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Phoenix: At the Cape

NASA's Mars lander named Phoenix has arrive at Kennedy Space Center to begin preparations for launch in August.

 Full coverage

STS-63: A rendezvous with space station Mir

As a prelude to future dockings between American space shuttles and the Russian space station Mir, the two countries had a test rendezvous in Feb. 1995.


"Apollo 17: On The Shoulders of Giants"

Apollo's final lunar voyage is relived in this movie. The film depicts the highlights of Apollo 17's journey to Taurus-Littrow and looks to the future Skylab, Apollo-Soyuz and shuttle programs.


Atlantis returns to pad

Two months after rolling off the launch pad to seek repairs to the hail-damaged external fuel tank, space shuttle Atlantis returns to pad 39A for mission STS-117.

 Part 1 | Part 2

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Atlantis passes readiness review for next week's flight
Posted: May 31, 2007

NASA managers today wrapped up a two-day flight readiness review and cleared the shuttle Atlantis and its seven-member crew for blastoff June 8, at 7:38 p.m., on a hail-delayed mission to deliver a new set of solar arrays to the international space station.

"We had a very good review over the past day and half," said Bill Gerstenmaier, director of space operations at NASA headquarters. "I have two things I'd like to announce. First, we've set the launch date for June 8 at 7:38 in the evening. And the second thing is that there was no hail storm the evening before the meeting began."

Launch originally was scheduled for March 15, but the flight was delayed in the wake of a freak hail storm Feb. 26 - the day before the original flight readiness review - that caused major damage to foam insulation protecting the shuttle's external tank. That damage has now been repaired, and shuttle Program Manager Wayne Hale said there are no other major issues to be resolved.

"We have a team, particularly in the external tank area, that was hit with this unforeseen and unexpected occurrence of the hail storm," he said. "In spite of a great deal of work that had to be done, they accomplished it in a very professional manner. ... We are extremely confident, we have done perfectly good repairs and we will have a tank that is safe to fly."

The primary goals of mission STS-117 are to deliver a new crew member - Clayton Anderson - to the space station; to install a $367 million set of solar arrays and a powerful rotary joint to help them track the sun; and to complete the retraction of another set of arrays so it can be moved later this year.

The work is a critical step in a sequence of three shuttle flights to build up the station's electrical power system and clear the way for the long-awaited attachment of European and Japanese research modules late this year and early next.

At the controls aboard Atlantis will be commander Frederick Sturckow, pilot Lee Archambault and flight engineer Steven Swanson. Their crewmates are Patrick Forrester, James Reilly, John "Danny" Olivas and Anderson, who will replace astronaut Sunita Williams aboard the space station.

The astronauts are scheduled to fly to the Kennedy Space Center from Houston Monday evening, arriving around 6:30 p.m. If all goes well, engineers will begin Atlantis' countdown at 9 p.m. Tuesday.

"The processing out at the launch pad is going extremely well," said Launch Director Mike Leinbach. "We got our ordnance on board the ship last night, we'll be pressurizing our hypergolic and MPS (main propulsion system) tanks over the weekend, we have one more round of battery charging for the payload and we'll be ready to pick up the launch countdown Tuesday night.

"The team is really pumped to get this done this time," he said. "We've endured three months of down time due to the hail storm and the recovery from that. ... Team, Atlantis is ready to go and we'll look forward to launch next Friday night."

Atlantis' launch period extends through July 19. But a Lockheed Martin Atlas 5 rocket carrying a classified National Reconnaissance Office payload is scheduled for launch from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station the morning of June 14.

NASA can make four attempts to launch Atlantis over a five-day period - June 8, 9, 11 and 12 - before standing down for the Atlas and to top off on-board supplies of hydrogen and oxygen. The shuttle launch period would reopen on June 17, regardless of whether the Atlas went on June 14 or 15.