b configuration with a Fregat upper stage. Delayed from May 21. Read our full story. [May 29]
May 27, 2016Falcon 9 • Thaicom 8
Launch time: 2139 GMT (5:39 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the Thaicom 8 communications satellite. Thaicom 8 will provide Ku-band broadcast and data services to Thailand, Southeast Asia, India and Africa. Moved forward from June. Scrubbed on May 26. Read our full story. [May 27]
May 24, 2016Soyuz • Galileo 13 & 14
Launch time: 0848:43 GMT (4:48:43 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELS, Sinnamary, French Guiana
An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS15, launched on a mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz carried two Galileo full operational capability satellites for Europe’s Galileo navigation constellation. The Soyuz 2-1b (Soyuz ST-B) rocket used a Fregat-MT upper stage. Read our full story. [May 24]
May 15, 2016Long March 2D • Yaogan 30
Launch time: 0243 GMT on 15th (10:43 p.m. EDT on 14th)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched with the Yaogan 30 military reconnaissance satellite. Read our full story. [May 15]
May 6, 2016Falcon 9 • JCSAT 14
Launch time: 0521 GMT (1:21 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the JCSAT 14 communications satellite for Tokyo-based SKY Perfect JSAT Corp. JCSAT 14 will support data networks, television broadcasters and mobile communications users in Japan, East Asia, Russia, Oceania, Hawaii and other Pacific islands. Delayed from late 2015, April 28, May 3, May 4 and May 5. Read our full story. [May 6]
April 28, 2016PSLV • IRNSS 1G
Launch time: 0720 GMT (3:20 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C33 mission in the PSLV-XL configuration, launched the IRNSS 1G navigation satellite. The payload is the seventh spacecraft in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System, which aims to improve positioning services over India and neighboring regions. Delayed from March 31. Read our full story. [April 28]
April 27/28, 2016Soyuz • Mikhailo Lomonosov
Launch time: 0201 GMT on 28th (10:01 p.m. EDT on 27th)
Launch site:
Vostochny Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched for the first time from the new Vostochny Cosmodrome in Russia’s Far East, carrying a satellite named Mikhailo Lomonosov with instruments to study high-energy cosmic rays, gamma rays and the Earth’s upper atmosphere and magnetosphere. Two smaller secondary payloads, named Aist 2 and SamSat 218, also launched aboard the Soyuz rocket. The rocket flew in the Soyuz-2.1a configuration with a Volga upper stage. Delayed from April 25. Scrubbed on April 26. Read our full story. [April 28]
April 25, 2016Soyuz • Sentinel 1B & Microscope
Launch time: 2102:13 GMT (5:02:13 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELS, Sinnamary, French Guiana
An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS14, launched on a mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz carried the Sentinel 1B radar observation satellite for the European Space Agency and the European Commission, the Microscope microsatellite to research gravitational forces, and three CubeSats sponsored by the European Space Agency. The Soyuz 2-1a (Soyuz ST-A) rocket used a Fregat upper stage. Moved forward from April 14. Delayed from April 12, April 22 and April 23. Scrubbed on April 24. Read our full story. [April 25]
April 8, 2016Falcon 9 • SpaceX CRS 8
Launch time: 2043:31 GMT (4:43:31 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the 10th Dragon spacecraft on the eighth operational cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station. The flight is being conducted under the Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA. Delayed from Aug. 13, Sept. 2, Jan. 3, Feb. 7, March 20 and March 29. Read our full story. [April 8]
April 5, 2016Long March 2D • Shijian 10
Launch time: 1738 GMT (1:38 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Shijian 10 recoverable satellite with a package of physical science, materials science, and biological experiments. The spacecraft will return to Earth after several weeks in orbit. Read our full story. [April 5]
March 31, 2016Soyuz • Progress 63P
Launch time: 1623:57 GMT (12:23:57 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 63rd Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Feb. 12. Read our full story. [March 31]
March 29, 2016Long March 3A • Beidou
Launch time: 2011 GMT (4:11 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3A rocket launched a Beidou navigation satellite into orbit for the Chinese government. Read our full story. [March 29]
March 24, 2016Soyuz • Bars-M
Launch time: 0942 GMT (5:42 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a Bars-M spy satellite for the Russian military. The Soyuz rocket flew in the Soyuz-2.1a configuration with a digital flight control system. Read our full story. [March 24]
March 22/23, 2016Atlas 5 • OA-6
Launch time: 0305:52 GMT on 23rd (11:05:52 p.m. EDT (on 22nd)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-064, launched the sixth Orbital Sciences Cygnus cargo freighter on its fifth operational cargo delivery flight to the International Space Station. The mission is known as OA-6. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from March 10 and March 20. Read our full story. [March 23]
March 18, 2016Soyuz • ISS 46S
Launch time: 2126:38 GMT (5:26:38 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Read our full story. [March 18]
March 14, 2016Proton • ExoMars 2016
Launch time: 0931:42 GMT (5:31:42 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the European Space Agency’s ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter. The mission will make improved measurements of trace gases in the Martian atmosphere, such as methane, which could be an indicator of biological activity. ESA’s Schiaparelli lander accompanied the Trace Gas Orbiter to Mars. Delayed from Jan. 7. Read our full story. [March 14]
March 13, 2016Soyuz • Resurs P3
Launch time: 1856 GMT (2:56 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the Resurs P3 Earth observation satellite to collect remote sensing data for Russian government agencies and foreign customers. Scrubbed on March 12. Read our full story. [March 13]
March 10, 2016PSLV • IRNSS 1F
Launch time: 1031 GMT (5:31 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C32 mission in the PSLV-XL configuration, launched the IRNSS 1F navigation satellite. The payload is the sixth spacecraft in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System, which aims to improve positioning services over India and neighboring regions. Delayed from December and February. Read our full story. [March 10]
March 9, 2016Ariane 5 • Eutelsat 65 West A
Launch time: 0520 GMT (12:20 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA229, to launch the Eutelsat 65 West A communications satellite. Eutelsat 65 West A will provide direct-to-home video broadcasts and broadband Internet services to Eutelsat customers in Latin America and Brazil. Delayed from Feb. 25. Read our full story. [March 9]
March 4, 2016Falcon 9 • SES 9
Launch time: 2335 GMT (6:35 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the SES 9 communications satellite. Owned by SES of Luxembourg, the spacecraft will provide direct-to-home and other communications services over Northeast Asia, South Asia and Indonesia, as well as maritime communications for vessels in the Indian Ocean. The rocket flew on a full-thrust version of the Falcon 9 rocket. Delayed from July 15, August, November, December and Feb. 6. Scrubbed on Feb. 24, Feb. 25, Feb. 28 and March 1. Read our full story. [March 4]
Feb. 17, 2016H-2A • Astro-H
Launch time: 0845 GMT (3:45 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Tanegashima Space Center, Japan
A Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Astro-H X-ray observatory for the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. Astro-H will observe the X-ray universe, studying objects such as supernova explosions, supermassive black holes, and galaxy clusters. Delayed from late 2015 and Feb. 12. Read our full story. [Feb. 17]
Feb. 16, 2016Rockot • Sentinel 3A
Launch time: 1757:45 GMT (12:57:45 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Eurockot Rockot vehicle launched with the Sentinel 3A Earth observation satellite for the European Space Agency and the European Commission. Sentinel 3A carries instruments to measure sea surface topography, sea and land surface temperature, and ocean and land color. Delayed from Oct. 31 and Dec. 10. Read our full story. [Feb. 16]
Feb. 10, 2016Delta 4 • NROL-45
Launch time: 1140:32 GMT (6:40:32 a.m. EST; 3:40:32 a.m. PST)
Launch site:
SLC-6, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
A United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched a classified payload for the National Reconnaissance Office, the U.S. government agency that develops and owns spy satellites. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (5,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. Delayed from April 15, June 6, Sept. 15 and Dec. 9. Read our full story. [Feb. 10]
Feb. 6/7, 2016Unha 3 • Kwangmyongsong 4
Launch time: 0029 GMT on 7th (7:29 p.m. EST on 6th)
Launch site:
Sohae Satellite Launch Center, North Korea
A North Korean Unha rocket launched from the Tongchang-ri launch base and a Kwangmyongsong Earth observation satellite into orbit, according to the North Korean government. Read our full story. [Feb. 7]
Feb. 6/7, 2016Soyuz • Glonass M
Launch time: 0021 GMT on 7th (7:21 p.m. EST on 6th)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a Glonass M navigation satellite. The rocket flew in the Soyuz-2.1b configuration with a Fregat upper stage. Delayed from Dec. 29. Read our full story. [Feb. 7]
Feb. 5, 2016Atlas 5 • GPS 2F-12
Launch time: 1338 GMT (8:38 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-057, launched the U.S. Air Force’s 12th Block 2F navigation satellite for the Global Positioning System. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Jan. 26 and Feb. 3. Read our full story. [Feb. 5]
Feb. 1, 2016Long March 3C • Beidou
Launch time: 0729 GMT (2:29 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3C rocket launched a Beidou navigation satellite into orbit for the Chinese government. The rocket flew with a Yuanzheng upper stage. Read our full story. [Feb. 1]
Jan. 29, 2016Proton • Eutelsat 9B
Launch time: 2220:09 GMT (5:20:09 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Eutelsat 9B communications satellite owned by Paris-based Eutelsat. Eutelsat 9B will provide digital television and video programming across Europe. The spacecraft hosts the first payload for the European Space Agency’s European Data Relay Satellite (EDRS) system to relay communications between ground stations and satellites in low Earth orbit. Delayed from Jan. 25 and Jan. 27. Read our full story. [Jan. 29]
Jan. 27, 2016Ariane 5 • Intelsat 29e
Launch time: 2320:48 GMT (6:20:48 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA228, to launch the Intelsat 29e communications satellite. Intelsat 29e is the first Intelsat Epic high throughput satellite, hosting a next-generation all-digital payload that can be reconfigured in orbit and is resilient to interference and jamming. Intelsat 29e offers coverage spanning North and South America, the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean Sea, and the North Atlantic aeronautical route connecting North America and Europe. Read our full story. [Jan. 27]
Jan. 19/20, 2016PSLV • IRNSS 1E
Launch time: 0401 GMT on 20th (11:01 p.m. EST on 19th)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C31 mission in the PSLV-XL configuration, launched the IRNSS 1E navigation satellite. The payload is the fifth spacecraft in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System, which aims to improve positioning services over India and neighboring regions. Delayed from September and November. Read our full story. [Jan. 20]
Jan. 17, 2016Falcon 9 • Jason 3
Launch time: 1842:18 GMT (1:42:18 p.m. EST; 10:42:18 a.m. PST)
Launch site:
SLC-4E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the Jason 3 ocean altimetry mission. Jason 3 will measure ocean surface topography to aid in ocean circulation and climate change research for NOAA, EUMETSAT, NASA and the French space agency, CNES. Delayed from March 31, July 22 and December. Read our full story. [Jan. 17]
Jan. 15, 2016Long March 3B • Belintersat 1
Launch time: 1657 GMT (11:57 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Belintersat 1 communications satellite for the government of Belarus. Read our full story. [Jan. 15]

2015

Dec. 28, 2015Long March 3B • Gaofen 4
Launch time: 1604 GMT (11:04 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Gaofen 4 Earth observation satellite. Gaofen 4 will be positioned in geostationary orbit with optical and infrared staring imagers for continuous observations of China and surrounding regions. Read our full story. [Dec. 28]
Dec. 24, 2015Proton • Express AMU1
Launch time: 2131:19 GMT (4:31:19 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Express AMU1 communications satellite for the Russian Satellite Communications Co. Express AMU1 will provide broadcast communications services to Russia for RSCC and communications coverage over sub-Saharan Africa for Eutelsat, which calls its part of the spacecraft payload Eutelsat 36C. Delayed from Dec. 19. Read our full story. [Dec. 24]
Dec. 21/22, 2015Falcon 9 • Orbcomm OG2
Launch time: 0129 GMT on 22nd (8:29 p.m. EST on 21st)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched 11 second-generation Orbcomm communications satellites. The satellites will operate for Orbcomm Inc., providing two-way data messaging services for global customers. The rocket flew on a full-thrust version of the Falcon 9 rocket with upgraded Merlin 1D engines, stretched fuel tanks, and a payload fairing. Delayed from December 2014 and 1st Quarter 2015 and August. Delayed from Dec. 19 and Dec. 20. Read our full story. [Dec. 22]
Dec. 21, 2015Soyuz • Progress 62P
Launch time: 0844 GMT (3:44 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket will launch the 62nd Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Moved forward from Feb. 12. Delayed from Nov. 19 and Nov. 21. Read our full story. [Dec. 21]
Dec. 17, 2015Soyuz • Galileo 11 & 12
Launch time: 1151:56 GMT (6:51:56 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELS, Sinnamary, French Guiana
An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS13, launched on a mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz carried two Galileo full operational capability satellites for Europe’s Galileo navigation constellation. The Soyuz 2-1b (Soyuz ST-B) rocket used a Fregat-MT upper stage. Read our full story. [Dec. 17]
Dec. 16/17, 2015Long March 2D • DAMPE
Launch time: 0012 GMT on 17th (7:12 p.m. EST on 16th)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Dark Matter Particle Explorer, a satellite designed to measure high-energy particles in space in search of dark matter. Read our full story. [Dec. 16]
Dec. 16, 2015PSLV • TeLEOS 1
Launch time: 1230 GMT (7:30 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C29 mission in the PSLV-CA configuration, launched six satellites for Singapore. The largest of the satellites, TeLEOS 1, is an Earth observation satellite designed to operate in an equatorial orbit for ST Electronics and AgilSpace. Five other satellites aboard the launch were developed by university students in Singapore will test new technologies, observe Earth and study the climate. Read our full story. [Dec. 16]
Dec. 15, 2015Soyuz • ISS 45S
Launch time: 1103:09 GMT (6:03:09 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from Nov. 20. Read our full story. [Dec. 15]
Dec. 12/13, 2015Proton • Garpun
Launch time: 0019 GMT on 13th (7:19 p.m. EST on 12th)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Garpun communications satellite into orbit for the Russian military. Delayed from May 19, Dec. 2 and Dec. 10. Read our full story. [Dec. 13]
Dec. 11, 2015Zenit 3SLBF • Elektro-L 2
Launch time: 1345:33 GMT (8:45:33 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Ukrainian Zenit rocket with a Russian Fregat upper stage launched Russia’s Elektro-L 2 geostationary weather satellite. Read our full story. [Dec. 11]
Dec. 9, 2015Long March 3B • Chinasat 1C
Launch time: 1646 GMT (11:46 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Chinasat 1C communications satellite. Read our full story. [Dec. 9]
Dec. 6, 2015Atlas 5 • OA-4
Launch time: 2144:57 GMT (4:44:57 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-061, launched the fifth Orbital Sciences Cygnus cargo freighter on its fourth operational cargo delivery flight to the International Space Station. The mission is known as OA-4. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Nov. 19. Scrubbed on Dec. 3, Dec. 4 and Dec. 5. Read our full story. [Dec. 6]
Dec. 5, 2015Soyuz 2-1v • Kanopus ST
Launch time: 1409 GMT (9:09 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian government Soyuz 2-1v rocket with a Volga upper stage launched with the Kanopus ST Earth observation satellite, but the primary payload failed to separate from the launcher. Delayed from Feb. 1. Read our full story. [Dec. 5]
Dec. 2/3, 2015Vega • LISA Pathfinder
Launch time: 0404 GMT on 3rd (11:04 p.m. EST on 2nd)
Launch site:
ZLV, Kourou, French Guiana
A European Vega rocket, designated VV06, launched with the European Space Agency’s LISA Pathfinder mission. LISA Pathfinder will test the concept of gravitational wave detection from the L1 Lagrangian point between the Earth and sun. Delayed from July, Oct. 2, Nov. 27 and Dec. 2. Read our full story. [Dec. 3]
Nov. 26, 2015Long March 4C • Yaogan 29
Launch time: 2124 GMT (4:24 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Taiyuan, China
A Chinese Long March 4C rocket launched the Yaogan 29 reconnaissance satellite. Read our full story. [Nov. 26]
Nov. 24, 2015H-2A • Telstar 12 Vantage
Launch time: 0650 GMT (1:50 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Tanegashima Space Center, Japan
A Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Telstar 12 Vantage communications satellite for Telesat. Telstar 12V will provide broadband communications coverage over the Americas, the Atlantic Ocean, Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The rocket flew in the “204” configuration with four solid rocket boosters. Read our full story. [Nov. 24]
Nov. 20, 2015Long March 3B • LaoSat 1
Launch time: 1607 GMT (11:07 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the LaoSat 1 communications satellite. LaoSat 1 will provide telecommunications and broadcast services for Laos and Southeast Asia. Read our full story. [Nov. 20]
Nov. 17, 2015Soyuz • EKS 1
Launch time: 0634 GMT (1:34 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the EKS 1 early warning satellite for the Russian military. The EKS, or Tundra, satellites fly in highly elliptical tundra orbits. The rocket flew in the Soyuz-2.1b configuration with a Fregat upper stage. Read our full story. [Nov. 17]
Nov. 10, 2015Ariane 5 • Badr 7 & GSAT 15
Launch time: 2134 GMT (4:34 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA227, to launch the Badr 7 and GSAT 15 satellites. The Badr 7 satellite, also known as Arabsat 6B, will provide direct-to-home television programming and broadband services over the Middle East, Africa and Central Asia for Arabsat. GSAT 15 will provide communications services over India for the Indian Space Research Organization. Delayed from Nov. 5. Read our full story. [Nov. 10]
Nov. 8, 2015Long March 4B • Yaogan 28
Launch time: 0706 GMT (2:06 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Taiyuan, China
A Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched the Yaogan 28 reconnaissance satellite. Read our full story. [Nov. 8]
Nov. 3/4, 2015Super Strypi • ORS 4
Launch time: 0345 GMT on 4th (10:45 p.m. EST on 3rd)
Launch site:
Pacific Missile Range Facility, Barking Sands, Kauai, Hawaii
The ORS 4 mission was a first flight demonstration of the experimental, low-cost Super Strypi small launch system. The Operationally Responsive Space office is managing development of Super Strypi in partnership with the University of Hawaii, Sandia National Laboratories, the Pacific Missile Range Facility and Aerojet Rocketdyne Corp. The goal is to deliver payloads in the range of 300 kilograms to low Earth orbit. A Super Strypi launch vehicle failed to deliver the HiakaSat spacecraft and multiple CubeSat payloads into orbit on the ORS 4 mission. Delayed from October 2013, April and October 2014. Delayed from January 2015. Delayed from Oct. 29. Read our full story. [Nov. 3]
Nov. 3, 2015Long March 3B • Chinasat 2C
Launch time: 1625 GMT (11:25 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Chinasat 2C communications satellite. Read our full story. [Nov. 3]
Oct. 31, 2015Atlas 5 • GPS 2F-11
Launch time: 1613 GMT (12:13 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-060, will launch the U.S. Air Force’s 11th Block 2F navigation satellite for the Global Positioning System. The rocket will fly in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Sept. 16, Sept. 22 and Oct. 30. Read our full story. [Oct. 31]
Oct. 26, 2015Long March 2D • Tianhui 1C
Launch time: 0710 GMT (3:10 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Tianhui 1C mapping satellite. Read our full story. [Oct. 26]
Oct. 16, 2015Proton • Turksat 4B
Launch time: 2040:11 GMT (4:40:11 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Turksat 4B communications satellite. Delayed from June 2014 and early 2015. Delayed from June 30, Oct. 5 and Oct. 13. Read our full story. [Oct. 16]
Oct. 16, 2015Long March 3B • Apstar 9
Launch time: 1616 GMT (12:16 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Apstar 9 communications satellite. Apstar 9 will provide commercial video broadcast, VSAT connectivity and cellular backhaul services over the Asia-Pacific and Southeast Asia for APT Satellite. Read our full story. [Oct. 16]
Oct. 8, 2015Atlas 5 • NROL-55
Launch time: 1249 GMT (8:49 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-058, launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Aug. 27 and Sept. 25. Read our full story. [Oct. 8]
Oct. 7, 2015Long March 2D • Jilin 1
Launch time: 0413 GMT (12:13 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Jilin 1 mission, China’s first commercial high-resolution Earth observation satellite. The mission consists of four satellites for high-definition imagery, video observations and technology demonstrations. Read our full story. [Oct. 7]
Oct. 2, 2015Atlas 5 • Morelos 3
Launch time: 1028 GMT (6:28 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-059, launched the Morelos 3, or Mexsat 2, communications satellite for the Mexican Ministry of Communications and Transportation. The rocket flew in the 421 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, two solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Oct. 20. Moved up from Oct. 22. Read our full story. [Oct. 2]
Oct. 1, 2015Soyuz • Progress 61P
Launch time: 1649:40 GMT (12:49:40 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 61st Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Moved forward from Oct. 22. Delayed from Sept. 21. Read our full story. [Oct. 1]
Sept. 30, 2015Ariane 5 • Sky Muster & Arsat 2
Launch time: 2030 GMT (4:30 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA226, to launch the Sky Muster (NBN Co 1A) and Arsat 2 satellites. The Sky Muster satellite will provide high-speed Internet services for Australia’s National Broadband Network. Arsat 2 will provide data transmission, Internet and television services over the Americas for the Arsat operator based in Argentina. Read our full story. [Sept. 30]
Sept. 29, 2015Long March 3B • Beidou
Launch time: 2313 GMT (7:13 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched a Beidou navigation satellite into orbit for the Chinese government. Read our full story. [Sept. 29]
Sept. 28, 2015PSLV • Astrosat
Launch time: 0430 GMT (12:30 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C30 mission in the PSLV-XL configuration, launched the Astrosat observatory. Astrosat is India’s first dedicated astronomical satellite mission, and it carries instruments to observe the universe in visible, ultraviolet and X-ray wavelengths, studying black holes, neutron stars, pulsars, quasars, white dwarfs, and active galactic nuclei. Four Lemur satellites for U.S.-based Spire Global, Canada’s exactView 9 maritime tracking satellite, and Indonesia’s Lapan A2 microsatellite were also on the launch. Read our full story. [Sept. 28]
Sept. 24/25, 2015Long March 11 • Multi-payload
Launch time: 0141 GMT on 25th (9:41 p.m. EDT on 24th)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 11 rocket launched multiple small satellites into orbit on its maiden flight. The Long March 11 is a solid-fueled, quick-responce launcher designed to place small satellites into low Earth orbit. The payloads included Pujiang 1 and three Tianwang CubeSats designed for technology demonstrations. Read our full story. [Sept. 25]
Sept. 23, 2015Rockot • Rodnik
Launch time: 2200 GMT (6 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian government Rockot vehicle launched three Rodnik communications satellites for the Russian military. Read our full story. [Sept. 23]
Sept. 19, 2015Long March 6 • Multi-payload
Launch time: 2301 GMT (7:01 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Taiyuan, China
A Chinese Long March 6 rocket launched with a cluster of small Chinese amateur and university research satellites. The flight marked the first launch of the Long March 6, a new rocket fueled by kerosene and liquid oxygen to replace China’s previous generation of launch vehicles. Delayed from July 20. Read our full story. [Sept. 19]
Sept. 14, 2015Proton • Express AM8
Launch time: 1900 GMT (3:00 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton rocket with a Block DM upper stage deployed the Express AM8 satellite for the Russian Satellite Communications Co. Express AM8 will provide television broadcasting and other communications services across Russia and neighboring countries. Delayed from April 6, May, June 18 and August. Read our full story. [Sept. 14]
Sept. 14, 2015Long March 2D • Gaofen 9
Launch time: 0442 GMT (12:42 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Gaofen 9 remote sensing satellite. Read our full story. [Sept. 14]
Sept. 12, 2015Long March 3B • Experimental Comsat
Launch time: 1542 GMT (11:42 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched an experimental communications satellite for the Chinese government. No other information about the payload was released. Read our full story. [Sept. 12]
Sept. 10/11, 2015Soyuz • Galileo 9 & 10
Launch time: 0208:10 GMT on 11th (10:08:10 p.m. EDT on 10th)
Launch site:
ELS, Sinnamary, French Guiana
An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS12, launched on a mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz carried two Galileo full operational capability satellites for Europe’s Galileo navigation constellation. The Soyuz 2-1b (Soyuz ST-B) rocket used a Fregat-MT upper stage. Read our full story. [Sept. 11]
Sept. 2, 2015Atlas 5 • MUOS 4
Launch time: 1018 GMT (6:18 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-056, launched the fourth Mobile User Objective System (MUOS) satellite for the U.S. Navy. Built by Lockheed Martin, this U.S. military spacecraft will provide narrowband tactical communications designed to significantly improve ground communications for U.S. forces on the move. The rocket flew in the 551 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, five solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Aug. 13, Aug. 20, Aug. 27 and Aug. 31. Read our full story. [Sept. 2]
Sept. 2, 2015Soyuz • ISS 44S
Launch time: 0437:43 GMT (12:37:43 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Read our full story. [Sept. 2]
Aug. 28, 2015Proton • Inmarsat 5 F3
Launch time: 1144 GMT (7:44 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage will deploy the Inmarsat 5 F3 communications satellite for Inmarsat of London. Delayed from May 31. Read our full story. [Aug. 28]
Aug. 27, 2015GSLV Mk.2 • GSAT 6
Launch time: 1122 GMT (7:22 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mk. 2, flying on the GSLV-D6 mission, launched the GSAT 6 communications satellite. GSAT 6 will provide communications services for the Indian military. Delayed from March and May. Read our full story. [Aug. 27]
Aug. 26/27, 2015Long March 4C • Yaogan 27
Launch time: 0231 GMT on 27th (10:31 p.m. EDT on 26th)
Launch site:
Taiyuan, China
A Chinese Long March 4C rocket launched the Yaogan 22 reconnaissance satellite. Read our full story. [Aug. 27]
Aug. 20, 2015Ariane 5 • Eutelsat 8 West B & Intelsat 34
Launch time: 2034 GMT (4:34 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace will use an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA225, to launch the Eutelsat 8 West B and Intelsat 34 satellites. The Eutelsat 8 West B satellite will provide direct-to-home television broadcasts over North Africa and the Middle East. The Intelsat 34 communications satellite will cover Latin America and beam broadband services for aircraft traveling routes over the North Atlantic. Read our full story. [Aug. 20]
Aug. 19, 2015H-2B • HTV 5
Launch time: 1150:49 GMT (7:50:49 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Tanegashima Space Center, Japan
A Japanese H-2B rocket launched the fifth H-2 Transfer Vehicle. The HTV serves as an unmanned cargo vehicle to deliver equipment and supplies to the International Space Station. Delayed from July 1, 2014. Delayed from Feb. 1. Moved forward from Aug. 17. Delayed from Aug. 16. Read our full story. [Aug. 19]
July 25, 2015Long March 3B • Beidou
Launch time: 1229 GMT (8:29 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched two Beidou navigation satellites into orbit for the Chinese government. The rocket flew with a Yuanzheng upper stage. Read our full story. [July 25]
July 23/24, 2015Delta 4 • WGS 7
Launch time: 0007 GMT on 24th (8:07 p.m. EDT on 23rd)
Launch site:
SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched the seventh Wideband Global SATCOM spacecraft, formerly known as the Wideband Gapfiller Satellite. Built by Boeing, this geostationary communications spacecraft will serve U.S. military forces. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (5,4) configuration with four solid rocket boosters. Delayed from July 21 and July 22. Read our full story. [July 23]
July 22, 2015Soyuz • ISS 43S
Launch time: 2102:45 GMT (5:02:45 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from May 26. Moved forward from July 24. Read our full story. [July 22]
July 15, 2015Ariane 5 • Star One C4 & MSG 4
Launch time: 2142 GMT (5:42 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA224, to launch the Star One C4 and MSG 4 satellites. The Star One C4 satellite will provide television services over Latin America and the United States for the Brazilian operator Embratel Star One. MSG 4 will be based in geostationary orbit providing real-time weather imagery for Eumetsat, operator of Europe’s meteorological satellites. Delayed from July 2 and July 8. Read our full story. [July 15]
July 15, 2015Atlas 5 • GPS 2F-10
Launch time: 1536 GMT (11:36 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-055, launched the U.S. Air Force’s 10th Block 2F navigation satellite for the Global Positioning System. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from June 16, June 30 and July 14. Read our full story. [July 15]
July 10, 2015PSLV • DMC3
Launch time: 1628 GMT (12:28 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C28 mission in the PSLV-XL configuration, launched three satellites built by Britain’s Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd. in the DMC3 disaster monitoring constellation for the Beijing-based imaging company 21AT. An SSTL technology demonstration satellite named CBNT-1 and a UK-built CubeSat named DeorbitSail also launched. Delayed from June 25. Read our full story. [July 10]
July 3, 2015Soyuz • Progress 60P
Launch time: 0455:48 GMT (12:55:48 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 60th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Moved up from Aug. 6. Read our full story. [July 3]
June 28, 2015Falcon 9 • SpaceX CRS 7
Launch time: 1421:11 GMT (10:21:11 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket failed to launch the ninth Dragon spacecraft on the seventh operational cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station. The flight was conducted under the Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA. Delayed from June 13. Moved forward from June 22. Delayed from June 19 and June 26. Read our full story. [June 28]
June 26, 2015Long March 4B • Gaofen 8
Launch time: 0622 GMT (2:22 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Taiyuan, China
A Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched with the Gaofen 8 high-resolution optical imaging satellite. Read our full story. [June 26]
June 23, 2015Soyuz • Persona
Launch time: 1644 GMT (12:44 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a Persona reconnaissance satellite for the Russian military. The rocket flew in the Soyuz 2-1b configuration with a modernized digital flight control system and upgraded third stage engine. Delayed from May 15. Read our full story. [June 23]
June 22/23, 2015Vega • Sentinel 2A
Launch time: 0151:58 GMT on 23rd (9:51:58 p.m. EDT on 22nd)
Launch site:
ZLV, Kourou, French Guiana
A European Vega rocket, designated VV05, launched with the Sentinel 2A Earth observation satellite for the European Space Agency and the European Commission. Sentinel 2A carries an optical imaging payload for land observation. Delayed from April and June 12. Read our full story. [June 23]
June 5, 2015Soyuz • Kobalt M
Launch time: 1524 GMT (11:24 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a Kobalt M reconnaissance satellite for the Russian military. The rocket flew in the Soyuz 2-1a configuration with a modernized digital flight control system. Delayed from May 15. Read our full story. [June 5]
May 27, 2015Ariane 5 • DirecTV 15 & Sky Mexico 1
Launch time: 2116 GMT (5:16 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA223, to launch the DirecTV 15 and Sky Mexico 1 satellites. DirecTV 15 will provide direct-to-home television broadcasts across the United States. Sky Mexico 1 will beam direct television programming to Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean for a subsidiary of DirecTV. Delayed from May 20 and May 22. Read our full story. [May 27]
May 20, 2015Atlas 5 • AFSPC 5
Launch time: 1505 GMT (11:05 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket launched the AFSPC 5 mission for the U.S. Air Force. The payloads include the military’s X-37B space plane and UltraSat, a package of small CubeSat secondary payloads. The rocket flew in the 501 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Read our full story. [May 20]
May 16, 2015Proton • Mexsat 1
Launch time: 0547:39 GMT (1:47:39 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage failed to deploy the Mexsat 1 communications satellite for the Mexican government. The satellite was also named Centenario. Delayed from April 24 and April 29. Read our full story. [May 16]
April 28, 2015Soyuz • Progress 59P
Launch time: 0709:50 GMT (3:09:50 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 59th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Moved forward from April 30. Read our full story. [April 28]
April 27, 2015Falcon 9 • TurkmenAlem52E/MonacoSat
Launch time: 2303 GMT (7:03 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the TurkmenAlem52E/MonacoSat 1 communications satellite for Thales Alenia Space and the government of Turkmenistan. The spacecraft is Turkmenistan’s first national satellite and will support communications over Central Asia. Delayed from March 21 and April 24. Read our full story. [April 27]
April 26, 2015Ariane 5 • Thor 7 & Sicral 2
Launch time: 2000 GMT (4 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA222, to launch the Thor 7 and Sicral 2 satellites. Thor 7 will provide high-throughput Ka-band broadband services for the offshore sector in the North Sea, the Norwegian Sea, the Red Sea, the Baltic Sea, the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean for Norway’s Telenor Satellite Broadcasting. Sicral 2 carries communications payloads for Italian and French military authorities. Delayed from January and March. Moved forward from April 16. Delayed from April 15 and April 24. Read our full story. [April 26]
April 14, 2015Falcon 9 • SpaceX CRS 6
Launch time: 2010:41 GMT (4:10:41 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the eighth Dragon spacecraft on the sixth operational cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station. The flight is being conducted under the Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA. Delayed from Dec. 5, Feb. 4, April 8 and April 10. Scrubbed on April 13. Read our full story. [April 14]
March 31, 2015Rockot • Gonets M
Launch time: 1348 GMT (9:48 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian government Rockot vehicle with a Breeze KM upper stage will launch three Gonets M communications satellites. Delayed from March 3. Read our full story. [March 31]
March 30, 2015Long March 3C • Beidou
Launch time: 1352 GMT (9:52 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3C rocket launched a Beidou navigation satellite into orbit for the Chinese government. Read our full story. [March 30]
March 28, 2015PSLV • IRNSS 1D
Launch time: 1149 GMT (7:49 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C27 mission, launched the IRNSS 1D navigation satellite. The payload is the fourth spacecraft in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System, which aims to improve positioning services over India and neighboring regions. Delayed from December, January and March 9. Read our full story. [March 28]
March 27, 2015Soyuz • Galileo 7 & 8
Launch time: 2146:18 GMT (5:46:18 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELS, Sinnamary, French Guiana
An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS11, launched on a mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz carried two Galileo full operational capability satellites for Europe’s Galileo navigation constellation. The Soyuz 2-1b (Soyuz ST-B) rocket used a Fregat-MT upper stage. Arianespace oversaw the launch. Delayed from November, December and March 26. Read our full story. [March 27]
March 27, 2015Soyuz • ISS 42S
Launch time: 1942:57 GMT (3:42:57 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-16M spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Moved forward from March 28. Read our full story. [March 27]
March 25/26, 2015H-2A • IGS Optical 5
Launch time: 0121 GMT on 26th (9:21 p.m. EDT on 25th)
Launch site:
Tanegashima Space Center, Japan
A Japanese H-2A rocket launched an Information Gathering Satellite with an optical reconnaissance payload for the Japanese government. Read our full story. [March 26]
March 25, 2015Dnepr • Kompsat 3A
Launch time: 2208:46 GMT (6:08:46 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Dombarovsky, Russia
An ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the Kompsat 3A high-resolution Earth observation satellite for the Korea Aerospace Research Institute. Delayed from Jan. 22 and March 12. Read our full story. [March 25]
March 25, 2015Delta 4 • GPS 2F-9
Launch time: 1836 GMT (2:36 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched the U.S. Air Force’s ninth Block 2F navigation satellite for the Global Positioning System. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. Read our full story. [March 25]
March 18, 2015Proton • Express AM7
Launch time: 2205 GMT (6:05 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Express AM7 satellite for the Russian Satellite Communications Co. Express AM7 will provide television and radio broadcasting services, broadband Internet access, and support multimedia and data links across Russia and neighboring countries. Read our full story. [March 18]
March 12/13, 2015Atlas 5 • MMS
Launch time: 0344 GMT on 13th (10:44 p.m. EST on 12th)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket launched NASA’s Magnetospheric Multiscale, or MMS, mission. The Magnetospheric Multiscale mission will use four identical spacecraft, variably spaced in Earth orbit, to make three-dimensional measurements of magnetospheric boundary regions and examine the process of magnetic reconnection. The rocket flew in the 421 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, two solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Nov. 26. Read our full story. [March 12]
March 1/2, 2015Falcon 9 • Eutelsat 115 West B & ABS 3A
Launch time: 0350 GMT on 2nd (10:50 p.m. EST on 1st)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the Eutelsat 115 West B and ABS 3A communications satellites. Eutelsat 115 West B will provide the Americas with video, data, government, and mobile services for Paris-based Eutelsat. ABS 3A will distribute television programming, Internet and mobile phone connectivity, and maritime services across the Americas, Europe, Africa and the Middle East for Asia Broadcast Satellite of Bermuda and Hong Kong. Built by Boeing, the satellites are the first spacecraft to launch in a conjoined configuration and are the first payloads to use all-electric propulsion for orbit-raising. Delayed from Feb. 17 and Feb. 27. Read our full story. [March 2]
Feb. 27, 2015Soyuz • Bars-M
Launch time: 1101 GMT (6:01 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the first Bars-M spy satellite for the Russian military. Read our full story. [Feb. 27]
Feb. 17, 2015Soyuz • Progress 58P
Launch time: 1100:17 GMT (6:00:17 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 58th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Feb. 3. Read our full story. [Feb. 17]
Feb. 11, 2015Falcon 9 • DSCOVR
Launch time: 2303:32 GMT (6:03:32 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the Deep Space Climate Observatory for the U.S Air Force, NOAA and NASA. DSCOVR will be positioned at the L1 libration point to monitor space weather and Earth’s climate. Delayed from Jan. 13, Jan. 23, Jan. 29 and Jan. 31. Scrubbed on Feb. 8 and Feb. 10. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 11]
Feb. 11, 2015Vega • IXV
Launch time: 1340 GMT (8:40 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
ZLV, Kourou, French Guiana
A European Vega rocket, designated VV04, launched with the European Space Agency’s Intermediate Experimental Vehicle, or IXV. The IXV launched on a suborbital trajectory, testing advanced flight control and re-entry technologies before splashing down in the Pacific Ocean. Delayed from October and Nov. 18. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 11]
Feb. 2, 2015Safir • Fajr
Launch time: Approx. 0850 GMT (3:50 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Semnan, Iran
A Safir rocket orbited Iran’s Fajr satellite in the country’s fourth successful space launch. Read our full story. [Feb. 2]
Feb. 1, 2015Proton • Inmarsat 5 F2
Launch time: 1231 GMT (7:31 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Inmarsat 5 F2 communications satellite for Inmarsat of London. Delayed from May 2014 and Jan. 30. Read our full story. [Feb. 1]
Jan. 31/Feb. 1, 2015H-2A • IGS Radar Spare
Launch time: 0121 GMT on 1st (8:21 p.m. EST on 31st)
Launch site:
Tanegashima Space Center, Japan
A Japanese H-2A rocket launched an Information Gathering Satellite with a radar reconnaissance payload for the Japanese government. Delayed from Jan. 29. Read our full story. [Feb. 1]
Jan. 31, 2015Delta 2 • SMAP
Launch time: 1422 GMT (9:22 a.m. EST; 6:22 a.m. PST)
Launch site:
SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
A United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the Soil Moisture Active Passive satellite for NASA. SMAP is an Earth satellite mission designed to measure and map Earth’s soil moisture and freeze/thaw state to better understand terrestrial water, carbon and energy cycles. The rocket flew in the 7320 configuration with three solid rocket boosters and no third stage. Delayed from November. Scrubbed on Jan. 29. See our Mission Status Center. [Jan. 31]
Jan. 20/21, 2015Atlas 5 • MUOS 3
Launch time: 0104 GMT on 21st (8:04 p.m. EST on 20th)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-052, launched the third Mobile User Objective System (MUOS) satellite for the U.S. Navy. Built by Lockheed Martin, this U.S. military spacecraft will provide narrowband tactical communications designed to significantly improve ground communications for U.S. forces on the move. The rocket flew in the 551 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, five solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Read our full story. [Jan. 20]
Jan. 10, 2015Falcon 9 • SpaceX CRS 5
Launch time: 0947:10 GMT (4:47:10 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the seventh Dragon spacecraft on the fifth operational cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station. The flight is being conducted under the Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA. Delayed from Sept. 12. Moved up from Nov. 27. Delayed from Oct. 3, Dec. 1, Dec. 9, Dec. 16 and Dec. 19, 2014. Scrubbed on Jan. 6 and delayed from Jan. 9. Read our full story. [Jan. 10]

2008

Dec. 25, 2008Proton • Glonass
Launch time: 1043 GMT (5:43 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton rocket launched another trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. Read our launch story. [Dec. 25]
Dec. 22/23, 2008Long March 3A • Feng Yun 2E
Launch time: 0054 GMT on Dec. 23 (7:54 p.m. EST on Dec. 22)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
The Long March 3A rocket launched the Feng Yun 2E spacecraft, which will join a fleet of geostationary weather satellites operated by the China Meteorological Administration. Read our launch story. [Dec. 23]
Dec. 20, 2008Ariane 5 • Hot Bird 9 & W2M
Launch time: 2235 GMT (5:35 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace Flight 186 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the European Hot Bird 9 television broadcast spacecraft and the W2M telecommunications satellite for Central Europe and Indian Ocean region. Both spacecraft will be operated by Eutelsat. Delayed from Oct. 29 and NSS 9 satellite replaced by W2M. Delayed from late November and Dec. 10. Read our launch story. [Dec. 20]
Dec. 14/15, 2008Long March 4B • Yaogan 5
Launch time: 0322 GMT on Dec. 15 (10:22 p.m. EST on Dec. 14)
Launch site:
Taiyuan, China
A Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched the country’s Yaogan 5 satellite for Earth observations. Read our launch story. [Dec. 15]
Dec. 10, 2008Proton • Ciel 2
Launch time: 1343 GMT (8:43 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Canadian Ciel 2 telecommunications spacecraft to serve North America. [Dec. 10]
Dec. 2, 2008Molniya-M • Military
Launch time: 0500 GMT (12:00 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian Molniya-M rocket launched a military reconnaissance satellite into an elliptical high-altitude orbit. Read our launch story. [Dec. 2]
Nov. 30/Dec. 1, 2008Long March 4B • Yaogan 4
Launch time: 0442 GMT on Dec. 1 (11:42 p.m. EST on Nov. 30)
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the country’s Yaogan 4 satellite for Earth observations. Read our launch story. [Dec. 1]
Nov. 26, 2008Soyuz • Progress 31P
Launch time: 1238 GMT (7:38 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 31st Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our launch story. [Nov. 26]
Nov. 14/15, 2008Shuttle Endeavour • ISS ULF2
Launch time: 0055 GMT on Nov. 15 (7:55 p.m. EST on Nov. 14)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
STS-126 was the 27th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight delivered equipment and supplies with a reusable Multi-Purpose Logistics Module. Delayed from Sept. 18, Oct. 16, Nov. 10 and Nov. 12. Moved up from Nov. 16. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 15]
Nov. 14, 2008Soyuz • Kosmos 2445
Launch time: 1550 GMT (10:50 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian Soyuz rocket launched a classified military spacecraft formally known as Kosmos 2445. Read our launch story. [Nov. 14]
Nov. 5, 2008Proton • ASTRA 1M
Launch time: 2044 GMT (3:44 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage carried the European ASTRA 1M direct-to-home television broadcasting spacecraft. Delayed from Oct. 30 and Nov. 2. Read our launch story. [Nov. 5]
Nov. 4/5, 2008Long March 2D • Shiyan 3 & Chuangxin 1-02
Launch time: 0015 GMT on Nov. 5 (7:15 p.m. EST on Nov. 4)
Launch site:
Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, China
A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the country’s Shiyan 3 and Chuangxin 1-02 satellites. Read our launch story. [Nov. 5]
Oct. 30, 2008Long March 3B • VENESAT 1
Launch time: 1653 GMT (12:53 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the VENESAT 1 communications satellite for Venezuela. [Oct. 30]
Oct. 24/25, 2008Delta 2 • COSMO-SkyMed 3
Launch time: 0228:25 GMT on 25th (10:28:25 p.m. EDT on Oct. 24th)
Launch site:
SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the third Italian COSMO-SkyMed radar Earth-imaging satellite. The X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar payload on the spacecraft will be used for civil and military applications. The rocket flew in the 7420-10 vehicle configuration. ULA conducted this commercial launch for Boeing. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 25]
Oct. 21/22, 2008PSLV • Chandrayaan 1
Launch time: 0052 GMT on 22nd (8:52 p.m. EDT on Oct. 21st)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) launched the Chandrayaan 1 spacecraft bound the moon. It is country’s first lunar orbiter. The mission carries a slate of instruments provided by scientists from India, Bulgaria, the European Space Agency and NASA. Delayed from April and Sept. 19. Read our launch story. [Oct. 22]
Oct. 19, 2008Pegasus XL • IBEX
Launch time: 1747 GMT (1:47 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Kwajalein Atoll in Marshall Islands
The air-launched Orbital Sciences Pegasus XL rocket deployed NASA’s Interstellar Boundary Explorer. IBEX will study the interaction between the solar wind and the interstellar medium. Delayed from July 15, Aug. 9, Sept. 13 and Oct. 5. Read our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 19]
Oct. 12, 2008Soyuz • ISS 17S
Launch time: 0701 GMT (3:01 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-13 spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the Expedition 18 crew. The capsule remained at the station for several months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Read our launch story. [Oct. 12]
Oct. 1, 2008Dnepr • THEOS
Launch time: 0637 GMT (2:37 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Dombarovsky, Russia
A Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the THEOS Earth observation satellite for Thailand’s national space agency. Delayed from Jan. 30, Feb. 27 and Aug. 6 due to concerns about rocket stage downrange impact zone. Read our launch story. [Oct. 1]
Sept. 28, 2008Falcon 1 • Test flight
Launch time: 2315 GMT (7:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands
The SpaceX Falcon 1 rocket launched on its first successful flight. It carried a mass satellite simulator during the demonstration test launch. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 28]
Sept. 25, 2008Long March 2F • Shenzhou 7
Launch time: 1310 GMT (9:10 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, China
A Chinese Long March 2F rocket launched the country’s third human spaceflight. The Shenzhou spacecraft capsule made its seventh flight after a series of unmanned test missions and the historic first two manned launches. Moved up from October. Read our launch story. [Sept. 25]
Sept. 25, 2008Proton • Glonass
Launch time: 0849 GMT (4:49 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton rocket launched another trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. Read our launch story. [Sept. 25]
Sept. 24, 2008Zenit 3SL • Galaxy 19
Launch time: 0928 GMT (5:28 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried into orbit the Galaxy 19 communications satellite for Intelsat. The Loral-built spacecraft will replace the Galaxy 25 satellite and be used for telecommunication services across North America. Delayed from Sept. 23 due to unfavorable weather during transit to the launch site. Read our launch story. [Sept. 24]
Sept. 19, 2008Proton • Nimiq 4
Launch time: 2148 GMT (5:48 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Nimiq 4 direct television broadcasting spacecraft to serve Canada. Delayed from Sept. 18 to replace faulty avionics unit on the first stage. [Sept. 19]
Sept. 10, 2008Soyuz • Progress 30P
Launch time: 1950 GMT (3:50 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 30th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our launch story. [Sept. 10]
Sept. 6, 2008Delta 2 • GeoEye 1
Launch time: 1850:57 GMT (2:50:57 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the GeoEye 1 commercial Earth-imaging spacecraft into a Sun-synchronous orbit for the GeoEye company. ULA conducted this commercial launch for Boeing. The rocket flew in the 7420 configuration. Delayed from 2007, April 16, Aug. 22 and Sept. 4. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 6]
Sept. 5/6, 2008Long March 2C • Huan Jing
Launch time: 0325 GMT (11:25 p.m. EDT on Sept. 5)
Launch site:
Taiyuan, China
A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched two Huan Jing satellites for Earth observations and environmental monitoring. Delayed from August. Read our launch story. [Sept. 6]
Aug. 29, 2008Dnepr • RapidEye
Launch time: 0715 GMT (3:15 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched five commercial RapidEye remote sensing satellites to collect imagery of agricultural regions and natural disasters. Read our launch story. [Aug. 29]
Aug. 18, 2008Proton • Inmarsat 4-F3
Launch time: 2246 GMT (6:46 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Inmarsat 4-F3 mobile communications spacecraft. This was the third of three next-generation satellites in the Inmarsat 4-series. The launch marked the return-to-flight for ILS and the Proton/Breeze M following the March failure. Delayed from Aug. 13 to replace and retest the flight computer on the Breeze M upper stage. Read our launch story. [Aug. 18]
Aug. 14, 2008Ariane 5 • Superbird 7 & AMC 21
Launch time: 2044 GMT (4:44 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace Flight 185 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the Japanese Superbird 7 telecommunications satellite and the American AMC 21 television broadcast spacecraft. Delayed from Aug. 12. Read our launch story. [Aug. 14]
Aug. 2/3, 2008Falcon 1 • Jumpstart
Launch time: 0334 GMT on Aug. 3 (11:34 p.m. EDT on Aug. 2)
Launch site:
Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands
The SpaceX Falcon 1 rocket failed in its launch of the Jumpstart mission for the U.S. Air Force Operationally Responsive Space initiative. The Jumpstart mission flew the Trailblazer spacecraft built by SpaceDev, Inc. Delayed from late June. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 3]
July 21/22, 2008Kosmos 3M • SAR-Lupe 5
Launch time: 0240 GMT on July 22 (10:40 p.m. EDT on July 21)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian Kosmos 3M rocket launched the SAR-Lupe 5 spacecraft into Earth orbit. The craft is the fifth in a series of five German radar reconnaissance satellites. Moved up from July 29/30. Read our launch story. [July 22]
July 16, 2008Zenit 3SL • EchoStar 11
Launch time: 0521 GMT (1:21 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried into orbit the EchoStar 11 direct-to-home television broadcast satellite. The Loral-built spacecraft will provide services for DISH Network subscribers. Read our launch story. [July 16]
July 7, 2008Ariane 5 • ProtoStar 1 & BADR 6
Launch time: 2147 GMT (5:47 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace Flight 184 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the ProtoStar 1 communications satellite to provide high definition TV and broadband Internet to Southeast Asia and Arabsat’s BADR 6 communications spacecraft for the Middle East and North Africa. Delayed from July 4 to replace equipment unit in the electrical interface between the rocket and launch table. Read our launch story. [July 7]
June 20, 2008Delta 2 • Jason 2
Launch time: 0746:25 GMT (3:46:25 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the Jason 2 spacecraft to measure sea surface height. The Ocean Surface Topography Mission is a joint U.S. and European project. Delayed from June 15 and June 19 due to high winds preventing satellite’s delivery to pad. See our Mission Status Center. [June 20]
June 19, 2008Kosmos 3M • ORBCOMM
Launch time: 0636 GMT (2:36 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Kapustin Yar, Russia
A Russian Kosmos 3M rocket launched six replacement ORBCOMM data communications satellites for the U.S.-based ORBCOMM Inc. Delayed from May 22. Read our launch story. [June 19]
June 12, 2008Ariane 5 • Skynet 5C & Turksat 3A
Launch time: 2205 GMT (6:05 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace Flight 183 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the British Skynet 5C military communications satellite and the Turkish Turksat 3A communications spacecraft. Delayed from May 23. Scrubbed from May 30 by software problem. Read our launch story. [June 12]
June 11, 2008Delta 2-Heavy • GLAST
Launch time: 1605 GMT (12:05 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The United Launch Alliance Delta 2-Heavy rocket deployed NASA’s Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope observatory into orbit. The rocket flew in the 7920-Heavy vehicle configuration. Delayed from Oct. 7, Dec. 14, Jan. 31 and Feb. 5. Moved up from May 29. Delayed from May 16 due to second stage stacking problem. Delayed from June 3, June 5, June 7 and June 8 to resolve final engineering issues. See our Mission Status Center. [June 11]
June 9, 2008Long March 3B • Chinasat 9
Launch time: 1215 GMT (8:15 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
The Long March 3B rocket launched the Chinasat 9 spacecraft. The direct-to-home television broadcasting satellite will provide communications services to homes and businesses across China. The high-power spacecraft was built by Thales Alenia Space of France. Read our launch story. [June 9]
May 31, 2008Shuttle Discovery • ISS 1J
Launch time: 2102 GMT (5:02 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
STS-124 was the 26th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. This flight by the space shuttle Discovery delivered and installed the massive Kibo science laboratory module and and robotic arm system to the space station for the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. The STS-124 mission was the second of three flights that launched components to complete the Japanese contribution to the station. Delayed from April 24 and May 25. See our Mission Status Center. [May 31]
May 21, 2008Zenit 3SL • Galaxy 18
Launch time: 0943 GMT (5:43 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried into orbit the Galaxy 18 communications satellite for Intelsat. The Loral-built spacecraft will replace the Galaxy 10R satellite and be used for telecommunication services across North America. Delayed from May 13. Read our launch story. [May 21]
May 14, 2008Soyuz • Progress 29P
Launch time: 2022 GMT (4:22 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 29th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our launch story. [May 14]
April 28, 2008Zenit 3SLB • AMOS 3
Launch time: 0500 GMT (1:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
The Land Launch Zenit 3SLB rocket carried into orbit the AMOS 3 telecommunications satellite for Israeli satellite operator Spacecom Ltd. The craft will serve markets in the Middle East, Europe and the United States. Delayed from March. Scrubbed on April 24 due to problem retracting the rocket transporter/erector system. Read our launch story. [April 28]
April 27/28, 2008PSLV • Cartosat 2A
Launch time: 0353 GMT on April 28 (11:53 p.m. EDT on April 27)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) carried into orbit the Cartosat 2A satellite for Earth observation and a cluster of other small spacecraft. Delayed from March 4 and April 21. Read our launch story. [April 28]
April 26, 2008Soyuz • GIOVE B
Launch time: 2216 GMT (6:16 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian Soyuz rocket with a Fregat upper stage launched the second Galileo In-Orbit Validation Element, or GIOVE B satellite. This was the second demonstration satellite for Europe’s Galileo navigation system. The launch was managed by Starsem, an affiliate of Arianespace. Delayed from April 2007. Read our launch story. [April 26]
April 25, 2008Long March 3C • Tianlian 1
Launch time: 1535 GMT (11:35 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3C launched the Tianlian 1 satellite, a data relay spacecraft to serve as a communications link between ground controllers and the country’s next human space mission. Read our launch story. [April 26]
April 18, 2008Ariane 5 • Vinasat 1 & Star One C2
Launch time: 2217 GMT (6:17 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace Flight 182 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the Vinasat 1 satellite for the Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications Corporation and the Brazilian Star One C2 communications spacecraft. Read our launch story. [April 18]
April 16, 2008Pegasus XL • C/NOFS
Launch time: 1701 GMT (1:01 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Kwajalein Atoll in Marshall Islands
The air-launched Orbital Sciences Pegasus XL rocket deployed the Communication/Navigation Outage Forecasting System (C/NOFS) spacecraft for the U.S. military. The satellite carries instruments to study ionospheric scintillations and give warning to communication outages and GPS navigation degradations. Delayed from April 14. Read our launch story. [April 16]
April 14, 2008Atlas 5 • ICO G1
Launch time: 2012 GMT (4:12 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-014) launched the ICO G1 mobile communications satellite. Space Systems/Loral built the geostationary spacecraft. The rocket flew in the 421 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, two solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. ULA conducted this commercial launch for Lockheed Martin. Delayed from May 31, Aug. 28, late 2007, Jan. 7 and March 21. See our Mission Status Center. [April 14]
April 8, 2008Soyuz • ISS 16S
Launch time: 1116:39 GMT (7:16:39 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-12 spacecraft to the International Space Station to begin the Expedition 17 mission. Members of the crew launching on Soyuz were station commander Sergei Volkov, flight engineer Oleg Kononenko and South Korean spaceflight participant So-yeon Yi. The capsule remained at the station for several months, providing an escape pod for the crew. See our Mission Status Center. [April 8]
March 27, 2008Kosmos 3M • SAR-Lupe 4
Launch time: 1715 GMT (1:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian Kosmos 3M rocket launched the SAR-Lupe 4 spacecraft into Earth orbit. The craft is the fourth in a series of five German radar reconnaissance satellites. Moved up from March 27. Scrubbed March 25 and March 26 due to upper level winds. Read our launch story. [March 27]
March 19, 2008Zenit 3SL • DirecTV 11
Launch time: 2248 GMT (6:48 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried into orbit the DirecTV 11 direct-to-home television broadcast satellite. The Boeing-built craft will be used to increase the number of local and national HDTV channels available to DirecTV subscribers. Delayed from March 17. Read our launch story. [March 19]
March 15, 2008Delta 2 • GPS 2R-19 (M6)
Launch time: 0610 GMT (2:10 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the sixth modernized NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from March 13. See our Mission Status Center. [March 15]
March 14, 2008Proton • AMC 14
Launch time: 2318 GMT (7:18 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage failed in its launch of the AMERICOM 14 communications spacecraft. The Lockheed Martin-built satellite was slated for use by EchoStar’s DISH Network service. Read our launch story. [March 15]
March 13, 2008Atlas 5 • NROL-28
Launch time: 1002 GMT (6:02 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-006) launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. It was the first Atlas 5 launch from Vandenberg. The rocket flew in the 411 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, one strap-on solid rocket booster and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Spring and Nov. 15, 2006, Jan. and April 3, 2007, Feb. 19, Feb. 26 and Feb. 29. See our Mission Status Center. [March 13]
March 11, 2008Shuttle Endeavour • ISS 1J/A
Launch time: 0628 GMT (2:28 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
STS-123 was the 25th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight delivered the Japanese experiment logistics module to the station for the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, along with the Canadian Dextre robotics system. Delayed from Nov. 29, Dec. 8 and Feb. 14. See our Mission Status Center. [March 11]
March 8/9, 2008Ariane 5 • ATV 1
Launch time: 0403:04 GMT on 9th (11:03:04 p.m. EST on March 8)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
The Arianespace Ariane 5 rocket on Flight 181 launched the European Space Agency’s first Automated Transfer Vehicle, named Jules Verne. The ATV is a cargo-carrying spacecraft to deliver supplies and equipment to the orbiting International Space Station. Delayed from July 25. Delayed from Sept. Delayed from Nov. Delayed from Feb. 22 and March 7. See our Mission Status Center. [March 9]
Feb. 23, 2008H-2A • WINDS
Launch time: 0855 GMT (3:55 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Tanegashima, Japan
The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Wideband InterNetworking engineering test and Demonstration Satellite (WINDS) for JAXA. The H-2A flew in the 2024 configuration with two large solid rocket boosters and four smaller motors. Delayed from Feb. 15. Read our launch story. [Feb. 22]
Feb. 11, 2008Proton • Thor 5
Launch time: 1134 GMT (6:34 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the Thor 5 communications satellite for Telenor of Norway. The Orbital Sciences-built spacecraft will serve Scandinavia, Europe, and Middle East. Delayed from Feb. 10. Read our launch story. [Feb. 11]
Feb. 7, 2008Shuttle Atlantis • ISS 1E
Launch time: 1945 GMT (2:45 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
STS-122 was the 24th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight delivered the European Space Agency’s Columbus science laboratory module to the station. Delayed from Sept. 27 and Oct. 17. Mission switched from shuttle Discovery to shuttle Atlantis. Attempt on Dec. 6 was scrubbed. Delayed from Dec. 7. Scrubbed on Dec. 9. Delayed from Jan. 2, Jan. 10 and Jan. 24. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 7]
Feb. 5, 2008Soyuz • Progress 28P
Launch time: 1302:57 GMT (8:02:57 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 28th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Moved up from Feb. 12 and Feb. 7. [Feb. 5]
Jan. 27/28, 2008Proton • Express AM33
Launch time: 0018 GMT on 28th (7:18 p.m. EST on Jan. 27)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the Express AM33 communications satellite for the Russian Satellite Communications Co. Read our launch story. [Jan. 28]
Jan. 21, 2008PSLV • Polaris
Launch time: 0345 GMT (10:45 p.m. EST on Jan. 20)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) carried into orbit the Polaris spacecraft, an Israeli radar reconnaissance spy satellite. Delayed from Sept. 17. Read our launch story. [Jan. 21]
Jan. 15, 2008Zenit 3SL • Thuraya 3
Launch time: 1149 GMT (6:49 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried the Boeing-built Thuraya 3 mobile communications satellite into orbit. Thuraya Satellite Telecommunications Company of the United Arab Emirates provides space-based telephone services. Delayed from earlier in the year due to January’s launch failure of Zenit rocket. This will be Sea Launch’s return to flight. Delayed from October, Nov. 13, Nov. 14, Nov. 18, Nov. 19, Nov. 20, Nov. 21 and Nov. 25. Read our launch story. [Jan. 15]

2007

Dec. 25, 2007Proton • Glonass
Launch time: 1932 GMT (2:32 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton rocke launched another trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. Read our launch story. [Dec. 26]
Dec. 23, 2007Soyuz • Progress 27P
Launch time: 0712:41 GMT (2:12:41 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 27th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. [Dec. 23]
Dec. 21, 2007Ariane 5 • Rascom 1 & Horizons 2
Launch time: 2142 GMT (4:42 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace Flight 180 used an Ariane 5 rocket with a storable propellant upper stage to launch the Rascom 1 communications satellite to serve Africa and the Horizons 2 telecommunications spacecraft to cover the continental United States, the Caribbean and parts of Canada. Delayed from Dec. 20 to perform additional checks on the rocket. Read our launch story. [Dec. 21]
Dec. 20, 2007Delta 2 • GPS 2R-18 (M5)
Launch time: 2004 GMT (3:04 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the fifth modernized NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 20]
Dec. 14, 2007Soyuz • Radarsat 2
Launch time: 1317 GMT (8:17 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian Soyuz rocket launched the Canadian Radarsat 2 observation spacecraft into a sun-synchronous orbit around Earth. The launch was managed by Starsem, an affiliate of Arianespace. Delayed from Dec. 8. Read our launch story. [Dec. 14]
Dec. 10, 2007Atlas 5 • NROL-24
Launch time: 2205 GMT (5:05 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-015) launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Sept. 6, Oct. 5, Oct. 25 and Nov. 7. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 10]
Dec. 8/9, 2007Delta 2 • COSMO-SkyMed 2
Launch time: 0231:42 GMT Dec. 9 (9:31:42 p.m. EST on Dec. 8)
Launch site:
SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched another Italian COSMO-SkyMed radar Earth-imaging satellite. The X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar payload on the spacecraft will be used for civil and military applications. The rocket flew in the 7420-10 vehicle configuration. ULA conducted this commercial launch for Boeing. Scrubbed Dec. 5 due to upper level winds. Delayed from Dec. 6 due to insulation problem. Scrubbed Dec. 7 due to bad weather. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 9]
Dec. 8/9, 2007Proton • Military
Launch time: 0016 GMT Dec. 9 (7:16 p.m. EST on Dec. 8)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton rocket launched a secret military payload. [Dec. 9]
Nov. 17, 2007Proton • SIRIUS 4
Launch time: 2239 GMT (5:39 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the SIRIUS 4 communications spacecraft for operator SES SIRIUS. The Lockheed Martin-built satellite will serve the Nordic and Baltic markets as well as to enhance coverage in Eastern Europe and Russia. [Nov. 18]
Nov. 14, 2007Ariane 5 • Skynet 5B & STAR ONE C1
Launch time: 2206 GMT (5:06 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace Flight 179 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the British Skynet 5B military communications satellite and the Brazilian STAR ONE C1 telecommunications spacecraft. Scrubbed on Nov. 9 and Nov. 12. Read our launch story. [Nov. 14]
Nov. 10/11, 2007Delta 4-Heavy • DSP 23
Launch time: 0150 GMT Nov. 11 (8:50 p.m. EST on Nov. 10)
Launch site:
SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The United Launch Alliance Delta 4-Heavy rocket launched the 23rd and final Defense Support Program missile-warning satellite. The largest of the Delta 4 family, the Heavy version features three Common Booster Cores mounted together to form a triple-body rocket. The vehicle delivered DSP 23 directly into geostationary orbit. Delayed from Oct. 28, 2005, Jan. 31, 2006 and Jan. 31, 2007. Delayed from April 1. Launch delayed to repair pad cracks. Delayed from Aug. 28, Oct. 4, Nov. 2 and Nov. 8. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 11]
Nov. 1, 2007Kosmos 3M • SAR-Lupe 3
Launch time: 0051 GMT (8:51 p.m. EDT on Oct. 31)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian Kosmos 3M rocket launched the SAR-Lupe 3 spacecraft into Earth orbit. The craft is the third in a series of five German radar reconnaissance satellites. Read our launch story. [Nov. 1]
Oct. 26, 2007Proton • Glonass
Launch time: 0735 GMT (3:35 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton rocket launched another trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. Delayed from Oct. 25. Read our full story. [Oct. 26]
Oct. 24, 2007Long March 3A • Chang’e 1
Launch time: 1005 GMT (6:05 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3A rocket launched Chang’e 1, China’s first mission to the moon. The probe created three-dimensional maps of the moon and chart mineral deposits on the lunar surface, according to Chinese news reports. Read our full story. [Oct. 24]
Oct. 23, 2007Shuttle Discovery • ISS 10A
Launch time: 1538 GMT (11:38 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
STS-120 was the 23rd U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight delivered the Node 2, or Harmony, connecting module to the station to serve as the portal to the international partners’ laboratories. Delayed from Aug. 9. Moved up from Sept. 7. Delayed from Aug. 26. Mission switched from Atlantis to Discovery. Delayed from Oct. 20. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 23]
Oct. 20, 2007Soyuz • Globalstar
Launch time: 2012 GMT (4:12 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian Soyuz rocket launched four more replacement spacecraft for the Globalstar mobile communications satellite constellation. The commercial launch was managed by Starsem. Delayed from May. Read our full story. [Oct. 21]
Oct. 17, 2007Delta 2 • GPS 2R-17 (M4)
Launch time: 1223 GMT (8:23 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the fourth modernized NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from September. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 17]
Oct. 10/11, 2007Atlas 5 • WGS F1
Launch time: 0022 GMT on 11th (8:22 p.m. EDT on Oct. 10)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-011) launched the first Wideband Global SATCOM spacecraft, formerly known as the Wideband Gapfiller Satellite. Built by Boeing, this geostationary communications spacecraft will serve U.S. military forces. The rocket flew in the 421 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, two solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from June 28, July 2, Aug. 11, Aug. 24, Aug. 31, Sept. 13 and Sept. 21. Scrubbed 24 hours. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 11]
Oct. 10, 2007Soyuz • ISS 15S
Launch time: 1322 GMT (9:22 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the Expedition 16 crew and a Malaysian tourist. The capsule remained at the station for several months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from Sept. 1. Moved up from Oct. 6. Delayed from Oct. 2. Landing of the Expedition 15 crew and tourist was planned for Oct. 21. Read our launch story. [Oct. 10]
Oct. 5, 2007Ariane 5 • Intelsat 11 & Optus D2
Launch time: 2202 GMT (6:02 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace Flight 178 used an Ariane 5 GS rocket with a storable propellant upper stage to launch the Intelsat 11 and Optus D2 communications satellites. Both craft were built by Orbital Sciences. Intelsat 11 will relay direct-to-home broadcasting and data networking services to Latin America. The Optus D2 satellite will be used for television and communications services to Australia. Delayed from late September and Oct. 2. Read our launch story. [Oct. 5]
Sept. 27, 2007Delta 2 • Dawn
Launch time: 1134 GMT (7:34 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched NASA’s Dawn spacecraft that used an ion propulsion system to visit and orbit the asteroids Vesta and Ceres. The rocket flew in the 7925-Heavy vehicle configuration. Delayed from June 2006 for a program review that led to cancellation. Mission was restored after controversy. Delayed from June 20. Delayed from June 30 due to launch pad crane problem that postponed rocket assembly. Delayed from July 7 due to second stage fueling hold. Delayed from July 8 and July 9 due to downrange tracking assets. Delayed from July 15. Delayed from Sept. 26. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 27]
Sept. 18/19, 2007Long March 4B • CBERS 2B
Launch time: 0326 GMT on Sept. 19 (11:26 p.m. EDT on 18th)
Launch site:
Taiyuan, China
The Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched the third China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite, which will conduct remote sensing observations for both nations for at least two years. Read our launch story. [Sept. 19]
Sept. 18, 2007Delta 2 • WorldView 1
Launch time: 1835 GMT (2:35 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the WorldView 1 commercial Earth-imaging spacecraft into a Sun-synchronous orbit for the DigitalGlobe company. ULA conducted this commercial launch for Boeing. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 18]
Sept. 14, 2007Soyuz • Foton M3
Launch time: 1100 GMT (7:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian Soyuz rocket launched the Foton M3 microgravity research capsule and the YES2 tether demonstration spacecraft. Read our launch story. [Sept. 14]
Sept. 13/14, 2007H-2A • SELENE
Launch time: 0131:01 GMT on Sept. 14 (9:31:01 p.m. EDT on 13th)
Launch site:
Tanegashima, Japan
The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Selonological and Engineering Explorer. SELENE was to orbit the moon. Delayed from July and Aug. 15. Delayed 24 hours due to bad weather. Read our launch story. [Sept. 14]
Sept. 5, 2007Proton • JCSAT 11
Launch time: 2243 GMT (6:43 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage failed during the launch of the Japanese JCSAT 11 communications spacecraft. The Lockheed Martin-built satellite was destroyed. The craft was supposed to serve Japan, the Asia-Pacific region and Hawaii for operator JSAT Corporation. Read our launch story. [Sept. 6]
Sept. 2, 2007GSLV • INSAT 4CR
Launch time: 1250 GMT (8:50 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) carried the country’s INSAT 4CR communications satellite into orbit. The spacecraft replaces the INSAT 4C satellite, which was lost in the GSLV launch failure of 2006. Delayed from Sept. 1 by weather. Read our launch story. [Sept. 2]
Aug. 14, 2007Ariane 5 • Spaceway 3 & BSAT 3A
Launch time: 2344 GMT (7:44 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace Flight 177 used an Ariane 5 rocket with the ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the American Spaceway 3 broadband communications satellite and the Japanese BSAT 3A direct-to-home TV spacecraft. Read our launch story. [Aug. 14]
Aug. 8, 2007Shuttle Endeavour • ISS 13A.1
Launch time: 2236:42 GMT (6:36:42 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
STS-118 was the 22nd U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight delivered and attached the third starboard truss segment to the station — the Integrated Truss Structure S5. A Spacehab module riding in Endeavour’s payload bay ferried supplies and equipment to the outpost. Delayed from June 11 and 28. Moved up from Aug. 9. Delayed from Aug. 7. See our Mission Status Center.
Aug. 4, 2007Delta 2 • Phoenix
Launch time: 0926 GMT (5:26 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched NASA’s next lander to Mars. The Phoenix spacecraft used a robotic arm to examine samples of the soil at its landing spot on the arctic plains. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. See our Mission Status Center. Delayed from August 3. [Aug. 4]
Aug. 2, 2007Soyuz • Progress 26P
Launch time: 1734 GMT (1:34 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 26th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Moved up from August and September. Delayed from July 22. Docking is planned for 2:40 p.m. EDT on Aug. 5. [Aug. 2]
July 7, 2007Proton • DirecTV 10
Launch time: 0116 GMT on July 7 (9:16 p.m. EDT on July 6)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the DirecTV 10 broadcasting spacecraft. The Boeing-built satellite will be used for DirecTV’s direct-to-home service, specifically aiding in the expansion of HDTV offerings. [July 7]
July 5, 2007Long March 3B • Chinasat 6B
Launch time: 1208 GMT (8:08 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Chinasat 6B satellite for China Satellite Communications Corp. Chinasat 6B will provide television broadcast services for up to 15 years. Read our launch story. [July 5]
July 2, 2007Kosmos 3M • SAR-Lupe 2
Launch time: 1938 GMT (3:38 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian Kosmos 3M rocket launched the SAR-Lupe 2 spacecraft into Earth orbit. The craft is the second in a series of five German radar reconnaissance satellites. Scrubbed July 1 due to upper level wind conditions. Read our launch story. [July 2]
June 28, 2007Dnepr • Genesis 2
Launch time: 1502 GMT (11:02 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Dombarovsky, Russia
A Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the second prototype inflatable space module, called Genesis 2, for Las Vegas-based Bigelow Aerospace. Delayed from late April and late May. Read our launch story. [June 28]
June 15, 2007Atlas 5 • NRO L-30
Launch time: 1512 GMT (11:12 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-009) launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from May 3 and May 18. See our Mission Status Center. Scrubbed June 14 due to Range problem. [June 15]
June 14/15, 2007Dnepr • TerraSAR-X
Launch time: 0214 GMT June 15 (10:14 p.m. EDT June 14)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the German TerraSAR-X radar Earth-imaging spacecraft into orbit. Delayed from Feb. 27. Read our launch story. [June 15]
June 8, 2007Shuttle Atlantis • ISS 13A
Launch time: 2338 GMT (7:38 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
STS-117 was the 21st U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight delivered and attached the next starboard truss segment to the station — the Integrated Truss Structure S3/S4 and associated set of power-generating solar arrays. Delayed from Oct. 2, 2003 in wake of Columbia tragedy. Delayed from Feb. 22. Moved up from March 16. Delayed from March 15 to repair hail damage to external tank. See our Mission coverage. [June 8]
June 7/8, 2007Delta 2 • COSMO-SkyMed 1
Launch time: 0234 GMT June 8 (10:34 p.m. EDT June 7)
Launch site:
SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the first Italian COSMO-SkyMed radar Earth-imaging satellite. The X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar payload on the spacecraft will be used for civil and military applications. The rocket flew in the 7420-10 vehicle configuration. ULA conducted this commercial launch for Boeing. See our Mission Status Center. [June 8]
May 29, 2007Soyuz • Globalstar
Launch time: 2031 GMT (4:31 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian Soyuz rocket launched four replacement spacecraft for the Globalstar mobile communications satellite constellation. The commercial launch was managed by Starsem, an affiliate of Arianespace. Delayed from late March. Read our launch story. [May 26]
May 13, 2007Long March 3B • Nigcomsat 1
Launch time: 1601 GMT (12:01 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang Satellite Launch Center, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Nigcomsat 1 telecommunications spacecraft. The Nigerian communications satellite was designed to cover western Africa. Read our launch story [May 14]
May 12, 2007Soyuz • Progress 25P
Launch time: 0325 GMT May 12 (11:25 p.m. EDT May 11)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 25th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Docking was planned for May 15. [May 12]
May 4, 2007Ariane 5 • ASTRA 1L & Galaxy 17
Launch time: 2229 GMT (6:29 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace Flight 176 used an Ariane 5 rocket with the ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the European ASTRA 1L direct-to-home television satellite for SES ASTRA and Intelsat’s Galaxy 17 telecommunications spacecraft to serve Latin America. Launch scrubbed May 3 due to high-altitude winds. See our Mission Status Center. [May 4]
April 25, 2007Pegasus XL • AIM
Launch time: 2026 GMT (4:26 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The air-launched Orbital Sciences Pegasus XL rocket carried NASA’s Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere (AIM) satellite into orbit to observe clouds at the edge of space. Delayed from Sept. 29 and March 29. See our Mission Status Center. [April 25]
April 24, 2007Minotaur • NFIRE
Launch time: 0648 GMT (2:48 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport, Wallops Island, Virginia
The Orbital Sciences Minotaur rocket launched the Near Field Infrared Experiment (NFIRE) spacecraft for the Missile Defense Agency. The four-stage rocket used U.S. government-supplied Minuteman 2 motors and Pegasus rocket stages. Delayed from April 21. Scrubbed on April 23. Read our launch story. [April 24]
April 23, 2007PSLV • AGILE
Launch time: 1000 GMT (6:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
An Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle rocket carried the AGILE spacecraft into orbit. AGILE is a gamma ray astrophysics observatory sponsored by the Italian Space Agency. Delayed from April 18. Read our launch story. [April 23]
April 17, 2007Dnepr • Multi-payload
Launch time: 0646:35 GMT (2:46:35 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched into orbit a cluster of tiny CubeSats and other small international payloads. Delayed from Jan. 16 and March 27. Read our launch story. [April 17]
April 13, 2007Long March 3A • Beidou
Launch time: 2011 GMT (4:11 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3A rocket launched a Beidou satellite for the nation’s Compass space-based navigation system. Read our launch story. [April 13]
April 11, 2007Long March 2C • Haiyang 1B
Launch time: 0327 GMT (11:27 p.m. EDT on April 10)
Launch site:
Taiyuan, China
A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the Haiyang 1B spacecraft. It is China’s second oceanographic satellite. Read our launch story. [April 11]
April 9, 2007Proton • Anik F3
Launch time: 2254 GMT (6:54 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the Anik F3 communications spacecraft for Canada’s Telesat. The EADS Astrium-built satellite was designed to be used for telecommunications relay, broadcasting and Internet services across North America. See our Mission Status Center. [April 10]
April 7, 2007Soyuz • ISS 14S
Launch time: 1731 GMT (1:31 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-10 spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the Expedition 15 crew. The capsule remained at the station for several months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from March 9. Then moved up from April 9. Read our launch story. [April 7]
March 20/21, 2007Falcon 1 • Demo Flight 2
Launch time: 0110 GMT (9:10 p.m. EDT on March 20)
Launch site:
Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands
The SpaceX Falcon 1 rocket performed a launch demonstration flight for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). The mission failed to reach orbit. This marked the second launch of the Falcon 1 vehicle. Delayed from Jan. 21. Delayed from Jan. 22 to replace thrust vector control pitch actuator on the second stage. Delayed from late February due to Range availability. Delayed from March 9. Scrubbed on March 19. See our Mission Status Center. [March 21]
March 11, 2007Ariane 5 • Skynet 5A & INSAT 4B
Launch time: 2203 GMT (6:03 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
An Arianespace Ariane 5 ECA rocket launched the European Skynet 5A military communications satellite and the INSAT 4B telecommunications spacecraft for the Indian Space Research Organization. Delayed from late February. Delayed from March 9. Scrubbed on March 10. See our Mission Status Center. [March 11]
March 8/9, 2007Atlas 5 • STP 1
Launch time: 0310 GMT Mar. 9 (10:10 p.m. EST on Mar. 8)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-013) carried six satellites during a complex launch of the Air Force’s Space Test Program-1 mission. The payload list was led by the Orbital Express in-space refueling demonstration mission consisting of the Autonomous Space Transfer and Robotic Orbiter, or ASTRO, prototype servicing satellite and the NextSat serviceable spacecraft. Atlas deployed four auxiliary satellites from the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle Secondary Payload Adapter, or ESPA ring, including MidSTAR 1, FalconSat 3, STPSat 1 and CFESat. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Oct. 12, Nov. 2, Dec. 7, Jan. 18. Delayed from Feb. 23 while Sea Launch failure investigation proceeds. The Atlas 5’s first stage engine shares commonality with Sea Launch Zenit engine. See our Mission Status Center. [March 9]
Feb. 24, 2007H-2A • IGS
Launch time: 0441 GMT (11:41 p.m. Feb. 23)
Launch site:
Tanegashima, Japan
The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the country’s third Information Gathering Satellite radar reconnaissance spy spacecraft and the fourth optical imaging craft. Delayed from Feb. 15 due to bad weather. Scrubbed on Feb. 16 by weather. Delayed from Feb. 22 due to continued bad weather. See our launch story.[Feb. 21]
Feb. 17, 2007Delta 2 • THEMIS
Launch time: 2301 GMT (6:01 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-17, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched NASA’s Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) satellites. THEMIS consisted of five spacecraft with identical instruments to study the Earth’s magnetosphere. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Oct. 19, Nov. 27, Dec. 19 and Feb. 15. Scrubbed Feb. 16 due to upper level winds. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 17]
Jan. 30, 2007Sea Launch • NSS 8
Launch time: 2322 GMT (6:22 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket exploded at liftoff on its mission to carry the New Skies Satellite 8 communications spacecraft into orbit. The Boeing-built craft would have flown in geostationary orbit to serve the Indian Ocean region. Delayed from Jan. 25, 26, 27 and 28 due to unfavorable sea conditions at the launch site. Scrubbed on Jan. 29 for technical issue. See our Mission Status Center. [Jan. 30]
Jan. 18, 2007Soyuz • Progress 24P
Launch time: 0212 GMT (9:12 p.m. EST on Jan. 17)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 24th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Dec. 20 and Jan. 16. [Jan. 18]
Jan. 10, 2007PSLV • CARTOSAT 2
Launch time: 0353 GMT (10:53 p.m. EST on Jan. 9)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
An Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle rocket launched the Indian CARTOSAT 2 remote sensing satellite into Sun-synchronous orbit. Other payloads on the rocket included the Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE), Indonesia’s Lapan Tubsat and Argentina’s Pehuensat 1 nano-sat. See our launch story. [Jan. 10]

2006

Dec. 27, 2006Soyuz • CoRoT
Launch time: 1423 GMT (9:23 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian Soyuz 2-1b rocket with a Fregat upper stage launched the European CoRoT space observatory. The French-led mission will look for rocky planets around other stars. CoRoT stands for Convection Rotation and planetary Transits. Delayed from Dec. 21. See our launch story. [Dec. 27]
Dec. 25, 2006Proton • Glonass
Launch time: 2018 GMT (3:18 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton rocket launched another trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. See our launch story. [Dec. 25]
Dec. 19, 2006Kosmos 3M • SAR-Lupe 1
Launch time: 1400 GMT (9:00 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian Kosmos 3M rocket launched the SAR-Lupe 1 spacecraft into Earth orbit. The craft will be first in a series of five German radar reconnaissance satellites. See our launch story. [Dec. 19]
Dec. 18, 2006H-2A • ETS 8
Launch time: 0632 GMT (1:32 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Tanegashima, Japan
The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Engineering Test Satellite 8. The spacecraft tested technologies, including two large deployable antenna reflectors, to improve mobile communications. Dec. 16 launch attempt scrubbed due to unfavorable weather conditions. See our launch story. [Dec. 18]
Dec. 16, 2006Minotaur • TacSat 2
Launch time: 1200 GMT (7 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport, Wallops Island, Virginia
The Orbital Sciences Minotaur rocket launched the Air Force Research Laboratory’s TacSat 2 advanced technology research spacecraft and NASA’s GeneSat 1 payload. The four-stage rocket used U.S. government-supplied Minuteman 2 motors and Pegasus rocket stages. Launch scrubbed Dec. 11 due to concern with TacSat 2 flight software. See our launch story. [Dec. 16]
Dec. 14, 2006Delta 2 • NRO L-21
Launch time: 2100 GMT (4 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The first United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched a classified payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 7920 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Sept. 30, 2005. Delayed from Dec. 7. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 14]
Dec. 11, 2006Proton • MEASAT 3
Launch time: 2328:43 GMT (6:28:43 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the third Malaysia-East Asia Satellite (MEASAT 3) communications spacecraft. The Boeing-built satellite will be used for communications, data relay and direct TV broadcasting across Africa, Middle East, Asia and Australia. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 12]
Dec. 9/10, 2006Shuttle Discovery • ISS 12A.1
Launch time: 0147 GMT on 10th (8:47 p.m. EST on Dec. 9)
Launch site:
LC-39B, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
STS-116 was the twentieth U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight delivered and attached the third port truss segment to the station — the Integrated Truss Structure P5. A Spacehab module riding in Discovery’s payload bay ferried supplies and equipment to the outpost. Delayed from July 24, 2003, in wake of Columbia tragedy. Moved up from Dec. 14. Scrubbed at T-minus 5 minutes on Dec. 7 due to weather. See our mission coverage. [Dec. 10]
Dec. 8, 2006Ariane 5 ECA • WildBlue 1 & AMC 18
Launch time: 2208 GMT (5:08 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch the WildBlue 1 broadband spacecraft and the AMERICOM 18 communications satellite. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 8]
Nov. 17, 2006Delta 2 • GPS 2R-16 (M3)
Launch time: 1912 GMT (2:12 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the third modernized NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Nov. 14 and 15 to replace suspect pitch actuator on second stage. Scrubbed Nov. 16 early in countdown before tower rollback due to weather. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 17]
Nov. 8, 2006Proton • BADR 4
Launch time: 2001 GMT (3:01 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton M rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the BADR 4 communications spacecraft for the Arab Satellite Communications Organization. EADS Astrium built the spacecraft, previously known as ARABSAT 4B. See our launch coverage. [Oct. 12]
Nov. 4, 2006Delta 4 • DMSP F17
Launch time: 1353 GMT (8:53 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-6, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
The Boeing Delta 4 Medium rocket launched the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program 17 spacecraft for the U.S. Air Force. Built by Lockheed Martin, this polar-orbiting weather satellite will be used by the military for global weather forecasting. Delayed from June and December 2005, February 2006 and Oct. 6. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 4]
Oct. 30, 2006Zenit 3SL • XM 4
Launch time: 2349 GMT (6:49 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket deployed the fourth broadcasting spacecraft for XM Satellite Radio. Built by Boeing, this craft will fly in geostationary orbit to provide radio programming to subscribers across the U.S. Countdown on Oct. 26 scrubbed. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 30]
Oct. 26, 2006Delta 2 • STEREO
Launch time: 0052 GMT on 26th (8:52 p.m. EDT on Oct. 25)
Launch site:
SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched NASA’s Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory mission. STEREO consists of two nearly identical satellites launched aboard one rocket to provide 3-D measurements of the Sun for studying coronal mass ejections. The rocket flew in the 7925 configuration. Delayed from April 11, May 26, June 23, July 22 and July 30. Delayed from Aug. 1 due to spacecraft fuel leak. Delayed from Aug. 20 to perform leak check on rocket second stage. Delayed from Aug. 31, Sept. 18 and Oct. 18 for continued analysis of second stage concerns. See our launch coverage. [Oct. 26]
Oct. 23, 2006Soyuz • Progress 23P
Launch time: 1341 GMT (9:41 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 23rd Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Oct. 18. See our launch story. [Oct. 23]
Oct. 19, 2006Soyuz • METOP-A
Launch time: 1628 GMT (12:28 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian Soyuz/ST rocket with a Fregat upper stage launched the METOP-A polar-orbiting weather satellite for Europe’s EUMETSAT organization. The launch was managed by Starsem. Delayed from June 30. Scrubbed on July 17 due to an incorrect parameter during final calibration of the rocket’s inertial guidance system. Scrubbed again July 18 due to configuration problem with rocket after first scrub. Delayed again July 19 due to transmitter failure. Launch placed on hold for program review. Delayed from Oct. 7 for spacecraft checks after handling incident in processing facility. Countdown aborted on Oct. 17 by ground control problem. Scrubbed on Oct. 18 due to upper level wind conditions. See our launch story. [Oct. 19]
Oct. 13, 2006Ariane 5 ECA • DirecTV 9S & Optus D1
Launch time: 2056 GMT (4:56 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch the American DirecTV 9S direct-to-home broadcasting spacecraft and the Australian Optus D1 communications satellite. The Japanese LDREX antenna technology demonstration mission also flew into space aboard the Ariane 5 as a secondary payload. Delayed from Sept. 19. Delayed from Oct. 12 for additional checks on the rocket. See our launch Cue Card and our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 13]
Sept. 25, 2006Delta 2 • GPS 2R-15 (M2)
Launch time: 1850 GMT (2:50 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the second modernized NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Sept. 14, 21 and 24. See our launch Cue Card and our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 25]
Sept. 22, 2006M-5 • Solar-B
Launch time: 2136 GMT (5:36 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Uchinoura Space Center, Japan
A Japanese M-5 rocket launched the Solar-B space observatory to study the interaction between the Sun’s magnetic field and its corona. See our launch story. [Sept. 22]
Sept. 18, 2006Soyuz • ISS 13S
Launch time: 0408:40 GMT (12:08:40 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-9 spacecraft to the International Space Station with the Expedition 14 crew. The capsule remained at the station for several months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from Sept. 14. See our launch story. [Sept. 18]
Sept. 11, 2006H-2A • IGS
Launch time: 0435 GMT (12:35 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Tanegashima, Japan
The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the country’s third Information Gathering Satellite optical reconnaissance spacecraft. A radar spy satellite originally planned as a co-passenger was removed from this launch and scheduled aboard its own H-2A rocket. The classified spacecraft followed the loss of the second pair of reconnaissance satellite in an earlier launch failure. Delayed from Sept. 10. See our launch story. [Sept. 11]
Sept. 10, 2006Long March 2C • Shijian 8
Launch time: TBD
Launch site:
Jiuquan, China
The Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the country’s Shijian-8 recoverable science spacecraft loaded with at least 2,000 types of seed samples. The craft is designed to orbit for two weeks and then return to Earth. See our launch story. [Sept. 11]
Sept. 9, 2006Shuttle Atlantis • ISS 12A
Launch time: 1515 GMT (11:15 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39B, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
STS-115 was the nineteenth U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight delivered and attached the next port truss segment to the station — the Integrated Truss Structure P3/P4 and associated set of power-generating solar arrays. Delayed from April 10, 2003, as ripple effect from shuttle fuel flow liner crack problem. Delayed from May 23, 2003, in wake of Columbia tragedy. Shuttle Endeavour, originally slated to fly STS-115, was removed from flight and entered an overhaul down period. Moved up to Aug. 27 from original date of Aug. 28. Then delayed 48 hours from Aug. 27 to complete testing after launch pad hit by lightning. Delayed from Aug. 29 to begin rollback preparations due to tropical storm Ernesto. Scrubbed Sept. 6 by fuel cell problem; Sept. 7 attempt skipped for continued analysis of fuel cell issue. Scrubbed Sept. 8 for failed engine cutoff sensor. See our mission coverage. [Sept. 9]
Aug. 22, 2006Zenit 3SL • Koreasat 5
Launch time: 0327 GMT (11:27 p.m. EDT on Aug. 21)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket launched the the Koreasat 5 dual commercial and military communications satellite. It will replace the aging Koreasat 2 spacecraft. See our launch Cue Card and our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 10]
Aug. 11, 2006Ariane 5 ECA • Syracuse 3B & JCSAT 10
Launch time: 2215 GMT (6:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch the commerical Japanese JCSAT 10 communications spacecraft and the French Syracuse 3B military communications satellite. See our launch Cue Card and our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 11]
Aug. 4, 2006Proton • Hot Bird 8
Launch time: 2148 GMT (5:48 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched Eutelsat’s Hot Bird 8 direct-to-home TV broadcasting satellite. Delayed from April 28. Delayed from May 17 by the Breeze M failure during launch of ARABSAT 4A. Delayed from July 7 and 21. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 5]
July 28, 2006Rockot • KOMPSAT 2
Launch time: 0705 GMT (3:05 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Eurockot Rockot launched the KOMPSAT 2 Earth observation satellite for the Korea Aerospace Research Institute. Launch delayed in the wake of October 2005 Rockot failure that lost the CryoSat spacecraft. See our launch story. [July 28]
July 26, 2006Dnepr • Multi-payload
Launch time: 1943 GMT (3:43 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
The ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket failed in its launch of 18 small spacecraft including BelKA, Baumanets, UniSat 4 and 14 CubeSat nanosatellites for a variety of international institutions. See our launch story. [July 26]
July 21, 2006Molniya-M • Military
Launch time: 0420 GMT (12:20 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian Molniya-M rocket deployed a military satellite believed to be an early warning spacecraft to alert Russian forces of foreign missile launches. See our launch story. [July 21]
July 12, 2006Dnepr • Genesis 1
Launch time: 1453 GMT (10:53 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Dombarovsky, Russia
A Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched a prototype inflatable space module called Genesis 1 for Las Vegas-based Bigelow Aerospace. See our launch story. [July 12]
July 10, 2006GSLV • INSAT 4C
Launch time: 1208 GMT (8:08 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) carrying the country’s INSAT 4C communications satellite into orbit failed. The vehicle malfunctioned and crashed into the sea. See our launch story. [July 10]
July 4, 2006Shuttle Discovery • ISS ULF1.1
Launch time: 1837:55 GMT (2:37:55 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39B, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
The STS-121 mission was developed as part of NASA’s space shuttle return-to-flight plan to complete testing of new inspection and thermal protection system repair techniques before resuming International Space Station construction. STS-121 became the eighteenth U.S. flight to the space station. Delayed from Nov. 2004, May, July and Sept. 2005, and March 4, May 3 and 10. Scrubbed on July 1 and July 2 due to weather. See our mission coverage. [July 4]
June 28, 2006Delta 4 • NRO L-22
Launch time: 0333 GMT (11:33 p.m. EDT on June 27)
Launch site:
SLC-6, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California
Boeing Delta 4 Medium+ rocket launched a classified spy satellite cargo for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in a configuration with two strap-on solid rocket boosters. This was the first Delta 4 mission from the West Coast. Delayed from 2004, then March 1, Aug. 30 and late Sept. Delayed from Oct. 2 and 3. Delayed from Oct. 5 due to second stage fuel slosh modeling problem. Delayed from December by the strike and Range closure period. See our Mission Status Center. [June 28]
June 25, 2006Tsyklon 2 • Kosmos 2421
Launch time: 0400 GMT (12:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Ukrainian-built Tsyklon 2 rocket launched the classified Kosmos 2421 spacecraft, which was believed to be a US-PU reconnaissance satellite to provide the Russian Navy with electronic intelligence data for military operations at sea. See our launch story. [June 24]
June 24, 2006Soyuz • Progress 22P
Launch time: 1508 GMT (11:08 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 22nd Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Moved up twice, from June 30 and then June 28. [June 24]
June 21, 2006Delta 2 • MITEX
Launch time: 2215 GMT (6:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the Microsatellite Technology Experiment (MITEX) for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). The experimental military mission featured two small satellites and a Navy-developed fourth stage headed for geosynchronous orbit. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The vehicle flew in the 7925 configuration. Delayed from early 2006 by union strike. Delayed from June 19 to replace leaky valve in first stage fuel system. Delayed from June 20 due to problem during payload fairing installation. See our Mission Status Center. [June 21]
June 18, 2006Zenit 3SL • Galaxy 16
Launch time: 0750 GMT (3:50 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried the Galaxy 16 telecommunications satellite into orbit for PanAmSat. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the spacecraft will cover the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Mexico and Canada. Delayed from June 5, 12 and 17. See our launch story. [June 18]
June 17, 2006Proton • KazSat
Launch time: 2244 GMT (6:44 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian Proton K rocket with a Block DM upper stage launched the KazSat communications satellite to serve the country of Kazakhstan. Delayed from Dec. 29 and June 8. See our launch story. [June 18]
June 15, 2006Soyuz • Resurs DK-1
Launch time: 0800 GMT (4:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian Soyuz rocket launched the Russian Resurs DK-1 remote sensing spacecraft into orbit. See our launch story. [June 15]
May 27, 2006Ariane 5 ECA • SATMEX 6 & THAICOM 5
Launch time: 2109 GMT (5:09 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch the SATMEX 6 and the THAICOM 5 telecommunications spacecraft. Delayed from May 26. See our Mission Status Center. [May 27]
May 26, 2006Shtil • Kompass 2
Launch time: 1850 GMT (2:50 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Barents Sea
A Shtil rocket launched from a submarine in the Barents Sea to place the Kompass 2 spacecraft into orbit. Kompass 2 was a small Russian scientific satellite designed to aid in earthquake detection and the development of possible forecasting. Scrubbed from May 24. See our launch story. [May 26]
May 24, 2006Delta 4 • GOES N
Launch time: 2211 GMT (6:11 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Boeing Delta 4 rocket launched the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite N, or GOES N, for NASA and NOAA. The weather satellite orbits 22,300 miles above the planet to monitor conditions across the U.S. The GOES N spacecraft was the first in a new series of weather satellites built by Boeing. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. Delayed from Dec. 1, 2004, late Jan., March, April and May 4. Delayed from June 23 to replace first stage engine turbopump. Delayed from June 24 to check for problems after lightning strikes. Delayed from June 26 due to rocket battery issues. Delayed to replace rocket’s guidance computer. Delayed from July 28 for shuttle/range conflict. Delayed from July 29 due to spacecraft problem. Delayed from Aug. 12, 13 and 14. Scrubbed on Aug. 15 by pressurization system readings. Scrubbed on Aug. 15 by red alarm on second stage battery. Extended delay caused by need to replace flight termination system batteries and the spacecraft eclipse season. Delayed from Oct. 6. Pushed from 2005 due to technical issues and union strike. Delayed from NET May 3, 12, 18 and 20. See our Mission Status Center. [May 24]
April 28, 2006Delta 2 • CloudSat & CALIPSO
Launch time: 1002:16 GMT (6:02:16 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the NASA’s CloudSat and Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) spacecraft. CloudSat uses radar to measure the vertical structure of clouds and cloud properties from orbit. CALIPSO is a joint mission with France to study the effects of clouds and aerosols on changes in the Earth’s climate. The rocket flew in the 7420 vehicle configuration and used a dual-payload structure to carry both satellites. Delayed from Jan. 29, April 15, May 26, June 17, July 15, Aug. 22, Sept. 29, Oct. 1 and 26, 2005. Delayed from Nov. 7 due to looming workforce strike. Delayed from December by the strike and Range closure period. Delayed from April 20. Scrubbed on April 21 due to loss of communications link between CALIPSO officials and France. April 22 attempt called off due to unavailable support aircraft. Same problem scrubbed April 23 countdown. Scrubbed on April 25 due to unacceptable upper level wind conditions. Scrubbed on April 26 due to bad weather. The April 27 attempt called off due to concerns with sensor on the second stage. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 27]
April 24, 2006Soyuz • Progress 21P
Launch time: 1603 GMT (12:03 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 21st Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from April 10 and 16. See our launch story. [April 24]
April 20, 2006Atlas 5 • ASTRA 1KR
Launch time: 2027 GMT (4:27 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Lockheed Martin Atlas 5 rocket (AV-008) launched the ASTRA 1KR television broadcasting spacecraft for SES ASTRA of Luxembourg. The satellite joined a fleet of orbiting ASTRA craft transmitting programming to the leading direct-to-home satellite system in Europe. The rocket flew in the 411 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, one strap-on solid rocket booster and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. The satellite was moved from Ariane 5 to Proton, then to Atlas. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 20]
April 15, 2006Minotaur 1 • COSMIC
Launch time: 0140 GMT (9:40 p.m. EDT on Apr. 14)
Launch site:
SLC-8, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The Orbital Sciences Minotaur 1 rocket launched a cluster of six tiny satellites for the joint Taiwan-U.S. project called COSMIC to study the atmosphere. COSMIC is the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate. The four-stage rocket used U.S. government-supplied Minuteman 2 motors and Pegasus rocket stages. Dealyed from December and March 30. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 15]
April 12, 2006Zenit 3SL • JCSAT 9
Launch time: 2330 GMT (7:30 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket lofted the Japanese JCSAT 9 telecommunications satellite. The spacecraft was built by Lockheed Martin for JSAT. Delayed from April 11. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 12]
March 30, 2006Soyuz • ISS 12S
Launch time: 0230 GMT (9:30 p.m. EST on March 29)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-8 spacecraft to the International Space Station with the Expedition 13 crew. The capsule remained at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from March 22. See our launch story. [March 29]
March 24, 2006Falcon 1 • FalconSat 2
Launch time: 2230 GMT (5:30 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Omelek Island in the Kwajalein Atoll
The inaugural flight of the SpaceX Falcon 1 rocket failed in its launch the Air Force Academy’s cadet-built FalconSat-2 science spacecraft. The tiny satellite would have probed space plasma that can impact communications and GPS navigation accuracy. Delayed from Nov. 25 due to range scheduling conflict. Scrubbed on Nov. 26 by loss of liquid oxygen and helium and engine computer issue. Scrubbed on Dec. 19 by damage to first stage fuel tank. Pushed back from Feb. 8, 9 and 10 to complete testing. Delayed further to replace second stage tank and replenish liquid oxygen supplies at the remote launch site. Delayed from March 23 to complete data review after engine firing test. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [March 24]
March 22, 2006Pegasus XL • Space Tech 5
Launch time: 1403 GMT (9:03 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
L-1011, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The air-launched Orbital Sciences Pegasus XL rocket carried three small microsatellites into orbit for NASA’s Space Technology 5 mission. ST5 tested new technologies and help scientists probe the environment of the Earth’s magnetosphere. Delayed from Feb. 28 to review spacecraft separation system test results. Delayed from March 6 due to conflict with Deep Space Network and its support of Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Delayed from March 11 due to Range availability. Delayed from March 14 due to dismal weather forecast. Scrubbed on March 15 because of problem retracting first stage starboard fin aerosurface locking pin. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [March 22]
March 11, 2006Ariane 5 ECA • SPAINSAT & Hot Bird 7A
Launch time: 2233 GMT (5:33 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch Eutelsat’s Hot Bird 7A direct-to-home TV broadcasting satellite and the SPAINSAT communications spacecraft for the Spanish Ministry of Defense. Launch attempt on Feb. 21 scrubbed by a ground equipment problem. Scrubbed on Feb. 24 by telemetry relay concern with Hot Bird. Then delayed further to replace faulty purge line connector. Scrubbed on March 9 due to low pressure reading on upper stage. See our Mission Status Center. [March 11]
Feb. 28, 2006Proton • ARABSAT 4A
Launch time: 2010 GMT (3:10 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An International Launch Services Proton M rocket with a Breeze M upper stage failed to launch the first of two new-generation ARABSAT 4 communications spacecraft for the Arab Satellite Communications Organization. EADS Astrium built the ARABSAT 4A spacecraft. Delayed from Jan. 30 and Feb. 21. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Feb. 28]
Feb. 21, 2006M-5 • ASTRO-F
Launch time: 2128 GMT (4:28 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Uchinoura Space Center, Japan
The Japanese M-5 rocket launched the ASTRO-F infrared space observatory to study the formation and evolution of galaxies. Delayed from Feb. 18. Launch attempt on Feb. 20 scrubbed due to rain. See our launch story. [Feb. 21]
Feb. 18, 2006H-2A • MTSAT 2
Launch time: 0627 GMT (1:27 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Tanegashima, Japan
The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Multi-functional Transport Satellite 2 for air traffic control and weather observations. This spacecraft is a follow-on to MTSAT 1R launched in February 2005. Delayed from late 2005. Pushed back from Feb. 15 due to delays launching the H-2A/ALOS mission in January from the same pad. See our launch story. [Feb. 18]
Feb. 15, 2006Zenit 3SL • EchoStar 10
Launch time: 2335 GMT (6:35 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket launched the EchoStar 10 direct-to-home television broadcast satellite to serve subscribers of DISH Network across the U.S. The spacecraft was built by Lockheed Martin for EchoStar. Scrubbed on Feb. 8 by undisclosed ground system problem. Attempt planned for Feb. 12 called off the day before because of ocean currents unfavorable to positioning the launch platform and control ship. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Feb. 15]
Jan. 24, 2006H-2A • ALOS
Launch time: 0133 GMT (8:33 p.m. EST on Jan. 23)
Launch site:
Tanegashima, Japan
The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Advanced Land Observation Satellite environmental research mission. Delayed from Jan. 19 to repair problem with telemetry transmitter on the rocket and unfavorable weather conditions. Delayed from Jan. 23 due to problem with ground monitoring system for satellite fairing air-conditioning temperature. See our launch story. [Jan. 24]
Jan. 19, 2006Atlas 5 • New Horizons
Launch time: 1900 GMT (2:00 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Lockheed Martin Atlas 5 rocket (AV-010) launched NASA’s Pluto New Horizons spacecraft to visit our solar system’s most distant planet. The rocket flew in the 551 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, five strap-on solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. In addition, the spacecraft featured a solid-fueled kick motor serving as a third stage. Launch time moved 12 hours later than originally announced. Delayed from Jan. 11 to perform precautionary inspections of Atlas 5 first stage fuel tank. Launch scrubbed Jan. 17 due to high winds. Scrubbed on Jan. 18 by power outage of spacecraft’s mission operations center. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Jan. 19]

2005

Dec. 29, 2005Proton • AMC 23
Launch time: 0228 GMT (9:28 p.m. EST on Dec. 28)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A commercial International Launch Services Proton M rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the AMERICOM 23 communications spacecraft for SES AMERICOM. The Alcatel Alenia Space-built satellite was designed to serve local, transcontinental and transoceanic customers throughout the Pacific Region, including North America, Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Indonesia and the islands of the South Pacific. This craft was known as WORLDSAT 3. Delayed from December 1. Delayed from December 5 after pre-launch testing indicated anomalous behavior of the flight control unit on the Breeze M upper stage. See our launch story. [Dec. 29]
Dec. 28, 2005Soyuz • GIOVE A
Launch time: 0519 GMT (12:19 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian Soyuz rocket launched the first Galileo In-Orbit Validation Element, or GIOVE A satellite. This was the first demonstration satellite for Europe’s Galileo navigation system. Delayed from December. 26 due to ground station issue. See our launch story. [Dec. 28]
Dec. 25, 2005Proton • Glonass
Launch time: 0507 GMT (12:07 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton K rocket launched a trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. See our launch story. [Dec. 25]
Dec. 21, 2005Ariane 5GS • MSG 2 and Insat 4A
Launch time: 2233 GMT (5:33 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
The Arianespace used an Ariane 5GS rocket to launch the European MSG 2 weather observatory and the Indian Insat 4A communications satellite. Delayed from mid-November. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 21]
Dec. 21, 2005Kosmos 3M • Gonets
Launch time: 1934 GMT (2:34 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian government Kosmos 3M rocket launched Kosmos rocket launched a modernized Gonets civil security communications satellite and a defense ministry craft known as Rodnik. See our launch story. [Dec. 25]
Dec. 21, 2005Soyuz • Progress 20P
Launch time: 1838 GMT (1:38 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the twentieth Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. See our launch story. [Dec. 21]
Nov. 16, 2005Ariane 5 ECA • Spaceway 2 and Telkom 2
Launch time: 2346 GMT (6:46 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
The Arianespace Ariane 5 ECA rocket launched the Spaceway 2 communications satellite for The DIRECTV Group and the Indonesian Telkom 2 communications satellite. The Boeing-built Spaceway 2 spacecraft was designed to use its Ka-Band payload to expand and enhance DIRECTV’s direct-to-home television service and provide broadband services across the United States. The Orbital Sciences-built Telkom 2 carried 24 C-band transponders to transmit telecommunications services to Indonesia. Delayed from June 24 due to Telkom problem. Delayed from late Oct., Nov. 9 and Nov. 10. Scrubbed countdown on Nov. 12 due to mobile launch platform problems that forced rollback to hangar for repairs. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 16]
Nov. 9, 2005Soyuz • Venus Express
Launch time: 0333:34 GMT (10:33:34 p.m. EST on 8th)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian Soyuz-Fregat rocket launched the Venus Express probe for the European Space Agency. The craft orbited Venus to study the planet’s atmosphere and create global maps of surface temperatures. Delayed from Oct. 26 due to contamination detected inside the rocket’s nose cone. See our launch story. [Nov. 9]
Nov. 8, 2005Zenit 3SL • Inmarsat 4-F2
Launch time: 1407 GMT (9:07 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket launched the Inmarsat 4-F2 mobile communications satellite to provide broadband services to South America, most of North America, the Atlantic Ocean and part of the Pacific Ocean. This was the second of the Inmarsat 4-series of spacecraft built by Astrium. Delayed from Sept. and Oct. Delayed from Nov. 4 due to rough seas encountered during transit to launch site. Scrubbed on Nov. 5. Attempt on Nov. 7 passed up. See our launch story. [Nov. 8]
Oct. 27, 2005Kosmos 3M • Multi-payload
Launch time: 0652 GMT (2:52 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Kosmos 3M rocket launched the China DMC+4 observation satellite, the TopSat imaging satellite for the British government, the Student Space Education and Technology Initiative (SSETI) Express satellite, three small CubeSats and a group of Russian and Iranian research craft. Delayed from Sept. 27 and 30. See our launch story. [Oct. 27]
Oct. 19, 2005Titan 4B • NRO
Launch time: 1805 GMT (2:05 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-4E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The Air Force Titan 4B, known as B-26, launched a classified payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. This was the last Titan 4 flight, ending the program that began launches in 1989. Launch delayed from 2003, Feb. 2004, June 30, July 10 and Sept. 9. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 19]
Oct. 13, 2005Ariane 5GS • Syracuse 3A and Galaxy 15
Launch time: 2232 GMT (6:32 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace used an Ariane 5GS rocket to launch the French military Syracuse 3A communications satellite and PanAmSat’s commercial Galaxy 15 broadcast spacecraft to relay cable television across the U.S. Delayed from Sept. 29 to replace rocket’s equipment bay module. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 13]
Oct. 12, 2005CZ-2F • Shenzhou 6
Launch time: 0100 GMT (9:00 p.m. EDT on Oct. 11)
Launch site:
Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, China
A Chinese Long March rocket launched the country’s second manned spaceflight. The Shenzhou spacecraft capsule made its sixth flight after a series of unmanned test missions and the historic first manned launch in 2003. Moved up 24 hours. See our launch story. [Oct. 12]
Oct. 8, 2005Rockot • CryoSat
Launch time: 1502 GMT (11:02 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Eurockot Rockot tried to launch the European Space Agency’s CryoSat scientific research spacecraft. However, the vehicle malfunctioned and crashed into the Arctic Ocean near the North Pole. The CryoSat radar altimetry mission would have examined variations in the thickness of the Earth’s continental ice sheets and marine ice cover. Delayed from November, March 25, June, July, Sept. 15 and late Sept. See our launch story. [Oct. 8]
Oct. 1, 2005Soyuz • ISS 11S
Launch time: 0355 GMT (11:55 p.m. EDT on Sept. 30)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-7 spacecraft to the International Space Station with Expedition 12. The capsule remained at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from Sept. 27. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 1]
Sept. 26, 2005Delta 2 • GPS 2R-M1
Launch time: 0337 GMT (11:37 p.m. Sept. 25)
Launch site:
SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the first modernized NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from December. Delayed from Feb. 1 and March 17. Moved up from May 20 to May 4. Then delayed from May 4 by spacecraft issues. Delayed from July 29, Aug. 26 and Sept. 22. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 26]
Sept. 23, 2005Minotaur 1 • STP-R1
Launch time: 0224 GMT (10:24 p.m. EDT on Sept. 22)
Launch site:
SLC-8, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The Orbital/Suborbital Program Space Launch Vehicle, nicknamed Minotaur 1, launched the STP-R1 experimental satellite into space for DARPA. The four-stage rocket used U.S. government-supplied Minuteman 2 motors and Pegasus rocket stages. Delayed from July. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 23]
Sept. 8, 2005Proton • Anik F1R
Launch time: 2153:40 GMT (5:53:40 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An ILS Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the Anik F1R communications spacecraft for the Canadian operator Telesat. The EADS Astrium-built satellite was designed to be used for telecommunications, TV broadcasting and internet services across Canada and North America. Delayed from Aug. 9 to return spacecraft from Baikonur to factory for additional tests. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 8]
Sept. 8, 2005Soyuz • Progress 19P
Launch time: 1308 GMT (9:08 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the nineteenth Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Aug. 24. See our launch story. [Sept. 8]
Aug. 26, 2005Rockot • Monitor E
Launch time: 1834 GMT (2:34 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Rockot booster launched the first Russian Monitor E environmental research satellite into Earth orbit. Delayed from June 30. See our launch story. [Aug. 26]
Aug. 23, 2005Dnepr • OICETS & INDEX
Launch time: 2110 GMT (5:10 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
The ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the Optical Inter-orbit Communications Engineering Test Satellite (OICETS) and the INnovative technology Demonstration Experiment (INDEX) piggyback spacecraft for the Japanese space program. See our launch story. [Aug. 23]
Aug. 13, 2005Soyuz • Galaxy 14
Launch time: 2328 GMT (7:28 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A commercial Russian Soyuz rocket launched the Galaxy 14 telecommunications satellite for PanAmSat. Built by Orbital Sciences, this C-band spacecraft was built to provide television, Internet and other services across the U.S. Delayed from March, April, June, mid-July, Aug. 1 and Aug. 6. Aborted on Aug. 12 by liquid oxygen valve problem. See our launch story. [Aug. 13]
Aug. 12, 2005Atlas 5 • Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
Launch time: 1143 GMT (7:43 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Lockheed Martin Atlas 5 rocket (AV-007) launched NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The spacecraft circles the Red Planet and snap super-sharp images of the surface. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no strap-on solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Aug. 10 to check rate gryo units in rocket control system. Scrubbed on Aug. 12 due to liquid hydrogen fueling issue. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 12]
Aug. 11, 2005Ariane 5G • iPSTAR 1
Launch time: 0820 GMT (4:20 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
The Arianespace Ariane 5G rocket launched the iPSTAR 1 broadband communications spacecraft for Shin Satellite of Thailand. The Space Systems/Loral-built satellite was designed to use its Ka- and Ku-band payload to provide direct-to-desktop multi-media and data services to customers in Asia, India, and Australia. Delayed from July 7. Delayed from July 11 by rocket upper stage replacement. our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 11]
July 26, 2005Shuttle Discovery • ISS LF1
Launch time: 1439 GMT (10:39 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
LC-39B, Kennedy Space Center, Florida
The first post-Columbia space shuttle mission was STS-114 — the seventeenth U.S. flight to the International Space Station. Discovery delivered supplies and equipment to station using the Italian “Raffaello” Multi-Purpose Logistics Module. The crew tested new orbiter inspection procedures and thermal protection system repair techniques. Three spacewalks were conducted, including one to replace the station’s failed Control Moment Gyroscope. Delayed from Sept. 12, 2004 and March 2005. Moved from May 14 to permit better external tank separation lighting conditions. Delayed from May 15 and 22. Scrubbed on July 13 due to engine cutoff fuel sensor problem. See our Mission Status Center. [July 26]
July 10, 2005M-5 • ASTRO-E2
Launch time: 0330 GMT (11:30 p.m. July 9)
Launch site:
Uchinoura Space Center, Japan
The Japanese M-5 rocket launched the ASTRO-E2 X-ray observatory to study the structure and evolution of black holes and galaxy clusters. This satellite replaced the ASTRO-E probe lost in a February 2000 launch failure. The mission was a joint project between Japan and the U.S. Delayed from June 26 for third stage nozzle issue. Delayed 48 hours from July 6 due to bad weather. Another 48-hour delay weather and spacecraft servicing. See our launch story. [July 10]
June 24, 2005Proton • Express AM-3
Launch time: 1941 GMT (3:41 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton K rocket with a Block DM upper stage launched the domestic Express AM-3 communications satellite. It was built to provide television, telephony, videoconferencing, data transmission and the Internet access services. Delayed from June 23. See our launch story. [June 24]
June 23, 2005Zenit 3SL • Intelsat Americas 8
Launch time: 1403 GMT (10:03 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried the Intelsat Americas 8 communications satellite into orbit. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the tri-band spacecraft was designed to provide C-band, Ku-band and Ka-band for expanded coverage of North and South America. Originally was Loral Skynet’s Telstar 8 satellite, but acquired and renamed by Intelsat. Delayed from 2002, 2003 and third quarter. Launch delayed from December due to IA-7 failure investigation. See our Mission Status Center. [June 23]
June 21, 2005Volna • Solar sail
Launch time: 1946 GMT (3:46 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Barents Sea
A Volna converted ballistic missile launched from a Russian Navy submarine in the Barents Sea above the Arctic Circle to carry the Cosmos 1 solar sail experiment into Earth orbit for The Planetary Society. But the spacecraft went missing during ascent. See our launch story. [June 21]
June 21, 2005Molniya M • Military
Launch time: 0049 GMT (8:49 p.m. EDT on 20th)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Molniya M rocket lifted off with a Molniya 3K communications satellite payload for the Russian Defence Ministry. But the third stage malfunctioned about six minutes into flight. The vehicle failed to reach orbit, crashing back to Earth. Russian media reports indicated the impact site was in Siberia. See our launch story. [June 21]
June 16, 2005Soyuz • Progress 18P
Launch time: 2309 GMT (7:09 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the eighteenth Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from June 10. See our launch story. [June 16]
May 31, 2005Soyuz • Foton-M2
Launch time: 1200 GMT (8:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the Foton-M2 satellite loaded with experiments to be conducted in the microgravity environment of space. See our launch story. [May 31]
May 22, 2005Proton • DIRECTV 8
Launch time: 1759 GMT (1:59 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An ILS Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the DIRECTV 8 direct-to-home television broadcasting spacecraft. The Loral-built satellite was designed to be used to provide services across the U.S. for DIRECTV subscribers. Delayed from May 21 due to technical problem with the rocket. See our Mission Status Center.[May 21]
May 20, 2005Delta 2 • NOAA-N
Launch time: 1022:01 GMT (6:22:01 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the NOAA-N civilian weather satellite into polar orbit for NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The rocket flew in the 7320 vehicle configuration. Delayed from June 30, February, March 10 and March 19. Scrubbed for 24 hours twice due to high winds. Then delayed 24 hours for pad electrical problem. Then delayed to inspect spacecraft for possible contamination. See our Mission Status Center. [May 20]
May 5, 2005PSLV • CARTOSAT 1
Launch time: 0444 GMT (12:44 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Sriharikota, India
An Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle rocket lofted the CARTOSAT 1 into Sun-synchronous orbit. This was the eleventh satellite in the Indian Remote Sensing satellite series. Also aboard the PSLV rocket was an amateur radio microsatellite called HAMSAT. See our launch story. [May 5]
April 30, 2005Titan 4B • NRO
Launch time: 0050 GMT (8:50 p.m. EDT on April 29th)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla.
The Lockheed Martin Titan 4B, known as B-30, launched a classified payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. Launch delayed from Dec. 18, 2001 and July 3, 2002. It was then transferred from the original launch site of Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, to Cape Canaveral. Delayed from October 2004. Delayed from Feb. 20 due to payload issue. Delayed from April 6. Delayed from April 10 and 11 due to problems with ground equipment used in oxidizer loading. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 29]
April 26, 2005Zenit 3SL • Spaceway 1
Launch time: 0731:30 GMT (3:31:30 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket lofted the Spaceway 1 communications satellite for The DIRECTV Group. The spacecraft’s Ka-Band payload was designed to expand and enhance DIRECTV’s direct-to-home television service and to provide satellite broadband services across the United States. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 26]
April 15, 2005Pegasus XL • DART
Launch time: 1727 GMT (1:27 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
An Orbital Sciences air-launched Pegasus XL rocket carried NASA’s Demonstration for Autonomous Rendezvous Technology spacecraft into orbit. The DART craft was designed to perform its autonomous operations to locate and rendezvous with the existing MUBLCOM communications test satellite. Delayed from April 15, Oct. 18 and Oct. 19. Attempt on Oct. 26 scrubbed due to GPS problem on MUBLCOM. Delayed from Oct. 28 due to contamination found in rocket’s nose cone. Delayed from Nov. 4 by Range scheduling conflicts. Delayed from Nov. 9 for launch loads analysis. Delayed from March 2. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 15]
April 14/15, 2005Soyuz • ISS 10S
Launch time: 0046 GMT on 15th (8:46 p.m. EDT on April 14)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-6 spacecraft to the International Space Station. The capsule remained at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. See our Mission Status Center coverage.
April 12, 2005Long March 3B • Apstar 6
Launch time: 1200 GMT (8:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Apstar 6 telecommunications satellite to cover the Asia-Pacific region. See our launch story. [April 12]
April 11, 2005Minotaur 1 • XSS-11
Launch time: 1335 GMT (9:35 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-8, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The Orbital/Suborbital Program Space Launch Vehicle, nicknamed Minotaur 1, carried the Experimental Satellite System-11 (XSS-11) microsatellite into orbit for the Air Force Research Laboratory. The craft was built by Lockheed Martin. The four-stage rocket used U.S. government-supplied Minuteman 2 motors and Pegasus rocket stages. Delayed from March 6 and March 18. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 11]
March 29, 2005Proton • Express AM-2
Launch time: 2231 GMT (5:31 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton K rocket with a Block DM upper stage launched the domestic Express AM-2 communications satellite. It was designed to provide television, telephony, videoconferencing, data transmission and the Internet access services. Moved up from March 31. See our launch story. [March 30]
March 11, 2005Atlas 5 • Inmarsat 4 F-1
Launch time: 2142 GMT (4:42 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Lockheed Martin Atlas 5 rocket (AV-004) launched the Inmarsat 4 F-1 next-generation mobile communications satellite. Built by Astrium, the spacecraft was designed to be used for Inmarsat’s Broadband Global Area Network. The rocket flew in the 431 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, three strap-on solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Pushed back from Oct. and late Feb. Scrubbed on March 10. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [March 11]
Feb. 28/March 1, 2005Zenit 3SL • XM 3
Launch time: 0351 GMT on March 1 (10:51 p.m. EST on Feb. 28)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket launched the third broadcasting spacecraft for XM Satellite Radio. Built by Boeing, this craft flies in geostationary orbit to provide radio programming to subscribers across the U.S. Delayed from Feb. 17 and 18 by sea conditions. Delayed from Feb. 23 due to rocket problem. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [March 1]
Feb. 28, 2005Soyuz • Progress 17P
Launch time: 1909 GMT (2:09 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the seventeenth Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Docking to the station was to occur March 2. See our launch story. [Feb. 28]
Feb. 26, 2005H-2A • MTSAT 1R
Launch time: 0925 GMT (4:25 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Tanegashima, Japan
The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Multi-functional Transport Satellite 1R. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the MTSAT 1R spacecraft was built for Japan’s Ministry of Transport for air traffic control and weather observation. It replaced the MTSAT 1 that was lost during a failed launch of an H-2 rocket in 1999. Delayed from mid-2003 to early 2004. Then put on hold in wake of H-2A launch failure. Delayed from Feb. 24 due to weather. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Feb. 27]
Feb. 12, 2005Ariane 5 • XTAR-EUR
Launch time: 2103 GMT (4:03 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
The Arianespace Ariane 5 rocket with the new ECA cryogenic upper stage flew a demonstration test flight. The rocket carried the XTAR-EUR X-band military communications satellite for Loral and Hisdesat and a satellite simulator mass. Delayed from summer, late-October, Nov. 3, Nov. 8 and Jan. targets. Delayed 24 hours due to ground equipment problem. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Feb. 12]
Feb. 3, 2005Proton • AMC 12
Launch time: 0227 GMT (9:27 p.m. EST on Feb. 2)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An ILS Proton M rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the AMC 12 telecommunications spacecraft. The Alcatel-built satellite was designed to cover North America, the Caribbean, South America, Europe and Africa. Originally named AMC 12 for SES Global, then changed to WORLDSAT 2, then changed back to AMC 12. Delayed from 2003 and the First and Second Quarters of 2004. Delayed from Dec. 9. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Feb. 3]
Feb. 3, 2005Atlas 3B • NRO
Launch time: 0741 GMT (2:41 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-36B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
Lockheed Martin’s Atlas rocket, AC-206, launched a classified payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. This was the final flight for Atlas 3 and last Atlas use of Complex 36. Delayed from Sept. 15, Jan. 13 and Jan. 27. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Feb. 3]
Jan. 12, 2005Delta 2 • Deep Impact
Launch time: 1847:08 GMT (1:47:08 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched NASA’s Deep Impact spacecraft to Comet Tempel 1. The mission used an impactor to blast the comet. The mothership studied the impact and provided the first view inside a comet. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Dec. 30 to give more time for launch preparations. Delayed from Jan. 8 to replace interstage components on the rocket. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Jan. 12]

2004

Dec. 26, 2004Proton • Glonass
Launch time: 1353 GMT (8:53 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton K rocket launched a trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. [Dec. 26]
Dec. 24, 2004Tsiklon 3 • Sich 1M
Launch time: 1120 GMT (6:20 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Tsiklon 3 rocket launched the Russian-Ukrainian Sich 1M remote sensing satellite and a Ukrainian microsatellite. A problem with the third stage failed to deliver the craft into the desired circular orbit. [Dec. 24]
Dec. 23, 2004Soyuz • Progress 16P
Launch time: 2219:31 GMT (5:19:31 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the sixteenth Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Nov. 24 and Dec. 22. See our launch story. [Dec. 23]
Dec. 21, 2004Delta 4 • Heavy Demo
Launch time: 2150 GMT (4:50 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The first Boeing Delta 4 Heavy rocket launched on a demonstration mission for the U.S. Air Force. The largest of the Delta 4 family, the Heavy version features three Common Booster Cores mounted together to form a triple-body. This launch carried only a dummy payload as its primary cargo in an effort to demonstrate that the rocket works before it blasts off on future flights with critical and expensive satellites for the U.S. government. Delayed from Sept. 23 and December 2003, July 3 and Sept. 10, 2004. Delayed from Oct. 20 and Nov. 18. Delayed from Dec. 10 due to weather. Scrubbed on Dec. 11 by countdown sequencer problem. Scrubbed on Dec. 12 by environmental control system problem. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 21]
Dec. 18, 2004Ariane 5 • Helios 2A
Launch time: 1626 GMT (11:26 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
The Arianespace Ariane 5G rocket launched the French Helios 2A military reconnaissance satellite into polar orbit. The payload also included the French Parasol science spacecraft and a cluster of small military micro-satellites. Delayed from Dec. 10 to replace suspect part on the rocket. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Dec. 18]
Dec. 17, 2004Atlas 5 • AMC 16
Launch time: 1207 GMT (7:07 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Lockheed Martin Atlas 5 rocket (AV-005) launched the AMC 16 communications satellite for SES AMERICOM. Built by Lockheed Martin, AMC-16 was designed to provide television, broadband and other services across the U.S. The rocket flew in the 521 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, two strap-on solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Dec. 6 due to hurricanes. Delayed from Dec. 16 to replace part in flight termination system. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Dec. 17]
Nov. 20, 2004Delta 2 • Swift
Launch time: 1716 GMT (12:16 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched NASA’s Swift gamma-ray burst research spacecraft. The satellite was built to focus on studying the recently-discovered afterglow from such bursts. The rocket flew in the 7320 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Dec. 5 and 29, Jan. 14, April 29, July 15, Sept. 1, Oct. 7, Oct. 26, Nov. 2, Nov. 8 and Nov. 11. Delayed from Nov. 17 by Range safety system problem. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Nov. 20]
Nov. 8, 2004Soyuz 2 • Demo launch
Launch time: 1830 GMT (1:30 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Russian Soyuz 2 rocket made its first launch, carrying out a demonstration flight of the upgraded vehicle. Read our launch story. [Nov. 8]
Nov. 6, 2004Delta 2 • GPS 2R-13
Launch time: 0539 GMT (12:39 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the next NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Sept. 22 in the wake of Hurricane Frances. Delayed from Oct. 8 due to Hurricane Jeanne. Delayed from Oct. 25 due to technical concerns with the rocket. Delayed from Oct. 30 to replace third stage batteries. Scrubbed on Nov. 5. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Nov. 6]
Oct. 29, 2004Proton • Express AM-1
Launch time: 2211 GMT (6:11 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton K rocket with a Block DM upper stage launched the domestic Express AM-1 communications satellite. It was designed to provide digital television, telephony, videoconferencing, data transmission and the Internet access services. Delayed from June. [Oct. 29]
Oct. 14, 2004Proton • AMC 15
Launch time: 2123 GMT (5:23 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An ILS Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the AMC 15 telecommunications spacecraft for operator SES AMERICOM. The Lockheed Martin-built satellite was designed to provide video, Internet and broadband services across the U.S. including Alaska and Hawaii. Pushed back from late August and Sept. 14. Delayed from Sept. 23 for additional testing of an avionics subsystem onboard the upper stage. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Oct. 15]
Oct. 13/14, 2004Soyuz • ISS 9S
Launch time: 0306:26 GMT on 14th (11:06:26 p.m. EDT on Oct. 13)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-5 spacecraft to the International Space Station carrying the Expedition 10 resident crew. The capsule remained at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from Oct. 9 due to explosive bolt problem on the spacecraft. Delayed from Oct. 11 due to further technical concerns with the Soyuz. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Oct. 14]
Sept. 20, 2004GSLV • EDUSAT
Launch time: 1031 GMT (6:31 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India
India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle carried the EDUSAT educational services satellite into orbit. This marked the GSLV rocket’s first operational mission following two earlier demonstration flights. See our launch story. [Sept. 20]
Aug. 31, 2004Atlas 2AS • NRO
Launch time: 2317 GMT (7:17 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-36A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
Lockheed Martin’s Atlas rocket, AC-167, launched a classified payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. This was the final Atlas 2AS rocket and the last planned Atlas launch from pad 36A. Delayed from June 24. Delayed from June 30/July 1 for check of Remote Control Unit. Delayed from July 27 to Aug. 31 replace transistors in Remote Control Unit. Moved up from Aug. 31 because repair work was going faster than anticipated. Scrubbed 24 hours from Aug. 27 to conduct tests of rocket batteries. Scrubbed 24 hours from Aug. 28 due to liquid oxygen shortage. Scrubbed 24 hours from Aug. 29 due to weather. Scrubbed 24 hours from Aug. 30 due to weather. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Aug. 31]
Aug. 11, 2004Soyuz • Progress 15P
Launch time: 0503 GMT (1:03 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the fifteenth Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from July 28. See our launch coverage. [Aug. 11]
Aug. 4, 2004Proton • Amazonas
Launch time: 2232 GMT (6:32 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An ILS Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the Amazonas communications spacecraft for operator HISPASAT. The Astrium-built Amazonas satellite was designed to cover Brazil and the rest of America, Europe and Northern Africa. Delayed from July 25. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Aug. 4]
Aug. 3, 2004Delta 2-Heavy • MESSENGER
Launch time: 0615:56 GMT (2:15:56 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched NASA’s MESSENGER space probe to orbit the planet Mercury. MESSENGER is the MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging mission. The rocket flew in the Delta 2-Heavy vehicle configuration using the larger strap-on solid rocket booters. Delayed from March 10 and May 11. Delayed from July 30 as ripple effect from earlier delays launching GPS 2R-12 satellite from same pad. Scrubbed August 2 due to bad weather. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Aug. 3]
July 25, 2004Long March • Double Star 2
Launch time: 0705 GMT (3:05 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
The Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the second of two Double Star satellites to study Earth’s magnetosphere. The Double Star Program was a joint effort between the European Space Agency and the Chinese National Space Administration. One Double Star spacecraft was placed into an equatorial orbit while the other went into polar orbit. Delayed from June and July 20. Moved up from July 26. See launch story. [July 25]
July 18, 2004Ariane 5 • Anik F2
Launch time: 0044 GMT (8:44 p.m. EDT on July 17)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
The Arianespace Ariane 5 rocket launched the Anik F2 communications satellite for Telesat Canada. Built by Boeing Satellite Systems, this Boeing 702 model spacecraft was designed to provide telecommunications and Ka-band multimedia services across North America. Delayed from the spring. Delayed from July 9. Scrubbed on night of July 12/13 due to problem with rocket. Scrubbed on night of July 15/16 due to bad weather. Scrubbed on night of July 16/17 due to ground equipment problem. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [July 17]
July 15, 2004Delta 2 • Aura
Launch time: 1001:59 GMT (6:01:59 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched NASA’s Aura spacecraft for the Earth Observing System. The satellite carries a suite of instruments to study atmospheric chemistry. The rocket flew in the 7920 configuration. Delayed from Jan. 29, Feb. 6, March 19, June 17, June 19, June 26 and July 8. Delayed from July 10 for records check. Delayed from July 11 due to ordnance separation connector on rocket’s nose cone. Scrubbed on July 13 due to concerns with satellite’s solid-state recorder. Scrubbed on July 14 due to second stage battery low power reading. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [July 15]
June 28/29, 2004Zenit 3SL • Telstar 18
Launch time: 0359 GMT on 29th (11:59 p.m. EDT on June 28)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket launched the Telstar 18 communications satellite. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the spacecraft was designed to provide services across the Asia-Pacific region for the Loral and APT Satellite firms. Delayed from April. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [June 29]
June 23, 2004Delta 2 • GPS 2R-12
Launch time: 2254 GMT (6:54 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the NAVSTAR Global Positioning System 2R-12 military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Moved up from July 20 to accommodate the MESSENGER launch in late-July. Delayed from June 4 (local time) to replace first stage hydraulic pump. Delayed from June 11 to complete review of wiring harness issue. Delayed from June 13, 14, 16 and 18. Scrubbed on June 19, 20 and 21 by weather. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [June 23]
June 16, 2004Proton • Intelsat 10-02
Launch time: 2227 GMT (6:27 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An ILS Proton M rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the Intelsat 10-02 telecommunications spacecraft. The Astrium-built satellite was designed to cover portions of the Americas, Europe, Africa and western Asia. Delayed from 2003. Scrubbed on June 15 to complete spacecraft battery charging. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [June 15]
June 9/10, 2004Zenit 2 • Kosmos
Launch time: 0128 GMT on 10th (9:28 p.m. EDT on 9th)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
The Ukrainian Zenit 2 rocket launched a classified Kosmos satellite payload into orbit for the Russian military. The craft was thought to be an electronic reconnaissance satellite. Launch delayed from mid-February, March 17, March 31, April 25 and April 26. [June 10]
May 28, 2004Tsiklon 2 • Kosmos
Launch time: 0600 GMT (2:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Tsiklon 2 booster launched a classified satellite, named Kosmos 2407, for the Russian military. The spacecraft was believed to be an electronic intelligence satellite for the Russian Navy. [May 28]
May 25, 2004Soyuz • Progress 14P
Launch time: 1234 GMT (8:34 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 14th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Jan. 30 as ripple effect from earlier Progress launch slip. Delayed from May 19. See our launch coverage. [May 25]
May 20, 2004Taurus XL • ROCSAT 2
Launch time: 1747 GMT (1:47 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Area 576-E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The Orbital Sciences Taurus XL rocket launched the ROCSAT 2 remote sensing satellite for Republic of China’s National Space Program Office. It marked the Taurus vehicle’s return to flight following a failure in September 2001, and the inaugural mission of the more powerful XL version. Delayed from Nov. 25. Delayed from Jan. 17 to fix electrical issue with the launch vehicle. Delayed from Feb. 26, late March, April 9, April 22 and May 17. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [May 20]
May 19, 2004Atlas 2AS • AMC 11
Launch time: 2222 GMT (6:22 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-36B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
Lockheed Martin’s Atlas rocket, AC-166, launched the AMC 11 communications satellite for SES AMERICOM. The Lockheed Martin-built C-band spacecraft was designed to relay cable television programming across the United States. It will replace the aging Satcom C3 satellite. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [May 19]
May 4, 2004Zenit 3SL • DIRECTV 7S
Launch time: 1242 GMT (8:42 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket launched the DIRECTV 7S direct-to-home TV broadcasting satellite. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the spacecraft was designed to provide entertainment programming and local channel service to DIRECTV subscribers across the United States. Originally slated to fly aboard an Ariane 5 rocket, DIRECTV 7S was switched to Sea Launch due to scheduling conflicts. Delayed from 1st Quarter due to Estrela do Sul solar array deployment problem. Delayed from May 2. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [May 4]
April 26, 2004Proton • Express AM-11
Launch time: 2037 GMT (4:37 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Proton K rocket with a Block DM upper stage launched the domestic Express AM-11 communications satellite. It was designed to provide digital television, telephony, videoconferencing, data transmission and the Internet access services. Delayed from April 10. See our launch story. [April 27]
April 20, 2004Delta 2 • Gravity Probe-B
Launch time: 1657:24 GMT (12:57:24 p.m. EDT)
Launch site:
SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched NASA’s Gravity Probe-B to measure how space and time are warped by the presence of the Earth, and how the Earth’s rotation drags space-time around with it. The spacecraft tested the predictions of Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity. The rocket flew in the 7920 configuration. Delayed from Oct. 30 due to spacecraft readiness. Delayed from April 24, July 20, Sept. 18, Nov. 6. Delayed from Nov. 14 due to solid rocket booster nozzle delamination issue. Delayed from Dec. 6 to fix issue associated with spacecraft electronics box. Delayed from April 17. Scrubbed on April 19 due to upper level wind issues. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [April 20]
April 18/19, 2004Soyuz • ISS 8S
Launch time: 0319 GMT on 19th (11:19 p.m. EDT on April 18)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-4 spacecraft to the International Space Station with the Expedition 9 crew. The capsule remained at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the resident crew. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 19]
April 18, 2004Long March • Shiyan 1 & Naxing 1
Launch time: 1559 GMT (11:59 a.m. EDT)
Launch site:
Xichang, China
A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the experimental Shiyan 1 and Naxing 1 satellites into polar orbit. [April 18]
April 15/16, 2004Atlas 2AS • Superbird 6
Launch time: 0045 GMT on 16th (8:45 p.m. EDT on April 15)
Launch site:
SLC-36A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
Lockheed Martin’s Atlas rocket, AC-163, launched the Japanese Superbird 6 communications satellite. The spacecraft was built by Boeing Satellite Systems for Space Communications Corporation. Superbird 6 features Ku- and Ka-band transponders. Delayed from 2003. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [April 16]
March 26/27, 2004Proton • Kosmos 2406
Launch time: 0330 GMT on 27th (10:30 p.m. EST on 26th)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian Proton K rocket launched a classified satellite for the military. The spacecraft has been named Kosmos 2406. [March 27]
March 20, 2004Delta 2 • GPS 2R-11
Launch time: 1753 GMT (12:53 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
Boeing Delta 2 launched the NAVSTAR Global Positioning System 2R-11 military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Dec. 19 and March 8. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [March 20]
March 15, 2004Proton • W3A
Launch time: 2306 GMT (6:06 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
An ILS Proton M rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the W3A telecommunications spacecraft for operator Eutelsat. The Astrium-built satellite was designed to provide pan-European and pan-African coverage. Delayed from 2003. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [March 15]
March 13, 2004Atlas 3A • MBSAT
Launch time: 0540 GMT (12:40 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-36B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
Lockheed Martin’s Atlas rocket, AC-202, launched the MBSAT satellite for Japan’s Mobile Broadcasting Corporation. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the mobile communications spacecraft was designed to serve Japan and South Korea. Delayed from late 2003 and Feb. 27. Delayed 24 hours from March 12 at the request of satellite builder for “administrative purposes.” See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [March 13]
March 2, 2004Ariane 5G+ • Rosetta
Launch time: 0717:44 GMT (2:17:44 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana
Arianespace Ariane 5G+ rocket launched the European Space Agency’s Rosetta spacecraft on a mission to rendezvous with Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko for detailed observations. Delayed from Jan. 12, 2003 in wake of Ariane 5 launch failure. The delay forced the mission to be replanned from the original target of Comet 46P/Wirtanen. Scrubbed on Feb. 26 due to unfavorable high-altitude winds. Scrubbed on Feb. 27 due to detached insulating foam on rocket’s main stage. See our launch coverage. [March 2]
Feb. 18, 2004Molniya M • Military
Launch time: Approx. 0705 GMT (2:05 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia
A Molniya M rocket launched a classified satellite payload into orbit for the Russian military. The launch was part of a Russian nationwide military exercise. See our launch story. [Feb. 16]
Feb. 14, 2004Titan 4B • DSP 22
Launch time: 1850 GMT (1:50 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
The Lockheed Martin Titan 4B, known as B-39, launched the 22nd Defense Support Program missile-warning satellite with the Boeing Inertial Upper Stage-10. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. Delayed from Nov. 4 and Jan. 17 as ripple effect from delays of Titan 4 B-36. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Feb. 14]
Feb. 5, 2004Atlas 2AS • AMC 10
Launch time: 2346 GMT (6:46 p.m. EST)
Launch site:
SLC-36A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
Lockheed Martin’s Atlas rocket, AC-165, launched the AMC 10 communications satellite for SES AMERICOM. The Lockheed Martin-built C-band spacecraft was designed to relay cable television programming across the United States. It replaced the aging Satcom C4 satellite. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Feb. 5]
Jan. 29, 2004Soyuz • Progress 13P
Launch time: 1158 GMT (6:58 a.m. EST)
Launch site:
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan
A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 13th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Nov. 20. Read our launch story. [Jan. 29]
Jan. 10/11, 2004Zenit 3SL • Estrela do Sul 1
Launch time: 0413 GMT on 11th (11:13 p.m. EST on Jan. 10)
Launch site:
Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)
The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket successfully launched the Telstar 14/Estrela do Sul 1 communications satellite. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the spacecraft was designed to provide Ku-band coverage to Brazil, North and South America and the North Atlantic Ocean Region. It was built for video broadcasting, cable programming, data relay and Internet-to-aircraft services. Originally slated to fly aboard the third Delta 4 rocket mission, Estrela do Sul 1 was switched to Sea Launch. Delayed 24 hours due to weather during the transit from Home Port to the launch site. See our coverage here. [Jan. 11]
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