November 21, 2014 - This listing shows the completed space launches from spaceports around the globe in 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014. Dates and times are given in Greenwich Mean Time.

Nov. 21  Kuaizhou  •  Kuaizhou 2
Launch time: 0637 GMT (1:37 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Kuaizhou rocket launched the Kuaizhou 2 spacecraft into orbit. Read our full story. [Nov. 21]
Nov. 20  Long March 2D  •  Yaogan 24
Launch time: 0712 GMT (2:12 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Yaogan 24 reconnaissance satellite. Read our full story. [Nov. 20]
Nov. 14  Long March 2C  •  Yaogan 23
Launch time: 1853 GMT (1:53 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the Yaogan 23 reconnaissance satellite. Read our full story. [Nov. 14]
Nov. 6  Dnepr   •  ASNARO 1
Launch time: 0735 GMT (2:35 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Dombarovsky, Russia

An ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the ASNARO 1 Earth observation satellite for Japan's Institute for Unmanned Space Experiment Free Flyer. Four Japanese microsatellites also be launched on the Dnepr rocket. Delayed from October. Read our full story. [Nov. 6]
Oct. 29/30  Soyuz   •  Meridian
Launch time: 0143 GMT on 30th (9:43 p.m. EDT on 29th)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a Meridian communications satellite for the Russian Ministry of Defense. Read our full story. [Oct. 30]
Oct. 29  Atlas 5  •  GPS 2F-8
Launch time: 1721 GMT (1:21 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket launched the Air Force's eighth Block 2F navigation satellite for the Global Positioning System. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 29]
Oct. 29  Soyuz   •  Progress 57P
Launch time: 0709:43 GMT (3:09:43 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 57th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our full story. [Oct. 29]
Oct. 28  Antares  •  Orb-3
Launch time: 2222:38 GMT (6:22:38 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Pad 0A, Wallops Island, Virginia

The Orbital Sciences Antares rocket failed in the launch of the fourth Cygnus cargo freighter on the third operational cargo delivery flight to the International Space Station. The mission was known as Orb-3. The Antares rocket flew with an upgraded Castor 30XL second stage motor for the first time. Delayed from Oct. 3. Moved forward from Oct. 21. Delayed from Oct. 14, Oct. 20, Oct. 22 and Oct. 24. Scrubbed on Oct. 27. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 28]
Oct. 27  Long March 2C  •  Shijian 11-08
Launch time: 0659 GMT (2:59 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the Shijian 11-08 satellite. Read our full story. [Oct. 27]
Oct. 23  Long March 3C  •  Chang'e 5 Precursor
Launch time: 1800 GMT (2:00 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3C rocket launched a mission to demonstrate re-entry technologies for the planned Chang'e 5 lunar sample return mission. Read our full story. [Oct. 21]
Oct. 21  Proton  •  Express AM6
Launch time: 1509:32 GMT (11:09:32 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage will deploy the Express AM6 satellite to provide television and radio broadcasting, broadband Internet, multimedia services and mobile communications for the Russian Satellite Communications Co. Delayed from July 14. Read our full story. [Oct. 21]
Oct. 20  Long March 4C  •  Yaogan 22
Launch time: 0631 GMT (2:31 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 4C rocket launched the Yaogan 22 reconnaissance satellite. Read our full story. [Oct. 20]
Oct. 16  Ariane 5  •  Intelsat DLA 1 & Arsat 1
Launch time: 2143:45 GMT (5:43:45 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA220, to launch the Intelsat DirecTV Latin America 1 and Arsat 1 satellites. Intelsat DLA 1, also known as Intelsat 30, will broadcast direct-to-home television services to Latin America in a partnership between Intelsat and DirecTV. Arsat 1 is the first communications satellite to be built in Argentina. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 16]
Oct. 15  PSLV  •  IRNSS 1C
Launch time: 2002 GMT (4:02 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C26 mission, launched the IRNSS 1C navigation satellite. The payload is the third spacecraft in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System, which aims to improve positioning services over India and neighboring regions. Delayed from Oct. 9. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 15]
Oct. 7  H-2A   •  Himawari 8
Launch time: 0516 GMT (1:16 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Tanegashima Space Center, Japan

A Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Himawari 8 weather satellite for the Japan Meteorological Agency. Himawari 8 will collect weather imagery over the East Asia and Western Pacific regions. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 7]
Sept. 28  Long March 2C   •  Shijian 11-07
Launch time: 0513 GMT (1:13 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched with the experimental Shijian 11-07 satellite. Read our full story. [Sept. 27]
Sept. 27  Proton  •  Olymp
Launch time: 2023 GMT (4:23 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed a secretive payload reportedly known as Olymp or Luch. Delayed from June 5, June 20 and July 8. Read our full story. [Sept. 27]
Sept. 25  Soyuz  •  ISS 40S
Launch time: 2024 GMT (4:24 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 16]
Sept. 21  Falcon 9  •  SpaceX CRS 4
Launch time: 0552:03 GMT (1:52:03 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the sixth Dragon spacecraft on the fourth operational cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station. The flight is being conducted under the Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA. Delayed from April 6, April 29, June 6, June 8, July 25, Aug. 8, Sept. 12 and Sept. 19. Scrubbed on Sept. 20 by bad weather. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 16]
Sept. 16/17  Atlas 5  •  CLIO
Launch time: 0010 GMT on 17th (8:10 p.m. EDT on 16th)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-049, launched the CLIO mission on a commercial flight for a U.S. government customer. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 16]
Sept. 11  Ariane 5  •  Measat 3b & Optus 10
Launch window: 2205 GMT (6:05 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA218, to launch the Measat 3b and Optus 10 satellites. Measat 3b will provide Ku-band direct-to-home broadcasting and other telecommunications services over Malaysia, India and Indonesia for Measat Global of Malaysia. NewSat Ltd. of Australia has also leased some of Measat 3b's capacity to be marketed as Jabiru 2. Optus 10 will deliver television broadcasts and two-way voice and data services to customers in Australia and New Zealand for SingTel Optus. Delayed from May 28 and June 6. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 11]
Sept. 7/8  Long March 4B  •  Yaogan 21
Launch time: 0322 GMT on 8th (11:22 p.m. on 7th)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched the Yaogan 21 remote sensing satellite. Read our full story. [Sept. 8]
Sept. 7  Falcon 9  •  AsiaSat 6
Launch time: 0500 GMT (1:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the AsiaSat 6 communications satellite. AsiaSat 6 will support video broadcasting and broadband networks for customers in Asia, Australia, India and the Pacific islands. Delayed from May, Aug. 26, Aug. 27 and Sept. 6. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 7]
Sept. 3/4  Long March 2D  •  Chuangxin 1-04
Launch time: 0015 GMT on 4th (8:15 p.m. on 3rd)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Chuangxin 1-04 data relay satellite and a co-passenger designed to conduct multimedia technological experiments. Read our full story. [Sept. 3]
Aug. 22  Soyuz  •  Galileo FOC-1
Launch time: 1227:11 GMT (8:27:11 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELS, Sinnamary, French Guiana

An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS09, failed to put its payloads in the correct orbit after launch from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz carried two Galileo full operational capability satellites for Europe's Galileo navigation constellation. The Soyuz 2-1b (Soyuz ST-B) rocket used a Fregat-MT upper stage. Arianespace oversaw the launch. Delayed from April, July and October 2013. Delayed from June. Scrubbed on Aug. 21. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 22]
Aug. 18/19  Long March 4B  •  Gaofen 2
Launch time: 0315 GMT on 19th (11:15 p.m. EDT on 18th)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched the Gaofen 2 high-resolution remote sensing satellite. Gaofen 2 will collect high-resolution images of Earth's surface for research and civil government applications. The main users of the satellite are the Chinese Ministry of Land and Resources, the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture, and the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection. Delayed from December. Read our full story. [Aug. 19]
Aug. 13  Atlas 5  •  WorldView 3
Launch time: 1830:30 GMT (2:30:30 p.m. EDT; 11:30:30 a.m. PDT)
Launch site: SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket launched the WorldView 3 Earth observation satellite for DigitalGlobe. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from mid-2014. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 5]
Aug. 9  Long March 4C  •  Yaogan 20
Launch time: 0545 GMT (1:45 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 4C rocket launched the Yaogan 20 payload for the Chinese military. Read our full story. [Aug. 9]
Aug. 5  Falcon 9  •  AsiaSat 8
Launch window: 0800 GMT (4:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the AsiaSat 8 communications satellite. AsiaSat 8 will support direct broadcasting, private networks and broadband connectivity for customers in China, India, Southeast Asia and the Middle East. Delayed from April, May, June and Aug. 4. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 5]
Aug. 1/2  Atlas 5  •  GPS 2F-7
Launch window: 0323 GMT on 2nd (11:23 p.m. EDT on 1st)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket launched the Air Force's seventh Block 2F navigation satellite for the Global Positioning System. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from July 31. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 1]
July 29  Ariane 5  •  ATV 5
Launch time: 2347:38 GMT (7:47:38 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ES rocket, designated VA219, to launch the European Space Agency's fifth Automated Transfer Vehicle, named Georges Lemaitre. The ATV is a cargo-carrying spacecraft to deliver supplies and equipment to the orbiting International Space Station. Delayed from June 17 and June 25. Moved forward from July 25. Delayed from July 24. See our Mission Status Center. [July 29]
July 28  Delta 4  •  AFSPC 4
Launch time: 2328 GMT (7:28 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched the AFSPC 4 mission for the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. The payloads included two satellites for the Geosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Program. Delayed from February. Moved forward from December. Scrubbed on July 23, July 24, July 25 and July 26. See our Mission Status Center. [July 28]
July 23  Soyuz   •  Progress 56P
Launch time: 2144:44 GMT (5:44:44 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 56th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from July 1. Read our full story. [July 23]
July 18  Soyuz   •  Foton M4
Launch time: 2050 GMT (4:50 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket will launch the recoverable Foton M4 spacecraft with a payload of biological and materials science experiments. After orbiting the Earth for a few weeks, the craft's re-entry capsule will return to Earth under a parachute. The rocket will fly in the Soyuz 2-1a configuration. Delayed from May. Read our full story. [July 18]
July 14  Falcon 9  •  Orbcomm OG2
Launch time: 1515 GMT (11:15 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched six second-generation Orbcomm communications satellites. The satellites will operate for Orbcomm Inc., providing two-way data messaging services for global customers. The rocket flew in the Falcon 9 v1.1 configuration with upgraded Merlin 1D engines, stretched fuel tanks, and a payload fairing. Delayed from September, November, April 30, May 10, May 27, June 11, June 12, June 15, June 20, June 21, June 22 and June 24. See our Mission Status Center. [July 14]
July 13  Antares  •  Orb-2
Launch time: 1652:14 GMT (12:52:14 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Pad 0A, Wallops Island, Virginia

The Orbital Sciences Antares rocket launched the third Cygnus cargo freighter on the second operational flight to the International Space Station. The mission is known as Orb-2. Moved forward from May 8. Delayed from May 1, May 6, June 10, June 17, July 1, July 10, July 11 and July 12. See our Mission Status Center. [July 13]
July 10  Soyuz  •  O3b F2
Launch time: 1855:56 GMT (2:55:56 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELS, Sinnamary, French Guiana

An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS08, launched on a mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz carried four satellites for O3b Networks, which will provide broadband service to developing countries. The Soyuz 2-1b (Soyuz ST-B) rocket used a Fregat upper stage. Arianespace oversaw the launch. Delayed from August, early September, Sept. 30, March and June 27. See our Mission Status Center. [July 10]
July 9  Angara 1.2PP   •  Suborbital
Launch time: 1200 GMT (8:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian Angara rocket launched on a suborbital demonstration flight. The mission was the first flight of Russia's new Angara launch vehicle. Delayed from June 25. Scrubbed on June 27. Read our full story. [July 8]
July 8  Soyuz   •  Meteor M2
Launch time: 1558:28 GMT (11:58:28 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the Meteor M2 weather satellite and several secondary payloads, including the SkySat 2 spacecraft for Skybox Imaging, the TechDemoSat 1 spacecraft for the UK government and Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd., and other small passengers. The Soyuz 2-1b rocket will use a Fregat upper stage. Delayed from June 19, June 26 and June 28. Read our full story. [July 8]
July 3  Rockot   •  Gonets M
Launch time: 1243 GMT (8:43 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Rockot vehicle launched three Gonets M communications satellites. Read our full story. [July 3]
July 2  Delta 2  •  OCO 2
Launch time: 0956:23 GMT (5:56:23 a.m. EDT; 2:56:23 a.m. PDT)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

A United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket will launch the Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 satellite for NASA. OCO 2 will make precise, time-dependent global measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide from space. The rocket will fly in the 7320 configuration with three solid rocket boosters and no third stage. Scrubbed on July 1. See our Mission Status Center. [July 2]
June 30  PSLV  •  Spot 7
Launch time: 0422 GMT (12:22 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C23 mission, launched the Spot 7 remote sensing satellite for Astrium Services. Spot 7 is a commercial medium-resolution imaging satellite by and owned by Astrium. Delayed from December and 1st quarter 2014. Read our full story. [June 30]
June 19  Dnepr   •  Multi-payload
Launch time: 1911:11 GMT (3:11:11 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Dombarovsky, Russia

An ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the Deimos 2 Earth observation satellite for Elecnor Deimos of Spain, the KazEOSat 2 remote sensing satellite for Kazakhstan, and several more payloads. Read our full story. [June 19]
June 14  Soyuz   •  Glonass M
Launch time: 1716 GMT (1:16 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a Glonass M navigation satellite. The rocket flew in the Soyuz 2-1b configuration with a Fregat upper stage. Read our full story. [May 23]
May 28  Soyuz  •  ISS 39S
Launch time: 1957:41 GMT (3:57:41 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. See our Mission Status Center. [May 28]
May 26  Zenit 3SL  •  Eutelsat 3B
Launch window: 2110 GMT (5:10 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried into orbit the Eutelsat 3B communications satellite. Eutelsat 3B will provide telecommunications services over Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia and South America. Delayed from April 15. See our Mission Status Center. [May 26]
May 23/24  H-2A   •  ALOS 2
Launch time: 0305:14 GMT on 24th (11:05:14 p.m. EDT on 23rd)
Launch site: Tanegashima Space Center, Japan

A Japanese H-2A rocket launched the second Advanced Land Observing Satellite for the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. ALOS 2 carries a high-resolution radar payload for environmental, infrastructure and disaster monitoring. See our Mission Status Center. [May 24]
May 23  Rockot   •  Rodnik
Launch window: 0527 GMT (1:27 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Rockot vehicle launched three Rodnik communications satellites for the Russian military. Read our full story. [May 23]
May 22  Atlas 5  •  NROL-33
Launch time: 1309 GMT (9:09 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-046, launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from May 7. See our Mission Status Center. [May 22]
May 16/17  Delta 4  •  GPS 2F-6
Launch time: 0003 GMT on 17th (8:03 p.m. EDT on 16th)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket deployed the Air Force's sixth Block 2F navigation satellite for the Global Positioning System. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. Scrubbed on May 15 by weather. See our Mission Status Center. [May 16]
May 15  Proton  •  Express AM4R
Launch time: 2142 GMT (5:42 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage failed on a launch with the Express AM4R satellite to provide television broadcasting, broadband Internet, multimedia services and mobile communications for the Russian Satellite Communications Co. Delayed from April 6. Read our full story. [May 15]
May 6  Soyuz  •  Kobalt
Launch time: 1349 GMT (9:49 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a Kobalt optical reconnaissance satellite for Russian intelligence authorities. Read our full story. [May 6]
April 29/30  Vega  •  KazEOSat 1
Launch time: 0135:14 GMT on 30th (9:35:14 p.m. EDT on 29th)
Launch site: ZLV, Kourou, French Guiana

A European Vega rocket, designated VV03, launched the DZZ-HR (KazEOSat 1) Earth observation satellite for Astrium and the Republic of Kazakhstan. DZZ-HR will provide high-resolution images to Kazakh authorities for homeland surveillance, resource management and environmental monitoring. Delayed from April 25. Scrubbed by ventilation umbilical issue April 29. See our Mission Status Center. [April 29]
April 28  Proton  •  Luch 5V & Kazsat 3
Launch time: 0425 GMT (12:25 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Luch 5V satellite to relay data from Russian spacecraft to ground sites, including the International Space Station, and the Kazsat 3 communications satellite for Kazakhstan. Read our full story. [April 28]
April 18  Falcon 9  •  SpaceX CRS 3
Launch time: 1925:22 GMT (3:25:22 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the fifth Dragon spacecraft on the third operational cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station. The flight is being conducted under the Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA. Delayed from April 6, Sept. 30, Nov. 11, Dec. 9, Jan. 15, Feb. 11, Feb. 22, March 1, March 16 and March 30. Scrubbed on April 14. See our Mission Status Center. [April 18]
April 16  Soyuz   •  EgyptSat 2
Launch time: 1620 GMT (12:20 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the EgyptSat 2 Earth observation satellite for Egypt's National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences. Read our full story. [April 16]
April 10  Atlas 5  •  NROL-67
Launch time: 1745 GMT (1:45 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-045, launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 541 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, four solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from March 25 by range instrumentation issue. See our Mission Status Center. [April 10]
April 9  Shavit 2  •  Ofeq 10
Launch time: 1915 GMT (3:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Palmachim, Israel

Israel launched a Shavit 2 rocket with the Ofeq 10 reconnaissance satellite to spy on neighboring countries, including Iran. Ofeq 10 carries a high-resolution radar imager, but its exact dimensions are classified. Read our full story. [April 9]
April 9  Soyuz   •  Progress 55P
Launch time: 1526 GMT (11:26 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 55th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our full story. [March 31]
April 4  PSLV  •  IRNSS 1B
Launch time: 1144 GMT (7:44 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C24 mission, launched the IRNSS 1B navigation satellite. The payload was the second spacecraft in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System, which aims to improve positioning services over India and neighboring regions. Delayed from March 31. Read our full story. [March 31]
April 3  Soyuz  •  Sentinel 1A
Launch time: 2102:26 GMT (5:02:26 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELS, Sinnamary, French Guiana

An Arianespace Soyuz rocket launched on a mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz carried the Sentinel 1A radar observation satellite for the European Space Agency and the European Commission. The Soyuz 2-1a (Soyuz ST-A) rocket used a Fregat upper stage. Arianespace oversaw the launch. Delayed from late 2013 and March 28. See our Mission Status Center. [April 3]
April 3  Atlas 5  •  DMSP F19
Launch time: 1446 GMT (10:46 a.m. EDT; 7:46 a.m. PDT)
Launch site: SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-044, launched the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program 19 spacecraft for the U.S. Air Force. Built by Lockheed Martin, this polar-orbiting weather satellite will be used by the military for global weather forecasting. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from March. See our Mission Status Center. [April 3]
March 30/31  Long March 2C  •  Shijian 11-06
Launch time: 0246 GMT on 31st (10:46 p.m. EDT on 31st)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched with the experimental Shijian 11-06 satellite. Read our full story. [March 31]
March 25  Soyuz  •  ISS 38S
Launch time: 2117 GMT (5:17 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. See our Mission Status Center. [March 25]
March 23  Soyuz  •  Glonass M
Launch time: 2254 GMT (6:54 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a Glonass M navigation satellite. The rocket flew in the Soyuz 2-1b configuration with a Fregat upper stage. Delayed from March 11. Read our full story. [March 23]
March 22  Ariane 5  •  ASTRA 5B & Amazonas 4A
Launch time: 2204 GMT (6:04 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA216, to launch the ASTRA 5B and Amazonas 4A satellites. ASTRA 5B will provide Ku-band and Ka-band television broadcasting services for SES of Luxembourg, and the satellite hosts an L-band navigation payload for the European Commission's European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS). Amazonas 4A will expand Ku-band broadcast television services over Latin America for Hispasat of Madrid. Moved forward from Dec. 13. Delayed from Dec. 6, Feb. 19 and March 7. Delayed from March 21 by strong winds preventing rollout. See our Mission Status Center. [March 22]
March 15  Proton  •  Express AT1 & Express AT2
Launch time: 2308 GMT (7:08 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Express AT1 and Express AT2 communications satellites for the Russian Satellite Communications Co. Read our full story. [March 15]
Feb. 27  H-2A   •  GPM Core
Launch window: 1837 GMT (1:37 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Tanegashima Space Center, Japan

A Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Global Precipitation Measurement mission Core satellite, a joint project between NASA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. The GPM Core observatory is equipped with an advanced radar and microwave imager to provide data and set a new standard for precipitation measurements from space. Delayed from Feb. 14. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 27]
Feb. 20/21  Delta 4  •  GPS 2F-5
Launch time: 0159 GMT on 21st (8:59 p.m. EST on 20th)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket deployed the Air Force's fifth Block 2F navigation satellite for the Global Positioning System. The rocket will fly in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. Delayed from Oct. 17, Oct. 23 and Dec. 12. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 20]
Feb. 14  Proton  •  Turksat 4A
Launch time: 2109 GMT (4:09 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Turksat 4A communications satellite. Delayed from Feb. 10. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 14]
Feb. 6  Ariane 5  •  ABS 2 & Athena-Fidus
Launch time: 2130 GMT (4:30 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA217, to launch the ABS 2 and Athena-Fidus communications satellites. ABS 2 will provide C-band, Ku-band and Ka-band direct-to-home, cable TV, VSAT and data services over the Middle East, Africa, Russia and the Asia-Pacific for Asia Broadcast Satellite of Bermuda and Hong Kong. Athena-Fidus is a joint French-Italian dual-use communications satellite for French and Italian military and civil authorities. Delayed from Jan. 23. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 6]
Feb. 5  Soyuz   •  Progress 54P
Launch time: 1623:33 GMT (11:23:33 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 54th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our full story. [Feb. 5]
Jan. 23/24  Atlas 5  •  TDRS L
Launch window: 0233 GMT on 24th (9:33 p.m. EST on 23rd)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-043, launched the TDRS L communications and data relay satellite for NASA. The Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS) connects mission control with the International Space Station and other orbiting satellites. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. See our Mission Status Center. [Jan. 23]
Jan. 9  Antares  •  Orb-1
Launch time: 1807:05 GMT (1:07:05 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Pad 0A, Wallops Island, Virginia

The Orbital Sciences Antares rocket launched the second Cygnus cargo freighter on the first operational cargo delivery flight to the International Space Station. The mission is known as Orb-1. The Antares rocket flew with an upgraded Castor 30B second stage motor for the first time. Delayed from November, Dec. 8, Dec. 17, Dec. 18 and Dec. 19. Moved forward from Jan. 13. Delayed from Jan. 7 by cold temperatures. Delayed from Jan. 8 by solar radiation. See our Mission Status Center. [Jan. 9]
Jan. 6  Falcon 9  •  Thaicom 6
Launch window: 2206 GMT (5:06 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the Thaicom 6 communications satellite. Thaicom 6 will provide C-band and Ku-band communications services across Southeast Asia and Africa. The rocket flew in the Falcon 9 v1.1 configuration with upgraded Merlin 1D engines, stretched fuel tanks, and a payload fairing. Delayed from August, October, Dec. 12, Dec. 20 and Jan. 3. See our Mission Status Center. [Jan. 6]
Jan. 5  GSLV  •  GSAT 14
Launch time: 1048 GMT (5:48 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV), flying on the GSLV-D5 mission, launched the GSAT 14 communications satellite. The rocket flew in the GSLV Mk.2 configuration with an Indian-built cryogenic third stage. Delayed from October, December, January, February, April, July and Aug. 6. Scrubbed on Aug. 19 by second stage fuel leak. Delayed from Dec. 15. Read our full story. [Jan. 5]
Dec. 28  Soyuz 2-1v   •  AIST & Calibration Spheres
Launch time: 1230 GMT (7:30 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Soyuz 2-1v rocket with a Volga upper stage launched with the AIST student-built microsatellite and SKRL 756 calibration spheres. The Soyuz 2-1v rocket and Volga upper stage were making their first flight. The new rocket is a smaller version of the Soyuz launch vehicle without strap-on boosters. Delayed from Dec. 24. Scrubbed on Dec. 25. [Dec. 28]
Dec. 26  Proton  •  Express AM5
Launch time: 1049:56 GMT (5:49:56 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Express AM5 civil communications satellite for the Russian Satellite Communications Co. Read our full story. [Dec. 26]
Dec. 24/25  Rockot   •  Rodnik
Launch time: 0031 GMT on 25th (7:31 p.m. EST on 24th)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Rockot vehicle launched three Rodnik communications satellites for the Russian military. Read our full story. [Dec. 25]
Dec. 20  Long March 3B  •  Tupac Katari
Launch time: 1642 GMT (11:42 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3B/E rocket launched the Tupac Katari communications satellite for the government of Bolivia. Read our full story. [Dec. 20]
Dec. 19  Soyuz  •  Gaia
Launch time: 0912:19 GMT (4:12:19 a.m. EST)
Launch site: ELS, Sinnamary, French Guiana

An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS06, launched on a mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz launched the Gaia mission, which will survey more than one billion stars, creating an astronomical census and map to help scientists chart the evolution of the Milky Way galaxy. The Soyuz 2-1b rocket used a Fregat upper stage. Arianespace oversaw the launch. Delayed from Sept. 19 and Nov. 20. Moved forward from Dec. 20. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 19]
Dec. 8/9  Long March 4B  •  CBERS 3
Launch time: 0326 GMT on 9th (10:26 p.m. EST on 8th)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 4B rocket failed in the launch of the CBERS 3 remote sensing satellite. CBERS 3 was the third China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite for the collection of global imagery for environmental, urban planning and agricultural applications. Delayed from December 2012, January, February and October. Moved forward from Dec. 27. Read our full story. [Dec. 9]
Dec. 8  Proton  •  Inmarsat 5 F1
Launch time: 1212 GMT (7:12 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Inmarsat 5 F1 communications satellite for Inmarsat of London. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 8]
Dec. 5/6  Atlas 5  •  NROL-39
Launch time: 0714:30 GMT on 6th (2:14:30 a.m. EST; 11:14:30 p.m. PST on 5th)
Launch site: SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-042, launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 501 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 6]
Dec. 3  Falcon 9  •  SES 8
Launch window: 2241 GMT (5:41 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the SES 8 communications satellite. SES 8 will provide Ku-band and Ka-band direct-to-home broadcasting and network services over the Asia-Pacific region. The rocket flew in the Falcon 9 v1.1 configuration with upgraded Merlin 1D engines, stretched fuel tanks, and a payload fairing. Delayed from July, August, October, Nov. 1, Nov. 12 and Nov. 22. Scrubbed on Nov. 25 and Nov. 28. Delayed from Nov. 30 and Dec. 2. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 3]
Dec. 1  Long March 3B  •  Chang'e 3
Launch time: 1730 GMT (12:30 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Long March 3B rocket launched the Chang'e 3 mission, China's third lunar probe and its first robotic lander and rover. Read our full story. [Dec. 1]
Nov. 25  Soyuz   •  Progress 53P
Launch time: 2053:06 GMT (3:53:06 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 53rd Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Oct. 16. Read our full story. [Nov. 25]
Nov. 24/25  Long March 2D  •  Shiyan 5
Launch time: 0212 GMT on 25th (9:12 p.m. EST on 24th)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Shiyan 5 experimental satellite. Read our full story. [Nov. 25]
Nov. 22  Rockot  •  Swarm
Launch time: 1202:29 GMT (7:02:29 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Eurockot Rockot vehicle launched the Swarm mission for the European Space Agency. Swarm is an Earth Explorer mission comprising three satellites in different polar orbits to probe the geomagnetic field and its temporal evolution, in order to gain new insights into the Earth system by improving our understanding of the Earth's interior and physical climate. Delayed from July 16, 2012, by launcher issue. Delayed from November 2012 by Breeze M investigation. Delayed from February by launcher issue. Delayed from April, May and summer timeframe. Delayed from Oct. 4 and Nov. 14. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 22]
Nov. 21  Dnepr  •  Multi-payload
Launch time: 0710:11 GMT (2:10:11 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Dombarovsky, Russia

An ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the DubaiSat 2 Earth observation satellite for the United Arab Emirates, the STSAT 3 remote sensing and astronomy satellite for South Korea, the SkySat 1 Earth observation satellite for Skybox Imaging of California, and several more payloads. Read our full story. [Nov. 21]
Nov. 19/20  Long March 4C  •  Yaogan 19
Launch time: 0331 GMT on 20th (10:31 p.m. EDT on 19th)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 4C rocket launched the Yaogan 19 observation satellite. Read our full story. [Oct. 29]
Nov. 19/20  Minotaur 1  •  ORS 3
Launch time: 0115 GMT on 20th (8:15 p.m. EST on 19th)
Launch site: Pad 0B, Wallops Island, Va.

A U.S. Air Force Minotaur 1 rocket launched the Operationally Responsive Space 3, or ORS 3, mission. ORS 3 tested space-based rocket tracking technology and an autonomous flight termination system. The rocket also launched the STPSat 3 satellite, a host platform for several U.S. military experiments, and 28 CubeSats. Delayed from June, September, Oct. 30 and Nov. 4. Delayed from Oct. 21 and Oct. 28. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 19]
Nov. 18  Atlas 5  •  MAVEN
Launch time: 1828 GMT (1:28 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-038, launched the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution, or MAVEN, mission. The MAVEN orbiter will study the upper atmosphere of Mars and determine the role the loss of atmospheric gas to space played in changing the Martian climate through time. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 18]
Nov. 11  Proton  •  Raduga
Launch time: 2346 GMT (6:46 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed a Raduga military communications satellite. Delayed from Nov. 5. Read our full story. [Nov. 11]
Nov. 6/7  Soyuz  •  ISS 37S
Launch time: 0414:15 GMT on 7th (11:14:15 p.m. EST on 6th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Moved forward from Nov. 25. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 6]
Nov. 5  PSLV  •  Mars Orbiter Mission
Launch time: 0908 GMT (4:08 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C25 mission, launched the Mars Orbiter Mission, India's first probe to the red planet. The Mars orbiter, also named Mangalyaan, will study the red planet with imaging cameras and atmospheric sensors. Delayed from Oct. 21 and Oct. 28. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 5]
Oct. 28/29  Long March 2C  •  Yaogan 18
Launch time: 0250 GMT on 29th (10:50 p.m. EDT on 28th)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the Yaogan 18 observation satellite. Read our full story. [Oct. 29]
Oct. 25  Proton  •  Sirius FM6
Launch time: 1808:54 GMT (2:08:54 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Sirius FM6 satellite for Sirius XM Radio. Delayed from 2012, Oct. 9, Oct. 20 and Oct. 21. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 25]
Oct. 24/25  Long March 4B  •  Shijian 16
Launch time: 0350 GMT on 25th (11:50 p.m. EDT on 24th)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched the Shijian 16 technology demonstration satellite. Read our full story. [Oct. 25]
Sept. 29  Proton  •  ASTRA 2E
Launch time: 2138:10 GMT (5:38:10 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket launched the ASTRA 2E communications satellite for SES of Luxembourg. ASTRA 2E will provide Ku-band and Ka-band direct-to-home broadcast and broadband services over Europe, the Middle East and Africa. Delayed from July. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 29]
Sept. 29  Falcon 9  •  Cassiope
Launch time: 1600 GMT (12 p.m. EDT; 9 a.m. PDT)
Launch site: SLC-4E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the Cassiope satellite for the Canadian Space Agency. Cassiope carries a communications relay payload for a commercial digital broadcast courier service and an instrument to observe the Earth's ionosphere. The rocket flew in the Falcon 9 v1.1 configuration with upgraded Merlin 1D engines, stretched fuel tanks, and a payload fairing. Delayed from April, June 18, July 9, Sept. 5, Sept. 10, Sept. 14 and Sept. 15. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 29]
Sept. 25  Soyuz  •  ISS 36S
Launch time: 2058:50 GMT (4:58:50 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 25]
Sept. 25  Kuaizhou  •  Kuaizhou 1
Launch time: 0437 GMT (12:37 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Kuaizhou rocket launched the Kuaizhou 1 satellite to monitor natural disasters. The satellite was likely integrated with the upper stage of the launch vehicle, which is designed for quick-reaction flights. The responsive launcher was making its first flight. [Sept. 25]
Sept. 22/23  Long March 4C  •  Fengyun 3C
Launch time: 0307 GMT on 23rd (11:07 p.m. EDT on 22nd)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 4C rocket launched the Fengyun 3C polar-orbiting weather satellite. Read our full story. [Sept. 22]
Sept. 18  Antares  •  Cygnus 1
Launch time: 1458 GMT (10:58 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Pad 0A, Wallops Island, Virginia

The Orbital Sciences Antares rocket launched the first Cygnus cargo freighter on a test flight to the International Space Station. Orbital Sciences developed the Cygnus spacecraft to deliver supplies to the space station. Delayed from June and December 2011. Delayed from Feb. 23, April 28, Aug. 20, Sept. 1, and October 2012. Delayed from April 5, May 3, June, Sept. 14, Sept. 15 and Sept. 17. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 18]
Sept. 18  Atlas 5  •  AEHF 3
Launch time: 0704 GMT (3:04 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-041, launched the third Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF) satellite. Built by Lockheed Martin, this U.S. military spacecraft will provide highly-secure communications. The rocket flew in the 531 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, three solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Sept. 13. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 18]
Sept. 14  Epsilon  •  SPRINT-A
Launch time: 0500 GMT (1 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Uchinoura Space Center, Japan

Japan's Epsilon rocket launched the SPRINT-A satellite with a small space telescope to observe Mercury, Venus, Mars and Jupiter, focusing on the interaction between the planets' atmospheres and the solar wind. This launch was the first flight of Japan's small Epsilon launch vehicle. Scrubbed on Aug. 27. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 14]
Sept. 11  Rockot  •  Gonets M
Launch time: 2323 GMT (7:23 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Rockot vehicle launched three Gonets M communications satellites. Delayed from March 20, April 23, July 25 and Sept. 10. Read our full story. [Sept. 11]
Sept. 6/7  Minotaur 5  •  LADEE
Launch time: 0327 GMT on 7th (11:27 p.m. EDT on 6th)
Launch site: Pad 0B, Wallops Island, Va.

A U.S. Air Force Minotaur 5 rocket launched the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer, or LADEE, mission for NASA. LADEE will study the moon's tenuous atmosphere and dust from lunar orbit. Delayed from Aug. 12 and Sept. 5. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 7]
Sept. 1  Long March 4C  •  Yaogan 17
Launch time: 1916 GMT (3:16 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 4C rocket launched the Yaogan 17 payload for the Chinese military. Read our full story. [Sept. 1]
Aug. 31  Zenit 3SLB  •  Amos 4
Launch time: 2005 GMT (4:05 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Land Launch Zenit 3SLB rocket carried into orbit the Amos 4 communications satellite. Amos 4 will provide direct-to-home television, broadband Internet and video distribution services to Russia and the Middle East for Spacecom Ltd. of Israel. Moved forward from Sept. 5. Read our full story. [Aug. 31]
Aug. 29  Ariane 5  •  Eutelsat 25B & GSAT 7
Launch window: 2030 GMT (4:30 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA215, to launch the Eutelsat 25B and GSAT 7 satellites. Eutelsat 25B, also known as Es'hail 1, will provide Ku-band and Ka-band direct television broadcasting, enterprise communications and government services over Europe, North Africa and the Middle East for Eutelsat and ictQatar. GSAT 7 will provide multi-band communications services for the Indian Navy. Delayed from Aug. 24. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 29]
Aug. 28  Delta 4-Heavy  •  NROL-65
Launch period: 1803 GMT (2:03 p.m. EDT; 11:03 a.m. PDT)
Launch site: SLC-6, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

A United Launch Alliance Delta 4-Heavy rocket launched a classified spy satellite cargo for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The largest of the Delta 4 family, the Heavy version features three Common Booster Cores mounted together to form a triple-body rocket. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 28]
Aug. 22  Dnepr   •  KOMPSAT 5
Launch time: 1439 GMT (10:39 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Dombarovsky, Russia

A Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the KOMPSAT 5 Earth observation satellite for the Korea Aerospace Research Institute. KOMPSAT 5 will use a synthetic aperture radar payload to collect all-weather remote sensing imagery. Read our full story. [Aug. 22]
Aug. 7/8  Delta 4  •  WGS 6
Launch window: 0029 GMT on 8th (8:29 p.m. EDT on 7th)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched the sixth Wideband Global SATCOM spacecraft, formerly known as the Wideband Gapfiller Satellite. Built by Boeing, this geostationary communications spacecraft will serve U.S. military forces. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (5,4) configuration with four solid rocket boosters. Delayed from June and July. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 7]
Aug. 3  H-2B   •  HTV 4
Launch time: 1948 GMT (3:48 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Tanegashima Space Center, Japan

A Japanese H-2B rocket launched the fourth H-2 Transfer Vehicle. The HTV serves as an unmanned cargo vehicle to deliver equipment and supplies to the International Space Station. Delayed from June 10. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 3]
July 27  Soyuz   •  Progress 52P
Launch time: 2045 GMT (4:45 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 52nd Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from July 24. Read our full story. [July 27]
July 25  Ariane 5  •  Alphasat XL & INSAT 3D
Launch time: 1953 GMT (3:53 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA214, to launch the Alphasat XL and INSAT 3D satellites. Alphasat XL, also called Inmarsat XL, is the first satellite to use the Alphabus platform in a public-private partnership between the European Space Agency, Astrium, Thales Alenia Space and Inmarsat. Alphasat XL will provide mobile communications services to Africa and Europe and test experimental technologies for ESA. INSAT 3D is a meteorological satellite with an imager, sounder and a search-and-rescue payload. See our Mission Status Center. [July 25]
July 19  Long March 4C  •  Shijian 15
Launch time: 2337 GMT (7:37 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 4C rocket launched the Shijian 15 satellite for the Chinese military, the Shiyan 7 technology demonstration satellite, and the Chuangxin 3 secondary payload. [July 19]
July 19  Atlas 5  •  MUOS 2
Launch time: 1300 GMT (9 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-040, launched the second Mobile User Objective System (MUOS) satellite for the U.S. Navy. Built by Lockheed Martin, this U.S. military spacecraft will provide narrowband tactical communications designed to significantly improve ground communications for U.S. forces on the move. The rocket flew in the 551 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, five solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. See our Mission Status Center. [July 19]
July 15  Long March 2C  •  Shijian 11
Launch time: 0927 GMT (5:27 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the Shijian 11-05 satellite. The satellite is the fifth Shijian 11 satellite, believed to by designed for missile warning applications. [July 15]
July 1/2  Proton  •  Glonass
Launch time: 0238 GMT on 2nd (10:38 p.m. EDT on 1st)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An Russian government Proton rocket with a Block DM upper stage failed to deploy a trio of Glonass M navigation satellites. Read our full story. [July 1]
July 1  PSLV  •  IRNSS 1A
Launch time: 1811 GMT (2:11 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C22 mission, launched the IRNSS 1A navigation satellite. The payload is the first spacecraft in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System, which aims to improve positioning services over India and neighboring regions. Delayed from May. Read our full story. [July 1]
June 27/28  Pegasus XL  •  IRIS
Launch time: 0227 GMT on 28th (10:27 p.m. EDT; 7:27 p.m. PDT on 27th)
Launch site: L-1011, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

The air-launched Orbital Sciences Pegasus XL rocket deployed NASA's Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS). IRIS will make detailed measurements of the flow of energy and plasma through the sun's atmosphere and heliosphere. Delayed from Dec. 1, Jan. 22 and April 28. See our Mission Status Center. [June 27]
June 27  Strela  •  Kondor 1
Launch time: 1653 GMT (12:53 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Strela rocket launched the Kondor 1 reconnaissance satellite for the Russian military. Kondor 1 carries a radar imaging payload capable of taking pictures of Earth's surface at night and in all weather conditions. [June 27]
June 25  Soyuz  •  O3b F1
Launch time: 1927:03 GMT (3:27:03 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELS, Sinnamary, French Guiana

An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS05, launched on a mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz carried four satellites for O3b Networks, which will provide broadband service to developing countries. The Soyuz 2-1b rocket used a Fregat upper stage. Arianespace oversaw the launch. Delayed from March. Moved forward from May 29. Delayed from May 27. Scrubbed on June 24 by unfavorable winds. See our Mission Status Center. [June 25]
June 25  Soyuz  •  Resurs P1
Launch time: 1728 GMT (1:28 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the Resurs P1 Earth observation satellite to collect remote sensing data for Russian government agencies and foreign customers. Delayed from Nov. 30. Delayed from February due to disagreement on drop zones. Delayed from June 23. Read our full story. [June 25]
June 11  Long March 2F  •  Shenzhou 10
Launch time: 0938 GMT (5:38 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Long March 2F rocket launched the Shenzhou 10 spacecraft, a crewed mission to dock with the orbiting Tiangong 1 laboratory module. The flight is China's fifth human space mission. See our Mission Status Center. [June 11]
June 7  Soyuz  •  Persona
Launch time: 1837 GMT (2:37 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a Persona reconnaissance satellite for the Russian military. The rocket flew in the Soyuz 2-1b configuration with a digital flight control system and an upgraded third stage engine. Read our full story. [June 7]
June 5  Ariane 5  •  ATV 4
Launch time: 2152:11 GMT (5:52:11 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ES rocket, designated VA213, to launch the European Space Agency's fourth Automated Transfer Vehicle, named Albert Einstein. The ATV is a cargo-carrying spacecraft to deliver supplies and equipment to the orbiting International Space Station. Delayed from March 12, April 18 and May 7. See our Mission Status Center. [June 5]
June 3  Proton  •  SES 6
Launch time: 0918 GMT (5:18 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the SES 6 satellite. SES 6 will provide Ku-band direct-to-home television, VSAT services and government digital inclusion programs in Latin America, plus C-band cable services to the Americas and Europe. Read our full story. [June 3]
May 28  Soyuz  •  ISS 35S
Launch time: 2031 GMT (4:31 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. See our Mission Status Center. [May 28]
May 24/25  Delta 4  •  WGS 5
Launch time: 0027 GMT on 25th (8:27 p.m. EDT on 24th)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched the fifth Wideband Global SATCOM spacecraft, formerly known as the Wideband Gapfiller Satellite. Built by Boeing, this geostationary communications spacecraft will serve U.S. military forces. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (5,4) configuration with four solid rocket boosters. Delayed from Jan. 18, February, March, May 8 and May 22. Scrubbed on May 23 by pressurization issue. See our Mission Status Center. [May 25]
May 15  Atlas 5  •  GPS 2F-4
Launch window: 2138 GMT (5:38 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket, designated AV-039, deployed the Air Force's fourth Block 2F navigation satellite for the Global Positioning System. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from March. See our Mission Status Center. [May 15]
May 14  Proton  •  Eutelsat 3D
Launch time: 1602 GMT (12:02 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Eutelsat 3D satellite. Eutelsat 3D will provide customers in Europe and Africa with communications services. See our Mission Status Center. [May 14]
May 6/7  Vega  •  Proba-V & VNREDSat 1A
Launch time: 0206:31 GMT on 7th (10:06:31 p.m. EDT on 6th)
Launch site: ZLV, Kourou, French Guiana

A European Vega rocket, designated VV02, launched on its second flight with the Proba-V Earth observation satellite for the European Space Agency and the VNREDSat 1A imaging satellite for Vietnam. Proba-V carries an instrument to provide a daily overview of global vegetation growth, and VNREDSat 1A will collect optical imagery. Delayed from March. Delayed from May 2 for extra checks on mobile gantry. Scrubbed on May 3 by high-altitude winds. See our Mission Status Center. [May 7]
May 1  Long March 3B  •  Chinasat 11
Launch time: 1606 GMT (12:06 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Chinasat 11 communications satellite for the China Satellite Communications Corp. Chinasat 11 will provide broadcasting, broadband, and data transmission services over China, the Middle East, Africa, Australia, and the Asia-Pacific region. Read our full story. [May 1]
April 26  Soyuz   •  Glonass
Launch time: 0523 GMT (1:23 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a Glonass M navigation satellite. The rocket flew in the Soyuz 2-1b configuration with a Fregat upper stage. Delayed from Dec. 25, February and March 1. Read our full story. [April 26]
April 26  Long March 2D  •  Gaofen 1
Launch time: 0413 GMT (12:13 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Gaofen 1 high-resolution remote sensing satellite. Gaofen 1 will collect high-resolution images of Earth's surface for research and civil government applications. The main users of the satellite are the Chinese Ministry of Land and Resources, the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture, and the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection. Read our full story. [April 26]
April 24  Soyuz   •  Progress 51P
Launch time: 1012 GMT (6:12 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 51st Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our full story. [April 24]
April 21  Antares  •  Demo
Launch time: 2100 GMT (5 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Pad 0A, Wallops Island, Virginia

The first Orbital Sciences Antares rocket, formerly known as the Taurus 2, launched a simulated Cygnus spacecraft on a demonstration flight. Delayed from October and December 2011. Delayed from Jan. 23, February, July 6, Aug. 9, late September, October and December 2012. Delayed from February and March. Delayed from April 16. Scrubbed on April 17 by disconnected umbilical. Scrubbed on April 20 by upper level winds. See our Mission Status Center. [April 21]
April 19  Soyuz  •  Bion M1
Launch time: 1000 GMT (6 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the Bion M1 capsule into low Earth orbit with an international payload of live animals, plants and other life sciences experiments for exposure to microgravity. The capsule will parachute back to Earth after a one-month mission. The rocket flew in the Soyuz 2-1a configuration. Several CubeSat secondary payloads were also aboard the launch. Read our full story. [April 19]
April 15  Proton  •  Anik G1
Launch time: 1836 GMT (2:36 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Anik G1 satellite. Anik G1 will provide Ku-band direct-to-home television broadcasting services to Canada, C-band and Ku-band programming to South America and North America, and a commercial X-band payload for military users for Telesat of Canada. Delayed from January. See our Mission Status Center. [April 15]
March 28  Soyuz  •  ISS 34S
Launch time: 2043 GMT (4:43 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. See our Mission Status Center. [March 28]
March 26  Proton  •  Satmex 8
Launch time: 1906 GMT (3:06 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Satmex 8 satellite. Satmex 8 will provide video distribution, broadband, cellular backhaul and distance learning services in North America and South America. Delayed from Dec. 27. See our Mission Status Center. [March 26]
March 19  Atlas 5  •  SBIRS GEO 2
Launch time: 2121 GMT (5:21 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-037) launched the U.S. military's second Space Based Infrared System Geosynchronous satellite, or SBIRS GEO 2, for missile early-warning detection. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Moved forward from May. Delayed from March 14. See our Mission Status Center. [March 19]
March 1  Falcon 9  •  SpaceX CRS 2
Launch time: 1510 GMT (10:10 a.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the fourth Dragon spacecraft on the second operational cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station. The flight is being conducted under the Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA. Delayed from December and Jan. 18. See our Mission Status Center. [March 1]
Feb. 25  PSLV  •  SARAL
Launch time: 1231 GMT (7:31 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C20 mission, launched the SARAL ocean altimetry satellite. SARAL is a collaboration between France and India designed to measure sea surface height from space. The rocket also carried Canada's Sapphire space surveillance payload and NEOSSat space telescope to search for near-Earth asteroids. Delayed from October and Dec. 12, 2012. Delayed from Jan. 12, Jan. 28, Feb. 11 and Feb. 18. Read our full story. [Feb. 25]
Feb. 11  Atlas 5  •  LDCM
Launch window: 1802 GMT (10:02 a.m. PST; 1:02 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-035) launched the Landsat Data Continuity Mission for NASA and the U.S. Geological Survey. LDCM will obtain Earth observation data to be used in agriculture, education, business, science, and government. The data from the Landsat spacecraft constitute the longest record of the Earth's continental surfaces as seen from space. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 11]
Feb. 11  Soyuz   •  Progress 50P
Launch time: 1441 GMT (9:41 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 50th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Dec. 26. Read our full story. [Feb. 11]
Feb. 7  Ariane 5  •  Amazonas 3 & Azerspace
Launch time: 2136 (4:36 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA212, to launch the Amazonas 3 and Azerspace communications satellites. Amazonas 3 will provide telecommunications services and broadband connectivity in Europe and the Americas for Hispasat of Madrid. Azerspace, also known as Africasat 1a, will provide communications services over Azerbaijan, Central Asia, Europe and Africa for the Azerbaijan communications ministry. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 7]
Feb. 6  Soyuz  •  Globalstar
Launch time: 1604 GMT (11:04 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Starsem Soyuz rocket launched six second-generation Globalstar mobile communications satellites. The rocket flew in the Soyuz 2-1a configuration and used a Fregat upper stage. Starsem and Arianespace oversaw the commercial launch. Delayed from June, September and November 2011. Delayed from mid-2012. Delayed from Feb. 5 by unfavorable high-altitude winds. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 6]
Feb. 1  Zenit 3SL  •  Intelsat 27
Launch window: 0656 GMT (1:56 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° west, 0° North)

A Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket failed to deliver the Intelsat 27 communications satellite into orbit. Intelsat 27 was to provide communications services for media, network and government customers over the Americas and Europe. Delayed from Jan. 31. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 1]
Jan. 30/31  Atlas 5  •  TDRS K
Launch time: 0148 GMT on 31st (8:48 p.m. EST on 30th)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-036) launched the TDRS K communications and delay relay satellite for NASA. The Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS) connects mission control with the International Space Station and other orbiting satellites. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from June 12, Dec. 6, Dec. 13, Jan. 18 and Jan. 29. See our Mission Status Center. [Jan. 30]
Jan. 30  KSLV 1  •  STSAT 2C
Launch time: 0700 GMT (2 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Naro Space Center, South Korea

The Korea Space Launch Vehicle launched on its third flight from a launch site on the southern tip of Korea. The first two KSLV flights failed. The KSLV 1 rocket uses a Russian liquid-fueled first stage and a Korean solid-fueled upper stage. The payload for this launch is the Science and Technology Satellite 2C (STSAT 2C) demonstration spacecraft. Scrubbed on Oct. 26 and Nov. 29. Read our full story. [Jan. 30]
Jan. 26/27  H-2A   •  IGS
Launch time: 0440 GMT on 27th (11:40 p.m. EST on 26th)
Launch site: Tanegashima Space Center, Japan

A Japanese H-2A rocket launched two Information Gathering Satellites for the Japanese government. The payloads were a radar reconnaissance satellite and an optical demonstration satellite. Read our full story. [Jan. 27]
Jan. 15  Rockot  •  Rodnik
Launch time: 1625 GMT (11:25 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Rockot vehicle launched three Rodnik communications satellites for the Russian military. Delayed from Nov. 29 and Dec. 7. Read our full story. [Jan. 15]
Dec. 19  Ariane 5  •  Skynet 5D & Mexsat 3
Launch window: 2149 GMT (4:49 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA211, to launch the Skynet 5D and Mexsat 3 communications satellites. Skynet 5D will provide military communications services for the British Ministry of Defence. Mexsat 3, also known as Mexsat Bicentenario, will provide communications services for the federal government of Mexico. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 19]
Dec. 19  Soyuz  •  ISS 33S
Launch time: 1212 GMT (7:12 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from Dec. 5. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 19]
Dec. 18  Long March 2D  •  Gokturk 2
Launch time: 1613 GMT (11:13 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Gokturk 2 Earth imaging satellite for Turkey. Gokturk 2 will gather high-resolution images of Earth for civilian and military applications. Moved up from Dec. 19. Read our full story. [Dec. 18]
Dec. 11/12  Unha 3   •  Kwangmyongsong 3
Launch time: 0049 GMT on 12th (7:49 p.m. EST on 11th)
Launch site: Sohae Satellite Launch Center, North Korea

A North Korean Unha 3 rocket launched from the Tongchang-ri launch base and placed an object into orbit. North Korea claims the object is a small communications satellite. Read our full story. [Dec. 12]
Dec. 11  Atlas 5  •  OTV 3
Launch period: 1803 GMT (1:03 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-034) deployed the U.S. military's X-37B, a prototype spaceplane also called the Orbital Test Vehicle, on the program's third mission. The rocket flew in the 501 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Moved up from Oct. 26. Delayed from Oct. 25, Oct. 30, Nov. 13 and Nov. 27. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 11]
Dec. 8  Proton  •  Yamal 402
Launch time: 1313:43 GMT (8:13:43 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Yamal 402 satellite in an unplanned orbit. Yamal 402 will provide communications over Russia, Europe, the Middle East and Africa for Gazprom Space Systems. Read our full story on the mishap. [Dec. 8]
Dec. 3  Zenit 3SL  •  Eutelsat 70B
Launch time: 2044 GMT (3:44 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° west, 0° north)

A Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket delivered the Eutelsat 70B communications satellite into orbit. Eutelsat 70B, previously known as W5A, will provide government communications services, broadband access and professional video exchanges in Europe, Africa, Central Asia and Southeast Asia. Delayed from Dec. 2. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 3]
Dec. 1/2  Soyuz  •  Pleiades 1B
Launch time: 0202:50 GMT on 2nd (9:02:50 p.m. EST on 1st)
Launch site: ELS, Sinnamary, French Guiana

An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS04, launched from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz carried the Pleiades 1B optical high-resolution Earth observation satellite for CNES. The Soyuz 2-1a rocket used a Fregat upper stage. Arianespace oversaw the launch. Scrubbed on Nov. 30. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 1]
Nov. 27  Long March 3B  •  Chinasat 12
Launch time: 1013 GMT (5:13 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Chinasat 12 communications satellite for the China Satellite Communications Corp. Chinasat 12 will provide broadcasting, broadband, and data transmission services over China, the Middle East, Africa, and the Asia-Pacific region. Scrubbed on Nov. 22. Read our full story. [Nov. 27]
Nov. 24/25  Long March 4C  •  Yaogan 16
Launch time: 0406 GMT on 25th (11:06 p.m. EST on 24th)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 3C rocket launched the Yaogan 16 payload for the Chinese military. Read our full story. [Nov. 25]
Nov. 20  Proton  •  EchoStar 16
Launch time: 1831 GMT (1:31 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the EchoStar 16 satellite. EchoStar 16 is a direct-to-home television broadcasting satellite covering North America for EchoStar Corp. Delayed from July 20. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 20]
Nov. 18  Long March 2C  •  Huanjing 1C
Launch time: 2253 GMT (5:53 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the Huanjing 1C environmental satellite with a radar observation payload. Read our full story. [Nov. 18]
Nov. 14  Soyuz   •  Meridian
Launch time: 1142 GMT (6:42 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a Meridian military communications satellite for the Russian armed forces. The rocket flew in the Soyuz 2-1a configuration with a Fregat upper stage. Read our full story. [Nov. 14]
Nov. 10  Ariane 5  •  Eutelsat 21B & Star One C3
Launch window: 2105 GMT (4:05 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA210, to launch the Eutelsat 21B and Star One C3 communications satellites. Eutelsat 21B, formerly designated W6A, will provide data, video and government services to Europe, North Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia. Star One C3 will provide C-band and Ku-band communications coverage over South America for Star One S.A. of Brazil. Scrubbed on Nov. 9 by high-altitude winds. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 10]
Nov. 2  Proton  •  Luch 5B & Yamal 300K
Launch time: 2104 GMT (5:04 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Luch 5B data relay satellite for Roscosmos and the Yamal 300K communications payload for Gazprom Space Systems. Read our full story. [Nov. 2]
Oct. 31  Soyuz   •  Progress 49P
Launch time: 0741 GMT (3:41 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 49th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 31]
Oct. 25  Long March 3C  •  Beidou
Launch time: 1533 GMT (11:33 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March rocket launched a Beidou navigation satellite into geosynchronous transfer orbit for the Chinese government. Read our full story. [Oct. 25]
Oct. 23  Soyuz  •  ISS 32S
Launch time: 1051 GMT (6:51 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from Sept. 26 and Oct. 15. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 23]
Oct. 14  Proton  •  Intelsat 23
Launch time: 0837 GMT (4:37 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Intelsat 23 satellite. Intelsat 23 will provide enhanced communications services over the Americas, Europe and Africa. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 14]
Oct. 13/14  Long March 2C  •  Shijian 9
Launch time: 0325 GMT on 14th (11:25 p.m. EDT on 13th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched a pair of Shijian 9 technology research satellites. Read our full story. [Oct. 14]
Oct. 12  Soyuz  •  Galileo IOV
Launch time: 1815 GMT (2:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELS, Kourou, French Guiana

An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS03, launched on its third mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz carried two Galileo in-orbit validation satellites for Europe's Galileo navigation constellation. The Soyuz 2-1b rocket used a Fregat-MT upper stage. Arianespace oversaw the launch. Delayed from August and Sept. 28. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 12]
Oct. 7/8  Falcon 9  •  SpaceX CRS 1
Launch time: 0035 GMT on 8th (8:35 p.m. EDT on 7th)
Launch site: SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the third Dragon spacecraft on the first operational cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station. The flight is being conducted under the Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA. Delayed from Aug. 9 and Sept. 24. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 7]
Oct. 4  Delta 4  •  GPS 2F-3
Launch time: 1210 GMT (8:10 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket deployed the Air Force's third Block 2F navigation satellite for the Global Positioning System. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. Delayed from Sept. 20. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 4]
Sept. 29  Long March 2D  •  VRSS 1
Launch time: 0412 GMT (12:12 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the first Venezuelan Remote Sensing Satellite (VRSS 1). Also named the Francisco de Miranda after a Venezuelan revolutionary, VRSS 1 is an Earth observation and remote sensing satellite built by China for the government of Venezuela. Read our launch story. [Sept. 29]
Sept. 28  Ariane 5  •  ASTRA 2F & GSAT 10
Launch time: 2118 GMT (5:18 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA209, to launch the ASTRA 2F and GSAT 10 communications satellites. ASTRA 2F will deliver direct-to-home broadcasting services to Europe, the Middle East and Africa. GSAT 10 will provide telecommunications, broadcasting and navigation services for the Indian Space Research Organization. Delayed from Sept. 21. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 28]
Sept. 18  Long March 3B  •  Beidou
Launch time: 1910 GMT (3:10 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched two Beidou navigation satellites into medium Earth orbit for the Chinese government. Read our launch story. [Sept. 18]
Sept. 17  Soyuz  •  MetOp B
Launch time: 1628 GMT (12:28 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Starsem Soyuz rocket launched the MetOp B weather satellite for the European Space Agency and the European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites, or Eumetsat. The rocket flew in the Soyuz 2-1a configuration with a Fregat upper stage. Delayed from April and May 23 by Kazakhstan drop zone dispute. Moved up from Sept. 19. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 17]
Sept. 13  Atlas 5  •  NROL-36
Launch time: 2139 GMT (2:39 p.m. local; 5:39 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-033) launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from June. Scrubbed Aug. 2 by Range instrumentation problem. Launch opportunities for Aug. 3 and 4 called off in advance. Delayed from Aug. 30 and Sept. 6. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 13]
Sept. 9  PSLV  •  Spot 6
Launch time: 0423 GMT (12:23 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), flying on the PSLV-C21 mission, launched the Spot 6 remote sensing satellite for Astrium Services. Spot 6 is a commercial medium-resolution imaging satellite by and owned by Astrium. Delayed from August. Read our launch story. [Sept. 9]
Aug. 30  Atlas 5  •  RBSP
Launch time: 0805 GMT (4:05 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-032) deployed the twin Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) for NASA. Built and managed by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, this mission includes two spacecraft to fly in highly elliptical orbits to study Earth's radiation belts and probe the influences of the sun. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from May and Aug. 23. Scrubbed by tracking beacon concern on Aug. 24 and thunderstorms on Aug. 25. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 30]
Aug. 19  Zenit 3SL  •  Intelsat 21
Launch time: 0655 GMT (2:55 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

A Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket delivered the Intelsat 21 communications satellite into orbit. Intelsat 21 will serve video distribution and direct-to-home television markets in Latin America. Delayed from July and Aug. 18. Read our launch story. [Aug. 19]
Aug. 6  Proton  •  Telkom 3 & Express MD2
Launch time: 1931 GMT (3:31 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage failed in its launch with the Telkom 3 and Express MD2 satellites. Telkom 3 would have provided communications services over Indonesia. Express MD2 is owned by Russian Satellite Communications Co. and would have provided secure communications for senior Russian government leaders, digital broadcasting services and Internet access for other customers. Delayed from July 5 and July 25. Read our full story. [Aug. 3]
Aug. 2  Ariane 5  •  Intelsat 20 & HYLAS 2
Launch time: 2054 GMT (4:54 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA208, to launch the Intelsat 20 and HYLAS 2 communications satellites. Intelsat 20 will provide C-band and Ku-band video, voice and data network services over Asia, Africa and the Middle East. HYLAS 2 carriess a Ka-band payload for high-speed, low-cost data, Internet and video services to Europe, Africa and the Middle East. Delayed from July. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 2]
Aug. 1  Soyuz   •  Progress 48P
Launch time: 1935 GMT (3:35 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 48th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from July 25 and July 31. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 1]
July 27/28  Rockot  •  Gonets M
Launch time: 0135 GMT (9:35 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Rockot vehicle launched two Gonets M message relay satellites and the MiR spacecraft, which carries technology demonstration payloads developed by researchers and students. Delayed from July 2 and July 13. [July 28]
July 25  Long March 3C  •  Tianlian 1
Launch time: 1543 GMT (11:43 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Long March 3C rocket launched a China's third Tianlian 1 data relay satellite. [July 25]
July 22  Soyuz  •  Kanopus-V & BelKA 2
Launch time: 0641 GMT (2:41 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Soyuz rocket and Fregat upper stage launched the Kanopus-Vulkan remote sensing satellite for the Russian government and the BelKA 2, or BKA, Earth observation spacecraft for Belarus. The Soyuz rocket also deployed the TET 1 technology demonstration satellite for DLR, the German Aerospace Center. Several other secondary payloads will also be launched. [July 22]
July 20/21  H-2B   •  HTV 3
Launch time: 0206:18 GMT on 21st (10:06:18 p.m. EDT on 20th)
Launch site: Tanegashima Space Center, Japan

The Japanese H-2B rocket launched the third H-2 Transfer Vehicle. The HTV serves as an unmanned cargo vehicle to deliver equipment and supplies to the International Space Station. Delayed from Jan. 20, Feb. 18, June 26 and July 18. See our Mission Status Center. [July 20]
July 14/15  Soyuz  •  ISS 31S
Launch time: 0240 GMT on 15th (10:40 p.m. EDT on 14th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the Expedition 32 crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from May 30. See our Mission Status Center. [July 15]
July 9  Proton  •  SES 5
Launch time: 1838 GMT (2:38 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the SES 5 satellite. SES 5 will provide communications services over Africa, Europe and the Middle East. SES 5 will also carry the first hosted L-band payload for the European Commission's European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS). Delayed from June 18 and June 19. Delayed from July 7. See our Mission Status Center. [July 9]
July 5  Ariane 5  •  EchoStar 17 & MSG 3
Launch window: 2136 GMT (5:36 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA207, to launch the EchoStar 17 and MSG 3 satellites. EchoStar 17, formerly known as Jupiter 1, will provide high-throughput broadband services across North America for Hughes Network Systems. MSG 3 is a geostationary weather satellite for Eumetsat, the European satellite meteorology agency. Delayed from June 19 by EchoStar 17 issue. Delayed from June 29 following Intelsat 19 mishap. See our Mission Status Center. [July 5]
June 29  Delta 4-Heavy  •  NROL-15
Launch time: 1315 GMT (9:15 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 4-Heavy rocket launched a classified spy satellite cargo for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The largest of the Delta 4 family, the Heavy version features three Common Booster Cores mounted together to form a triple-body rocket. Delayed from December 2011. Delayed from June 28 by Tropical Storm Debby. See our Mission Status Center. [June 29]
June 20  Atlas 5  •  NROL-38
Launch time: 1228 GMT (8:28 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-023) launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Moved up from June 20. Delayed from June 18. See our Mission Status Center. [June 20]
June 16  Long March 2F  •  Shenzhou 9
Launch time: 1037 GMT (6:37 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Long March 2F rocket launched the Shenzhou 9 spacecraft, a crewed mission to dock with the orbiting Tiangong 1 laboratory module. The flight is China's fourth human space mission. See our Mission Status Center. [June 16]
June 13  Pegasus XL  •  NuSTAR
Launch time: 1600 GMT (12:00 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: L-1011, Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands

The air-launched Orbital Sciences Pegasus XL rocket deployed NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) spacecraft. NuSTAR will study high energy X-rays in the universe. Delayed from Feb. 3, March 14, March 21 and March 22. See our Mission Status Center. [June 13]
June 1  Zenit 3SL  •  Intelsat 19
Launch time: 0523 GMT (1:23 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154¡ West, 0¡ North)

A Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket delivered the Intelsat 19 communications satellite into orbit. Intelsat 19 will provide C-band and Ku-band communications services to the Asia-Pacific region, reaching users from Australia to the United States. See our Mission Status Center. [June 1]
May 29  Long March 4C  •  Yaogan 15
Launch time: 0731 GMT (3:31 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Long March 4C rocket launched the Yaogan 15 military surveillance satellite. Read our full story. [May 26]
May 26  Long March 3B  •  Chinasat 2A
Launch time: 1556 GMT (11:56 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Long March 3B rocket launched the Chinasat 2A military communications satellite. Read our full story. [May 26]
May 22  Falcon 9  •  Dragon C2+
Launch time: 0744 GMT (3:44 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the second Dragon spacecraft, called Dragon C2+, to demonstrate rendezvous and berthing with the International Space Station for cargo-delivery. The company is building the Dragon to fly on operational resupply missions to the orbiting lab. Delayed from June 6, Oct. 8, Nov. 30, Dec. 19, Jan. 7, Feb. 7, March 20, April 30, and May 7. Scrubbed May 19 by high engine turbopump pressure. See our Mission Status Center. [May 22]
May 17  Proton  •  Nimiq 6
Launch time: 1912 GMT (3:12 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Nimiq 6 satellite. Nimiq 6 will provide Ku-band HDTV and other video services across Canada for Telesat. See our Mission Status Center. [May 17]
May 17  H-2A   •  GCOM W1 & Kompsat 3
Launch time: 1639 GMT (12:39 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Tanegashima Space Center, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the GCOM W1 and Kompsat 3 satellites. GCOM W1, nicknamed Shizuku, is the first Global Change Observation Mission dedicated to tracking precipitation and the water cycle around the world. Kompsat 3 is a South Korean Earth observation satellite. The rocket flew in the H-2A-202 configuration with two large solid rocket boosters. Delayed from February. See our Mission Status Center. [May 17]
May 17  Soyuz  •  Kobalt
Launch time: 1405 GMT (10:05 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Soyuz rocket launched a Kobalt optical reconnaissance satellite for the Russian ministry of defense. Read our full story. [May 17]
May 15  Ariane 5  •  JCSAT 13 & Vinasat 2
Launch window: 2213 GMT (6:13 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA206, to launch the JCSAT 13 and Vinasat 2 communications satellites. JCSAT 13 will provide communications and television broadcast services to Japan. Vinasat 2 is Vietnam's second communications satellite. See our Mission Status Center. [May 15]
May 14/15  Soyuz  •  ISS 30S
Launch time: 0301 GMT on 15th (11:01 p.m. EDT on 14th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from March 30 replace descent module. See our Mission Status Center. [May 15]
May 10  Long March 4B  •  Yaogan 14
Launch time: 0706 GMT (3:06 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Long March 4B rocket launched the Yaogan 14 satellite for the Chinese military. Read our full story. [May 10]
May 6  Long March 2D  •  Tianhui 1B
Launch time: 0710 GMT (3:10 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched a Tianhui land survey and mapping satellite for the Chinese government. Read our full story. [May 6]
May 4  Atlas 5  •  AEHF 2
Launch time: 1842 GMT (2:42 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-031) launched the second Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF) satellite. Built by Lockheed Martin, this U.S. military spacecraft will provide highly-secure communications. The rocket flew in the 531 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, three solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from February 2011 due to orbit-raising delays with AEHF 1. Moved up from May 5. Scrubbed on May 3 by interstage helium purge issue. See our Mission Status Center. [May 4]
April 29  Long March 3B  •  Beidou
Launch time: 2050 GMT (4:50 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March rocket launched two Beidou navigation satellites for the Chinese government. It was the first tandem launch of two Beidou satellites on a single rocket. Read our full story. [April 29]
April 25/26  PSLV  •  RISAT 1
Launch time: 0017 GMT on 26th (8:17 p.m. EDT on 25th)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) launched the RISAT 1 Earth observation satellite. RISAT 1 carries a radar payload for all-weather, day-and-night observations for national security and environmental applications. Delayed from January, March, April 20, and April 26. Moved forward from April 28. Read our full story. [April 25]
April 23  Proton  •  Yahsat 1B
Launch time: 2218 GMT (6:18 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Yahsat 1B satellite. Yahsat 1B will provide commercial and government services to the Middle East, Africa, Europe and Southwest Asia for Al Yah Satellite Communications Co. of Abu Dhabi. Delayed from Feb. 17. See our Mission Status Center. [April 23]
April 20  Soyuz   •  Progress 47P
Launch time: 1250 GMT (8:50 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 47th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Moved up from April 25. Read our full story. [April 20]
April 12  Unha 3   •  Kwangmyongsong 3
Launch time: 2239 GMT (6:39 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Sohae Satellite Launch Center, North Korea

A North Korean Unha 3 rocket launched from the Tongchang-ri launch base. North Korea claimed the failed launch would carry an Earth observation satellite. Read our full story. [April 12]
April 3  Delta 4  •  NROL-25
Launch time: 2312:57 GMT (4:12:57 p.m. local; 7:12:57 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-6, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

The United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched a classified payload for the National Reconnaissance Office, the U.S. government agency that develops and owns spy satellites. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (5,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. Delayed from March 29, March 30 and April 2. See our Mission Status Center. [March 31]
March 31  Long March 3B  •  Apstar 7
Launch time: 1027 GMT (6:27 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Apstar 7 communications satellite for APT Satellite Co. Ltd. of Hong Kong. The rocket flew in the Long March 3B/E configuration with an enlarged first stage and liquid-fueled strap-on boosters. Read our full story. [March 31]
March 30  Proton  •  Oko
Launch time: 0549 GMT (1:49 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket with a Block DM upper stage deployed an Oko early warning satellite. Read our full story. [March 30]
March 25  Proton  •  Intelsat 22
Launch time: 1210 GMT (8:10 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Intelsat 22 satellite to provide C-band and Ku-band communications services over Africa, Asia, Europe and the Middle East. Intelsat 22 also carries a hosted UHF payload for the Australian Defence Force. Moved up from March 27. See our Mission Status Center. [March 25]
March 23  Ariane 5  •  ATV 3
Launch time: 0434 GMT (12:34 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ES rocket, designated VA205, to launch the European Space Agency's third Automated Transfer Vehicle, named Edoardo Amaldi. The ATV is a cargo-carrying spacecraft to deliver supplies and equipment to the orbiting International Space Station. Delayed from March 7 and March 9. Docking to space station is planned for March 28. See our Mission Status Center. [March 23]
Feb. 24  Atlas 5  •  MUOS 1
Launch time: 2215 GMT (5:15 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-030) launched the first Mobile User Objective System (MUOS) satellite for the U.S. Navy. Built by Lockheed Martin, this U.S. military spacecraft will provide narrowband tactical communications designed to significantly improve ground communications for U.S. forces on the move. The rocket flew in the 551 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, five solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Scrubbed on Feb. 16 by upper level winds. Scrubbed on Feb. 17 by weather. Delayed from Feb. 22. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 24]
Feb. 24  Long March 3C  •  Beidou
Launch time: 1612 GMT (11:12 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Long March 3C rocket launched a Beidou navigation satellite for the Chinese government. Read our full story. [Feb. 24]
Feb. 14  Proton  •  SES 4
Launch time: 1936 GMT (2:36 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the SES 4 satellite to provide telecommunications services over the Americas, Africa, Europe and the Middle East. Delayed from November. Moved up from Dec. 28. Scrubbed by avionics issue on Dec. 26. Scrubbed from Jan. 28 by wiring problem. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 14]
Feb. 13  Vega  •  LARES
Launch time: 1000 GMT (5:00 a.m. EST)
Launch site: ZLV, Kourou, French Guiana

The European Vega rocket, designated VV01, launched on its first flight with the Laser Relativity Satellite, or LARES, a small spacecraft named ALMASat 1, and nine CubeSat payloads. Delayed from 2010, mid-2011 and October. Delayed again from Jan. 26 and Feb. 9. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 13]
Feb. 2/3  Safir  •  Navid
Launch time: approx. 0004 GMT on 3rd (7:04 p.m. EST on 2nd)
Launch site: Semnan, Iran

A Safir rocket orbited Iran's Navid observation satellite in the country's third successful space launch. Read our full story. [Feb. 3]
Jan. 25  Soyuz   •  Progress 46P
Launch time: 2306 GMT (6:06 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket will launch the 46th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Dec. 27. Read our full story. [Jan. 25]
Jan. 19/20  Delta 4  •  WGS 4
Launch time: 0038 GMT on 20th (7:38 p.m. EST on 19th)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched the fourth Wideband Global SATCOM spacecraft, formerly known as the Wideband Gapfiller Satellite. Built by Boeing, this geostationary communications spacecraft will serve U.S. military forces. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (5,4) configuration with four solid rocket boosters. Delayed from Nov. 17 and Dec. 8. Read our Mission Status Center. [Jan. 19]
Jan. 12/13  Long March 3A  •  Fengyun 2F
Launch time: 0056 GMT on 13th (7:56 p.m. EST on 12th)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3A rocket launched the Fengyun 2F geostationary weather satellite. Read our full story. [Jan. 9]
Jan. 8/9  Long March 4B  •  Ziyuan 3
Launch time: 0317 GMT on 9th (10:17 p.m. on 8th)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched the Ziyuan 3 high-resolution remote sensing satellite. The mission also orbited the VesselSat 2 asset-tracking communications satellite for Orbcomm Inc. Read our full story. [Jan. 9]
Dec. 28  Soyuz  •  Globalstar
Launch time: 1709 GMT (12:09 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An Arianespace Soyuz rocket launched six second-generation Globalstar mobile communications satellites. The Soyuz rocket will use a Fregat upper stage. Arianespace oversaw the commercial launch. Delayed from April and July. Delayed from September, October and early December. Read our full story. [Dec. 28]
Dec. 23  Soyuz  •  Meridian
Launch time: 1208 GMT (7:08 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Soyuz rocket and Fregat upper stage failed in the launch of a Meridian military communications satellite for the Russian armed forces. Read our full story. [Dec. 23]
Dec. 21/22  Long March 4B  •  Ziyuan 1-2C
Launch time: 0326 GMT on 22nd (10:26 p.m. EST on 21st)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched the Ziyuan 1-2C mapping satellite. The Ziyuan 1-2C carries a high-resolution camera for a variety of civil applications. Read our full story. [Dec. 22]
Dec. 21  Soyuz  •  ISS 29S
Launch time: 1316 GMT (8:16 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-03M spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 21]
Dec. 19  Long March 3B  •  Nigcomsat 1R
Launch time: 1641 GMT (11:41 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Nigcomsat 1R satellite for Nigeria. Nigcomsat 1R will replace Nigcomsat 1, which failed due to an anomaly in a solar array in 2008. The rocket flew in the Long March 3B/E configuration with an enlarged first stage and liquid-fueled strap-on boosters. Read our full story. [Dec. 19]
Dec. 16/17  Soyuz  •  Pleiades 1A
Launch time: 0203 GMT on 17th (9:03 p.m. EST on 16th)
Launch site: Kourou, French Guiana

An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS02, launched on its second mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz carried the Pleiades 1A optical high-resolution Earth observation satellite, four ELISA electronic intelligence satellites and the SSOT remote sensing spacecraft for Chile. The Soyuz 2 rocket used a Fregat upper stage. Arianespace oversaw the launch. Delayed from 3rd Quarter. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 17]
Dec. 12  H-2A   •  IGS
Launch time: 0121 GMT on 12th (8:21 p.m. EST on 11th)
Launch site: Tanegashima Space Center, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched an Information Gathering Satellite for the Japanese government. The payload is a radar reconnaissance satellite. Launch delayed a day due to poor weather forecast. Read our full story. [Dec. 12]
Dec. 11  Proton  •  Amos 5 & Luch 5A
Launch time: 1117 GMT (6:17 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket and Breeze M upper stage launched the Israeli Amos 5 communications satellite and the Russian space agency's Luch 5A data relay satellite. Read our full story. [Dec. 11]
Dec. 1  Long March 3A  •  Beidou
Launch time: 2107 GMT (4:07 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Long March 3A rocket launched a Beidou navigation satellite for the Chinese government. Read our full story. [Dec. 1]
Nov. 29  Long March 2C  •  Yaogan 13
Launch time: 1850 GMT (1:50 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the Yaogan 13 reconnaissance satellite. Read our full story. [Nov. 29]
Nov. 28  Soyuz  •  Glonass
Launch time: 0825 GMT (3:25 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian Soyuz rocket launched a Glonass M navigation satellite for the Russian government. The launch used the Soyuz 2-1b configuration of the rocket. Delayed from Nov. 22. Read our full story. [Nov. 28]
Nov. 26  Atlas 5  •  MSL
Launch time: 1502 GMT (10:02 a.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-028) launched NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission. The centerpiece of MSL is the Curiosity rover, which will assess whether Mars ever was, or is still today, an environment able to support microbial life and to determine the planet's habitability. The rocket flew in the 541 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, four solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Nov. 25 to replace flight termination system battery. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 26]
Nov. 25  Proton  •  AsiaSat 7
Launch time: 1910 GMT (2:10 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the AsiaSat 7 satellite to provide television broadcasting services over Asia, the Middle East and Australia. Read our full story. [Nov. 25]
Nov. 19/20  Long March 2D  •  Shiyan 4 & Chuangxin 3
Launch time: 0015 GMT on 20th (7:15 p.m. EST on 19th)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Shiyan 4 and Chuangxin 1-03 satellites. The Shiyan 4 satellite carries experimental technology for Earth observation and Chuangxin 1-03 will collect and transmit environmental data. Read our full story. [Nov. 19]
Nov. 13/14  Soyuz  •  ISS 28S
Launch time: 0414 GMT on 14th (11:14 p.m. EST on 13th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-22 spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Moved forward from Sept. 30. Delayed from Sept. 22 after Soyuz launch failure. Read our full story. [Nov. 13]
Nov. 8/9  Long March 4B  •  Yaogan 12
Launch time: 0321 GMT on 9th (10:21 p.m. EST on 8th)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched the Yaogan 12 remote sensing satellite and the Tianxun 1 technology demonstration satellite. Read our full story. [Nov. 9]
Nov. 8  Zenit 2FG  •  Phobos-Grunt
Launch time: 2016 GMT (3:16 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Zenit rocket launched the Phobos-Grunt mission to return samples from Phobos, the largest moon of Mars. The rocket was to use a Fregat-based upper stage to guide the Phobos-Grunt probe to Mars, but problems developed that initially stranded the mission in Earth orbit. The mission also carried a small Chinese spacecraft named Yinghuo 1 to enter orbit around Mars. Delayed from 2009. Read our full story. [Nov. 8]
Nov. 4  Proton  •  Glonass
Launch time: 1251 GMT (8:51 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket and Block DM upper stage will launch three Glonass M navigation satellites for the Russian space agency. Delayed from July and Aug. 25. Scrubbed on Nov. 4 by technical issue. Read our full story. [Nov. 4]
Oct. 31  Long March 2F  •  Shenzhou 8
Launch time: 2158 GMT (5:58 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2F rocket launched Shenzhou 8 on an unmanned flight to conduct the country's first docking between two spacecraft in orbit. Shenzhou 8 will rendezvous and dock with the Tiangong 1 module launched in September 2011. Read our full story. [Oct. 31]
Oct. 30  Soyuz   •  Progress 45P
Launch time: 1011 GMT (6:11 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 45th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. [Oct. 30]
Oct. 28  Delta 2  •  NPP
Launch window: 0948:01-0957:11 GMT (5:48:01-5:57:11 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) mission for NOAA and NASA. The rocket flew in the 7920-10 configuration. NPP will collect data on atmospheric and sea surface temperatures, humidity, land and ocean biological activity, and cloud and aerosol properties. Delayed from Oct. 25 to replace leaky tube in hydraulic system and flexible fabric collar connecting two engine exhaust ducts. Delayed from Oct. 27. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 28]
Oct. 21  Soyuz  •  Galileo IOV
Launch time: 1030 GMT (6:30 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Kourou, French Guiana

An Arianespace Soyuz rocket, designated VS01, will launch on its first mission from the Guiana Space Center in South America. The Soyuz will carry two Galileo in-orbit validation satellites for Europe's Galileo navigation constellation. The Soyuz 2-1b rocket will use a Fregat upper stage. Arianespace will oversee the launch. Delayed from Aug. 31. Scrubbed on Oct. 20 by fueling issue. Follow our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 21]
Oct. 19  Proton  •  ViaSat 1
Launch time:1848 GMT (2:48 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage will deploy the ViaSat 1 satellite to provide high-speed Ka-band Internet services over the United States. Delayed from July and September. Follow our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 19]
Oct. 12  PSLV  •  Megha-Tropiques
Launch time: 0530 GMT (1:30 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) launched the Megha-Tropiques research satellite. Jointly managed by India and France, the mission will study the water cycle and climate in the tropics. Delayed from Sept. 25. Read our launch story. [Oct. 12]
Oct. 7  Long March 3B  •  W3C
Launch time: 0820 GMT (4:20 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket will launch the W3C communications satellite for Eutelsat of France. W3C will support the development of digital television services for Eastern Europe, Africa and the Indian Ocean region. Read our launch story. [Oct. 7]
Oct. 5  Zenit 3SLB  •  Intelsat 18
Launch time: 2100 GMT (5 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

The Land Launch Zenit 3SLB rocket carried into orbit the Intelsat 18 communications satellite. Intelsat 18 will provide Ku-band and C-band services to the Asia-Pacific region. Delayed from 1st Quarter, June and August. Scrubbed on Oct. 4. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 5]
Oct. 2  Soyuz  •  Glonass M
Launch time: 2015 GMT (4:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a Glonass M navigation satellite. The rocket flew in the Soyuz 2-1b configuration with a Fregat upper stage. Delayed from Aug. 25 due to Soyuz mishap investigation. Delayed again from Sept. 25. Read our full story. [Oct. 2]
Sept. 29  Proton  •  QuetzSat 1
Launch time: 1832 GMT (2:32 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the QuetzSat 1 satellite to provide direct television broadcasting services to Mexico. QuetzSat 1 is owned by SES and will be leased by EchoStar for its service in Mexico. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 29]
Sept. 29  Long March 2F  •  Tiangong 1
Launch time: 1316 GMT (9:16 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2F rocket launched the Tiangong mini-space station laboratory module designed for docking tests and manned visits. Delayed from August and Sept. 27. Read our launch story. [Sept. 29]
Sept. 27  Minotaur 4  •  TacSat 4
Launch time: 1549 GMT (11:49 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: LP-1, Kodiak Launch Complex, Alaska

The Air Force Minotaur 4 rocket launched the experimental TacSat 4 demonstration satellite for the military's Operationally Responsive Space office. TacSat 4 will test new satellite communications systems. Delayed from September, October, November 2010, May 5 and May 14. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 27]
Sept. 24  Zenit 3SL  •  Atlantic Bird 7
Launch time: 2018 GMT (4:18 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried into orbit Eutelsat's Atlantic Bird 7 communications satellite. Atlantic Bird 7 will provide digital broadcasting services over the Middle East and North Africa. Delayed from Sept. 22 and Sept. 23. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 24]
Sept. 23  H-2A   •  IGS
Launch time: 0436 GMT (12:36 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Tanegashima, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched an Information Gathering Satellite. The classified spacecraft will collect reconnaissance imagery. Delayed from Aug. 28. Read our full story. [Sept. 23]
Sept. 21  Ariane 5  •  Arabsat 5C & SES 2
Launch window: 2138 GMT (5:38 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA204, to launch the Arabsat 5C and SES 2 communications satellites. Arabsat 5C will provide communications and television broadcast services to the Middle East and Africa. SES 2 will serve the continental United States. Delayed from late August. Delayed from Sept. 9 for upper stage engine checks. Delayed again from Sept. 17. Scrubbed on Sept. 20 by labor strike. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 21]
Sept. 18  Long March 3B  •  Chinasat 1A
Launch time: 1633 GMT (12:33 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Chinasat 1A military communications satellite. Read our full story. [Sept. 18]
Sept. 10  Delta 2  •  GRAIL
Launch times: 1308:52 GMT (9:08:52 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) mission for NASA. The rocket flew in the 7920-Heavy configuration. GRAIL includes two spacecraft in lunar orbit to study the moon's interior and thermal evolution. The project is managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Scrubbed on Sept. 8 by upper level winds. Delayed from Sept. 9 to review propulsion system data. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 10]
Aug. 24  Soyuz   •  Progress 44P
Launch time: 1300 GMT (9 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket failed during the launch the 44th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our full story. [Aug. 24]
Aug. 18  Long March 2C  •  Shijian
Launch time: 0928 GMT (5:28 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket failed in its attempt to launch a Shijian experimental satellite. Read our full story. [Aug. 18]
Aug. 17  Proton  •  Express AM4
Launch time: 2125 GMT (5:25 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage failed to deploy the Express AM4 communications satellite in the correct orbit for the Russian Satellite Communications Company. The failure was blamed on the Breeze M upper stage. Express AM4 was to provide telecommunications and broadcast services to Russia and neighboring states. Read our full story. [Aug. 17]
Aug. 17  Dnepr  •  Multi-payload
Launch time: 0712 GMT (3:12 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Yasny, Russia

An ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the Sich 2 Earth observation satellite for Ukraine, the NigeriaSat 2 and NigeriaSat X remote sensing satellites for Nigeria, the RASAT demonstration satellite for Turkey, the EDUSAT spacecraft for the University of Rome, and other payloads. Delayed from December, February, April, June 20 and July 21. Read our full story. [Aug. 17]
Aug. 15  Long March 4B  •  Haiyang 2A
Launch time: 2257 GMT (6:57 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Long March 4B rocket successfully launched China's Haiyang 2A ocean observation satellite to track winds and sea surface temperatures. Read our full story. [Aug. 15]
Aug. 11  Long March 3B  •  PakSat 1R
Launch time: 1615 GMT (12:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Long March 3B rocket successfully launched the PakSat 1R communications satellite for the government of Pakistan. Read our full story. [Aug. 11]
Aug. 6  Ariane 5  •  ASTRA 1N & BSAT 3c
Launch time: 2252:37 GMT (6:52:37 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA203, to launch the ASTRA 1N and BSAT 3c communications satellites. ASTRA 1N will provide digital and HD television services to Germany, France and Spain for SES ASTRA. BSAT 3c will broadcast direct-to-home television signals to Japan for B-SAT Corp. and SKY Perfect JSAT Corp. Delayed from June 29. Scrubbed on July 1 by faulty hydrogen valve. Scrubbed Aug. 5 for weather. Read our full story. [Aug. 6]
Aug. 5  Atlas 5  •  Juno
Launch time: 1625 GMT (12:25 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket deployed NASA's Juno spacecraft to Jupiter. Built by Lockheed Martin, Juno will investigate the giant planet's formation, evolution and structure from an elliptical orbit. The rocket flew in the 551 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, five solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 5]
July 29  Long March 2C   •  Shijian
Launch time: 0742 GMT (3:42 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket successfully launched a Shijian satellite to conduct scientific experiments in orbit. [July 29]
July 26  Long March 3A  •  Beidou
Launch time: 2144 GMT (5:44 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Long March 3A rocket launched a Beidou navigation satellite for the Chinese government. Read our full story. [July 26]
July 17/18  Zenit 3F  •  Spektr R
Launch time: 0231 GMT on 18th (10:31 p.m. EDT on 17th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Zenit rocke launched the Spektr R radio astronomy observatory. The rocket used a Fregat upper stage to boost the telescope into a highly elliptical orbit above Earth. Spektr R will work in conjunction with ground telescopes to study a variety of astronomical objects. Delayed from summer 2010 and May and June 2011. Read our full story. [July 18]
July 16  Delta 4  •  GPS 2F-2
Launch time: 0641 GMT (2:41 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket deployed the Air Force's second Block 2F navigation satellite for the Global Positioning System. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. Delayed from June 23 and July 14. Scrubbed from July 15 due to weather. See our Mission Status Center. [July 16]
July 15  Proton  •  SES 3 & Kazsat 2
Launch time: 2316 GMT (7:16 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the SES 3 and Kazsat 2 communications satellites. SES 3 will provide communications services for the United States and the Caribbean for SES World Skies. Kazsat 2 will relay television signals across Kazakhstan. Delayed from March 31, April 25 and June 10. Read our full story. [July 16]
July 15  PSLV   •  GSAT 12
Launch time: 1118 GMT (7:18 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) launched the GSAT 12 communications satellite for the Indian Space Research Organization. The mission was codenamed PSLV C17. Delayed from June. Read our full story. [July 15]
July 12/13  Soyuz  •  Globalstar
Launch time: 0227 GMT on 13th (10:27 p.m. EDT on 12th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An Arianespace Soyuz rocket launched six second-generation Globalstar mobile communications satellites. The Soyuz rocket used a Fregat upper stage. Arianespace oversaw the commercial launch. Delayed from February, April and May. Scrubbed on July 10 by launch pad equipment malfunction. Delayed from July 11 to verify ground support equipment. Read our full story. [July 13]
July 11  Long March 3C  •  Tianlian 1
Launch time: 1541 GMT (11:41 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Long March 3C rocket launched a China's second Tianlian 1 data relay satellite. Read our full story. [July 11]
July 8  Shuttle Atlantis   •  ULF 7
Launch time: 1529 GMT (11:29 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-135 is the 37th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight is carrying the Raffaello multi-purpose logistics module with supplies for the International Space Station. Atlantis also launched a robotic satellite refueling experiment and is returning a failed ammonia pump module to Earth. Delayed from June 28. See our Mission Status Center. [July 8]
July 6  Long March 2C   •  Shijian
Launch time: 0428 GMT (12:28 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket successfully launched a Shijian satellite to conduct scientific experiments in orbit. [July 8]
June 29/30  Minotaur 1  •  ORS 1
Launch time: 0309 GMT on 30th (11:09 p.m. EDT on 29th)
Launch site: Pad 0B, Wallops Island, Va.

The Air Force Minotaur 1 rocket launched the Operationally Responsive Space 1, or ORS 1, satellite. ORS 1 will support the military's intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance needs by hosting an innovative sensor system. Delayed from Dec. 10, January, April 6, May 20, May 30, June 10, June 13 and June 18. Scrubbed on June 28 due to weather. See our Mission Status Center. [June 30]
June 27  Soyuz  •  Kobalt
Launch time: 1600 GMT (12 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Soyuz rocket launched a Kobalt optical reconnaissance satellite for the Russian ministry of defense. Read our full story. [June 27]
June 21  Soyuz   •  Progress 43P
Launch time: 1438 GMT (10:38 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 43rd Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our full story. [June 21]
June 20  Long March 3B  •  Chinasat 10
Launch time: 1613 GMT (12:13 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Chinasat 10 communications satellite for China Satellite Communications Corp. Read our full story. [June 20]
June 15  Safir  •  Rasad
Launch time: approx. 0915 GMT (5:15 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Semnan, Iran

A Safir rocket orbited Iran's Rasad observation satellite, the country's second successful space launch. Read our full story. [June 15]
June 10  Delta 2  •  SAC-D/Aquarius
Launch time: 1420 GMT (10:20 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched Argentina's SAC-D satellite with the Aquarius instrument for NASA. SAC-D and Aquarius will map salt concentrations in the world's oceans. The rocket flew in the 7320-10 vehicle configuration with three solid rocket motors and a 10-foot payload fairing. Delayed from 2009, April and June 7. See our Mission Status Center. [June 10]
June 7  Soyuz  •  ISS 27S
Launch time: 2012 GMT (4:12 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-02M spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from May 30. See our Mission Status Center. [June 7]
May 20  Ariane 5  •  ST 2 & GSAT 8
Launch time: 2038 GMT (4:38 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA202, to launch the ST 2 and GSAT 8 communications satellites. ST 2 will provide fixed and mobile voice and Internet to Asia and the Middle East for ST 2 Satellite Ventures, a joint venture between companies in Singapore and Taiwan. GSAT 8 will serve India with a Ku-band communications payload. Delayed from May 11 and May 19. Read our full story. [May 20]
May 20  Proton  •  Telstar 14R
Launch time: 1915 GMT (3:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Telstar 14R satellite to provide communications services over the United States, Brazil and other parts of South America for Telesat of Canada. The payload is also named Estrela do Sul 2. Read our full story. [May 20]
May 16  Shuttle Endeavour   •  ULF 6
Launch time: 1256 GMT (8:56 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-134 is the 36th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight is carrying the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer to be attached for research at the station. Endeavour is also hauling maintenance supplies and spare parts to the station on the third ExPRESS Logistics Carrier. Delayed from July 29 due to AMS issues. Delayed from Feb. 26 to accommodate ATV 2 docking with space station. Delayed from Feb. 27 and April 1 due to slips of STS-133. Delayed from April 19 to deconflict with Russian traffic at the space station. Scrubbed on April 29 due to APU heater issue. See our Mission Status Center. [May 16]
May 7  Atlas 5  •  SBIRS GEO 1
Launch window: 1810 GMT (2:10 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket launched the U.S. military's first Space Based Infrared System Geosynchronous satellite, or SBIRS GEO 1, for missile early-warning detection. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from April 30 and May 5. Scrubbed May 6 due to weather. See our Mission Status Center. [May 7]
May 4  Soyuz  •  Meridian
Launch time: 1741 GMT (1:41 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Soyuz rocket and Fregat upper stage launched a Meridian military communications satellite for the Russian armed forces. The rocket flew in the Soyuz 2-1a configuration. Read our full story. [May 4]
April 27  Soyuz   •  Progress 42P
Launch time: 1305 GMT (9:05 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 42nd Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our full story. [April 27]
April 22  Ariane 5  •  Yahsat 1A &
Intelsat New Dawn
Launch time: 2137 GMT (5:37 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket, designated VA201, to launch the Yahsat 1A and Intelsat New Dawn communications satellites. Yahsat 1A will provide commercial and government services to the Middle East, Africa, Europe and Southwest Asia for Al Yah Satellite Communications Co. of Abu Dhabi. Intelsat New Dawn will serve customers in Europe, the Middle East and Africa. Launch attempt March 30 aborted moments before liftoff. Read our full story. [April 22]
April 20  PSLV   •  Resourcesat 2
Launch time: 0442 GMT (12:42 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) launched the Resourcesat 2 Earth observation satellite, the X-SAT demonstration satellite for Singapore, and the YouthSat payload for India and Russia. The mission was codenamed PSLV C16. Delayed from December, January and March. Read our full story. [April 20]
April 14/15  Atlas 5  •  NROL-34
Launch time: 0424 GMT on 15th (12:24 a.m. EDT; 9:24 p.m. PDT on 14th)
Launch site: SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-027) launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 411 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, one solid rocket booster and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from March 31. Delayed from April 12 to replace avionics component on the rocket. See our Mission Status Center. [April 15]
April 9  Long March 3A   •  Beidou
Launch time: 2047 GMT (4:47 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Long March 3A rocket launched a Beidou navigation satellite for the Chinese government. [April 9]
April 4  Soyuz  •  ISS 26S
Launch time: 2218 GMT (6:18 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-21 spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from March 30. See our Mission Status Center. [March 11]
March 11  Delta 4  •  NROL-27
Launch time: 2338 GMT (6:38 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched a classified spy satellite cargo for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. See our Mission Status Center. [March 11]
March 5  Atlas 5  •  OTV 2
Launch time: 2246 GMT (5:46 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-026) launched the U.S. military's X-37B, a prototype space plane also called the Orbital Test Vehicle. The rocket flew in the 501 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. See our Mission Status Center. [March 5]
March 4  Taurus  •  Glory
Launch time: 1009 GMT (5:09 a.m. EST; 2:09 a.m. PST)
Launch site: SLC-576E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

The Orbital Sciences Taurus rocket failed to orbit NASA's Glory Earth observation satellite. Glory was designed to collect data on black carbon and aerosols in the Earth's atmosphere and solar irradiance and its affects on Earth's long-term climate record. Delayed from Nov. 22 to finish fairing separation redesign effort and troubleshoot spacecraft solar array drive motor problem. Scrubbed on Feb. 23 by ground system anomaly. See our Mission Status Center. [March 4]
Feb. 25/26  Soyuz  •  Glonass
Launch time: 0307 GMT on 26th (10:07 p.m. EST on 25th)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Soyuz 2-1a rocket and Fregat upper stage launched the first next-generation Glonass K navigation satellite. Delayed from Dec. 28 and Feb. 15. Scrubbed on Feb. 24. Delayed from Feb. 25. Read our full story. [Feb. 26]
Feb. 24  Shuttle Discovery   •  ULF 5
Launch time: 2153 GMT (4:53 p.m. EST)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-133 is the the 35th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight is carrying the fourth ExPRESS Logistics Carrier with spare parts for the station. Discovery is also delivering the Permanent Multipurpose Module (PMM). Delayed from Nov. 1 and Nov. 2. Moved again from Nov. 3 by main engine controller issue. Scrubbed on Nov. 4 by weather. Scrubbed on Nov. 5 for gaseous hydrogen leak on ground umbilical carrier plate. Delayed from Nov. 30, Dec. 3 and Dec. 17 due to external tank stringer cracks. Delayed from Feb. 3 for repairs. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 24]
Feb. 16  Ariane 5  •  ATV 2
Launch time: 2151 GMT (4:51 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 200 used an Ariane 5 ES rocket to launch the European Space Agency's second Automated Transfer Vehicle, named Johannes Kepler. The ATV is a cargo-carrying spacecraft to deliver supplies and equipment to the orbiting International Space Station. Delayed from December. Scrubbed on Feb. 15. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 16]
Feb. 6  Minotaur 1  •  NROL-66
Launch time: 1226 GMT (7:26 a.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-8, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

The Air Force Minotaur 1 rocket launched a classified satellite payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. Moved up from March. Scrubbed on Feb. 5 by range issue. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 6]
Feb. 1  Rockot  •  GEO-IK 2
Launch time: 1400 GMT (9 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Rockot launch vehicle and Breeze KM upper stage launched the GEO-IK 2 spacecraft. The satellite was designed to survey Earth to measure variations in the gravitational field and study other geodetic features of the planet. Read our full story. [Feb. 1]
Jan. 27/28  Soyuz   •  Progress 41P
Launch time: 0131 GMT on 28th (8:31 p.m. EST on 27th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 41st Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Dec. 27. Read our full story. [Jan. 28]
Jan. 22  H-2B   •  HTV 2
Launch time: 0537 GMT (12:37 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Tanegashima Space Center, Japan

The Japanese H-2B rocket launched the second H-2 Transfer Vehicle. The HTV serves as an unmanned cargo vehicle to deliver equipment and supplies to the International Space Station. Delayed from Jan. 20 due to bad weather. See our Mission Status Center. [Jan. 22]
Jan. 20  Delta 4-Heavy  •  NROL-49
Launch time: 2110 GMT (4:10 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-6, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

The United Launch Alliance Delta 4-Heavy rocket launched a classified spy satellite cargo for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The largest of the Delta 4 family, the Heavy version features three Common Booster Cores mounted together to form a triple-body rocket. Delayed from Dec. 1. Moved up from Jan. 15, then delayed from Jan. 11. Delayed from Jan. 17. See our Mission Status Center. [Jan. 20]
Jan. 20  Zenit 3F  •  Electro-L 1
Launch time: 1229 GMT (7:29 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Zenit 3F rocket launched the first Electro-L weather satellite. The rocket used a Fregat upper stage to boost the spacecraft to geosynchronous orbit. The Electro-L satellite will collect visible and infrared satellite imagery for Russian meteorologists. Delayed from Dec. 25. Read our full story. [Jan. 20]
Dec. 29  Ariane 5  •  Hispasat 1E & Koreasat 6
Launch time: 2127 GMT (4:27 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 199 used an Ariane 5 rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch the Spanish Hispasat 1E communications satellite to serve Europe, North America and South America. The Koreasat 6 broadcasting satellite will also launch on the Ariane 5 for South Korea. Delayed from Dec. 21 due to satellite issue. Scrubbed on Dec. 28 due to unfavorable high-altitude winds. Read our full story. [Dec. 29]
Dec. 26  Proton  •  KA-SAT
Launch time: 2151 GMT (4:51 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the KA-SAT communications satellite for Eutelsat to provide broadband Internet services to Europe. Delayed from November. Delayed from Dec. 19 by Proton mishap investigation. Read our full story. [Dec. 26]
Dec. 25  GSLV   •  GSAT 5P
Launch time: 1034 GMT (5:34 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) failed in the launch of the GSAT 5 communications satellite to cover India, Asia, Africa and parts of Europe. The satellite is also called INSAT 4D. The rocket will fly in the GSLV Mk.1 configuration with a Russian cryogenic third stage. The mission is codenamed GSLV-F06. Delayed from Dec. 20. Read our full story. [Dec. 25]
Dec. 17  Long March 3A   •  Beidou
Launch time: 2020 GMT (3:20 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Long March 3A rocket will launch a Beidou navigation satellite for the Chinese government. Read our full story. [Dec. 17]
Dec. 15  Soyuz  •  ISS 25S
Launch time: 1909 GMT (2:09 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from Nov. 30, Dec. 9 and Dec. 13. Follow our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 15]
Dec. 8  Falcon 9  •  Dragon C1
Launch time: 1543 GMT (10:43 a.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched the first active Dragon spacecraft, called Dragon C1. The mission demonstrated the capabilities of the Dragon in a three-and-a-half hour test flight named COTS 1. The company is building the Dragon to fly on resupply missions to the International Space Station. Delayed from 2nd Quarter. Delayed from July 21, August, Sept. 9, Oct. 23 and Nov. 8. Moved to Nov. 19 due to range conflict. Delayed again from Nov. 19. Delayed from Dec. 7 due to second stage nozzle issue. Follow our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 8]
Dec. 5  Proton  •  Glonass
Launch time: 1025 GMT (5:25 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket failed to orbit a trio of satellites for the Glonass navigation system. Delayed from Nov. 30. Read our full story. [Dec. 5]
Nov. 26  Ariane 5  •  Intelsat 17 & HYLAS 1
Launch time: 1839 GMT (1:39 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 198 used an Ariane 5 rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch the Intelsat 17 communications satellite to serve Europe, Africa, the Middle East and Russia. The HYLAS 1 satellite for Avanti Communications of the United Kingdom also launched on the Ariane 5. Delayed from Nov. 25. Read our full story. [Nov. 26]
Nov. 24  Long March 3A  •  Chinasat 20A
Launch time: 1609 GMT (11:09 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3A rocket launched the Chinasat 20A communications satellite. Read our full story. [Nov. 24]
Nov. 21  Delta 4-Heavy  •  NROL-32
Launch time: 2258 GMT (5:58 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 4-Heavy rocket launched a classified spy satellite cargo for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The largest of the Delta 4 family, the Heavy version features three Common Booster Cores mounted together to form a triple-body rocket. Delayed from Oct. 19, Nov. 5, Nov. 15, Nov. 17 and Nov. 18. Scrubbed on Nov. 19. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 21]
Nov. 19/20  Minotaur 4  •  STP S26
Launch time: 0125 GMT (8:25 p.m. EST)
Launch site: LP-1, Kodiak Launch Complex, Alaska

The Air Force Minotaur 4 rocket launched a group of satellites in a launch opportunity sponsored by the Air Force's Space Test Program. The payloads included the Air Force's STPSat 2 satellite, NASA's FASTSAT (Fast, Affordable, Science and Technology Satellite), two FASTRAC spacecraft from the University of Texas, the Air Force Academy's FalconSat 5 satellite, NASA's O/OREOS and NanoSail-D CubeSat missions and the RAX CubeSat for the University of Michigan. Delayed from May 28. Moved up from Sept. 5. Delayed from Sept. 1 and October. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 20]
Nov. 14  Proton  •  SkyTerra 1
Launch time: 1729 GMT (12:29 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the SkyTerra 1 mobile communications satellite to cover North and Central America. SkyTerra 1 is the first of two satellites built by Boeing Co. for LightSquared. Delayed from August due to spacecraft issue. Read our full story. [Nov. 14]
Nov. 5/6  Delta 2  •  COSMO-SkyMed 4
Launch time: 0220:03 GMT on 6th (10:20:03 p.m. EDT on 5th)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket deployed the fourth Italian COSMO-SkyMed radar Earth-imaging satellite. The X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar payload on the spacecraft will be used for civil and military applications. The rocket flew in the 7420-10 vehicle configuration. ULA conducted this commercial launch for Boeing. Delayed from Oct. 29 due to issue with equipment for loading second stage hypergolics. Scrubbed on Oct. 31 due to heater problem in first stage engine section. Scrubbed again Nov. 1 due to gaseous nitrogen purge problem. Scrubbed Nov. 2 for second stage battery low voltage reading. Delayed to Nov. 5 due to collision avoidance cutout. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 6]
Nov. 4  Long March 4C   •  Fengyun 3B
Launch time: 1837 GMT (2:37 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 4C rocket launched the Fengyun 3B weather satellite into polar orbit. [Nov. 5]
Nov. 1/2  Soyuz   •  Meridian
Launch time: 0059 GMT on 2nd (8:59 p.m. EDT on 1st)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Soyuz 2-1a rocket launched a Meridian military communications satellite. Read our full story. [Oct. 31]
Oct. 31  Long March 3A   •  Beidou
Launch time: 1626 GMT (12:26 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3A rocket launched a Beidou navigation satellite to geosynchronous orbit. Read our full story. [Oct. 31]
Oct. 28  Ariane 5  •  W3B & BSAT 3b
Launch window: 2151 GMT (5:51 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 197 used an Ariane 5 rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch Eutelsat's W3B communications satellite to serve Europe, Africa and the Middle East and Japan's BSAT 3b satellite to provide high definition direct broadcasting television programming. Delayed from Sept. 15 due to issue on W3B payload. Read our full story. [Oct. 28]
Oct. 27  Soyuz   •  Progress 40P
Launch time: 1511 GMT (11:11 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 40th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our full story. [Oct. 27]
Oct. 19  Soyuz  •  Globalstar
Launch time: 1710:59 GMT (1:10:59 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An Arianespace Soyuz 2-1a rocket launched six second-generation Globalstar mobile communications satellites. The Soyuz rocket used a Fregat upper stage. Read our full story. [Oct. 19]
Oct. 14  Proton  •  XM 5
Launch time: 1853 GMT (2:53 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the XM 5 radio broadcasting satellite to provide digital music and entertainment programming to customers in North America. XM 5 will be operated by Sirius XM Radio. Read our full story. [Oct. 14]
Oct. 7  Soyuz  •  ISS 24S
Launch time: 2310 GMT (7:10 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from Sept. 30. Read our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 7]
Oct. 5/6  Long March 4B  •  Shijian
Launch time: 0049 GMT on 6th (8:49 p.m. EDT on 5th)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched two Shijian research satellites. Read our full story. [Oct. 6]
Oct. 1  Long March 3C  •  Chang'e 2
Launch time: 1059:57 GMT (6:59:57 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3C rocket launched Chang'e 2, China's second lunar orbiter. The probe follows the mission of Chang'e 1, which surveyed the moon between 2007 and 2009. Read our full story. [Oct. 1]
Sept. 30  Molniya-M  •  Military
Launch time: 1701 GMT (1:01 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Molniya-M rocket launched a military reconnaissance satellite into an elliptical high-altitude orbit. The payload is believed to be a Russian military early warning satellite. [Sept. 30]
Sept. 26  Minotaur 4  •  SBSS
Launch time: 0441 GMT (12:41 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-8, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

The Air Force Minotaur 4 rocket launched the first satellite of the Space-Based Surveillance System. SBSS will join a network of ground sensors that track satellites in orbit around Earth. The launch was the second flight of the Minotaur 4 rocket, which is partially comprised of retired Peacekeeper motors. Delayed from Oct. 23, Oct. 30, April and July 8. Delayed from August due to analysis of avionics connectors. Read our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 26]
Sept. 21/22  Long March 2D   •  Yaogan
Launch time: 0242 GMT on 22nd (10:42 p.m. EDT on 21st)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched a Yaogan Earth observation satellite likely destined for military use. Read our full story. [Sept. 22]
Sept. 21  Atlas 5  •  NROL-41
Launch time: 0403:30 GMT (12:03:30 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 (AV-025) rocket launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 501 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Sept. 7. Read our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 21]
Sept. 11  H-2A   •  Michibiki
Launch time: 1117 GMT (7:17 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Tanegashima Space Center, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Michibiki navigation satellite. Also called the Quasi-Zenith Satellite, Michibiki will enhance GPS navigation signals in Japanese urban areas and mountainous terrain. The H-2A rocket flew in the 202 configuration with two large solid rocket boosters and no smaller motors. Delayed from Aug. 2. Read our full story. [Sept. 11]
Sept. 10  Soyuz   •  Progress 39P
Launch time: 1022 GMT (6:22 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 39th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Aug. 31. Scrubbed on Sept. 8 due to high winds. Read our full story. [Sept. 10]
Sept. 7/8  Rockot  •  Gonets
Launch window: 0330 GMT on 8th (11:30 p.m. EDT on 7th)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Rockot vehicle launched a spacecraft for the Gonets satellite communications constellation and two military payloads. Delayed from February, May and June. Read our full story. [Sept. 8]
Sept. 4  Long March 3B  •  Chinasat 6A
Launch time: 1614 GMT (12:14 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Chinasat 6A communications satellite. Read our full story. [Sept. 4]
Sept. 1/2  Proton  •  Glonass
Launch time: 0053 GMT on 2nd (8:53 p.m. EDT on 1st)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket launched a trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. Delayed from Aug. 31. Read our full story. [Sept. 1]
Aug. 24  Long March 2D  •  Tianhui 1
Launch time: 0710 GMT (3:10 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Tianhui 1 mapping satellite. Read our full story. [Aug. 24]
Aug. 14  Atlas 5  •  AEHF 1
Launch time: 1107 GMT (7:07 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 (AV-019) rocket launched the first Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF) satellite. Built by Lockheed Martin, this U.S. military spacecraft will provide highly-secure communications. The rocket flew in the 531 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, three solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from July 2009 due to spacecraft readiness. Delayed from July 30 by payload fairing issue. Delayed from Aug. 10 and Aug. 12. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 14]
Aug. 9  Long March 4C   •  Yaogan
Launch time: 2249 GMT (6:49 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 4C rocket launched a Yaogan Earth observation satellite likely destined for military use. Read our full story. [Aug. 9]
Aug. 4  Ariane 5  •  Rascom-QAF 1R & Nilesat 201
Launch time: 2059 GMT (4:59 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 196 used an Ariane 5 rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch the Rascom-QAF 1R communications satellite to serve Africa and Egypt's Nilesat 201 satellite to provide direct broadcasting television programming to the Middle East. Delayed from late July and Aug. 3. Read our full story. [Aug. 4]
July 31  Long March 3A   •  Beidou
Launch time: 2130 GMT (5:30 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3A rocket launched a Beidou navigation satellite for the Chinese government. Read our full story. [July 31]
July 11/12  PSLV  •  Cartosat 2B
Launch time: 0352 GMT on 12th (11:52 p.m. EDT on 11th)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) launched the Cartosat 2B remote sensing satellite and multiple secondary payloads. Delayed from May 5. Delayed from May 9 by second stage pressure issue. Delayed from June 5. Read our full story. [July 12]
July 10  Proton  •  EchoStar 15
Launch time: 1840 GMT (2:40 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the EchoStar 15 telecommunications spacecraft. The satellite will provide direct-to-home broadcasting services to DISH Network subscribers across the United States. Read our full story. [July 11]
June 30  Soyuz   •  Progress 38P
Launch time: 1535 GMT (11:35 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 38th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our full story. [June 30]
June 26  Ariane 5  •  Arabsat 5A & COMS 1
Launch time: 2141 GMT (5:41 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 195 used an Ariane 5 rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch the Arabsat 5A communications satellite to cover the Middle East and Africa and South Korea's COMS 1 satellite to monitor weather, observe oceans and test communications. Delayed from May. Scrubbed on June 23 and June 24. Read our full story. [June 26]
June 22  Shavit  •  Ofeq 9
Launch time: 1900 GMT (3 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Palmachim, Israel

Israel launched a Shavit rocket with the Ofeq 9 reconnaissance satellite to spy on neighboring countries, including Iran. Ofeq 9 carries a high-resolution optical camera, but its exact dimensions are classified. Read our full story. [June 22]
June 20/21  Dnepr  •  TanDEM-X
Launch time: 0214 GMT on 21st (10:14 p.m. EDT on 20th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the TanDEM-X satellite for the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and Astrium. TanDEM-X stands for TerraSAR-X add-on for Digital Elevation Measurement. The satellite will fly in close formation with the TerraSAR-X spacecraft launched in 2007 to gather precise elevation data. Delayed from Oct. 20, December and May. Read our full story. [June 21]
June 15  Soyuz  •  ISS 23S
Launch time: 2135:19 GMT (5:35:19 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-19 spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from May 30. See our Mission Status Center. [June 15]
June 15  Dnepr  •  Prisma & Picard
Launch time: 1442:16 GMT (10:42:16 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Yasny, Russia

An ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket will launch the Sweden's Prisma demonstration mission, including two satellites that will rendezvous and fly in formation using new and inexpensive technologies. The French space agency's Picard satellite will also launch to study the sun. Delayed from March 9, April 6, April 13 and June 3. Read our full story. [June 15]
June 14/15  Long March 2D  •  Shijian 12
Launch time: 0139 GMT on 15th (9:39 p.m. EDT on 14th)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Shijian 12 research satellite into orbit to conduct various technology and environmental experiments. Read our full story. [June 15]
June 10  KSLV 1   •  STSAT 2B
Launch time: 0801 GMT (4:01 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Naro Space Center, South Korea

The Korea Space Launch Vehicle 1 launched on its second flight from a new launch site on the southern tip of Korea, but the rocket failed 137 seconds after liftoff. The KSLV 1 rocket uses a Russian liquid-fueled first stage and a Korean solid-fueled upper stage. The payload for this launch was the Science and Technology Satellite 2B (STSAT 2B) demonstration spacecraft. Scrubbed on June 9. Read our full story. [June 10]
June 4  Falcon 9  •  Dragon
Launch time: 1845 GMT (2:45 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket made its maiden launch on a demonstration mission carrying the qualification unit of the Dragon spacecraft, which the company plans to fly on resupply missions to the International Space Station. Delayed from Nov. 29, Feb. 9, March 3, March 8, March 22, April 12, May 8, May 11, May 23, May 28 and June 2. See our Mission Status Center. [June 4]
June 3  Proton  •  BADR 5
Launch time: 2200:08 GMT (6:00:08 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the BADR 5 telecommunications spacecraft. The satellite will provide direct broadcasting, HDTV programming and interactive services to the Middle East for Arabsat. Read our full story. [June 4]
June 2  Long March 3C  •  Beidou
Launch time: 1553 GMT (11:53 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3C rocket launched a navigation satellite for the Beidou satellite navigation system. Read our full story. [June 2]
June 1/2  Rockot  •  SERVIS 2
Launch time: 0159 GMT on 2nd (9:59 p.m. EDT on 1st)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Eurockot Rockot vehicle launched the SERVIS 2 satellite for Japan's Institute for Unmanned Space Experiment Free Flyer (USEF) to test commercial off-the-shelf technologies for space applications. Delayed from March. Read our full story. [June 2]
May 27/28  Delta 4  •  GPS 2F-1
Launch time: 0300 GMT on 28th (11 p.m. EDT on 27th)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched the Air Force's first Block 2F navigation satellite for the Global Positioning System. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. Delayed from late 2009. Delayed from February, May 13, May 17 and May 20. Scrubbed on May 21 and May 23 due to spacecraft issue. Scrubbed on May 24 by solid rocket motor glitch. See our Mission Status Center. [May 27]
May 21  Ariane 5  •  Astra 3B & COMSATBw 2
Launch time: 2201 GMT (6:01 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 194 used an Ariane 5 rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch the Astra 3B direct-to-home television and broadband satellite for Europe and COMSATBw 2 communications satellite for the German military. Delayed from March 24 for rocket issue. Delayed from March 26 due to launcher subsystem problem. Scrubbed on April 9 for pressurization system problem. Read our full story. [May 21]
May 20  H-2A   •  Akatsuki
Launch time: 2158:22 GMT (5:58:22 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Tanegashima Space Center, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Akatsuki spacecraft to Venus. Also called Planet-C or Venus Climate Orbiter, the mission will study the planet's smothering, thick atmosphere from orbit. The H-2A rocket flew in the 202 configuration with two large solid rocket boosters and no smaller motors. Scrubbed on May 17 due to thick clouds. See our Mission Status Center. [May 20]
May 14  Shuttle Atlantis   •  ULF 4
Launch time: 1820 GMT (2:20 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-132 is the 34th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight is carrying the Russian Mini-Research Module 1 to be attached to the Zarya module of the station. Atlantis is also hauling maintenance supplies and spare parts to the station on an integrated cargo carrier. See our Mission Status Center. [May 14]
April 28  Soyuz   •  Progress 37P
Launch time: 1715 GMT (1:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 37th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our full story. [April 28]
April 26/27  Kosmos 3M  •  Kosmos 2463
Launch time: 0105 GMT on 27th (9:05 p.m. EDT on 26th)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Kosmos 3M rocket launched a secret military satellite for the Russian military. The satellite is believed to be a Parus navigation and communications satellite. Read our full story. [April 27]
April 24  Proton  •  SES 1
Launch time: 1119 GMT (7:19 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the SES 1 telecommunications spacecraft. The satellite will provide direct-to-home services to North America for SES World Skies. Read our full story. [April 24]
April 22  Atlas 5  •  OTV 1
Launch time: 2352 GMT (7:52 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-012) launched the U.S. military's X-37B, a prototype space plane also called the Orbital Test Vehicle. The rocket flew in the 501 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from April 19, 20 and 21 due to range conflicts. Read our Mission Status Center. [April 22]
April 16  Soyuz  •  Kosmos 2462
Launch time: 1500 GMT (11 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched a secret satellite for the Russian military. The spacecraft is believed to be a Kobalt optical reconnaissance satellite. Read our full story. [April 16]
April 15  GSLV  •  GSAT 4
Launch time: 1057 GMT (6:57 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) failed during launch of the GSAT 4 experimental communications satellite for the Indian Space Research Organization. Codenamed GSLV D3, the launch was the first GSLV to use an indigenous third stage cryogenic engine. Read our full story. [April 15]
April 8  Dnepr  •  CryoSat 2
Launch time: 1357 GMT (9:57 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the European Space Agency's CryoSat 2 Earth observation satellite. CryoSat 2 will monitor precise changes in the polar ice caps and floating sea ice to determine the rate the planet's ice cover is diminishing. The satellite replaces another spacecraft lost in a 2005 launch failure. Delayed from December. Moved up from Feb. 28. Delayed from Feb. 25. Read our full story. [April 8]
April 5  Shuttle Discovery   •  ISS 19A
Launch time: 1021 GMT (6:21 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-131 is the the 33rd U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight is carrying a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module with supplies and experiments for utilization aboard the station. Delayed from March 18 due to cold weather affecting move to VAB. See our Mission Status Center. [April 5]
April 2  Soyuz   •  ISS 22S
Launch time: 0404 GMT (12:04 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-18 spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Follow our Mission Status Center. [April 2]
March 20  Proton  •  EchoStar 14
Launch time: 1826:57 GMT (2:26:57 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage successfully deployed the EchoStar 14 telecommunications spacecraft. The satellite will provide direct-to-home broadcast services to the United States for EchoStar Communications. Read our full story. [March 21]
March 4/5  Long March 4C   •  Yaogan
Launch time: 0455 GMT on 5th (11:55 p.m. EST on 4th)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 4C rocket launched a Yaogan Earth observation satellite likely destined for military use. Read our full story. [March 5]
March 4  Delta 4  •  GOES P
Launch time: 2357 GMT (6:57 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite P, or GOES P, for NASA and NOAA. The weather satellite will orbit 22,300 miles above the planet to monitor conditions across the U.S. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. Moved up from March 4. Delayed from Feb. 25, March 1 and March 2. See our Mission Status Center. [March 4]
March 1  Proton  •  Glonass
Launch time: 2119 GMT (4:19 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket will launch a trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. Delayed from September 2009 and February 2010. Read our full story. [March 1]
Feb. 11/12  Proton  •  Intelsat 16
Launch time: 0039 GMT on 12th (7:39 p.m. EST on 11th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the Intelsat 16 telecommunications spacecraft. The satellite will provide direct-to-home services to Latin America. Read our full story. [Feb. 11]
Feb. 11  Atlas 5  •  SDO
Launch time: 1523 GMT (10:23 a.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 (AV-021) rocket launched NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory. SDO will be the first mission for the space agency's Living With a Star Program. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from December 2008. Moved up from Jan. 26, 2010 to take former Mars Science Laboratory launch slot. Delayed from October, Dec. 4, Feb. 3 and Feb. 9. Scrubbed on Feb. 10. Read our full story. [Feb. 11]
Feb. 8  Shuttle Endeavour   •  ISS 20A
Launch time: 0914 GMT (4:14 a.m. EST)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-130 is the 32nd U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight delivered the Tranquility connecting node and the cupola, a module with seven windows to provide a unique view around the station. Delayed from Feb. 4 and Feb. 6. Scrubbed on Feb. 7 due to weather. Follow our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 8]
Feb. 2/3  Soyuz  •  Progress 36P
Launch time: 0345 GMT on 3rd (10:45 p.m. EST on 2nd)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 36th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Dec. 26. Read our full story. [Feb. 2]
Jan. 27/28  Proton  •  Raduga
Launch time: 0018 GMT on 28th (7:18 p.m. EST on 27th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket launched with a Raduga military communications satellite. Read our full story. [Jan. 28]
Jan. 16  Long March 3C   •  Beidou
Launch time: 1612 GMT (11:12 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3C rocket launched the third Beidou navigation satellite for the Chinese government. Read our full story. [Jan. 16]
Dec. 28/29  Proton  •  DirecTV 12
Launch time: 0022 GMT on 29th (7:22 p.m. EST on 28th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the DirecTV 12 spacecraft. The satellite will provide direct-to-home and HDTV services across the U.S. Read our full story. [Dec. 28]
Dec. 20  Soyuz  •  ISS 21S
Launch time: 2152 GMT (4:52 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-17 spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 20]
Dec. 18  Ariane 5  •  Helios 2B
Launch time: 1626 GMT (11:26 a.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 193 will used Ariane 5 rocket with a storable propellant upper stage to launch the French Helios 2B military optical and infrared reconnaissance satellite into polar orbit. Scrubbed Dec. 9 due to helium leak with the launcher. Scrubbed again Dec. 17. Read our full story. [Dec. 18]
Dec. 14  Delta 2  •  WISE
Launch time: 1409:33 GMT (9:09:33 a.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). The satellite will observe the entire sky in mid-infrared wavelengths with greater sensitivity than ever before. The rocket flew in the 7320 vehicle configuration with three solid rocket boosters and no third stage. Moved up from Dec. 10. Delayed from Dec. 7 and Dec. 9 as ripple effect from slips on Delta 4/WGS 3 launch. Delayed from Dec. 11. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 14]
Dec. 14  Proton  •  Glonass
Launch time: 1038 GMT (5:38 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket launched a trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. Moved up from late December. Read our full story. [Dec. 14]
Dec. 9  Long March 2D  •  Yaogan 7
Launch time: 0842 GMT (3:42 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the Yaogan 7 satellite into Earth orbit. State media reports the satellite will conduct scientific remote sensing, but it is more likely a military optical spy satellite. Read our full story. [Dec. 9]
Dec. 5/6  Delta 4  •  WGS 3
Launch time: 0147 GMT on 6th (8:47 p.m. EST on 5th)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket launched the third Wideband Global SATCOM spacecraft, formerly known as the Wideband Gapfiller Satellite. Built by Boeing, this geostationary communications spacecraft will serve U.S. military forces. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (5,4) configuration with four solid rocket boosters. Delayed from Sept. 30 and Nov. 18. Delayed from Nov. 19 due to winds holding up payload's mounting atop the rocket and the need to recharge spacecraft batteries back at processing facility. Delayed from Dec. 2 due to poor weather forecast. Scrubbed on Dec. 3 due to weather and ground system problem. Pushed back from Dec. 4 to make repairs to ground system. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 5]
Nov. 30  Land Launch   •  Intelsat 15
Launch time: 2100 GMT (4 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

The Land Launch Zenit 3SLB rocket carried into orbit the Intelsat 15 communications satellite. Intelsat 15 will provide Ku-band video and data services for the Middle East, Indian Ocean regions and Russia. Scrubbed on Nov. 29. Read our full story. [Nov. 30]
Nov. 27/28  H-2A   •  IGS
Launch time: 0121 GMT on 28th (8:21 p.m. EST on 27th)
Launch site: Tanegashima Space Center, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched an optical Information Gathering Satellite for the Japanese government. The secretive spacecraft will join a fleet of other reconnaissance satellites to gather imagery for defense purposes. Read our full story. [Nov. 28]
Nov. 24  Proton  •  W7
Launch time: 1419 GMT (9:19 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the W7 spacecraft for Eutelsat. The communications satellite will cover Central Asia and Africa. Originally slated to fly on Sea Launch but switched to Proton. Delayed from Nov. 23. Read our full story. [Nov. 24]
Nov. 23  Atlas 5  •  Intelsat 14
Launch time: 0655 GMT (1:55 a.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-024) launched the commercial Intelsat 14 communications spacecraft. Built by Space Systems/Loral, this satellite will provide telecommunications services over the Atlantic Ocean Region. The rocket flew in the 431 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, three solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Oct. 14. Scrubbed Nov. 14 due to glitch in pyrotechnic assembly. Read our Mission Status Center for updates. [Nov. 23]
Nov. 20  Soyuz  •  Kosmos 2455
Launch time: 1044 GMT (5:44 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian Soyuz rocket launched the Kosmos 2455 military satellite into Earth orbit. The payload could be an electronic intelligence spy satellite. Read our full story. [Nov. 20]
Nov. 16  Shuttle Atlantis   •  ISS ULF 3
Launch time: 1928 GMT (2:28 p.m. EST)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-129 is the 31st U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight is delivering the first two Express Logistics Carriers with an array of spare parts for the outpost. Delayed from Nov. 12. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 16]
Nov. 11/12  Long March 2C  •  Shijian
Launch time: 0245 GMT on 12th (9:45 p.m. EST on 11th)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the Shijian 11-01 satellite into Earth orbit. State media reports the satellite will conduct scientific and engineering experiments. Read our full story. [Nov. 12]
Nov. 10  Soyuz  •  MRM 2
Launch time: 1422 GMT (9:22 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket will launch the Mini Research Module 2, a new docking compartment for the International Space Station. Read our full story. [Nov. 10]
Nov. 1/2  Rockot  •  SMOS
Launch time: 0150 GMT on 2nd (8:50 p.m. EST on 1st)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Eurockot Rockot vehicle will launch the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity satellite for the European Space Agency. The launch will also carry the Proba 2 microsatellite into orbit. SMOS will measure moisture in soils and salt content in oceans during its mission. Delayed from July and September. Read our full story. [Nov. 2]
Oct. 29  Ariane 5  •  NSS 12 & Thor 6
Launch time: 2000 GMT (4 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 192 will use an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA upper stage to launch the NSS 12 and Thor 6 communications satellites. NSS 12 will be operated by SES World Skies of the Netherlands to cover parts of Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and Australia. Thor 6 will provide direct-to-home communications services for Telenor Satellite Broadcasting of Norway. Read our full story. [Oct. 29]
Oct. 28  Ares 1-X   •  Test Flight
Launch time: 1530 GMT (11:30 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39B, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

NASA will launch the Ares 1-X rocket on a sub-orbital test flight to collect valuable engineering data from the vehicle. The Ares program is being developed to replace the space shuttle for launching astronauts. Delayed from July 11 and Aug. 30. Moved up from Oct. 31. Scrubbed on Oct. 27. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 28]
Oct. 18  Atlas 5  •  DMSP F18
Launch time: 1612 GMT (12:12 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-017) deployed the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program 18 spacecraft for the U.S. Air Force. Built by Lockheed Martin, this polar-orbiting weather satellite will be used by the military for global weather forecasting. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no strap-on solid rocket booster and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from April. Moved up from July 2. Delayed from June 29, Sept. 10 and late October and Nov. 2008. Delayed from Sept. 3 and Oct. 13. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 18]
Oct. 14/15  Soyuz  •  Progress 35P
Launch time: 0114 GMT on 15th (9:14 p.m. EDT on 14th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket will launch the 35th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our launch story. [Oct. 15]
Oct. 8  Delta 2  •  WorldView 2
Launch time: 1851 GMT (2:51 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket deployed the WorldView 2 commercial Earth-imaging spacecraft into a sun-synchronous orbit for the DigitalGlobe company. ULA conducted this commercial launch for Boeing. The rocket flew in the 7920 vehicle configuration. Delayed from July. Delayed from Oct. 6 as result in slips by previous Delta 2 mission of STSS Demo. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 8]
Oct. 1  Ariane 5  •  Amazonas 2 & COMSATBw 1
Launch time: 2159 GMT (5:59 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 191 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA upper stage to launch the Amazonas 2 and COMSATBw 1 communications satellites. Amazonas 2 will be operated by Hispasat of Spain to cover the Americas. COMSATBw 1, also called GMS, will provide communications services for the German military. Delayed from Sept. 30 to conduct extra checks on the rocket. Read our launch story. [Oct. 1]
Sept. 30  Soyuz  •  ISS 20S
Launch time: 0714 GMT (3:14 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-16 spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the next Expedition crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 30]
Sept. 25  Delta 2  •  STSS Demo
Launch time: 1220 GMT (8:20 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket will launch the Space Tracking and Surveillance System (STSS) technology demonstration mission for the Missile Defense Agency. NASA will oversee the launch. The rocket will fly in the 7920 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Nov. 25, 2007, April, July 16, Nov. 1, Nov. 20, 2008, Jan. 23, June, July 29 and Sept. 15. Pushed back 12 hours from evening T-0 on Sept. 17. Pushed from Sept. 18 due to weather delays during pre-flight processing. Delayed from Sept. 19 to review spacecraft test data. Scrubbed on Sept. 23 due to weather. Delayed from Sept. 24 to repair small fuel leak at pad. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 25]
Sept. 23  PSLV  •  Oceansat 2 & CubeSats
Launch time: 0621 GMT (2:21 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle launched the Oceansat 2 satellite. Oceansat 2 carries three sensors for ocean and atmospheric science research for India. The PSLV also carried the UWE 2, BEESAT, ITUpSAT1 and SwissCube CubeSats in a launch opportunity provided by Innovative Solutions in Space. Read our launch story. [Sept. 23]
Sept. 17  Proton  •  Nimiq 5
Launch time: 1919 GMT (3:19 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Nimiq 5 spacecraft. The Telesat satellite will provide direct-to-home services across North America. Read our launch story. [Sept. 18]
Sept. 17  Soyuz  •  Meteor M1
Launch time: 1555 GMT (11:55 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the Meteor M1 weather satellite and an assortment of smaller payloads for international organizations. The Soyuz flew with a Fregat upper stage. Scrubbed on Sept. 15 and Sept. 16. Read our launch story. [Sept. 17]
Sept. 10  H-2B  •  HTV
Launch time: 1701 GMT (1:01 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Tanegashima, Japan

The Japanese H-2B rocket launched the first H-2 Transfer Vehicle. The HTV serves as an unmanned cargo vehicle to deliver equipment and supplies to the International Space Station. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 10]
Sept. 8  Atlas 5  •  PAN
Launch time: 2135 GMT (5:35 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-018) carried a classified satellite for the U.S. government known only as PAN. Details about the spacecraft mission and its operator have not been released. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from July 17 and Aug. 12. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 8]
Aug. 31  Long March 3B  •  Palapa D1
Launch time: 0928 GMT (5:28 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket failed to launch the Palapa D1 communications satellite into the correct orbit for Indosat of Indonesia. Palapa D1 was built to provide coverage of Indonesia, Asia, the Middle East and Australia. Read our launch story. [Aug. 31]
Aug. 28/29  Shuttle Discovery   •  ISS 17A
Launch time: 0359 GMT on 29th (11:59 p.m. EDT on 28th)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-128 is the 30th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight will deliver equipment and supplies with a reusable Multi-Purpose Logistics Module. Delayed from July 30 and switched from Atlantis. Delayed from Aug. 6, Aug. 7, Aug. 18, Aug. 21, and Aug. 24. Scrubbed on Aug. 25, Aug. 26 and Aug. 27. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 29]
Aug. 25  KSLV 1  •  STSAT 2
Launch time: 0800 GMT (4 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Naro Space Center, South Korea

The Korea Space Launch Vehicle 1 failed in its first flight from a new launch site on the southern tip of Korea. The KSLV 1 rocket uses a Russian liquid-fueled first stage and a Korean solid-fueled upper stage. The payload for this launch was the Science and Technology Satellite 2 (STSAT 2) demonstration spacecraft. Delayed from July 30 and Aug. 11. Scrubbed on Aug. 19. Read our launch story. [Aug. 25]
Aug. 21  Ariane 5  •   JCSAT 12 & Optus D3
Launch time: 2209 GMT (6:09 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Flight 190 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA upper stage to launch the JCSAT 12 communications satellite for Japan and Optus D3 communications spacecraft for Australia. Delayed from Aug. 20. Read our launch story. [Aug. 21]
Aug. 17  Delta 2  •  GPS 2R-21 (M8)
Launch time: 1035 GMT (6:35 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the eighth modernized NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was the final Delta 2 mission run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Sept. 11 and Dec. 18, 2008. Moved up from Aug. 21. Read our launch story. [Aug. 17]
Aug. 11  Proton  •  AsiaSat 5
Launch time: 1947 GMT (3:47 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the AsiaSat 5 spacecraft. The satellite will provide telecommunications services across Asia for its Hong Kong-based operator. Delayed from Aug. 10. Read our launch story. [Aug. 11]
July 29  Dnepr  •  Multi-payload
Launch time: 1846 GMT (2:46 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched a cluster of small international satellites. Delayed from March, April, June and July 25. Read our launch story. [July 29]
July 24  Soyuz  •  Progress 34P
Launch time: 1056 GMT (6:56 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 34th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from June 24. Read our launch story. [July 24]
July 20/21  Kosmos 3M  •  Military
Launch time: 0357 GMT on 21st (11:57 p.m. EDT on 20th)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian Kosmos 3M rocket launched a Russian Parus navigation satellite for the Russian military. A next-generation search and rescue satellite called Sterkh 1 was also put into orbit. Read our launch story. [July 29]
July 15  Shuttle Endeavour   •  ISS 2J/A
Launch time: 2203 GMT (6:03 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-127 is the 29th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight will deliver the external experiment platform for the Japanese science laboratory facilities. Delayed from May 15 to give launch slot to STS-125. Scrubbed June 13 and June 17 due to leaks in gaseous hydrogen venting system. Scrubbed to check for problems from lightning strikes. Scrubbed July 12 and July 13 due to weather. See our Mission Status Center. [July 15]
July 13/14  Falcon 1  •  RazakSat
Launch time: 0335 GMT on 14th (11:35 p.m. EDT on 13th)
Launch site: Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands

The fifth flight of the SpaceX Falcon 1 rocket launched the RazakSat Earth-imaging spacecraft for Malaysia. The satellite also features the name MACSat, or Medium-sized Aperture Camera Satellite. Delayed from April 20. See our Mission Status Center. [July 14]
July 6  Rockot  •  Military
Launch time: 0126 GMT (9:26 p.m. EDT on July 5)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian Rockot booster propelled three military satellites given the cover names Kosmos 2451, Kosmos 2452 and Kosmos 2453. Read our launch story. [July 6]
July 1  Ariane 5  •   TerreStar 1
Launch time: 1752 GMT (1:52 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Flight 189 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA upper stage to launch TerreStar 1, the world's largest and most powerful commercial telecommunications satellite. TerreStar 1 will provide mobile voice, messaging and data communications services throughout North America. Pushed back from May 28 due to delays of previous Ariane 5 mission. Delayed from June 24 and June 26. Read our launch story. [July 1]
June 30  Proton  •  Sirius FM5
Launch time: 1910 GMT (3:10 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Sirius FM5 radio broadcasting spacecraft. Delayed from June 29. Read our launch story. [June 30]
June 27  Delta 4  •  GOES O
Launch window: 2251 GMT (6:51 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 4 rocket deployed the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite O, or GOES O, for NASA and NOAA. The weather satellite will orbit 22,300 miles above the planet to monitor conditions across the U.S. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. Delayed from April, June 12, July 20, August, Nov. 5, December 2007, Jan. 22, Feb. 10, March and April 6. Delayed from April 28 due to liquid oxygen leak found during countdown dress rehearsal. Pushed back from mid-May for component modification in linear shape charges. Scrubbed June 26 due to thunderstorms. See our Mission Status Center. [June 27]
June 21  Land Launch  •  MEASAT 3a
Launch time: 2150 GMT (5:50 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

The Land Launch Zenit 3SLB rocket carried into orbit the MEASAT 3a television broadcasting satellite for MEASAT Satellite Systems of Malaysia. Delayed from Aug. 21, 2008 to repair damage to spacecraft suffered during pre-flight processing at the launch base. Read our launch story. [June 21]
June 18  Atlas 5  •  LRO
Launch time: 2132 GMT (5:32 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-020) launched NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter to the Moon and a lunar impactor secondary payload called the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Oct. 28 and Nov. 24. Delayed from Feb. 27, March 2, April 24 and May 20. Delayed from May 21. Delayed from June 2. Pushed back from June 17 due to conflict with shuttle launch schedule. See our Mission Status Center. [June 18]
May 27  Soyuz  •  ISS 19S
Launch time: 1034:53 GMT (6:34:53 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the next manned Soyuz TMA spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the Expedition 20 crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from May 25. See our Mission Status Center. [May 27]
May 19  Minotaur 1  •  TacSat 3
Launch time: 2355 GMT (7:55 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport, Wallops Island, Virginia

The Orbital Sciences Minotaur 1 rocket launched the Air Force Research Laboratory's TacSat 3 advanced technology research spacecraft. The four-stage rocket uses U.S. government-supplied Minuteman 2 motors and Pegasus rocket stages. Delayed from December 2007, March 15, June 25, Aug. 14 and Sept. 14 and October 2008. Scrubbed May 5 and May 7 due to bad weather. Scrubbed by problem May 8. See our Mission Status Center. [May 20]
May 15/16  Proton  •  ProtoStar 2
Launch time: 0057 GMT on 16th (8:57 p.m. EDT on May 15)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the ProtoStar 2 direct broadcasting telecommunications spacecraft. The satellite will cover the Asia-Pacific region. Delayed from May 13 (EDT). Read our launch story. [May 16]
May 14  Ariane 5  •   Herschel & Planck
Launch time: 1312 GMT (9:12 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 188 will use an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA upper stage to launch the European Space Agency's Herschel and Planck observatories. The Herschel infrared telescope will study the evolution of stars and galaxies and the Planck spacecraft will observe the cosmic background radiation left over from the Big Bang. Delayed from April 16 to finish testing ground software in spacecraft mission control. Delayed from April 29 for engineering checks on Herschel. Delayed from May 6 for rocket checks. See our Mission Status Center. [May 14]
May 11  Shuttle Atlantis   •  HST Servicing
Launch time: 1801 GMT (2:01 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-125 is the fifth and final space shuttle mission launched to service and upgrade the orbiting Hubble Space Telescope. Shuttle Atlantis will launch two new science instruments, along with stabilizing gyroscopes, batteries and thermal blankets to refurbish the observatory and extend its useful life another five years. The astronauts plan to conduct five spacewalks during the service call. Attempts to repair two other instruments are planned as well. Delayed from Aug. 7, Aug. 28, Oct. 8, Oct. 10 and Oct. 14. Moved up a day from May 12. See our Mission Status Center. [May 11]
May 7  Soyuz  •  Progress 33P
Launch time: 1837 GMT (2:37 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 33rd Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from April 22. Read our launch story. [May 7]
May 5  Delta 2  •  STSS-ATRR
Launch time: 2024:25 GMT (4:24:25 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket deployed the Space Tracking and Surveillance System Advanced Technology Risk Reduction (STSS-ATRR) research and development mission for the Missile Defense Agency. The mission previously called Block 2010 Spacecraft Risk Reduction. NASA oversaw the launch. The rocket flew in the 7920 vehicle configuration. Delayed from December 2006, March 15, May 31, Aug. 23, Nov. 8, 2007, Jan. 25, Feb. 21 and April 17, 2008. Moved from April 30, 2009. See our Mission Status Center. [May 5]
April 20  Sea Launch  •  SICRAL 1B
Launch time: 0816 GMT (4:16 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried into orbit Italy's SICRAL 1B military telecommunications satellite. Moved from January and February. Delayed from April 19. Read our launch story. [April 20]
April 19/20  PSLV  •  RISAT 2
Launch time: 0115 GMT on 20th (9:15 p.m. EDT on 19th)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle deployed the Radar Imaging Satellite (RISAT) and the student-built ANUSAT microsatellite. RISAT carries a synthetic aperture radar payload to take all-weather, day-and-night images of Earth for a variety of applications. Delayed from late March and early April. Read our launch story. [April 20]
April 3/4  Atlas 5  •  WGS 2
Launch time: 0031 GMT on 4th (8:31 p.m. EDT on April 3)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-016) deployed the second Wideband Global SATCOM spacecraft, formerly known as the Wideband Gapfiller Satellite. Built by Boeing, this geostationary communications spacecraft will serve U.S. military forces. The rocket flew in the 421 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, two solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Aug. 2. Delayed from Aug. 4 due to minor issues detected during spacecraft environmental testing. Delayed from Oct. 10, late November, Dec. 4, March 9 and March 13. Scrubbed March 17 by liquid oxygen valve leak. Valve replaced. Delayed from March 31 to finish analysis. See our Mission Status Center. [April 4]
April 3  Proton  •  W2A
Launch time: 1624 GMT (12:24 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the W2A telecommunications spacecraft for Eutelsat. The satellite will cover Europe, Africa and the Middle East. Delayed from March 28 and March 30. Read our launch story. [April 3]
March 26  Soyuz  •  ISS 18S
Launch time: 1149 GMT (7:49 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launch the next manned Soyuz TMA spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the Expedition 19 crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from March 25. Read our launch story. [March 26]
March 24  Delta 2  •  GPS 2R-20 (M7)
Launch time: 0834 GMT (4:34 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket deployed the seventh modernized NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from June 30, July 16, Oct. 16 and Nov. 7, 2008. See our Mission Status Center. [March 24]
March 17  Rockot  •  GOCE
Launch time: 1421 GMT (10:21 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Eurockot Rockot vehicle will launch the Gravity field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer (GOCE) satellite for the European Space Agency. GOCE will map global variations in Earth's gravity field with unprecedented detail and derive measurements of ocean circulation and changes in sea level. Delayed from Sept. 10 to replace unit in rocket's guidance and navigation subsystem. Delayed from Oct. 5, Oct. 27, February and March 11. Scrubbed March 16 due to problem retracting pad gantry. Read our launch story. [March 17]
March 15  Shuttle Discovery   •  ISS 15A
Launch time: 2343:44 GMT (7:43:44 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-119 is the 28th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight will deliver the Starboard 6 truss segment, giving the station its fourth and final set of power-generating solar wings. Delayed from Nov. 6, Dec. 4, Feb. 12, Feb. 19, Feb. 22 and Feb. 27. Scrubbed on March 11 for gaseous hydrogen vent system leak. See our Mission Status Center. [March 15]
March 6/7  Delta 2  •  Kepler
Launch time: 0349:57 GMT (10:49:57 p.m. EST on March 6)
Launch site: SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket deployed NASA's Kepler spacecraft to discover and characterize hundreds of planets. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Feb. 16. Moved up from April 10. Delayed from March 4 and March 5. See our Mission Status Center. [March 7]
Feb. 27/28  Proton  •  Military
Launch time: 0410 GMT on 28th (11:10 p.m. EST on 27th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket with a Block DM upper stage launched a Raduga 1 military communications spacecraft. Delayed from Feb. 20. Read our launch story. [Feb. 28]
Feb. 26  Land Launch  •  Telstar 11N
Launch time: 1830 GMT (1:30 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

The Land Launch Zenit 3SLB rocket carried into orbit the Telstar 11N telecommunications satellite for operator Telesat. The spacecraft will operate over the Atlantic for coverage to North America, Western Europe and Africa. Read our launch story. [Feb. 26]
Feb. 24  Taurus XL  •  OCO
Launch time: 0955 GMT (4:55 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Area 576-E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The Orbital Sciences Taurus XL rocket failed during the launch of NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory. The Orbital Sciences-built satellite would have measured atmospheric carbon dioxide. Delayed from Dec. 15, Jan. 15, Jan. 30 and Feb. 23. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 24]
Feb. 12  Ariane 5  •   Hot Bird 10 & NSS 9
Launch time: 2209 GMT (5:09 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 187 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the European Hot Bird 10 television broadcast spacecraft for Eutelsat, the NSS 9 telecommunications satellite for SES New Skies and a pair of Spirale optical early-warning satellites for the French military. Read our launch story. [Feb. 12]
Feb. 10/11  Proton  •  Express
Launch time: 0003 GMT on 11th (7:03 p.m. EST on Feb. 10)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage performed a dual launch of the Express AM44 and Express MD1 spacecraft for the Russian Satellite Communications Co. Read our launch story. [Feb. 11]
Feb. 10  Soyuz  •  Progress 32P
Launch time: 0549 GMT (12:49 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket will launch the 32nd Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Docking to the station is scheduled for approximately 2:19 a.m. EST on Feb. 13. Read our launch story. [Feb. 10]
Feb. 6  Delta 2  •  NOAA-N Prime
Launch time: 1022 GMT (5:22 a.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket deployed the NOAA-N Prime civilian weather satellite into polar orbit for NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The rocket flew in the 7320 vehicle configuration. Scrubbed on Feb. 4 by launch pad gaseous nitrogen purge problem. Delayed from Feb. 5 by air conditioning system problem. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 6]
Feb. 2  Safir  •  Omid
Launch time: approx. 1830 GMT (1:30 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Semnan, Iran

An Iranian Safir rocket launched the country's first satellite into space, the small Omid communications spacecraft. Read our launch story. [Feb. 3]
Jan. 30  Tsyklon  •  Koronas-Foton
Launch time: 1330 GMT (8:30 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Tsyklon 3 rocket launched the Koronas-Foton solar observatory for the Russian space agency. Delayed from Dec. 25. Scrubbed on Jan. 29. Read our launch story. [Jan. 30]
Jan. 22/23  H-2A  •  GOSAT
Launch time: 0354 GMT on Jan. 23 (10:54 p.m. EST on Jan. 22)
Launch site: Tanegashima, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) environmental spacecraft for JAXA. Delayed from Fall 2008, Jan. 20 and Jan. 21 (EST) due to predicted bad weather. Read our launch story. [Jan. 23]
Jan. 17/18  Delta 4-H  •  NROL-26
Launch time: 0247 GMT on Jan. 18 (9:47 p.m. EST on Jan. 17)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 4-Heavy rocket launched a classified spy satellite cargo for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The largest of the Delta 4 family, the Heavy version features three Common Booster Cores mounted together to form a triple-body rocket. Delayed from 2005 and 2006. Delayed from Jan. 25, April, May 9, July 25, Sept. 9, Sept. 26, Oct. 17, Oct. 31, Nov. 16 and Dec. 16. Scrubbed on Jan. 13 to repair minor foam insulation damage, scrubbed Jan. 14 and Jan. 15 by gaseous nitrogen relief valve problem. See our Mission Status Center. [Jan. 18]
Dec. 25  Proton  •  Glonass
Launch time: 1043 GMT (5:43 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket launched another trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. Read our launch story. [Dec. 25]
Dec. 22/23  Long March 3A  •   Feng Yun 2E
Launch time: 0054 GMT on Dec. 23 (7:54 p.m. EST on Dec. 22)
Launch site: Xichang, China

The Long March 3A rocket launched the Feng Yun 2E spacecraft, which will join a fleet of geostationary weather satellites operated by the China Meteorological Administration. Read our launch story. [Dec. 23]
Dec. 20  Ariane 5  •   Hot Bird 9 & W2M
Launch time: 2235 GMT (5:35 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 186 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the European Hot Bird 9 television broadcast spacecraft and the W2M telecommunications satellite for Central Europe and Indian Ocean region. Both spacecraft will be operated by Eutelsat. Delayed from Oct. 29 and NSS 9 satellite replaced by W2M. Delayed from late November and Dec. 10. Read our launch story. [Dec. 20]
Dec. 14/15  Long March 4B  •  Yaogan 5
Launch time: 0322 GMT on Dec. 15 (10:22 p.m. EST on Dec. 14)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched the country's Yaogan 5 satellite for Earth observations. Read our launch story. [Dec. 15]
Dec. 10  Proton  •  Ciel 2
Launch time: 1343 GMT (8:43 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Canadian Ciel 2 telecommunications spacecraft to serve North America. [Dec. 10]
Dec. 2  Molniya-M  •  Military
Launch time: 0500 GMT (12:00 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian Molniya-M rocket launched a military reconnaissance satellite into an elliptical high-altitude orbit. Read our launch story. [Dec. 2]
Nov. 30/Dec. 1  Long March 4B  •  Yaogan 4
Launch time: 0442 GMT on Dec. 1 (11:42 p.m. EST on Nov. 30)
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the country's Yaogan 4 satellite for Earth observations. Read our launch story. [Dec. 1]
Nov. 26  Soyuz  •  Progress 31P
Launch time: 1238 GMT (7:38 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 31st Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our launch story. [Nov. 26]
Nov. 14/15  Shuttle Endeavour   •  ISS ULF2
Launch time: 0055 GMT on Nov. 15 (7:55 p.m. EST on Nov. 14)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-126 will be the 27th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight will deliver equipment and supplies with a reusable Multi-Purpose Logistics Module. Delayed from Sept. 18, Oct. 16, Nov. 10 and Nov. 12. Moved up from Nov. 16. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 15]
Nov. 14  Soyuz  •  Kosmos 2445
Launch time: 1550 GMT (10:50 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian Soyuz rocket launched a classified military spacecraft formally known as Kosmos 2445. Read our launch story. [Nov. 14]
Nov. 5  Proton  •  ASTRA 1M
Launch time: 2044 GMT (3:44 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage carried the European ASTRA 1M direct-to-home television broadcasting spacecraft. Delayed from Oct. 30 and Nov. 2. Read our launch story. [Nov. 5]
Nov. 4/5  Long March 2D  •  Shiyan 3 & Chuangxin 1-02
Launch time: 0015 GMT on Nov. 5 (7:15 p.m. EST on Nov. 4)
Launch site: Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, China

A Chinese Long March 2D rocket launched the country's Shiyan 3 and Chuangxin 1-02 satellites. Read our launch story. [Nov. 5]
Oct. 30  Long March 3B  •  VENESAT 1
Launch time: 1653 GMT (12:53 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the VENESAT 1 communications satellite for Venezuela. [Oct. 30]
Oct. 24/25  Delta 2  •  COSMO-SkyMed 3
Launch time: 0228:25 GMT on 25th (10:28:25 p.m. EDT on Oct. 24th)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the third Italian COSMO-SkyMed radar Earth-imaging satellite. The X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar payload on the spacecraft will be used for civil and military applications. The rocket flew in the 7420-10 vehicle configuration. ULA conducted this commercial launch for Boeing. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 25]
Oct. 21/22  PSLV  •  Chandrayaan 1
Launch time: 0052 GMT on 22nd (8:52 p.m. EDT on Oct. 21st)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) launched the Chandrayaan 1 spacecraft bound the moon. It is country's first lunar orbiter. The mission carries a slate of instruments provided by scientists from India, Bulgaria, the European Space Agency and NASA. Delayed from April and Sept. 19. Read our launch story. [Oct. 22]
Oct. 19  Pegasus  •  IBEX
Launch time: 1747 GMT (1:47 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Kwajalein Atoll in Marshall Islands

The air-launched Orbital Sciences Pegasus rocket deployed NASA's Interstellar Boundary Explorer. IBEX will study the interaction between the solar wind and the interstellar medium. Delayed from July 15, Aug. 9, Sept. 13 and Oct. 5. Read our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 19]
Oct. 12  Soyuz  •  ISS 17S
Launch time: 0701 GMT (3:01 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-13 spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the Expedition 18 crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Read our launch story. [Oct. 12]
Oct. 1  Dnepr  •  THEOS
Launch time: 0637 GMT (2:37 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Dombarovsky, Russia

A Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the THEOS Earth observation satellite for Thailand's national space agency. Delayed from Jan. 30, Feb. 27 and Aug. 6 due to concerns about rocket stage downrange impact zone. Read our launch story. [Oct. 1]
Sept. 28  Falcon 1  •  Test flight
Launch time: 2315 GMT (7:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands

The SpaceX Falcon 1 rocket launched on its first successful flight. It carried a mass satellite simulator during the demonstration test launch. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 28]
Sept. 25  Long March 2F  •  Shenzhou 7
Launch time: 1310 GMT (9:10 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, China

A Chinese Long March 2F rocket launched the country's third human spaceflight. The Shenzhou spacecraft capsule makes its seventh flight after a series of unmanned test missions and the historic first two manned launches. Moved up from October. Read our launch story. [Sept. 25]
Sept. 25  Proton  •  Glonass
Launch time: 0849 GMT (4:49 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket launched another trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. Read our launch story. [Sept. 25]
Sept. 24  Sea Launch  •  Galaxy 19
Launch time: 0928 GMT (5:28 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried into orbit the Galaxy 19 communications satellite for Intelsat. The Loral-built spacecraft will replace the Galaxy 25 satellite and be used for telecommunication services across North America. Delayed from Sept. 23 due to unfavorable weather during transit to the launch site. Read our launch story. [Sept. 24]
Sept. 19  Proton  •  Nimiq 4
Launch time: 2148 GMT (5:48 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Nimiq 4 direct television broadcasting spacecraft to serve Canada. Delayed from Sept. 18 to replace faulty avionics unit on the first stage. [Sept. 19]
Sept. 10  Soyuz  •  Progress 30P
Launch time: 1950 GMT (3:50 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 30th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our launch story. [Sept. 10]
Sept. 6  Delta 2  •  GeoEye 1
Launch time: 1850:57 GMT (2:50:57 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the GeoEye 1 commercial Earth-imaging spacecraft into a Sun-synchronous orbit for the GeoEye company. ULA conducted this commercial launch for Boeing. The rocket flew in the 7420 configuration. Delayed from 2007, April 16, Aug. 22 and Sept. 4. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 6]
Sept. 5/6  Long March 2C  •  Huan Jing
Launch time: 0325 GMT (11:25 p.m. EDT on Sept. 5)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched two Huan Jing satellites for Earth observations and environmental monitoring. Delayed from August. Read our launch story. [Sept. 6]
Aug. 29  Dnepr  •  RapidEye
Launch time: 0715 GMT (3:15 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched five commercial RapidEye remote sensing satellites to collect imagery of agricultural regions and natural disasters. Read our launch story. [Aug. 29]
Aug. 18  Proton  •  Inmarsat 4-F3
Launch time: 2246 GMT (6:46 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage deployed the Inmarsat 4-F3 mobile communications spacecraft. This is the third of three next-generation satellites in the Inmarsat 4-series. The launch marked the return-to-flight for ILS and the Proton/Breeze M following the March failure. Delayed from Aug. 13 to replace and retest the flight computer on the Breeze M upper stage. Read our launch story. [Aug. 18]
Aug. 14  Ariane 5  •   Superbird 7 & AMC 21
Launch time: 2044 GMT (4:44 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 185 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the Japanese Superbird 7 telecommunications satellite and the American AMC 21 television broadcast spacecraft. Delayed from Aug. 12. Read our launch story. [Aug. 14]
Aug. 2/3  Falcon 1  •  Jumpstart
Launch time: 0334 GMT on Aug. 3 (11:34 p.m. EDT on Aug. 2)
Launch site: Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands

The SpaceX Falcon 1 rocket failed in its launch of the Jumpstart mission for the U.S. Air Force Operationally Responsive Space initiative. The Jumpstart mission will fly the Trailblazer spacecraft built by SpaceDev, Inc. Delayed from late June. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 3]
July 21/22  Kosmos 3M  •  SAR-Lupe 5
Launch time: 0240 GMT on July 22 (10:40 p.m. EDT on July 21)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian Kosmos 3M rocket launched the SAR-Lupe 5 spacecraft into Earth orbit. The craft is the fifth in a series of five German radar reconnaissance satellites. Moved up from July 29/30. Read our launch story. [July 22]
July 16  Sea Launch  •  EchoStar 11
Launch time: 0521 GMT (1:21 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried into orbit the EchoStar 11 direct-to-home television broadcast satellite. The Loral-built spacecraft will provide services for DISH Network subscribers. Read our launch story. [July 16]
July 7  Ariane 5  •   ProtoStar 1 & BADR 6
Launch time: 2147 GMT (5:47 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 184 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the ProtoStar 1 communications satellite to provide high definition TV and broadband Internet to Southeast Asia and Arabsat's BADR 6 communications spacecraft for the Middle East and North Africa. Delayed from July 4 to replace equipment unit in the electrical interface between the rocket and launch table. Read our launch story. [July 7]
June 20  Delta 2  •  Jason 2
Launch time: 0746:25 GMT (3:46:25 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the Jason 2 spacecraft to measure sea surface height. The Ocean Surface Topography Mission is a joint U.S. and European project. Delayed from June 15 and June 19 due to high winds preventing satellite's delivery to pad. See our Mission Status Center. [June 20]
June 19  Kosmos 3M  •  ORBCOMM
Launch time: 0636 GMT (2:36 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Kapustin Yar, Russia

A Russian Kosmos 3M rocket launched six replacement ORBCOMM data communications satellites for the U.S.-based ORBCOMM Inc. Delayed from May 22. Read our launch story. [June 19]
June 12  Ariane 5  •   Skynet 5C & Turksat 3A
Launch time: 2205 GMT (6:05 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 183 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the British Skynet 5C military communications satellite and the Turkish Turksat 3A communications spacecraft. Delayed from May 23. Scrubbed from May 30 by software problem. Read our launch story. [June 12]
June 11  Delta 2  •  GLAST
Launch time: 1605 GMT (12:05 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2-Heavy rocket deployed NASA's Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope observatory into orbit. The rocket flew in the 7920-Heavy vehicle configuration. Delayed from Oct. 7, Dec. 14, Jan. 31 and Feb. 5. Moved up from May 29. Delayed from May 16 due to second stage stacking problem. Delayed from June 3, June 5, June 7 and June 8 to resolve final engineering issues. See our Mission Status Center. [June 11]
June 9  Long March 3B  •   Chinasat 9
Launch time: 1215 GMT (8:15 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

The Long March 3B rocket launched the Chinasat 9 spacecraft. The direct-to-home television broadcasting satellite will provide communications services to homes and businesses across China. The high-power spacecraft was built by Thales Alenia Space of France. Read our launch story. [June 9]
May 31  Shuttle Discovery   •  ISS 1J
Launch time: 2102 GMT (5:02 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-124 is the 26th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. This flight by the space shuttle Discovery will deliver and install the massive Kibo science laboratory module and and robotic arm system to the space station for the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. The STS-124 mission is the second of three flights that will launch components to complete the Japanese contribution to the station. Delayed from April 24 and May 25. See our Mission Status Center. [May 31]
May 21  Sea Launch  •  Galaxy 18
Launch time: 0943 GMT (5:43 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried into orbit the Galaxy 18 communications satellite for Intelsat. The Loral-built spacecraft will replace the Galaxy 10R satellite and be used for telecommunication services across North America. Delayed from May 13. Read our launch story. [May 21]
May 14  Soyuz  •  Progress 29P
Launch time: 2022 GMT (4:22 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 29th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Read our launch story. [May 14]
April 28  Land Launch  •  AMOS 3
Launch time: 0500 GMT (1:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

The Land Launch Zenit 3SLB rocket carried into orbit the AMOS 3 telecommunications satellite for Israeli satellite operator Spacecom Ltd. The craft will serve markets in the Middle East, Europe and the United States. Delayed from March. Scrubbed on April 24 due to problem retracting the rocket transporter/erector system. Read our launch story. [April 28]
April 27/28  PSLV  •  Cartosat 2A
Launch time: 0353 GMT on April 28 (11:53 p.m. EDT on April 27)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) carried into orbit the Cartosat 2A satellite for Earth observation and a cluster of other small spacecraft. Delayed from March 4 and April 21. Read our launch story. [April 28]
April 26  Soyuz  •  GIOVE B
Launch time: 2216 GMT (6:16 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian Soyuz rocket with a Fregat upper stage launched the second Galileo In-Orbit Validation Element, or GIOVE B satellite. This is the second demonstration satellite for Europe's Galileo navigation system. The launch was managed by Starsem. Delayed from April 2007. Read our launch story. [April 26]
April 25  Long March 3C  •  Tianlian 1
Launch time: 1535 GMT (11:35 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3C launched the Tianlian 1 satellite, a data relay spacecraft to serve as a communications link between ground controllers and the country's next human space mission. Read our launch story. [April 26]
April 18  Ariane 5  •   Vinasat 1 & Star One C2
Launch time: 2217 GMT (6:17 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 182 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the Vinasat 1 satellite for the Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications Corporation and the Brazilian Star One C2 communications spacecraft. Read our launch story. [April 18]
April 16  Pegasus  •  C/NOFS
Launch time: 1701 GMT (1:01 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Kwajalein Atoll in Marshall Islands

The air-launched Orbital Sciences Pegasus rocket deployed the Communication/Navigation Outage Forecasting System (C/NOFS) spacecraft for the U.S. military. The satellite carries instruments to study ionospheric scintillations and give warning to communication outages and GPS navigation degradations. Delayed from April 14. Read our launch story. [April 16]
April 14  Atlas 5  •  ICO G1
Launch time: 2012 GMT (4:12 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-014) launched the ICO G1 mobile communications satellite. Space Systems/Loral built the geostationary spacecraft. The rocket flew in the 421 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, two solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. ULA conducted this commercial launch for Lockheed Martin. Delayed from May 31, Aug. 28, late 2007, Jan. 7 and March 21. See our Mission Status Center. [April 14]
April 8  Soyuz  •  ISS 16S
Launch time: 1116:39 GMT (7:16:39 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-12 spacecraft to the International Space Station to begin the Expedition 17 mission. Members of the crew launching on Soyuz were station commander Sergei Volkov, flight engineer Oleg Kononenko and South Korean spaceflight participant So-yeon Yi. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. See our Mission Status Center. [April 8]
March 27  Kosmos 3M  •  SAR-Lupe 4
Launch time: 1715 GMT (1:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian Kosmos 3M rocket launched the SAR-Lupe 4 spacecraft into Earth orbit. The craft is the fourth in a series of five German radar reconnaissance satellites. Moved up from March 27. Scrubbed March 25 and March 26 due to upper level winds. Read our launch story. [March 27]
March 19  Sea Launch  •  DirecTV 11
Launch time: 2248 GMT (6:48 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried into orbit the DirecTV 11 direct-to-home television broadcast satellite. The Boeing-built craft will be used to increase the number of local and national HDTV channels available to DirecTV subscribers. Delayed from March 17. Read our launch story. [March 19]
March 15  Delta 2  •  GPS 2R-19 (M6)
Launch time: 0610 GMT (2:10 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the sixth modernized NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from March 13. See our Mission Status Center. [March 15]
March 14  Proton  •  AMC 14
Launch time: 2318 GMT (7:18 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage failed in its launch of the AMERICOM 14 communications spacecraft. The Lockheed Martin-built satellite was slated for use by EchoStar's DISH Network service. Read our launch story. [March 15]
March 13  Atlas 5  •  NROL-28
Launch time: 1002 GMT (6:02 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-3E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-006) launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. It was the first Atlas 5 launch from Vandenberg. The rocket flew in the 411 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, one strap-on solid rocket booster and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Spring and Nov. 15, 2006, Jan. and April 3, 2007, Feb. 19, Feb. 26 and Feb. 29. See our Mission Status Center. [March 13]
March 11  Shuttle Endeavour   •  ISS 1J/A
Launch time: 0628 GMT (2:28 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-123 is the 25th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight will deliver the Japanese experiment logistics module to the station for the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency and the Canadian Dextre robotics system. Delayed from Nov. 29, Dec. 8 and Feb. 14. See our Mission Status Center. [March 11]
March 8/9  Ariane 5  •   ATV 1
Launch time: 0403:04 GMT on 9th (11:03:04 p.m. EST on March 8)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

The Arianespace Ariane 5 rocket on Flight 181 launched the European Space Agency's first Automated Transfer Vehicle, named Jules Verne. The ATV is a cargo-carrying spacecraft to deliver supplies and equipment to the orbiting International Space Station. Delayed from July 25. Delayed from Sept. Delayed from Nov. Delayed from Feb. 22 and March 7. See our Mission Status Center. [March 9]
Feb. 23  H-2A  •  WINDS
Launch time: 0855 GMT (3:55 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Tanegashima, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Wideband InterNetworking engineering test and Demonstration Satellite (WINDS) for JAXA. The H-2A flew in the 2024 configuration with two large solid rocket boosters and four smaller motors. Delayed from Feb. 15. Read our launch story. [Feb. 22]
Feb. 11  Proton  •  Thor 5
Launch time: 1134 GMT (6:34 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the Thor 5 communications satellite for Telenor of Norway. The Orbital Sciences-built spacecraft will serve Scandinavia, Europe, and Middle East. Delayed from Feb. 10. Read our launch story. [Feb. 11]
Feb. 7  Shuttle Atlantis   •  ISS 1E
Launch time: 1945 GMT (2:45 p.m. EST)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-122 is the 24th U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight will deliver the European Space Agency's Columbus science laboratory module to the station. Delayed from Sept. 27 and Oct. 17. Mission switched from shuttle Discovery to shuttle Atlantis. Attempt on Dec. 6 was scrubbed. Delayed from Dec. 7. Scrubbed on Dec. 9. Delayed from Jan. 2, Jan. 10 and Jan. 24. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 7]
Feb. 5  Soyuz  •  Progress 28P
Launch time: 1302:57 GMT (8:02:57 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 28th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Moved up from Feb. 12 and Feb. 7. [Feb. 5]
Jan. 27/28  Proton  •  Express AM33
Launch time: 0018 GMT on 28th (7:18 p.m. EST on Jan. 27)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the Express AM33 communications satellite for the Russian Satellite Communications Co. Read our launch story. [Jan. 28]
Jan. 21  PSLV  •  Polaris
Launch time: 0345 GMT (10:45 p.m. EST on Jan. 20)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) carried into orbit the Polaris spacecraft, an Israeli radar reconnaissance spy satellite. Delayed from Sept. 17. Read our launch story. [Jan. 21]
Jan. 15  Sea Launch  •  Thuraya 3
Launch time: 1149 GMT (6:49 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried the Boeing-built Thuraya 3 mobile communications satellite into orbit. Thuraya Satellite Telecommunications Company of the United Arab Emirates provides space-based telephone services. Delayed from earlier in the year due to January's launch failure of Zenit rocket. This will be Sea Launch's return to flight. Delayed from October, Nov. 13, Nov. 14, Nov. 18, Nov. 19, Nov. 20, Nov. 21 and Nov. 25. Read our launch story. [Jan. 15]
Dec. 25  Proton  •  Glonass
Launch time: 1932 GMT (2:32 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket will launch another trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. Read our launch story. [Dec. 26]
Dec. 23  Soyuz  •  Progress 27P
Launch time: 0712:41 GMT (2:12:41 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 27th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. [Dec. 23]
Dec. 21  Ariane 5  •   Rascom 1 & Horizons 2
Launch time: 2142 GMT (4:42 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 180 used an Ariane 5 rocket with a storable propellant upper stage to launch the Rascom 1 communications satellite to serve Africa and the Horizons 2 telecommunications spacecraft to cover the continental United States, the Caribbean and parts of Canada. Delayed from Dec. 20 to perform additional checks on the rocket. Read our launch story. [Dec. 21]
Dec. 20  Delta 2  •  GPS 2R-18 (M5)
Launch time: 2004 GMT (3:04 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the fifth modernized NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 20]
Dec. 14  Soyuz  •  Radarsat 2
Launch time: 1317 GMT (8:17 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian Soyuz rocket launched the Canadian Radarsat 2 observation spacecraft into a sun-synchronous orbit around Earth. The launch was managed by Starsem. Delayed from Dec. 8. Read our launch story. [Dec. 14]
Dec. 10  Atlas 5  •  NROL-24
Launch time: 2205 GMT (5:05 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-015) launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Sept. 6, Oct. 5, Oct. 25 and Nov. 7. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 10]
Dec. 8/9  Delta 2  •  COSMO-SkyMed 2
Launch time: 0231:42 GMT Dec. 9 (9:31:42 p.m. EST on Dec. 8)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched another Italian COSMO-SkyMed radar Earth-imaging satellite. The X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar payload on the spacecraft will be used for civil and military applications. The rocket flew in the 7420-10 vehicle configuration. ULA conducted this commercial launch for Boeing. Scrubbed Dec. 5 due to upper level winds. Delayed from Dec. 6 due to insulation problem. Scrubbed Dec. 7 due to bad weather. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 9]
Dec. 8/9  Proton  •  Military
Launch time: 0016 GMT Dec. 9 (7:16 p.m. EST on Dec. 8)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket launched a secret military payload. [Dec. 9]
Nov. 17  Proton  •  SIRIUS 4
Launch time: 2239 GMT (5:39 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the SIRIUS 4 communications spacecraft for operator SES SIRIUS. The Lockheed Martin-built satellite will serve the Nordic and Baltic markets as well as to enhance coverage in Eastern Europe and Russia. [Nov. 18]
Nov. 14  Ariane 5  •   Skynet 5B & STAR ONE C1
Launch time: 2206 GMT (5:06 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 179 used an Ariane 5 rocket with an ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the British Skynet 5B military communications satellite and the Brazilian STAR ONE C1 telecommunications spacecraft. Scrubbed on Nov. 9 and Nov. 12. Read our launch story. [Nov. 14]
Nov. 10/11  Delta 4-H  •  DSP 23
Launch time: 0150 GMT Nov. 11 (8:50 p.m. EST on Nov. 10)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 4-Heavy rocket launched the 23rd and final Defense Support Program missile-warning satellite. The largest of the Delta 4 family, the Heavy version features three Common Booster Cores mounted together to form a triple-body rocket. The vehicle will deliver DSP 23 directly into geostationary orbit. Delayed from Oct. 28, 2005, Jan. 31, 2006 and Jan. 31, 2007. Delayed from April 1. Launch delayed to repair pad cracks. Delayed from Aug. 28, Oct. 4, Nov. 2 and Nov. 8. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 11]
Nov. 1  Kosmos 3M  •  SAR-Lupe 3
Launch time: 0051 GMT (8:51 p.m. EDT on Oct. 31)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian Kosmos 3M rocket launched the SAR-Lupe 3 spacecraft into Earth orbit. The craft is the third in a series of five German radar reconnaissance satellites. Read our launch story. [Nov. 1]
Oct. 26  Proton  •  Glonass
Launch time: 0735 GMT (3:35 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket launched another trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. Delayed from Oct. 25. Read our full story. [Oct. 26]
Oct. 24  Long March 3A  •  Chang'e 1
Launch time: 1005 GMT (6:05 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3A rocket launched Chang'e 1, China's first mission to the moon. The probe will create three-dimensional maps of the moon and chart mineral deposits on the lunar surface, according to Chinese news reports. Read our full story. [Oct. 24]
Oct. 23  Shuttle Discovery   •  ISS 10A
Launch time: 1538 GMT (11:38 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-120 is the 23rd U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight will deliver the Node 2 connecting module to the station that will serve as the portal to the international partners' laboratories. Delayed from Aug. 9. Moved up from Sept. 7. Delayed from Aug. 26. Mission switched from Atlantis to Discovery. Delayed from Oct. 20. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 23]
Oct. 20  Soyuz  •  Globalstar
Launch time: 2012 GMT (4:12 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian Soyuz rocket launched four more replacement spacecraft for the Globalstar mobile communications satellite constellation. The commercial launch was managed by Starsem. Delayed from May. Read our full story. [Oct. 21]
Oct. 17  Delta 2  •  GPS 2R-17 (M4)
Launch time: 1223 GMT (8:23 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the fourth modernized NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from September. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 17]
Oct. 10/11  Atlas 5  •  WGS F1
Launch time: 0022 GMT on 11th (8:22 p.m. EDT on Oct. 10)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-011) launched the first Wideband Global SATCOM spacecraft, formerly known as the Wideband Gapfiller Satellite. Built by Boeing, this geostationary communications spacecraft will serve U.S. military forces. The rocket will fly in the 421 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, two solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from June 28, July 2, Aug. 11, Aug. 24, Aug. 31, Sept. 13 and Sept. 21. Scrubbed 24 hours. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 11]
Oct. 10  Soyuz  •  ISS 15S
Launch time: 1322 GMT (9:22 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the Expedition 16 crew and a Malaysian tourist. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from Sept. 1. Moved up from Oct. 6. Delayed from Oct. 2. Landing of the Expedition 15 crew and tourist is planned for Oct. 21. Read our launch story. [Oct. 10]
Oct. 5  Ariane 5  •   Intelsat 11 & Optus D2
Launch time: 2202 GMT (6:02 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 178 used an Ariane 5 GS rocket with a storable propellant upper stage to launch the Intelsat 11 and Optus D2 communications satellites. Both craft were built by Orbital Sciences. Intelsat 11 will relay direct-to-home broadcasting and data networking services to Latin America. The Optus D2 satellite will be used for television and communications services to Australia. Delayed from late September and Oct. 2. Read our launch story. [Oct. 5]
Sept. 27  Delta 2  •  Dawn
Launch time: 1134 GMT (7:34 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched NASA's Dawn spacecraft that will use an ion propulsion system to visit and orbit the asteroids Vesta and Ceres. The rocket flew in the 7925-Heavy vehicle configuration. Delayed from June 2006 for a program review that led to cancellation. Mission was restored after controversy. Delayed from June 20. Delayed from June 30 due to launch pad crane problem that postponed rocket assembly. Delayed from July 7 due to second stage fueling hold. Delayed from July 8 and July 9 due to downrange tracking assets. Delayed from July 15. Delayed from Sept. 26. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 27]
Sept. 18/19  Long March 4B  •  CBERS 2B
Launch time: 0326 GMT on Sept. 19 (11:26 p.m. EDT on 18th)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

The Chinese Long March 4B rocket launched the third China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite, which will conduct remote sensing observations for both nations for at least two years. Read our launch story. [Sept. 19]
Sept. 18  Delta 2  •  WorldView 1
Launch time: 1835 GMT (2:35 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the WorldView 1 commercial Earth-imaging spacecraft into a Sun-synchronous orbit for the DigitalGlobe company. ULA conducted this commercial launch for Boeing. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 18]
Sept. 14  Soyuz  •  Foton M3
Launch time: 1100 GMT (7:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian Soyuz rocket launched the Foton M3 microgravity research capsule and the YES2 tether demonstration spacecraft. Read our launch story. [Sept. 14]
Sept. 13/14  H-2A  •  SELENE
Launch time: 0131:01 GMT on Sept. 14 (9:31:01 p.m. EDT on 13th)
Launch site: Tanegashima, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Selonological and Engineering Explorer. SELENE will be sent to orbit the moon. Delayed from July and Aug. 15. Delayed 24 hours due to bad weather. Read our launch story. [Sept. 14]
Sept. 5  Proton  •  JCSAT 11
Launch time: 2243 GMT (6:43 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage failed during the launch of the Japanese JCSAT 11 communications spacecraft. The Lockheed Martin-built satellite was destroyed. The craft was supposed to serve Japan, the Asia-Pacific region and Hawaii for operator JSAT Corporation. Read our launch story. [Sept. 6]
Sept. 2  GSLV  •  INSAT 4CR
Launch time: 1250 GMT (8:50 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) carried the country's INSAT 4CR communications satellite into orbit. The spacecraft replaces the INSAT 4C satellite, which was lost in the GSLV launch failure of 2006. Delayed from Sept. 1 by weather. Read our launch story. [Sept. 2]
Aug. 14  Ariane 5  •   Spaceway 3 & BSAT 3A
Launch time: 2344 GMT (7:44 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 177 used an Ariane 5 rocket with the ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the American Spaceway 3 broadband communications satellite and the Japanese BSAT 3A direct-to-home TV spacecraft. Read our launch story. [Aug. 14]
Aug. 8  Shuttle Endeavour   •  ISS 13A.1
Launch time: 2236:42 GMT (6:36:42 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-118 is the 22nd U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight will deliver and attach the third starboard truss segment to the station -- the Integrated Truss Structure S5. A Spacehab module riding in Endeavour's payload bay will ferry supplies and equipment to the outpost. Delayed from June 11 and 28. Moved up from Aug. 9. Delayed from Aug. 7. See our Mission Status Center.
Aug. 4  Delta 2  •  Phoenix
Launch time: 0926 GMT (5:26 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched NASA's next lander to Mars. The Phoenix spacecraft will use a robotic arm to examine samples of the soil at its landing spot on the arctic plains. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. See our Mission Status Center. Delayed from August 3. [Aug. 4]
Aug. 2  Soyuz  •  Progress 26P
Launch time: 1734 GMT (1:34 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 26th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Moved up from August and September. Delayed from July 22. Docking is planned for 2:40 p.m. EDT on Aug. 5. [Aug. 2]
July 7  Proton  •  DirecTV 10
Launch time: 0116 GMT on July 7 (9:16 p.m. EDT on July 6)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the DirecTV 10 broadcasting spacecraft. The Boeing-built satellite will be used for DirecTV's direct-to-home service, specifically aiding in the expansion of HDTV offerings. [July 7]
July 5  Long March 3B  •  Chinasat 6B
Launch time: 1208 GMT (8:08 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Chinasat 6B satellite for China Satellite Communications Corp. Chinasat 6B will provide television broadcast services for up to 15 years. Read our launch story. [July 5]
July 2  Kosmos 3M  •  SAR-Lupe 2
Launch time: 1938 GMT (3:38 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian Kosmos 3M rocket launched the SAR-Lupe 2 spacecraft into Earth orbit. The craft is the second in a series of five German radar reconnaissance satellites. Scrubbed July 1 due to upper level wind conditions. Read our launch story. [July 2]
June 28  Dnepr  •  Genesis 2
Launch time: 1502 GMT (11:02 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Dombarovsky, Russia

A Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the second prototype inflatable space module, called Genesis 2, for Las Vegas-based Bigelow Aerospace. Delayed from late April and late May. Read our launch story. [June 28]
June 15  Atlas 5  •  NRO L-30
Launch time: 1512 GMT (11:12 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-009) launched a classified spacecraft payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from May 3 and May 18. See our Mission Status Center. Scrubbed June 14 due to Range problem. [June 15]
June 14/15  Dnepr  •  TerraSAR-X
Launch time: 0214 GMT June 15 (10:14 p.m. EDT June 14)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the German TerraSAR-X radar Earth-imaging spacecraft into orbit. Delayed frm Feb. 27. Read our launch story. [June 15]
June 8  Shuttle Atlantis   •  ISS 13A
Launch time: 2338 GMT (7:38 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39A, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-117 was the 21st U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight delivered and attached the next starboard truss segment to the station -- the Integrated Truss Structure S3/S4 and associated set of power-generating solar arrays. Delayed from Oct. 2, 2003 in wake of Columbia tragedy. Delayed from Feb. 22. Moved up from March 16. Delayed from March 15 to repair hail damage to external tank. See our Mission coverage. [June 8]
June 7/8  Delta 2  •  COSMO-SkyMed 1
Launch time: 0234 GMT June 8 (10:34 p.m. EDT June 7)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched the first Italian COSMO-SkyMed radar Earth-imaging satellite. The X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar payload on the spacecraft will be used for civil and military applications. The rocket flew in the 7420-10 vehicle configuration. ULA conducted this commercial launch for Boeing. See our Mission Status Center. [June 8]
May 29  Soyuz  •  Globalstar
Launch time: 2031 GMT (4:31 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian Soyuz rocket launched four replacement spacecraft for the Globalstar mobile communications satellite constellation. The commercial launch was managed by Starsem. Delayed from late March. Read our launch story. [May 26]
May 13  Long March 3B  •   Nigcomsat 1
Launch time: 1601 GMT (12:01 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang Satellite Launch Center, China

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Nigcomsat 1 telecommunications spacecraft. The Nigerian communications satellite will cover western Africa. Read our launch story [May 14]
May 12  Soyuz  •  Progress 25P
Launch time: 0325 GMT May 12 (11:25 p.m. EDT May 11)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 25th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Docking is planned for 0512 GMT (1:12 a.m. EDT) on May 15. [May 12]
May 4  Ariane 5  •   ASTRA 1L & Galaxy 17
Launch time: 2229 GMT (6:29 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Flight 176 used an Ariane 5 rocket with the ECA cryogenic upper stage to launch the European ASTRA 1L direct-to-home television satellite for SES ASTRA and Intelsat's Galaxy 17 telecommunications spacecraft to serve Latin America. Launch scrubbed May 3 due to high-altitude winds. See our Mission Status Center. [May 4]
April 25  Pegasus  •  AIM
Launch time: 2026 GMT (4:26 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The air-launched Orbital Sciences Pegasus rocket carried NASA's Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere (AIM) satellite into orbit to observe clouds at the edge of space. Delayed from Sept. 29 and March 29. See our Mission Status Center. [April 25]
April 24  Minotaur  •  NFIRE
Launch time: 0648 GMT (2:48 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport, Wallops Island, Virginia

The Orbital Sciences Minotaur rocket launched the Near Field Infrared Experiment (NFIRE) spacecraft for the Missile Defense Agency. The four-stage rocket used U.S. government-supplied Minuteman 2 motors and Pegasus rocket stages. Delayed from April 21. Scrubbed on April 23. Read our launch story. [April 24]
April 23  PSLV  •  AGILE
Launch time: 1000 GMT (6:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

An Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle rocket carried the AGILE spacecraft into orbit. AGILE is a gamma ray astrophysics observatory sponsored by the Italian Space Agency. Delayed from April 18. Read our launch story. [April 23]
April 17  Dnepr  •  Multi-payload
Launch time: 0646:35 GMT (2:46:35 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched into orbit a cluster of tiny CubeSats and other small international payloads. Delayed from Jan. 16 and March 27. Read our launch story. [April 17]
April 13  Long March 3A  •  Beidou
Launch time: 2011 GMT (4:11 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3A rocket launched a Beidou satellite for the nation's Compass space-based navigation system. Read our launch story. [April 13]
April 11  Long March 2C  •  Haiyang 1B
Launch time: 0327 GMT (11:27 p.m. EDT on April 10)
Launch site: Taiyuan, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the Haiyang 1B spacecraft. It is China's second oceanographic satellite. Read our launch story. [April 11]
April 9  Proton  •  Anik F3
Launch time: 2254 GMT (6:54 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the Anik F3 communications spacecraft for Canada's Telesat. The EADS Astrium-built satellite will be used for telecommunications relay, broadcasting and Internet services across North America. See our Mission Status Center. [April 10]
April 7  Soyuz  •  ISS 14S
Launch time: 1731 GMT (1:31 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-10 spacecraft to the International Space Station with members of the Expedition 15 crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from March 9. Then moved up from April 9. Read our launch story. [April 7]
March 20/21  Falcon 1  •  Demo Flight 2
Launch time: 0110 GMT (9:10 p.m. EDT on March 20)
Launch site: Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands

The SpaceX Falcon 1 rocket performed a launch demonstration flight for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). This marked the second launch of the Falcon 1 vehicle. Delayed from Jan. 21. Delayed from Jan. 22 to replace thrust vector control pitch actuator on the second stage. Delayed from late February due to Range availability. Delayed from March 9. Scrubbed on March 19. See our Mission Status Center. [March 21]
March 11  Ariane 5  •   Skynet 5A & INSAT 4B
Launch time: 2203 GMT (6:03 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

An Arianespace Ariane 5 ECA rocket launched the European Skynet 5A military communications satellite and the INSAT 4B telecommunications spacecraft for the Indian Space Research Organization. Delayed from late February. Delayed from March 9. Scrubbed on March 10. See our Mission Status Center. [March 11]
March 8/9  Atlas 5  •  STP 1
Launch time: 0310 GMT Mar. 9 (10:10 p.m. EST on Mar. 8)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket (AV-013) carried six satellites during a complex launch of the Air Force's Space Test Program-1 mission. The payload list was led by the Orbital Express in-space refueling demonstration mission consisting of the Autonomous Space Transfer and Robotic Orbiter, or ASTRO, prototype servicing satellite and the NextSat serviceable spacecraft. Atlas deployed four auxiliary satellites from the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle Secondary Payload Adapter, or ESPA ring, including MidSTAR 1, FalconSat 3, STPSat 1 and CFESat. The rocket flew in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Oct. 12, Nov. 2, Dec. 7, Jan. 18. Delayed from Feb. 23 while Sea Launch failure investigation proceeds. The Atlas 5's first stage engine shares commonality with Sea Launch Zenit engine. See our Mission Status Center. [March 9]
Feb. 24  H-2A  •  IGS
Launch time: 0441 GMT (11:41 p.m. Feb. 23)
Launch site: Tanegashima, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the country's third Information Gathering Satellite radar reconnaissance spy spacecraft and the fourth optical imaging craft. Delayed from Feb. 15 due to bad weather. Scrubbed on Feb. 16 by weather. Delayed from Feb. 22 due to continued bad weather. See our launch story. [Feb. 21]
Feb. 17  Delta 2  •  THEMIS
Launch time: 2301 GMT (6:01 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-17, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched NASA's Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) satellites. THEMIS consists of five spacecraft with identical instruments to study the Earth's magnetosphere. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Oct. 19, Nov. 27, Dec. 19 and Feb. 15. Scrubbed Feb. 16 due to upper level winds. See our Mission Status Center. [Feb. 17]
Jan. 30  Sea Launch  •  NSS 8
Launch window: 2322 GMT (6:22 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket exploded at liftoff on its mission to carry the New Skies Satellite 8 communications spacecraft into orbit. The Boeing-built craft would have flown in geostationary orbit to serve the Indian Ocean region. Delayed from Jan. 25, 26, 27 and 28 due to unfavorable sea conditions at the launch site. Scrubbed on Jan. 29 for technical issue. See our Mission Status Center. [Jan. 30]
Jan. 18  Soyuz  •  Progress 24P
Launch time: 0212 GMT (9:12 p.m. EST on Jan. 17)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 24th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Dec. 20 and Jan. 16. [Jan. 18]
Jan. 10  PSLV  •  CARTOSAT 2
Launch time: 0353 GMT (10:53 p.m. EST on Jan. 9)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

An Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle rocket launched the Indian CARTOSAT 2 remote sensing satellite into Sun-synchronous orbit. Other payloads on the rocket included the Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE), Indonesia's Lapan Tubsat and Argentina's Pehuensat 1 nano-Sat. See our launch story. [Jan. 10]
Dec. 27  Soyuz  •  CoRoT
Launch time: 1423 GMT (9:23 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian Soyuz 2-1b rocket with a Fregat upper stage launched the European CoRoT space observatory. The French-led mission will look for rocky planets around other stars. CoRoT stands for Convection Rotation and planetary Transits. Delayed from Dec. 21. See our launch story. [Dec. 27]
Dec. 25  Proton  •  Glonass
Launch time: 2018 GMT (3:18 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton rocket launched another trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. See our launch story. [Dec. 25]
Dec. 19  Kosmos 3M  •  SAR-Lupe 1
Launch time: 1400 GMT (9:00 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian Kosmos 3M rocket launched the SAR-Lupe 1 spacecraft into Earth orbit. The craft will be first in a series of five German radar reconnaissance satellites. See our launch story. [Dec. 19]
Dec. 18  H-2A  •  ETS 8
Launch time: 0632 GMT (1:32 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Tanegashima, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Engineering Test Satellite 8. The spacecraft will test technologies, including two large deployable antenna reflectors, to improve mobile communications. Dec. 16 launch attempt scrubbed due to unfavorable weather conditions. See our launch story. [Dec. 18]
Dec. 16  Minotaur  •  TacSat 2
Launch time: 1200 GMT (7 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport, Wallops Island, Virginia

The Orbital Sciences Minotaur rocket launched the Air Force Research Laboratory's TacSat 2 advanced technology research spacecraft and NASA's GeneSat 1 payload. The four-stage rocket used U.S. government-supplied Minuteman 2 motors and Pegasus rocket stages. Launch scrubbed Dec. 11 due to concern with TacSat 2 flight software. See our launch story. [Dec. 16]
Dec. 14  Delta 2  •  NRO L-21
Launch time: 2100 GMT (4 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The first United Launch Alliance Delta 2 rocket launched a classified payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket flew in the 7920 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Sept. 30, 2005. Delayed from Dec. 7. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 14]
Dec. 11  Proton  •  MEASAT 3
Launch time: 2328:43 GMT (6:28:43 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the third Malaysia-East Asia Satellite (MEASAT 3) communications spacecraft. The Boeing-built satellite will be used for communications, data relay and direct TV broadcasting across Africa, Middle East, Asia and Australia. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 12]
Dec. 9/10  Shuttle Discovery   •  ISS 12A.1
Launch time: 0147 GMT on 10th (8:47 p.m. EST on Dec. 9)
Launch site: LC-39B, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-116 is the twentieth U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight will deliver and attach the third port truss segment to the station -- the Integrated Truss Structure P5. A Spacehab module riding in Discovery's payload bay will ferry supplies and equipment to the outpost. Delayed from July 24, 2003 in wake of Columbia tragedy. Moved up from Dec. 14. Scrubbed at T-minus 5 minutes on Dec. 7 due to weather. See our mission coverage. [Dec. 10]
Dec. 8  Ariane 5 ECA  •   WildBlue 1 & AMC 18
Launch time: 2208 GMT (5:08 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch the WildBlue 1 broadband spacecraft and the AMERICOM 18 communications satellite. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 8]
Nov. 17  Delta 2  •  GPS 2R-16 (M3)
Launch time: 1912 GMT (2:12 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the third modernized NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Nov. 14 and 15 to replace suspect pitch actuator on second stage. Scrubbed Nov. 16 early in countdown before tower rollback due to weather. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 17]
Nov. 8  Proton  •  BADR 4
Launch time: 2001 GMT (3:01 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton M rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the BADR 4 communications spacecraft for the Arab Satellite Communications Organization. EADS Astrium built the spacecraft, previously known as ARABSAT 4B. See our launch coverage. [Oct. 12]
Nov. 4  Delta 4  •  DMSP F17
Launch time: 1353 GMT (8:53 a.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-6, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

The Boeing Delta 4 Medium rocket launched the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program 17 spacecraft for the U.S. Air Force. Built by Lockheed Martin, this polar-orbiting weather satellite will be used by the military for global weather forecasting. Delayed from June and December 2005, February 2006 and Oct. 6. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 4]
Oct. 30  Sea Launch  •  XM 4
Launch time: 2349 GMT (6:49 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket deployed the fourth broadcasting spacecraft for XM Satellite Radio. Built by Boeing, this craft will fly in geostationary orbit to provide radio programming to subscribers across the U.S. Countdown on Oct. 26 scrubbed. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 30]
Oct. 26  Delta 2  •  STEREO
Launch time: 0052 GMT on 26th (8:52 p.m. EDT on Oct. 25)
Launch site: SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched NASA's Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory mission. STEREO consists of two nearly identical satellites launched aboard one rocket to provide 3-D measurements of the Sun for studying coronal mass ejections. The rocket flew in the 7925 configuration. Delayed from April 11, May 26, June 23, July 22 and July 30. Delayed from Aug. 1 due to spacecraft fuel leak. Delayed from Aug. 20 to perform leak check on rocket second stage. Delayed from Aug. 31, Sept. 18 and Oct. 18 for continued analysis of second stage concerns. See our launch coverage. [Oct. 26]
Oct. 23  Soyuz  •  Progress 23P
Launch time: 1341 GMT (9:41 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 23rd Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Oct. 18. See our launch story. [Oct. 23]
Oct. 19  Soyuz  •  METOP-A
Launch time: 1628 GMT (12:28 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian Soyuz/ST rocket with a Fregat upper stage launched the METOP-A polar-orbiting weather satellite for Europe's EUMETSAT organization. The launch was managed by Starsem. Delayed from June 30. Scrubbed on July 17 due to an incorrect parameter during final calibration of the rocket's inertial guidance system. Scrubbed again July 18 due to configuration problem with rocket after first scrub. Delayed again July 19 due to transmitter failure. Launch placed on hold for program review. Delayed from Oct. 7 for spacecraft checks after handling incident in processing facility. Countdown aborted on Oct. 17 by ground control problem. Scrubbed on Oct. 18 due to upper level wind conditions. See our launch story. [Oct. 19]
Oct. 13  Ariane 5 ECA  •   DirecTV 9S & Optus D1
Launch time: 2056 GMT (4:56 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch the American DirecTV 9S direct-to-home broadcasting spacecraft and the Australian Optus D1 communications satellite. The Japanese LDREX antenna technology demonstration mission will also fly into space aboard the Ariane 5 as a secondary payload. Delayed from Sept. 19. Delayed from Oct. 12 for additional checks on the rocket. See our launch Cue Card and our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 13]
Sept. 25  Delta 2  •  GPS 2R-15 (M2)
Launch time: 1850 GMT (2:50 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the second modernized NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Sept. 14, 21 and 24. See our launch Cue Card and our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 25]
Sept. 22  M-5  •  Solar-B
Launch time: 2136 GMT (5:36 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Uchinoura Space Center, Japan

A Japanese M-5 rocket launched the Solar-B space observatory to study the interaction between the Sun's magnetic field and its corona. See our launch story. [Sept. 22]
Sept. 18  Soyuz  •  ISS 13S
Launch time: 0408:40 GMT (12:08:40 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-9 spacecraft to the International Space Station with the Expedition 14 crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from Sept. 14. See our launch story. [Sept. 18]
Sept. 11  H-2A  •  IGS
Launch time: 0435 GMT (12:35 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Tanegashima, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the country's third Information Gathering Satellite optical reconnaissance spacecraft. A radar spy satellite originally planned as a co-passenger has been removed from this launch and scheduled aboard its own H-2A rocket. The classified spacecraft follow the loss of the second pair of reconnaissance satellite in an earlier launch failure. Delayed from Sept. 10. See our launch story. [Sept. 11]
Sept. 10  Long March 2C  •  Shijian 8
Launch time: TBD
Launch site: Jiuquan, China

The Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the country's Shijian-8 recoverable science spacecraft loaded with at least 2,000 types of seed samples. The craft is designed to orbit for two weeks and then return to Earth. See our launch story. [Sept. 11]
Sept. 9  Shuttle Atlantis   •  ISS 12A
Launch time: 1515 GMT (11:15 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39B, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

STS-115 is the nineteenth U.S. mission to the International Space Station. The flight will deliver and attach the next port truss segment to the station -- the Integrated Truss Structure P3/P4 and associated set of power-generating solar arrays. Delayed from April 10, 2003 as ripple effect from shuttle fuel flow liner crack problem. Delayed from May 23, 2003 in wake of Columbia tragedy. Shuttle Endeavour, originally slated to fly STS-115, was removed from flight and entered an overhaul down period. Moved up to Aug. 27 from original date of Aug. 28. Then delayed 48 hours from Aug. 27 to complete testing after launch pad hit by lightning. Delayed from Aug. 29 to begin rollback preparations due to tropical storm Ernesto. Scrubbed Sept. 6 by fuel cell problem; Sept. 7 attempt skipped for continued analysis of fuel cell issue. Scrubbed Sept. 8 for failed engine cutoff sensor. See our mission coverage. [Sept. 9]
Aug. 22  Sea Launch  •  Koreasat 5
Launch time: 0327 GMT (11:27 p.m. EDT on Aug. 21)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket launched the the Koreasat 5 dual commercial and military communications satellite. It will replace the aging Koreasat 2 spacecraft. See our launch Cue Card and our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 10]
Aug. 11  Ariane 5 ECA  •   Syracuse 3B & JCSAT 10
Launch time: 2215 GMT (6:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch the commerical Japanese JCSAT 10 communications spacecraft and the French Syracuse 3B military communications satellite. See our launch Cue Card and our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 11]
Aug. 4  Proton  •  Hot Bird 8
Launch time: 2148 GMT (5:48 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched Eutelsat's Hot Bird 8 direct-to-home TV broadcasting satellite. Delayed from April 28. Delayed from May 17 by the Breeze M failure during launch of ARABSAT 4A. Delayed from July 7 and 21. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 5]
July 28  Rockot  •  KOMPSAT 2
Launch time: 0705 GMT (3:05 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Eurockot Rockot launched the KOMPSAT 2 Earth observation satellite for the Korea Aerospace Research Institute. Launch delayed in the wake of October 2005 Rokot failure that lost the CryoSat spacecraft. See our launch story. [July 28]
July 26  Dnepr  •  Multi-payload
Launch time: 1943 GMT (3:43 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

The ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket failed in its launch of 18 small spacecraft including BelKA, Baumanets, UniSat 4 and 14 CubeSat nanosatellites for a variety of international institutions. See our launch story. [July 26]
July 21  Molniya-M  •  Military
Launch time: 0420 GMT (12:20 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian Molniya-M rocket deployed a military satellite believed to be an early warning spacecraft to alert Russian forces of foreign missile launches. See our launch story. [July 21]
July 12  Dnepr  •  Genesis 1
Launch time: 1453 GMT (10:53 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Dombarovsky, Russia

A Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched a prototype inflatable space module called Genesis 1 for Las Vegas-based Bigelow Aerospace. See our launch story. [July 12]
July 10  GSLV  •  INSAT 4C
Launch time: 1208 GMT (8:08 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) carrying the country's INSAT 4C communications satellite into orbit failed. The vehicle malfunctioned and crashed into the sea. See our launch story. [July 10]
July 4  Shuttle Discovery   •  ISS ULF1.1
Launch time: 1837:55 GMT (2:37:55 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39B, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

The STS-121 mission was developed as part of NASA's space shuttle return-to-flight plan to complete testing of new inspection and thermal protection system repair techniques before resuming International Space Station construction. STS-121 became the eighteenth U.S. flight to the space station. Delayed from Nov. 2004, May, July and Sept. 2005, and March 4, May 3 and 10. Scrubbed on July 1 and July 2 due to weather. See our mission coverage. [July 4]
June 28  Delta 4  •  NRO L-22
Launch time: 0333 GMT (11:33 p.m. EDT on June 27)
Launch site: SLC-6, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

Boeing Delta 4 Medium+ rocket will launch a classified spy satellite cargo for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The rocket will fly in a configuration with two strap-on solid rocket boosters. This is the first Delta 4 mission from the West Coast. Delayed from 2004, then March 1, Aug. 30 and late Sept. Delayed from Oct. 2 and 3. Delayed from Oct. 5 due to second stage fuel slosh modeling problem. Delayed from December by the strike and Range closure period. See our Mission Status Center. [June 28]
June 25  Tsyklon 2  •  Kosmos 2421
Launch time: 0400 GMT (12:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Ukrainian-built Tsyklon 2 rocket launched the classified Kosmos 2421 spacecraft, which is believed to be a US-PU reconnaissance satellite that will provide the Russian Navy with electronic intelligence data for military operations at sea. See our launch story. [June 24]
June 24  Soyuz  •  Progress 22P
Launch time: 1508 GMT (11:08 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 22nd Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Moved up twice, from June 30 and then June 28. [June 24]
June 21  Delta 2  •  MITEX
Launch window: 2215 GMT (6:15 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the Microsatellite Technology Experiment (MITEX) for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). The experimental military mission features two small satellites and a Navy-developed fourth stage headed for geosynchronous orbit. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The vehicle flew in the 7925 configuration. Delayed from early 2006 by union strike. Delayed from June 19 to replace leaky valve in first stage fuel system. Delayed from June 20 due to problem during payload fairing installation. See our Mission Status Center. [June 21]
June 18  Sea Launch  •  Galaxy 16
Launch time: 0750 GMT (3:50 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried the Galaxy 16 telecommunications satellite into orbit for PanAmSat. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the spacecraft will cover the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Mexico and Canada. Delayed from June 5, 12 and 17. See our launch story. [June 18]
June 17  Proton  •  KazSat
Launch time: 2244 GMT (6:44 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian Proton K rocket with a Block DM upper stage launched the KazSat communications satellite to serve the country of Kazakhstan. Delayed from Dec. 29 and June 8. See our launch story. [June 18]
June 15  Soyuz  •  Resurs
Launch time: 0800 GMT (4:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian Soyuz rocket launched the Russian Resurs DK-1 remote sensing spacecraft into orbit. See our launch story. [June 15]
May 27  Ariane 5 ECA  •   SATMEX 6 & THAICOM 5
Launch time: 2109 GMT (5:09 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch the SATMEX 6 and the THAICOM 5 telecommunications spacecraft. Delayed from May 26. See our Mission Status Center. [May 27]
May 26  Shtil  •   Kompass 2
Launch time: 1850 GMT (2:50 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Barents Sea

A Shtil rocket launched from a submarine in the Barents Sea to place the Kompass 2 spacecraft into orbit. Kompass 2 is a small Russian scientific satellite designed to aid in earthquake detection and the development of possible forecasting. Scrubbed from May 24. See our launch story. [May 26]
May 24  Delta 4  •  GOES N
Launch time: 2211 GMT (6:11 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Boeing Delta 4 rocket launched the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite N, or GOES N, for NASA and NOAA. The weather satellite will orbit 22,300 miles above the planet to monitor conditions across the U.S. The GOES N spacecraft is the first in a new series of weather satellites built by Boeing. The rocket flew in the Medium+ (4,2) configuration with two solid rocket boosters. Delayed from Dec. 1, 2004, late Jan., March, April and May 4. Delayed from June 23 to replace first stage engine turbopump. Delayed from June 24 to check for problems after lightning strikes. Delayed from June 26 due to rocket battery issues. Delayed to replace rocket's guidance computer. Delayed from July 28 for shuttle/range conflict. Delayed from July 29 due to spacecraft problem. Delayed from Aug. 12, 13 and 14. Scrubbed on Aug. 15 by pressurization system readings. Scrubbed on Aug. 15 by red alarm on second stage battery. Extended delay caused by need to replace flight termination system batteries and the spacecraft eclipse season. Delayed from Oct. 6. Pushed from 2005 due to technical issues and union strike. Delayed from NET May 3, 12, 18 and 20. See our Mission Status Center. [May 24]
April 28  Delta 2  •  CloudSat & CALIPSO
Launch time: 1002:16 GMT (6:02:16 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the NASA's CloudSat and Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) spacecraft. CloudSat will use radar to measure the vertical structure of clouds and cloud properties from orbit. CALIPSO is a joint mission with France to study the effects of clouds and aerosols on changes in the Earth's climate. The rocket flew in the 7420 vehicle configuration and used a dual-payload structure to carry both satellites. Delayed from Jan. 29, April 15, May 26, June 17, July 15, Aug. 22, Sept. 29, Oct. 1 and 26, 2005. Delayed from Nov. 7 due to looming workforce strike. Delayed from December by the strike and Range closure period. Delayed from April 20. Scrubbed on April 21 due to loss of communications link between CALIPSO officials and France. April 22 attempt called off due to unavailable support aircraft. Same problem scrubbed April 23 countdown. Scrubbed on April 25 due to unacceptable upper level wind conditions. Scrubbed on April 26 due to bad weather. The April 27 attempt called off due to concerns with sensor on the second stage. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 27]
April 24  Soyuz  •  Progress 21P
Launch time: 1603 GMT (12:03 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 21st Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from April 10 and 16. See our launch story. [April 24]
April 20  Atlas 5  •  ASTRA 1KR
Launch time: 2027 GMT (4:27 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Lockheed Martin Atlas 5 rocket (AV-008) launched the ASTRA 1KR television broadcasting spacecraft for SES ASTRA of Luxembourg. The satellite will join a fleet of orbiting ASTRA craft transmitting programming to the leading direct-to-home satellite system in Europe. The rocket flew in the 411 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, one strap-on solid rocket booster and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. The satellite was moved from Ariane 5 to Proton, then to Atlas. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 20]
April 15  Minotaur  •  COSMIC
Launch time: 0140 GMT (9:40 p.m. EDT on Apr. 14)
Launch site: SLC-8, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The Orbital Sciences Minotaur rocket launched a cluster of six tiny satellites for the joint Taiwan-U.S. project called COSMIC to study the atmosphere. COSMIC is the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate. The four-stage rocket used U.S. government-supplied Minuteman 2 motors and Pegasus rocket stages. Dealyed from December and March 30. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 15]
April 12  Sea Launch  •  JCSAT 9
Launch time: 2330 GMT (7:30 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket will lofted the Japanese JCSAT 9 telecommunications satellite. The spacecraft was built by Lockheed Martin for JSAT. Delayed from April 11. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 12]
March 30  Soyuz  •  ISS 12S
Launch time: 0230 GMT (9:30 p.m. EST on March 29)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-8 spacecraft to the International Space Station with the Expedition 13 crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from March 22. See our launch story. [March 29]
March 24  Falcon 1  •  FalconSat 2
Launch time: 2230 GMT (5:30 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Omelek Island in the Kwajalein Atoll

The inaugural flight of the SpaceX Falcon 1 rocket failed in its launch the Air Force Academy's cadet-built FalconSat-2 science spacecraft. The tiny satellite would have probed space plasma that can impact communications and GPS navigation accuracy. Delayed from Nov. 25 due to range scheduling conflict. Scrubbed on Nov. 26 by loss of liquid oxygen and helium and engine computer issue. Scrubbed on Dec. 19 by damage to first stage fuel tank. Pushed back from Feb. 8, 9 and 10 to complete testing. Delayed further to replace second stage tank and replenish liquid oxygen supplies at the remote launch site. Delayed from March 23 to complete data review after engine firing test. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [March 24]
March 22  Pegasus  •  Space Tech 5
Launch time: 1403 GMT (9:03 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The air-launched Orbital Sciences Pegasus rocket carried three small microsatellites into orbit for NASA's Space Technology 5 mission. ST5 will test new technologies and help scientists probe the environment of the Earth's magnetosphere. Delayed from Feb. 28 to review spacecraft separation system test results. Delayed from March 6 due to conflict with Deep Space Network and its support of Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Delayed from March 11 due to Range availability. Delayed from March 14 due to dismal weather forecast. Scrubbed on March 15 because of problem retracting first stage starboard fin aerosurface locking pin. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [March 22]
March 11  Ariane 5 ECA  •   SPAINSAT & Hot Bird 7A
Launch window: 2233 GMT (5:33 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5 ECA rocket with a cryogenic upper stage to launch Eutelsat's Hot Bird 7A direct-to-home TV broadcasting satellite and the SPAINSAT communications spacecraft for the Spanish Ministry of Defense. Launch attempt on Feb. 21 scrubbed by a ground equipment problem. Scrubbed on Feb. 24 by telemetry relay concern with Hot Bird. Then delayed further to replace faulty purge line connector. Scrubbed on March 9 due to low pressure reading on upper stage. See our Mission Status Center. [March 11]
Feb. 28  Proton  •  ARABSAT 4A
Launch time: 2010 GMT (3:10 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An International Launch Services Proton M rocket with a Breeze M upper stage failed to launch the first of two new-generation ARABSAT 4 communications spacecraft for the Arab Satellite Communications Organization. EADS Astrium built the ARABSAT 4A spacecraft. Delayed from Jan. 30 and Feb. 21. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Feb. 28]
Feb. 21  M-5  •  ASTRO-F
Launch time: 2128 GMT (4:28 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Uchinoura Space Center, Japan

The Japanese M-5 rocket will launch the ASTRO-F infrared space observatory to study the formation and evolution of galaxies. Delayed from Feb. 18. Launch attempt on Feb. 20 scrubbed due to rain. See our launch story. [Feb. 21]
Feb. 18  H-2A  •  MTSAT 2
Launch time: 0627 GMT (1:27 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Tanegashima, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Multi-functional Transport Satellite 2 for air traffic control and weather observations. This spacecraft is a follow-on to MTSAT 1R launched in February 2005. Delayed from late 2005. Pushed back from Feb. 15 due to delays launching the H-2A/ALOS mission in January from the same pad. See our launch story. [Feb. 18]
Feb. 15  Sea Launch  •  EchoStar 10
Launch time: 2335 GMT (6:35 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket launched the EchoStar 10 direct-to-home television broadcast satellite to serve subscribers of DISH Network across the U.S. The spacecraft was built by Lockheed Martin for EchoStar. Scrubbed on Feb. 8 by undisclosed ground system problem. Attempt planned for Feb. 12 called off the day before because of ocean currents unfavorable to positioning the launch platform and control ship. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Feb. 15]
Jan. 24  H-2A  •  ALOS
Launch time: 0133 GMT (8:33 p.m. EST on Jan. 23)
Launch site: Tanegashima, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Advanced Land Observation Satellite environmental research mission. Delayed from Jan. 19 to repair problem with telemetry transmitter on the rocket and unfavorable weather conditions. Delayed from Jan. 23 due to problem with ground monitoring system for satellite fairing air-conditioning temperature. See our launch story. [Jan. 24]
Jan. 19  Atlas 5  •  New Horizons
Launch window: 1900 GMT (2:00 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Lockheed Martin Atlas 5 rocket (AV-010) launched NASA's Pluto New Horizons spacecraft to visit our solar system's most distant planet. The rocket flew in the 551 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, five strap-on solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. In addition, the spacecraft featured a solid-fueled kick motor serving as a third stage. Launch time moved 12 hours later than originally announced. Delayed from Jan. 11 to perform precautionary inspections of Atlas 5 first stage fuel tank. Launch scrubbed Jan. 17 due to high winds. Scrubbed on Jan. 18 by power outage of spacecraft's mission operations center. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Jan. 19]
Dec. 29  Proton  •  AMC 23
Launch time: 0228 GMT (9:28 p.m. EST on Dec. 28)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A commercial International Launch Services Proton M rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the AMERICOM 23 communications spacecraft for SES AMERICOM. The Alcatel Alenia Space-built satellite will serve local, transcontinental and transoceanic customers throughout the Pacific Region, including North America, Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Indonesia and the islands of the South Pacific. This craft was known as WORLDSAT 3. Delayed from December 1. Delayed from December 5 after pre-launch testing indicated anomalous behavior of the flight control unit on the Breeze M upper stage. See our launch story. [Dec. 29]
Dec. 28  Soyuz  •  GIOVE A
Launch time: 0519 GMT (12:19 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian Soyuz rocket launched the first Galileo In-Orbit Validation Element, or GIOVE A satellite. This is the first demonstration satellite for Europe's Galileo navigation system. Delayed from December. 26 due to ground station issue. See our launch story. [Dec. 28]
Dec. 25  Proton  •  Glonass
Launch time: 0507 GMT (12:07 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton K rocket launched a trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. See our launch story. [Dec. 25]
Dec. 21  Ariane 5GS  •   MSG 2 and Insat 4A
Launch time: 2233 GMT (5:33 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

The Arianespace used an Ariane 5GS rocket to launch the European MSG 2 weather observatory and the Indian Insat 4A communications satellite. Delayed from mid-November. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 21]
Dec. 21  Kosmos 3M  •  Gonets
Launch time: 1934 GMT (2:34 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian government Kosmos 3M rocket launched Kosmos rocket launched a modernized Gonets civil security communications satellite and a defense ministry craft known as Rodnik. See our launch story. [Dec. 25]
Dec. 21  Soyuz  •  Progress 20P
Launch time: 1838 GMT (1:38 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the twentieth Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. See our launch story. [Dec. 21]
Nov. 16  Ariane 5 ECA  •  Spaceway 2 and Telkom 2
Launch time: 2346 GMT (6:46 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

The Arianespace Ariane 5 ECA rocket launched the Spaceway 2 communications satellite for The DIRECTV Group and the Indonesian Telkom 2 communications satellite. The Boeing-built Spaceway 2 spacecraft will use its Ka-Band payload to expand and enhance DIRECTV's direct-to-home television service and provide broadband services across the United States. The Orbital Sciences-built Telkom 2 has 24 C-band transponders to transmit telecommunications services to Indonesia. Delayed from June 24 due to Telkom problem. Delayed from late Oct., Nov. 9 and Nov. 10. Scrubbed countdown on Nov. 12 due to mobile launch platform problems that forced rollback to hangar for repairs. See our Mission Status Center. [Nov. 16]
Nov. 9  Soyuz  •  Venus Express
Launch time: 0333:34 GMT (10:33:34 p.m. EST on 8th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian Soyuz-Fregat rocket launched the Venus Express probe for the European Space Agency. The craft will orbit Venus to study the planet's atmosphere and create global maps of surface temperatures. Delayed from Oct. 26 due to contamination detected inside the rocket's nose cone. See our launch story. [Nov. 9]
Nov. 8  Sea Launch  •  Inmarsat 4-F2
Launch window: 1407 GMT (9:07 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket launched the Inmarsat 4-F2 mobile communications satellite to provide broadband services to South America, most of North America, the Atlantic Ocean and part of the Pacific Ocean. This is the second of the Inmarsat 4-series of spacecraft built by Astrium. Delayed from Sept. and Oct. Delayed from Nov. 4 due to rough seas encountered during transit to launch site. Scrubbed on Nov. 5. Attempt on Nov. 7 passed up. See our launch story. [Nov. 8]
Oct. 27  Kosmos 3M  •  Multi payload
Launch time: 0652 GMT (2:52 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Kosmos 3M rocket launched the China DMC+4 observation satellite, the TopSat imaging satellite for the British government, the Student Space Education and Technology Initiative (SSETI) Express satellite, three small CubeSats and a group of Russian and Iranian research craft. Delayed from Sept. 27 and 30. See our launch story. [Oct. 27]
Oct. 19  Titan 4B  •  NRO
Launch time: 1805 GMT (2:05 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-4E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The Air Force Titan 4B, known as B-26, launched a classified payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. This was the last Titan 4 flight, ending the program that began launches in 1989. Launch delayed from 2003, Feb. 2004, June 30, July 10 and Sept. 9. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 19]
Oct. 13  Ariane 5GS  •   Syracuse 3A and Galaxy 15
Launch time: 2232 GMT (6:32 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace used an Ariane 5GS rocket to launch the French military Syracuse 3A communications satellite and PanAmSat's commercial Galaxy 15 broadcast spacecraft to relay cable television across the U.S. Delayed from Sept. 29 to replace rocket's equipment bay module. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 13]
Oct. 12  CZ-2F  •  Shenzhou 6
Launch time: 0100 GMT (9:00 p.m. EDT on Oct. 11)
Launch site: Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, China

A Chinese Long March rocket launched the country's second manned spaceflight. The Shenzhou spacecraft capsule made its sixth flight after a series of unmanned test missions and the historic first manned launch in 2003. Moved up 24 hours. See our launch story. [Oct. 12]
Oct. 8  Rockot  •  CryoSat
Launch time: 1502 GMT (11:02 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Eurockot Rockot tried to launch the European Space Agency's CryoSat scientific research spacecraft. However, the vehicle malfunctioned and crashed into the Arctic Ocean near the North Pole. The CryoSat radar altimetry mission would have examined variations in the thickness of the Earth's continental ice sheets and marine ice cover. Delayed from November, March 25, June, July, Sept. 15 and late Sept. See our launch story. [Oct. 8]
Oct. 1  Soyuz  •  ISS 11S
Launch time: 0355 GMT (11:55 p.m. EDT on Sept. 30)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-7 spacecraft to the International Space Station with Expedition 12. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from Sept. 27. See our Mission Status Center. [Oct. 1]
Sept. 26  Delta 2  •  GPS 2R-M1
Launch time: 0337 GMT (11:37 p.m. Sept. 25)
Launch site: SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the first modernized NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from December. Delayed from Feb. 1 and March 17. Moved up from May 20 to May 4. Then delayed from May 4 by spacecraft issues. Delayed from July 29, Aug. 26 and Sept. 22. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 26]
Sept. 23  Minotaur  •  STP-R1
Launch time: 0224 GMT (10:24 p.m. EDT on Sept. 22)
Launch site: SLC-8, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The Orbital/Suborbital Program Space Launch Vehicle, nicknamed Minotaur, launched the STP-R1 experimental satellite into space for DARPA. The four-stage rocket used U.S. government-supplied Minuteman 2 motors and Pegasus rocket stages. Delayed from July. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 23]
Sept. 8  Proton  •  Anik F1R
Launch time: 2153:40 GMT (5:53:40 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An ILS Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the Anik F1R communications spacecraft for the Canadian operator Telesat. The EADS Astrium-built satellite will be used for telecommunications, TV broadcasting and internet services across Canada and North America. Delayed from Aug. 9 to return spacecraft from Baikonur to factory for additional tests. See our Mission Status Center. [Sept. 8]
Sept. 8  Soyuz  •  Progress 19P
Launch time: 1308 GMT (9:08 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the nineteenth Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Aug. 24. See our launch story. [Sept. 8]
Aug. 26  Rockot  •  Monitor E
Launch time: 1834 GMT (2:34 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Rockot booster launched the first Russian Monitor E environmental research satellite into Earth orbit. Delayed from June 30. See our launch story. [Aug. 26]
Aug. 23  Dnepr  •  OICETS & INDEX
Launch time: 2110 GMT (5:10 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

The ISC Kosmotras Dnepr rocket launched the Optical Inter-orbit Communications Engineering Test Satellite (OICETS) and the INnovative technology Demonstration Experiment (INDEX) piggyback spacecraft for the Japanese space program. See our launch story. [Aug. 23]
Aug. 13  Soyuz  •  Galaxy 14
Launch time: 2328 GMT (7:28 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A commercial Russian Soyuz rocket launched the Galaxy 14 telecommunications satellite for PanAmSat. Built by Orbital Sciences, this C-band spacecraft will provide television, Internet and other services across the U.S. Delayed from March, April, June, mid-July, Aug. 1 and Aug. 6. Aborted on Aug. 12 by liquid oxygen valve problem. See our launch story. [Aug. 13]
Aug. 12  Atlas 5  •  Mars Orbiter
Launch time: 1143 GMT (7:43 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Lockheed Martin Atlas 5 rocket (AV-007) launched NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The spacecraft will circle the Red Planet and snap super-sharp images of the surface. The rocket will fly in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no strap-on solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Aug. 10 to check rate gryo units in rocket control system. Scrubbed on Aug. 12 due to liquid hydrogen fueling issue. See our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 12]
Aug. 11  Ariane 5G  •   iPSTAR 1
Launch time: 0820 GMT (4:20 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

The Arianespace Ariane 5G rocket launched the iPSTAR 1 broadband communications spacecraft for Shin Satellite of Thailand. The Space Systems/Loral-built satellite will use its Ka- and Ku-band payload to provide direct-to-desktop multi-media and data services to customers in Asia, India, and Australia. Delayed from July 7. Delayed from July 11 by rocket upper stage replacement. our Mission Status Center. [Aug. 11]
July 26  Shuttle Discovery   •  ISS LF1
Launch time: 1439 GMT (10:39 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: LC-39B, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

The first post-Columbia space shuttle mission is STS-114 -- the seventeenth U.S. flight to the International Space Station. Discovery will deliver supplies and equipment to station using the Italian "Raffaello" Multi-Purpose Logistics Module. The crew will test new orbiter inspection procedures and thermal protection system repair techniques. Three spacewalks are planned, including one to replace the station's failed Control Moment Gyroscope. Delayed from Sept. 12, 2004 and March 2005. Moved from May 14 to permit better external tank separation lighting conditions. Delayed from May 15 and 22. Scrubbed on July 13 due to engine cutoff fuel sensor problem. See our Mission Status Center. [July 26]
July 10  M-5  •  ASTRO-E2
Launch time: 0330 GMT (11:30 p.m. July 9)
Launch site: Uchinoura Space Center, Japan

The Japanese M-5 rocket launched the ASTRO-E2 X-ray observatory to study the structure and evolution of black holes and galaxy clusters. This satellite replaces the ASTRO-E probe lost in a February 2000 launch failure. The mission is a joint project between Japan and the U.S. Delayed from June 26 for third stage nozzle issue. Delayed 48 hours from July 6 due to bad weather. Another 48-hour delay weather and spacecraft servicing. See our launch story. [July 10]
June 24  Proton  •  Express AM-3
Launch time: 1941 GMT (3:41 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton K rocket with a Block DM upper stage launched the domestic Express AM-3 communications satellite. It will provide television, telephony, videoconferencing, data transmission and the Internet access services. Delayed from June 23. See our launch story. [June 24]
June 23  Sea Launch  •  Intelsat Americas 8
Launch time: 1403 GMT (10:03 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket carried the Intelsat Americas 8 communications satellite into orbit. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the tri-band spacecraft will provide C-band, Ku-band and Ka-band for expanded coverage of North and South America. Originally was Loral Skynet's Telstar 8 satellite, but acquired and renamed by Intelsat. Delayed from 2002, 2003 and third quarter. Launch delayed from December due to IA-7 failure investigation. See our Mission Status Center. [June 23]
June 21  Volna  •  Solar sail
Launch time: 1946 GMT (3:46 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Barents Sea

A Volna converted ballistic missile launched from a Russian Navy submarine in the Barents Sea above the Arctic Circle to carry the Cosmos 1 solar sail experiment into Earth orbit for The Planetary Society. But the spacecraft went missing during ascent. See our launch story. [June 21]
June 21  Molniya M  •  Military
Launch time: 0049 GMT (8:49 p.m. EDT on 20th)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Molniya M rocket lifted off with a Molniya 3K communications satellite payload for the Russian Defence Ministry. But the third stage malfunctioned about six minutes into flight. The vehicle failed to reach orbit, crashing back to Earth. Russian media reports indicated the impact site was in Siberia. See our launch story. [June 21]
June 16  Soyuz  •  Progress 18P
Launch time: 2309 GMT (7:09 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the eighteenth Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from June 10. See our launch story. [June 16]
May 31  Soyuz  •  Foton-M2
Launch time: 1200 GMT (8:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the Foton-M2 satellite loaded with experiments to be conducted in the microgravity environment of space. See our launch story. [May 31]
May 22  Proton  •  DIRECTV 8
Launch time: 1759 GMT (1:59 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An ILS Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the DIRECTV 8 direct-to-home television broadcasting spacecraft. The Loral-built satellite will be used to provide services across the U.S. for DIRECTV subscribers. Delayed from May 21 due to technical problem with the rocket. See our Mission Status Center. [May 21]
May 20  Delta 2  •  NOAA-N
Launch time: 1022:01 GMT (6:22:01 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the NOAA-N civilian weather satellite into polar orbit for NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The rocket flew in the 7320 vehicle configuration. Delayed from June 30, February, March 10 and March 19. Scrubbed for 24 hours twice due to high winds. Then delayed 24 hours for pad electrical problem. Then delayed to inspect spacecraft for possible contamination. See our Mission Status Center. [May 20]
May 5  PSLV  •  CARTOSAT 1
Launch time: 0444 GMT (12:44 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Sriharikota, India

An Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle rocket lofted the CARTOSAT 1 into Sun-synchronous orbit. This was the eleventh satellite in the Indian Remote Sensing satellite series. Also aboard the PSLV rocket was an amateur radio microsatellite called HAMSAT. See our launch story. [May 5]
April 30  Titan 4B  •  NRO
Launch time: 0050 GMT (8:50 p.m. EDT on April 29th)
Launch site: SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla.

The Lockheed Martin Titan 4B, known as B-30, launched a classified payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. Launch delayed from Dec. 18, 2001 and July 3, 2002. It was then transferred from the original launch site of Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, to Cape Canaveral. Delayed from October 2004. Delayed from Feb. 20 due to payload issue. Delayed from April 6. Delayed from April 10 and 11 due to problems with ground equipment used in oxidizer loading. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 29]
April 26  Sea Launch  •  Spaceway 1
Launch time: 0731:30 GMT (3:31:30 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket lofted the Spaceway 1 communications satellite for The DIRECTV Group. The spacecraft's Ka-Band payload will expand and enhance DIRECTV's direct-to-home television service and to provide satellite broadband services across the United States. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 26]
April 15  Pegasus XL  •  DART
Launch time: 1727 GMT (1:27 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

An Orbital Sciences air-launched Pegasus XL rocket carried NASA's Demonstration for Autonomous Rendezvous Technology spacecraft into orbit. The DART craft will perform its autonomous operations to locate and rendezvous with the existing MUBLCOM communications test satellite. Delayed from April 15, Oct. 18 and Oct. 19. Attempt on Oct. 26 scrubbed due to GPS problem on MUBLCOM. Delayed from Oct. 28 due to contamination found in rocket's nose cone. Delayed from Nov. 4 by Range scheduling conflicts. Delayed from Nov. 9 for launch loads analysis. Delayed from March 2. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 15]
April 15  Soyuz  •  ISS 10S
Launch time: 0046 GMT (8:456 p.m. EDT on April 14)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-6 spacecraft to the International Space Station. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. See our Mission Status Center coverage.
April 12  Long March 3B  •  Apstar 6
Launch time: 1200 GMT (8:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launched the Apstar 6 telecommunications satellite to cover the Asia-Pacific region. See our launch story. [April 12]
April 11  Minotaur  •  XSS-11
Launch time: 1335 GMT (9:35 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-8, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The Orbital/Suborbital Program Space Launch Vehicle, nicknamed Minotaur, carried the Experimental Satellite System-11 (XSS-11) microsatellite into orbit for the Air Force Research Laboratory. The craft was built by Lockheed Martin. The four-stage rocket used U.S. government-supplied Minuteman 2 motors and Pegasus rocket stages. Delayed from March 6 and March 18. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 11]
March 29  Proton  •  Express AM-2
Launch time: 2231 GMT (5:31 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton K rocket with a Block DM upper stage launched the domestic Express AM-2 communications satellite. It will provide television, telephony, videoconferencing, data transmission and the Internet access services. Moved up from March 31. See our launch story. [March 30]
March 11  Atlas 5  •  Inmarsat 4 F-1
Launch time: 2142 GMT (4:42 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Lockheed Martin Atlas 5 rocket (AV-004) launched the Inmarsat 4 F-1 next-generation mobile communications satellite. Built by Astrium, the spacecraft will be used for Inmarsat's Broadband Global Area Network. The rocket flew in the 431 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, three strap-on solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Pushed back from Oct. and late Feb. Scrubbed on March 10. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [March 11]
March 1  Sea Launch  •  XM 3
Launch time: 0351 GMT (10:51 p.m. EST on Feb. 28)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket launched the third broadcasting spacecraft for XM Satellite Radio. Built by Boeing, this craft will fly in geostationary orbit to provide radio programming to subscribers across the U.S. Delayed from Feb. 17 and 18 by sea conditions. Delayed from Feb. 23 due to rocket problem. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [March 1]
Feb. 28  Soyuz  •  Progress 17P
Launch time: 1909 GMT (2:09 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the seventeenth Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Docking to the station will occur around 2015 GMT on March 2. See our launch story. [Feb. 28]
Feb. 26  H-2A  •  MTSAT 1R
Launch time: 0925 GMT (4:25 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Tanegashima, Japan

The Japanese H-2A rocket launched the Multi-functional Transport Satellite 1R. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the MTSAT 1R spacecraft will be used by Japan's Ministry of Transport for air traffic control and weather observation. It replaces the MTSAT 1 that was lost during a failed launch of an H-2 rocket in 1999. Delayed from mid-2003 to early 2004. Then put on hold in wake of H-2A launch failure. Delayed from Feb. 24 due to weather. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Feb. 27]
Feb. 12  Ariane 5  •   XTAR-EUR
Launch time: 2103 GMT (4:03 p.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

The Arianespace Ariane 5 rocket with the new ECA cryogenic upper stage flew a demonstration test flight. The rocket carried the XTAR-EUR X-band military communications satellite for Loral and Hisdesat and a satellite simulator mass. Delayed from summer, late-October, Nov. 3, Nov. 8 and Jan. targets. Delayed 24 hours due to ground equipment problem. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Feb. 12]
Feb. 3  Proton  •  AMC 12
Launch time: 0227 GMT (9:27 p.m. EST on Feb. 2)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An ILS Proton M rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the AMC 12 telecommunications spacecraft. The Alcatel-built satellite will cover North America, the Caribbean, South America, Europe and Africa. Originally named AMC 12 for SES Global, then changed to WORLDSAT 2, then changed back to AMC 12. Delayed from 2003 and the First and Second Quarters of 2004. Delayed from Dec. 9. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Feb. 3]
Feb. 3  Atlas 3B  •  NRO
Launch time: 0741 GMT (2:41 a.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-36B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

Lockheed Martin's Atlas rocket, AC-206, launched a classified payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. This was the final flight for Atlas 3 and last Atlas use of Complex 36. Delayed from Sept. 15, Jan. 13 and Jan. 27. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Feb. 3]
Jan. 12  Delta 2  •  Deep Impact
Launch time: 1847:08 GMT (1:47:08 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched NASA's Deep Impact spacecraft to Comet Tempel 1. The mission will use an impactor to blast the comet. The mothership will study the impact and provide the first view inside a comet. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Dec. 30 to give more time for launch preparations. Delayed from Jan. 8 to replace interstage components on the rocket. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Jan. 12]
Dec. 26  Proton  •  Glonass
Launch time: 1353 GMT (8:53 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton K rocket launched a trio of spacecraft for the Glonass satellite navigation constellation. [Dec. 26]
Dec. 24  Tsiklon  •  Sich 1M
Launch time: 1120 GMT (6:20 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Tsiklon 3 rocket launched the Russian-Ukrainian Sich 1M remote sensing satellite and a Ukrainian microsatellite. A problem with the third stage failed to deliver the craft into the desired circular orbit. [Dec. 24]
Dec. 23  Soyuz  •  Progress 16P
Launch time: 2219:31 GMT (5:19:31 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the sixteenth Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Nov. 24 and Dec. 22. See our launch story. [Dec. 23]
Dec. 21  Delta 4  •  Heavy demo
Launch time: 2150 GMT (4:50 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-37B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The first Boeing Delta 4 Heavy rocket launched on a demonstration mission for the U.S. Air Force. The largest of the Delta 4 family, the Heavy version features three Common Booster Cores mounted together to form a triple-body. This launch carried only a dummy payload as its primary cargo in an effort to demonstrate that the rocket works before it blasts off on future flights with critical and expensive satellites for the U.S. government. Delayed from Sept. 23 and December 2003, July 3 and Sept. 10, 2004. Delayed from Oct. 20 and Nov. 18. Delayed from Dec. 10 due to weather. Scrubbed on Dec. 11 by countdown sequencer problem. Scrubbed on Dec. 12 by environmental control system problem. See our Mission Status Center. [Dec. 21]
Dec. 18  Ariane 5  •   Helios 2A
Launch time: 1626 GMT (11:26 a.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

The Arianespace Ariane 5G rocket launched the French Helios 2A military reconnaissance satellite into polar orbit. The payload also included the French Parasol science spacecraft and a cluster of small military micro-satellites. Delayed from Dec. 10 to replace suspect part on the rocket. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Dec. 18]
Dec. 17  Atlas 5  •  AMC 16
Launch time: 1207 GMT (7:07 a.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-41, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Lockheed Martin Atlas 5 rocket (AV-005) launched the AMC 16 communications satellite for SES AMERICOM. Built by Lockheed Martin, AMC-16 will provide television, broadband and other services across the U.S. The rocket flew in the 521 vehicle configuration with a five-meter fairing, two strap-on solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage. Delayed from Dec. 6 due to hurricanes. Delayed from Dec. 16 to replace part in flight termination system. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Dec. 17]
Nov. 20  Delta 2  •  Swift
Launch time: 1716 GMT (12:16 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-17A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched NASA's Swift gamma-ray burst research spacecraft. The satellite will focus on studying the recently-discovered afterglow from such bursts. The rocket flew in the 7320 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Dec. 5 and 29, Jan. 14, April 29, July 15, Sept. 1, Oct. 7, Oct. 26, Nov. 2, Nov. 8 and Nov. 11. Delayed from Nov. 17 by Range safety system problem. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Nov. 20]
Nov. 8  Soyuz 2  •  Demo launch
Launch time: 1830 GMT (1:30 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Russian Soyuz 2 rocket makes its first launch, carrying out a demonstration flight of the upgraded vehicle. Read our launch story. [Nov. 8]
Nov. 6  Delta 2  •  GPS 2R-13
Launch time: 0539 GMT (12:39 a.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the next NAVSTAR Global Positioning System Block 2R military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Sept. 22 in the wake of Hurricane Frances. Delayed from Oct. 8 due to Hurricane Jeanne. Delayed from Oct. 25 due to technical concerns with the rocket. Delayed from Oct. 30 to replace third stage batteries. Scrubbed on Nov. 5. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Nov. 6]
Oct. 29  Proton  •  Express AM-1
Launch time: 2211 GMT (6:11 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton K rocket with a Block DM upper stage launched the domestic Express AM-1 communications satellite. It will provide digital television, telephony, videoconferencing, data transmission and the Internet access services. Delayed from June. [Oct. 29]
Oct. 14  Proton  •  AMC 15
Launch time: 2123 GMT (5:23 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An ILS Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the AMC 15 telecommunications spacecraft for operator SES AMERICOM. The Lockheed Martin-built satellite will provide video, Internet and broadband services across the U.S. including Alaska and Hawaii. Pushed back from late August and Sept. 14. Delayed from Sept. 23 for additional testing of an avionics subsystem onboard the upper stage. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Oct. 15]
Oct. 14  Soyuz  •  ISS 9S
Launch time: 0306:26 GMT (11:06:26 p.m. EDT on Oct. 13)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the manned Soyuz TMA-5 spacecraft to the International Space Station carrying the Expedition 10 resident crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the crew. Delayed from Oct. 9 due to explosive bolt problem on the spacecraft. Delayed from Oct. 11 due to further technical concerns with the Soyuz. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Oct. 14]
Sept. 20  GSLV  •  EDUSAT
Launch time: to be confirmed
Launch site: Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, India

India's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle carried the EDUSAT educational services satellite into orbit. This marked the GSLV rocket's first operational mission following two earlier demonstration flights. See our launch story. [Sept. 20]
Aug. 31  Atlas 2AS  •  NRO
Launch time: 2317 GMT (7:17 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-36A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

Lockheed Martin's Atlas rocket, AC-167, launched a classified payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office. This was the final Atlas 2AS rocket and the last planned Atlas launch from pad 36A. Delayed from June 24. Delayed from June 30/July 1 for check of Remote Control Unit. Delayed from July 27 to Aug. 31 replace transistors in Remote Control Unit. Moved up from Aug. 31 because repair work was going faster than anticipated. Scrubbed 24 hours from Aug. 27 to conduct tests of rocket batteries. Scrubbed 24 hours from Aug. 28 due to liquid oxygen shortage. Scrubbed 24 hours from Aug. 29 due to weather. Scrubbed 24 hours from Aug. 30 due to weather. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Aug. 31]
Aug. 11  Soyuz  •  Progress 15P
Launch time: 0503 GMT (1:03 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the fifteenth Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from July 28. See our launch coverage. [Aug. 11]
Aug. 4  Proton  •  Amazonas
Launch time: 2232 GMT (6:32 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An ILS Proton rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the Amazonas communications spacecraft for operator HISPASAT. The Astrium-built Amazonas satellite will cover Brazil and the rest of America, Europe and Northern Africa. Delayed from July 25. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Aug. 4]
Aug. 3  Delta 2  •  MESSENGER
Launch time: 0615:56 GMT (2:15:56 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched NASA's MESSENGER space probe to orbit the planet Mercury. MESSENGER is the MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging mission. The rocket flew in the Delta 2-Heavy vehicle configuration using the larger strap-on solid rocket booters. Delayed from March 10 and May 11. Delayed from July 30 as ripple effect from earlier delays launching GPS 2R-12 satellite from same pad. Scrubbed August 2 due to bad weather. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [Aug. 3]
July 25  Long March  •   Double Star 2
Launch time: 0705 GMT (3:05 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

The Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the second of two Double Star satellites to study Earth's magnetosphere. The Double Star Program is a joint effort between the European Space Agency and the Chinese National Space Administration. One Double Star spacecraft will be placed into an equatorial orbit while the other goes into polar orbit. Delayed from June and July 20. Moved up from July 26. See launch story. [July 25]
July 18  Ariane 5  •   Anik F2
Launch time: 0044 GMT (8:44 p.m. EDT on July 17)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

The Arianespace Ariane 5 rocket launched the Anik F2 communications satellite for Telesat Canada. Built by Boeing Satellite Systems, this Boeing 702 model spacecraft will provide telecommunications and Ka-band multimedia services across North America. Delayed from the spring. Delayed from July 9. Scrubbed on night of July 12/13 due to problem with rocket. Scrubbed on night of July 15/16 due to bad weather. Scrubbed on night of July 16/17 due to ground equipment problem. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [July 17]
July 15  Delta 2  •  Aura
Launch time: 1001:59 GMT (6:01:59 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched NASA's Aura spacecraft for the Earth Observing System. The satellite carries a suite of instruments to study atmospheric chemistry. The rocket flew in the 7920 configuration. Delayed from Jan. 29, Feb. 6, March 19, June 17, June 19, June 26 and July 8. Delayed from July 10 for records check. Delayed from July 11 due to ordnance separation connector on rocket's nose cone. Scrubbed on July 13 due to concerns with satellite's solid-state recorder. Scrubbed on July 14 due to second stage battery low power reading. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [July 15]
June 29  Sea Launch  •  Telstar 18
Launch time: 0359 GMT (11:59 p.m. EDT June 28)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket launched the Telstar 18 communications satellite. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the spacecraft will provide services across the Asia-Pacific region for the Loral and APT Satellite firms. Delayed from April. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [June 29]
June 23  Delta 2  •  GPS 2R-12
Launch time: 2254 GMT (6:54 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched the NAVSTAR Global Positioning System 2R-12 military navigation satellite. The launch was run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket flew in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Moved up from July 20 to accommodate MESSENGER launch in late-July. Delayed from June 4 (local time) to replace first stage hydraulic pump. Delayed from June 11 to complete review of wiring harness issue. Delayed from June 13, 14, 16 and 18. Scrubbed on June 19, 20 and 21 by weather. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [June 23]
June 16  Proton  •  Intelsat 10-02
Launch time: 2227 GMT (6:27 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An ILS Proton M rocket with a Breeze M upper stage launched the Intelsat 10-02 telecommunications spacecraft. The Astrium-built satellite will cover portions of the Americas, Europe, Africa and western Asia. Delayed from 2003. Scrubbed on June 15 to complete spacecraft battery charging. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [June 15]
June 10  Zenit 2  •  Kosmos
Launch time: 0128 GMT (9:28 p.m. EDT on 9th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

The Ukrainian Zenit 2 rocket launched a classified Kosmos satellite payload into orbit for the Russian military. The craft is thought to be an electronic reconnaissance satellite. Launch delayed from mid-February, March 17, March 31, April 25 and April 26. [June 10]
May 28  Tsiklon 2  •  Kosmos
Launch time: 0600 GMT (2:00 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Tsiklon 2 booster launched a classified satellite, named Kosmos 2407, for the Russian military. The spacecraft is believed to be an electronic intelligence satellite for the Russian Navy. [May 28]
May 25  Soyuz  •  Progress 14P
Launch time: 1234 GMT (8:34 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 14th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Jan. 30 as ripple effect from earlier Progress launch slip. Delayed from May 19. See our launch coverage. [May 25]
May 20  Taurus XL  •  ROCSAT 2
Launch time: 1747 GMT (1:47 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Area 576-E, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The Orbital Sciences Taurus XL rocket launched the ROCSAT 2 remote sensing satellite for Republic of China's National Space Program Office. It marked the Taurus vehicle's return to flight following a failure in September 2001, and the inaugural mission of the more powerful XL version. Delayed from Nov. 25. Delayed from Jan. 17 to fix electrical issue with the launch vehicle. Delayed from Feb. 26, late March, April 9, April 22 and May 17. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [May 20]
May 19  Atlas 2AS  •  AMC 11
Launch time: 2222 GMT (6:22 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-36B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

Lockheed Martin's Atlas rocket, AC-166, launched the AMC 11 communications satellite for SES AMERICOM. The Lockheed Martin-built C-band spacecraft will relay cable television programming across the United States. It will replace the aging Satcom C3 satellite. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [May 19]
May 4  Sea Launch  •  DIRECTV 7S
Launch time: 1242 GMT (8:42 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket launched the DIRECTV 7S direct-to-home TV broadcasting satellite. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the spacecraft will provide entertainment programming and local channel service to DIRECTV subscribers across the United States. Originally slated to fly aboard an Ariane 5 rocket, DIRECTV 7S was switched to Sea Launch due to scheduling conflicts. Delayed from 1st Quarter due to Estrela do Sul solar array deployment problem. Delayed from May 2. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [May 4]
April 26  Proton  •  Express AM-11
Launch time: 2037 GMT (4:37 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Proton K rocket with a Block DM upper stage launched the domestic Express AM-11 communications satellite. It will provide digital television, telephony, videoconferencing, data transmission and the Internet access services. Delayed from April 10. See our launch story. [April 27]
April 20  Delta 2  •  Gravity Probe-B
Launch time: 1657:24 GMT (12:57:24 p.m. EDT)
Launch site: SLC-2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

The Boeing Delta 2 rocket launched NASA's Gravity Probe-B to measure how space and time are warped by the presence of the Earth, and how the Earth's rotation drags space-time around with it. The spacecraft will test the predictions of Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity. The rocket flew in the 7920 configuration. Delayed from Oct. 30 due to spacecraft readiness. Delayed from April 24, July 20, Sept. 18, Nov. 6. Delayed from Nov. 14 due to solid rocket booster nozzle delamination issue. Delayed from Dec. 6 to fix issue associated with spacecraft electronics box. Delayed from April 17. Scrubbed on April 19 due to upper level wind issues. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [April 20]
April 19  Soyuz  •  ISS 8S
Launch time: 0319 GMT (11:19 p.m. EDT on April 18)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket will launch the manned Soyuz TMA-4 spacecraft to the International Space Station with the Expedition 9 crew. The capsule will remain at the station for about six months, providing an escape pod for the resident crew. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [April 19]
April 18  Long March  •  Shiyan 1 & Naxing 1
Launch time: 1559 GMT (11:59 a.m. EDT)
Launch site: Xichang, China

A Chinese Long March 2C rocket launched the experimental Shiyan 1 and Naxing 1 satellites into polar orbit. [April 18]
April 16  Atlas 2AS  •  Superbird 6
Launch time: 0045 GMT (8:45 p.m. EDT on April 15)
Launch site: SLC-36A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

Lockheed Martin's Atlas rocket, AC-163, launched the Japanese Superbird 6 communications satellite. The spacecraft was built by Boeing Satellite Systems for Space Communications Corporation. Superbird 6 features Ku- and Ka-band transponders. Delayed from 2003. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [April 16]
March 27  Proton  •  Kosmos
Launch time: 0330 GMT (10:30 p.m. EST on 26th)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian Proton K rocket launched a classified satellite for the military. The spacecraft has been named Kosmos 2406. [March 27]
March 20  Delta 2  •  GPS 2R-11
Launch time: 1753 GMT (12:53 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-17B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

Boeing Delta 2 will launch the NAVSTAR Global Positioning System 2R-11 military navigation satellite. The launch will be run by the U.S. Air Force. The rocket will fly in the 7925 vehicle configuration. Delayed from Dec. 19 and March 8. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [March 20]
March 15  Proton  •  W3A
Launch time: 2306 GMT (6:06 p.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

An ILS Proton M rocket with a Breeze M upper stage will launch the W3A telecommunications spacecraft for operator Eutelsat. The Astrium-built satellite will provide pan-European and pan-African coverage. Delayed from 2003. See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [March 15]
March 13  Atlas 3A  •  MBSAT
Launch time: 0540 GMT (12:40 a.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-36B, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

Lockheed Martin's Atlas rocket, AC-202, will launch the MBSAT satellite for Japan's Mobile Broadcasting Corporation. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the mobile communications spacecraft is designed to serve Japan and South Korea. Delayed from late 2003 and Feb. 27. Delayed 24 hours from March 12 at the request of satellite builder for "administrative purposes." See our Mission Status Center launch coverage. [March 13]
March 2  Ariane 5G+  •   Rosetta
Launch time: 0717:44 GMT (2:17:44 a.m. EST)
Launch site: ELA-3, Kourou, French Guiana

Arianespace Ariane 5G+ rocket launched the European Space Agency's Rosetta spacecraft on a mission to rendezvous with Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko for detailed observations. Delayed from Jan. 12, 2003 in wake of Ariane 5 launch failure. The delay forced the mission to be replanned from the original target of Comet 46 P/Wirtanen. Scrubbed on Feb. 26 due to unfavorable high-altitude winds. Scrubbed on Feb. 27 due to detached insulating foam on rocket's main stage. See our launch coverage. [March 2]
Feb. 18  Molniya M  •  Military
Launch time: approx. 0705 GMT (2:05 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russia

A Molniya M rocket launched a classified satellite payload into orbit for the Russian military. The launch was part of a Russian nationwide military exercise. See our launch story. [Feb. 16]
Feb. 14  Titan 4B  •  DSP 22
Launch time: 1850 GMT (1:50 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

The Lockheed Martin Titan 4B, known as B-39, will launch the 22nd Defense Support Program missile-warning satellite with the Boeing Inertial Upper Stage-10. The launch will be run by the U.S. Air Force. Delayed from Nov. 4 and Jan. 17 as ripple effect from delays of Titan 4 B-36. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Feb. 14]
Feb. 5  Atlas 2AS  •  AMC 10
Launch time: 2346 GMT (6:46 p.m. EST)
Launch site: SLC-36A, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida

Lockheed Martin's Atlas rocket, AC-165, launched the AMC 10 communications satellite for SES AMERICOM. The Lockheed Martin-built C-band spacecraft will relay cable television programming across the United States. It will replace the aging Satcom C4 satellite. See our Mission Status Center coverage. [Feb. 5]
Jan. 29  Soyuz  •  Progress 13P
Launch time: 1158 GMT (6:58 a.m. EST)
Launch site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan

A Russian government Soyuz rocket launched the 13th Progress cargo delivery ship to the International Space Station. Delayed from Nov. 20. Read our launch story. [Jan. 29]
Jan. 11  Sea Launch  •  Estrela do Sul 1
Launch time: 0413 GMT (11:13 p.m. EST on Jan. 10)
Launch site: Odyssey platform, Pacific Ocean (154° West, 0° North)

The Sea Launch Zenit 3SL rocket successfully launches the Telstar 14/Estrela do Sul 1 communications satellite. Built by Space Systems/Loral, the spacecraft will provide Ku-band coverage to Brazil, North and South America and the North Atlantic Ocean Region. It will be used for video broadcasting, cable programming, data relay and Internet-to-aircraft services. Originally slated to fly aboard the third Delta 4 rocket mission, Estrela do Sul 1 was switched to Sea Launch. Delayed 24 hours due to weather during the transit from Home Port to the launch site. See our coverage here. [Jan. 11]
Launch schedule
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STS-134 Patch

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